« EelmineJätka »
County of Huntington, did, with joint consent, submit the last of the Kilsyths ever destined to repose there.
The bodies remained undisturbed until the year Shepred in the County of Cambridge, Esq., and Mr
1795, when the decay of the wuoden coffin exPalmer, Councellor at Law, for the ending of 'divers Con- posed the leaden one to view. Some young men, troversys.'
students at the Glasgow University, went to visit And now that the inflexible will of the Dowager the vault, and observing the mouldering state of Countess was not there to oppose him, Mr. Salmon the coffin, thoughtlessly removed the leaden covergained the day; and it was agreed by the arbi- ing. Underneath was a board of fir; this falling trators that an annuity of 251. should be paid to off, disclosed to view the bodies of Lady Kilsyth the Vicar of Stanground.
and her infant son, as entire as on the day they were placed in their tomb. An eye-witness thus
describes them :THE RED BOOK OF THORNEY.-In connection
I “Every limb and every feature were perfect; the with the foregoing subject, I may mention that
shroud as pure, and the ribbons adorning her splendid an ancient register book of the Monastery of attire as bright as when they were consigned to their Thorrey, known as “ The Red Book of Thorney," sepulchre. The body of her son and only child, the was in the possession of John Earl of Westmor natural heir of the title and estate of Kilsyth, lay at her land, at Apthorpe, 1778. It contained various
-his features as composed as though he were asleep;
his colour as fresh, and his flesh as full as if he were in charters by different monarchs relating to the
the glow of perfect health. The body of the lady was abbey rights at Stanground, Farcet, Yaxley, and equally well preserved, and it would not be easy for a elsewhere, as well as the rights of pasturage and stranger to distinguish whether she were dead or asleep. common, and of fisheries in Whittlesea-mere. A The wound which occasioned her death was plainly closely-written manuscript book of extracts from
from | visible on her right temple.” this Red Book of Thorney, containing the various
In the vault was found a ring with the initials particulars relating to Stanground, Farcet, and
Stancround Farcet and / J. C.-Jean Cochran — the last Lady Kilsyth. their adjacent fens, has been left by some careful
Letters relative to this melancholy occurrence
Letters relati successor of Mr. Salmon in the past century, and
have been lately found among papers relating to is still possessed by the present vicar, the Rev. Kilsyth in the Advocates' Library, Edinburgh. R. Cory, who has kindly allowed me to make a Would some one communicate these to “N. & Q.”? copy of it. The particulars, however, would be
rer. would be in the Letters of Viscount Dundee is given a porinteresting but to a very few readers, and could | trait of this noble lady. only be given in an extended history of the
“There was not yet an end to the curious circumstances parishes mentioned. Meanwhile, I here designate
| connected with Dundee's widow. The year after the disthe book's existence for the use of anyone who
covery of the embalmed corpses in Kilsyth church, a
tenant of Colzium garden, digging potatoes, found a might be in search of the information that it |
small glittering object in a clod of earth. He soon discontains.
CUTHBERT BEDE. covered it to be a ring, but at first concluded it was a
bauble of little value. Remembering, however, the story of Lady Dundee's ring, lost upwards of a century before,
he began to think it might be that once dear pledge of LADY KILSYTH.
affection, and soon ascertained that in all probability it
was so, as within its plain hoop was inscribed a posy This lady, Jean Cochran, was daughter of
exactly such as the circumstances would have called William Lord Cochran, first Earl of Dundonald. for --" Zovrs onnly and Euer.' The lover and his family Her mother was Lady Catherine Kennedy, second and name were gone- his chosen lay silent in the funeral daughter of John, sixth Earl of Cassilis, and she vault ; but here was the voice of affection still crying was the widow of Graham of Claverhouse, Vis
from the ground, and claiming from another generation
of men the sympathy which we all feel in each other's count of Dundee. She lost her life in Holland
purer emotions." by the falling in of her lodgings, and her child
In the Letters of John Graham of Claverhouse, was killed at the same time, together with a con
Viscount of Dundee, 1678_1689, printed for the siderable number of noble exiles then assembled in the same room. Her marriage ring was found
Bannatyne Club, 1826, is given a representation some years ago, I believe, at Kilsythe with this
of a ring given to Viscount Dundee by King
James II. with this inscription round the collet motto, “ Yours ever and allways." During Claverhouse's life she resided at Dudhope Castle.
of the ring: “Great Dundee for God and me.”
There is a curious account of an apparition of “ The wound which Lady Kilsyth [Livingstone was Dundee appearing in Edinburgh Castle: the family name) received was on the right temple. The
“The Earl of Balcarres, baving failed to satisfy the child seems simply to have been smothered in her arms. Their bodies, after being embalmed, were deposited in a
government about his peaceable intentions, was put under leaden coffin, enclosed within a wooden one, and tran * In a work called Curiosities for the Ingenious, 1824 sported to Scotland, where they were interred with great about, is given a somewhat different account of the dissplendour in the family vault beneath the parish church- covery of the bodies. Would some one give this?
restraint in Edinburgh Castle [July 4, 1689). There he “To repress the encroachments of piratical booksellers, must have waited with great anxiety for news of his who were selling imperfect copies of his lectures, he defriend Lord Dundee. After the battle of Killiecrankie, termined to issue them himself.” where fell the last hope of James in the Viscount Dundee,
I do not know upon what authority this asserthe ghost of that hero is said to have appeared to his con
- tion is made. I have never myself seen any fidential friend, Lord Balearres, then confined to Edin: | burgh Castle. The spectre, drawing aside the curtain of pirated editions of the lectures. the bed, looked very steadfastly upon the earl, after which
I. Ist edition, 1765-9, 21. 28. it moved towards the mantle-piece, remained there for The first four editions are in quarto. They are all in some time in a leaning posture, and then walked out of four volumes or books, and the paging of every edition the chamber without uttering one word. Lord Balcarr-s, nearly corresponds. A supplement to the first edition in great surprise, though not suspecting that which he was issued containing the
s issued containing the most material corrections and saw to be an apparition, called out repeatedly to his additions which he had made in the second. The copy friend to stop, but received no answer, and subsequently in the British Museum has numerous MS. notes by Mr. learned that at the very moment this shadow stood be- | Hargrave. fore him, Dundee had breathed his last near the field of
II. 2nd edition, 1766-9. Killiecrankie.”
III, 3rd, 1768-9. This account is from the Memoirs of Sir Ewen
IV. 4th, 1770. Cameron of Locheil, p. 254. Another Jacobite
V. An American reprint, Philadelphia, 1771-72. apparition may be cited :
VI. 5th edition, 1773, 1st roy. 8vo edition. “A year before the insurrection of 1745, in which Lord VII. 6th edition, Lond. (?), 1774 (?), 8vo. Kilmarnock was engaged, the family were one day startled
I have not seen this edition, but I believe the Table of by a violent scream, and on rushing out to inquire what bad occurred, they found the servants all assembled in
Precedence, which is in all subsequent editions, first oc
curs in it; and that it is the first edition also with the poramazement, with the exception of one maid, who they
trait by Hall, after Gainsborough. (See “ N. & Q." 2nd S. said bad gone up to the garrets to hang some linen on the
vii. 454.) lines to dry. On ascending thither, they found the girl on the floor, in a state of insensibility; and they had no VIII. A very inferior French translation by D. sooner revived her, than on seeing Lord Kilmarnock G *** [De Gomicourt). Londres et Paris, 1774-6, bending over her, she screamed and fainted again. When 6 vols. in 8vo. ultimately recovered, she told them that, whilst hanging / IX. 7th edition, Oxford, 1775. This and every up her linen and singing, the door had burst open, and his lordship's bloody head had rolled in. I think it came
subsequent edition is in royal 8vo. twice. This event was so well known at the time that at X. 8th edition, Oxford, 1778. Portrait. the first rumours of the insurrection, Lord Saltoun said, XI. 9th edition, Lond. 1783, with the last cor
Kilmarnock will lose his head.' It was answered, “ That rections of the author continued by R. Burn.
XII. 10th edition, 1787, with, &c., additions be beheaded,' returned Lord Saltoun."
sin notes] by R. Burn, and continued ..... [in Of William Livingstone it may be mentioned
notes] by J. Williams. that he survived his wife nearly forty years. In XIII. 11th edition, 1791, by the same. the Caledonian Mercury for February 6, 1733, is XIV. 12th edition, 1793-5. this paragraph:
With the last corrections, &c., and notes and additions “We are assured private letters are in town, giving an | by Edward Christian ( wbo intended that this edition account that on the 12th of last month, the Right Hon. originally should form five volumes. This edition was the late Viscount Kilsyth died at Rome, in an advanced published in parts, and contains the following portraitsage, in perfect judgment, and a Christian and exemplary | Lord Somers, Sir John Fortescue ; vol. ii. Sir Thomas resignation."
Littleton, Sir Edward Coke, Lord Chief Justice Holt; W. H.C. vol. iii. Earl Mansfield, Lord Chief Baron Gilbert, Sir J.
Comyns, Philip Earl Hardwicke; vol. iv. Sir M. Hale, SIR WILLIAM BLACKSTONE'S WORKS.
Sir M. Forster, Lord Chief Justice Raymond. With re
gard to these portraits, the following quotations may be "COMMENTARIES."
interesting: When Blackstone first delivered his lectures an
"As to the fury for prints and engravings, I would attempt was made to cry him down as an innova
observe, that the folly and rapacity for gain, in some
booksellers, have degraded many works of established tor (Martin, Character of Lord Bacon, 1835, p. 172.) fame, and subjected some learned editors to unmerited Clitherow in his Life tells us that
ridicule. I feel for the injury and injustice which a gen“Many imperfect and incorrect copies of his lectures
tleman-I mean Mr. Christian, Professor of the Laws of [in MS.) having by this time got abroad, and a pirated
England at Cambridge, and editor of Blackstone's Comedition of them being either published or preparing for
mentaries with valuable notes and illustrations, and who publication in Ireland, he found himself under a necessity
has well deserved from his profession-suffered on this of printing a correct edition himself.”
occasion. It was a transaction shameful and unjustiI should much like to know whether any printed
fiable.”- Pursuits of Literature, 1812, 4to, p. 85.
" The late Professor Christian (than whom no one was pirated copies exist ?
better acquainted with the science of book-making) was Mr. Foss, in his Judges of England, goes further. aware of the public appetite for this species of decoration He says:
by portraits," - Fraser's Mag. vi. 220.
I may observe that the editor himself expressly dis* Continued from 4th S. i. 528.
claims any hand in the portraits.
XV. An American edition. Boston, 1799. Each part has a separate title-page. The first edition XVI. 13th edition, 1800. The same as XIV. of the ist vol. was in 1839. That part of the 2nd vol. XVII. 14th edition, 1803. The same as XIV.
which relates to real property was first published in 1837;
2nd edition including the law relating to personal proXVIII. An American edition by George Tucker, perty, 1840 ; 3rd edition, 1841. The 3rd vol, was first 1803, 5 vols.
published in 1840, 2nd edition 1841. The 4th vol. first XIX. An edition after Christian Portland | published in 1841, 2nd edition 1814. No portrait. (U. S.), 1807.
XXXIV. (No edit, ment.), 1844, 2nd edit. By XX. 15th edition, 1809. The same as XIV. J. Stewart, with an analysis of the work by Sir
XXI. A new edition, 1811. Also containing W. B. For 23rd edition by same, see No. XXXIX. analyses and epitome of the whole work, with
XXXV. 21st edit. (sic) 1844, with last, &c. [xxvi. charts and notes (and some account of the
Tand life of the author by G. Sweet after Clithelife and writings], by J. F. Archbold (no por- row]: vol. i. by J. F. Hargrave; vol. ii. by G. trait).
Sweet; vol. iii. by R. Couch ; vol. iv. by W. N. XXII. Reprinted. Philadelphia, 1826.
Welsby. Portrait after Gainsborough by Phillips. XXIII. *A new edition with notes and addi XXXVI. Edition, New York, 1847. 'Edited by tions, and a copious index digested upon an entirely / J. L. Wendell from the 21st edition (No. XXXIV.) new plan (with Life by J. Clitherow). Lond.
1 XXXVII. 22nd edition, 1849 ? 1813, very small 8vo. This is simply a reprint, ! XXXVIII. The Rights of Persons, being the and not upon any new plan.
first book of Blackstone's Commentaries incorXXIV. An American edition. Boston, 1818.
porating the alterations to the present time, 2nd XXV. By J. Williams. I have not seen this edition. By J. Stewart, 1849. Nomore published? edition. It is in Lowndes.
XXXIX. 23rd edition, 1854 , Stewart's XXVI. A French translation of the 15th edi- | 3rd edition. tion, after Christian, by N. M. Chompré. Paris, XL. A new edition, adapted to the present 1823, 6 vols. 8vo, 48 fr.
state of the law, by R. M. Kerr, 1857 [original VII. 16th edition, 1825, with the last, &c., | pagination indicated, marginal analysis. Each vol. and with notes by J. T. Coleridge.
has a separate index), 2nd edition, 185-; 3rd ediXXVIII. A new edition [17th].
tion, 1862. Notes by J. Chitty [who claims great superiority over | In 1853 Mr. Serjeant Stephen first published former editions, and acknowledges the obligations he is his “ New Commentaries (partly founded on Blackunder to Mr. Steer and Messrs. H. & T. Chitty, his sons].stone),” which have since been quietly but cerThis edition has a marginal analysis, and the portrait is after Reynolds.
| tainly usurping the place of Blackstone.
RALPH THOMAS. XXIX. 18th edition, 1829, with the [author's
1, Powis Place, W.C. own) analysis of the work. The last corrections sand a life of the author, and copious notes by Thomas Lee (to vols. i. and iii. only). The half
SOILED HORSE. title bears the names also of J. E. Hovenden This expression occurs in Lear (Act IV. Sc. 6), Tvol. ii. only) and A. Ryland (vol. iv. only). and nowhere else to my knowledge. The context Portrait is after Gainsborough, būt engraved by would appear to make its meaving quite plain ; Phillips.
yet, as all the critics seem to acquiesce in Steevens' xxx. 17th edition, 1830, with the last, &c. explanation of it, which is undoubtedly erroneous, By Christian, enlarged and continued by the editor I think I am justified in inferring that it has not of Warton's History of English Poetry (Richard been as yet explained or perhaps understood. For Price). No portraits. This editor's poetical head
| myself, I must say that I saw at once that it seems to have become confused by the numerous could mean only one kind of horse, namely, the editions, and he has left a memento on the title entire horse or stallion. But why term him page of the way this edition is edited.
soiled ? Reflecting on it, my memory went back The Pennsylvania Bluckstone, by J. Reed, 3 vols. Car to the days of my boyhood which were spent in lisle [U. S.), 1831. See Marvin, to whom I am indebted the country (near Punchestown, in the county of for some American editions.
Kildare), and I recollected that my father had a XXXI. An American edition, stereotyped. New borse of this kind who was kept in a separate York, 1832, 2 vols. 8vo.
stable; and that in the last spring and early sumXXXII. (19th edition, 1836. 638.
mer months, when the other horses were put to The same as 29th, but solely edited by J. E. Hoven grass, or still fed on hay, his rack was every mornden; and the Lawyer's farewell to his muse is reprinted ing filled with what was called soil, that is, the in the life.
fresh growing meadow-grass, which was cut for XXXIII. 20th edition, 1841, incorporating the the purpose. The same would seem to have been alterations down to the present time, by James the practice in Warwickshire in the time of ShakeStewart.
speare, and hence he says “the soiled horse.”
But this mode of feeding is far more ancient; for are from the fourth eclogue of Virgil. I select in Virgil's Georgics we have these lines :
nineteen lines as a specimen :“ His animadversis instant sub tempus, et omnes
AMINTA Or Tasso (end of first act). Impendunt curas denso distendere pingui
“ La verginella ignude Quem legere ducem et pecori dixere maritum,
Scopria sue fresche rose, Florentesque secant herbas, fluviosque ministrant
C'hor tien nel uelo ascose, Farraque, ne blando nequeat superesse labori.”
E le poma del seno acerbe, e crude ; iii. 123.
E spesso in fronte, o in lago Here the florentes herbas are the soil, the flower Scherzar si uide con l'amata il rago. ing growing grasses; and if we suppose oats in
Tu prima, Honor, uelasti, stead of farra, we have the very mode of feeding
La fonte de i diletti,
Negando l'onde à l'amorosa sete. which I witnessed in my younger days.
Tu à begli occhi insegnasti
Tu raccogliesti in rete
Le cbiome à l'aura sparte. xi. 492): –
Tu i dolci atti lasciui ås 8' CTE TIS Otards (Tros, dkoo thoas éxi dátum,
Festi ritrosi, a schiui, δεσμόν απορρήξας θείει πεδίοιο κροαίνων,
A i detti il fren ponesti, à i passi l'arte. ειωθως λoύεσθαι εύρρειος ποταμοίο, κ.τ.λ.
Opra è tua sola, • Honore,
Che furto sia quel, che fù don d'Amore." The soil undoubtedly is not mentioned here;
Translation by Wm. Ayre, but we may fairly suppose it, for the horse was
“ Virgins to the sight revealed, hardly fed on barley alone. The last line, by the Charms of late in veils concealed, way, is not true to nature, as the horse never Eyes unwilling to deceive, goes into deep water for mere pleasure.
And breasts unblown, that scarcely heave, With regard to “Whose face between her
By the lake or fountain side
Softly as the waters glide, forks,” &c., in a preceding line, it gives me plea
Mimick forms of love and play, sure to be able to say that, without having had
Kissing, toying, just like they, any knowledge of what had been written on it, I Court young lovers there to stay had understood it exactly as Edwards did. Mr. And kiss and try again like they. Dyce's excellent note on the subject is most
Honour, thou hast stopt the spring,
Whence these pleasures once did flow, satisfactory. I would only add that the poet has,
Heat and thirst, though lovers bring, perhaps designedly, expressed himself somewhat
Mocked and unrelieved they go. incorrectly. We should perhaps read fork in the Thou to eyes first taught'st the art singular, and a different preposition, within for in
To restrain their lovely rays, stance, or upon, as in the passage from Timon
To belie and pain the heart,
And turn aside from welcome gaze. quoted by Edwards, , Tuos. KEIGHTLEY.
Hair that loosely to the wind
Wantonly did flow and play,
Bound and plaited now we find,
Neither natural nor gay Tasso (1544-1595) was seven years the junior Amorous actions, love's sweet food, of Guarini (1537-1612), both intimate friends, and Changed to shyness, coy disdain, said to have been in love with, and writing sonnets Words restrained, half understood, to, Eleanora, sister of the Duke of Ferrara of the
Steps have art, and own thy chain." house of Este-that from which our Queen is
IL PASTOR FIDO (end of fourth act). descended. The Aminta of Tasso was one of his
“ Vn sol godeva ignude minor works, and in the opinion of Speroni and D'amor le vive rose: Guarini inferior to his other poems.* The Pastor Furtivo amante ascose fido was Guarini's chief work, and elaborately
Le trovò sempre, ed aspre voglie, e crude, finished. Both Tasso, in his Aminta, and Guarini,
O in antro, ò in selva, ò in lago,
Ed era un nome sol, marite e vago. in his Pastor fido, imitated the Canace of Spe
Secol rio, che velusti roni; which is founded on Ovid (Heroides, Canace Co' tuoi sozzi diletti Macareo, epist. xi.). Comparing the two works Il bel de l'alma, ed a nudir la sele we find the chorus, which is always understood
De i desiri insegnasti to speak the opinion of the writer, or such as he
Co' sembianti ristretti,
Sfrenando poi l'impurità secrete, thinks the audience ought to have, is found for Cosi qual te sa rete sixty-eight lines in succession to terminate with
Trà fiori, è fronde sparte, . the same words in both writers, as if they had
Celi pensier lascivi been originally bouts rimés. Both these choruses
Con atti santi, e schivi,
Bontà stimi il parer, la vita un' arte : * Aminta, con Annot. d'Egidio Menagio, xvii, 202, Nè curi (e parti honore) Venezia, 1736.
Che furto sia, pur che s'asconda amore.”
Translation by W. Grove.
“ Se 'l peccar è sì dolce, “ To one alone, in all their bloom arrayed,
E’l non peccar sì necessario,” (Act III. Sc. 4)— Of love, the living roses are displayed ;
was put in the Index, the pope's bibliographical The furtive lover found them always closed,
T. J. BUCKTON.
Wiltshire Road, Stockwell, S.W.
TALBOT, EARL OF SHREWSBURY. - The Times
of June 6, in its historical sketch of the ancestry Yet with fair show the features to control;
of the late Earl of Shrewsbury and Talbot, quotes And as the guiletul net extends,
the titles of the valiant John Talbot, created Earl With flowers bedecked, with spreading leaves of Shrewsbury for his successes in France, as given bestrewn,
by Shakespeare in Henry VI. Part the First,
Act IV. Sc. 7.:-
“ Valiant Lord Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury;
Created for his rare success in arms,
Great Earl of Washford, Waterford and Valence;
Lord Talbot of Goodrig and Urcbinfield,
Lord S range of Blackmere, Lord Verdun of Alton,
Lord Cromwell of Wingfield, Lord Furnival of Sheffield, eleven years before Guarini's much longer one, The thrice victorious Lord of Faulconbridge; Pastor fido. The Canace is a tragedy, the Aminta Knight of the noble Order of Saint George, a comedy, and the Pastor fido a tragi-comedy.
Worthy Saint Michael, and the golden fleece ; The high tone and pure morality of Guarini
Great Mareshal to Henry the Sixth,
Of all his wars within the realm of France." a man of high honour for the age in which he lived-is contrasted in these extracts with the
It may be worth noting that Shakespeare is sensual and inpure tone of Tasso, and the some
mistaken here. Talbot, though probably a Knight what dishonourable character which he bore, but
of St. Michael, was not a Knight of the Golden which is in part palliated by the condition of
Fleece ; at least his name is not included in Chif
flet, Insignia Gentilitia Equitum Ordinis Velleris his nervous system. Montaigne (ii. 12, p. 306)
Aurei. Antverpiæ, 1632. JOHN WOODWARD. says:
Montrose. “ J'eus plus de despit encores que de compassion, de le
EDMUND BURKE.—The following cutting from veoir (in Nov. 15807 à Ferrare en si piteux estat, survivant à soy mesme, niescoynoissant et soy et ses ouvrages, Saunders's News-Letter, April 25, 1868 (more parlesquels, sans son sceu, et toutesfois à sa veue, on a mis ticularly in connection with the very beautiful en lumiere incorrigez et informes."
statue of the illustrious statesman lately erected Hallam (Lit. of Europe, ii. 151) seems to have in front of the Dublin University), deserves a niche regarded Guarini with the eyes of others, and not in “ N. & Q.”:his own; as I proved in the case of Peter Lombard
“EDMUND BURKE. (“ N. & Q.," 1st S. viii. 294). The English transla-1 “We have been favoured with a copy of the resolution tion of Montaigne assumes that the above passage l of the Board of Trinity College, Dublin, shortly after refers to Ariosto (by Cotton, ii. 182); but Ariosto
| Edmund Burke published his Reflections on the French
Revolution, to confer on him the degree of LL.D., also the died in 1533, the year when Montaigne was born,
reply. The degree was sent, accompanied by a letter nearly balf a century before this interview took
from the Provost. The following are the documents :place. From the above statement it will be seen
• 11th Dec., 1790. that the Biographie Universelle (xviii. 596) is cor
6 • Resolution of the Board rect, in stating that the “ Pastor fido a été com
«• That an honorary degree of LL.D. be conferred on posé à l'instar de l'Aminta," that is, under like the Right Hon. Edmund Burke, as the powerful advocate circumstances; but is not aware of the inportant | of the Constitution, as the friend of public order and fact (xliii. 292) confirmed by the letters of Spe | virtue, and consequently of the happiness of mankind, roni and Guarini, that the Canace was the model
and in testimony of the bigh respect entertained by the
University, which had the honour of his education, for for both.* Speroni and the Canace are not even
the various endowments of his mind, and for his transnamed by Hallam. Speroni lived 1500-1588. cendent talents and philanthropy.' His statue, in the grand council-chamber at Rome, “In his reply he says:was placerl next to Livy's. His Canace escaped “I feel the approbation of the University as one of the Inquisition, but his “Dialogues” did not.
the greatest honours which could be conferred upon me.
The University is, indeed, highly generous in accepting Guarini's Pastor fido, in respect to the passage with so much indulgence the produce of its own gifts. I commencing —
am infinitely happy that that learned body has been
pleased to recognise, in the piece it condescends to favour, * The line_“ Pianti, sospiri, e dimandar mercede,” the unaltered subsistence of those principles of liberty in the Aminta (Act I, Sc. 1), is the same in the Canace and morality, along with some faint remains of that taste (Act IV. Sc. 2).
of composition, which are infused, and have always been