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Carbolic Smoke Bal

will not only Cure HAY FEVER but will also Cure the most Severe Forms of the following ailments :


IN THE HEAD Caution.

Cured in 12 hours. THE CARBOLIC SMOKE BALL CO.



Cured in 12 hours. In the Queen's Bench Division of the High Court, or. Jan 29, 1891, Mr. Justice Smith granted an injunction to the Carbolic

CATARRH Smoke Ball Co. restraining J. Foot and the Electrobole Co. trom Cured in 3 months. selling an appliance called an “Electrobole," which was shown to be an infringement of the patented rights of the Carbolic

ASTHMA Smoke Ball Co.; and the said J. Foot and the Electrobole Co.

Relieved in 10 were further restrained from issuing circulars or advertisements

minutes, so printed and coloured and got up as to deceive the public into the belief that the appliances called “Electroboles" were the Carbolic Smoke Balls of the plaintiffs.

BRONCHITIS Cured in every case.

As all the Diseases mentioned in this Circular proceed from one cause, they can be Cured by

one remedy, viz., the CARBOLIC SMOKE BALL.

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Fully restored.

Cured in i to 4


Cured in 12 hours.

The cure of any of the diseases mentioned in this Circular, when chronic, may be hastened by the use of SUNILLA. The Carbolic Smoke Ball stops the trouble by attacking the local cause in the head, throat and lungs, allaying the inflammation, checking the flow of diseased matter to the stomach, and re. storing the mucous membrane to its normal condition. SUNILLA removes the accumulation of poisonous secretions from the stomach, and by means of its antiseptic properties destroys the disease germs in the entire system, leaving the patient completely cured. SUNILLA is a tonic, composed of finely-ground vegetable roots, and contains no mineral substance. In cases of Indigestion, Dyspepsia, Constipation, Torpid Liver and Jaundice it will be found to be of the greatest efficacy, while as a blood purifier it unequalled. SUNILLA may be obtained in two forms, viz. :

As a powder, in packets, for mixing in port, sherry, ginger or orange wine, price 2s. 6d., post free.

As a liquid, in bottles, ready for use, price 2s. 9d. and 4s. 6d., post free to any part of the United Kingdom.

The CARBOLIC SMOKE BALL will not only cure all diseases caused by taking cold, but will, if used in time, positively ward off colds.

One CARBOLIC SMOKE BALL will last a family several months, making it the cheapest remedy in the world at the price -10s., post free.

The CARBOLIC SMOKE BALL can be refilled, when empty, at a cost of 5s., post free.

INFLUENZA Cured in 24 hours.

SNORING Cured by inhaling

at bedtime.

CROUP Relieved in 5 minutes WHOOPING

COUGH Relieved the first


NEURALGIA Cured in 10 minutes.

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HEADACHE Cured in 10 minutes.

Telegraphic Address_“ INHALATION, LONDON."

cheese-mite would make a capital text for a parson (I motion. We may call the six-legged stage the larval speak sympathetically), by preaching him a most condition, but if you wish to be deemed scientific, convincing sermon. By way of variation and illus- pray use the word Hypopus stage. That magic word tration I begged that he would obtain without delay will admit you at once into the front ranks of a most entertaining volume entitled “The Playtime scientific literates. This larval condition, be it Naturalist,” and turn to the chapter which deals with understood, was once regarded in a very different mites, then come to my laboratory to see the identical | light. Many a battle has been fought over a six

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that when the mite has only six legs it corresponds with insects, whereas in its perfect state it belongs to the spider family. Thus the mites “in this respect connect the two great classes of Insecta and Arachnida : ” “ Playtime Naturalist,” pp 70, 170.

"Wonderful ! Wonderful !” exclaimed the company, though I believe they were all the time thinking more about the quality of the cheese than the quality of my sermon, which must have been unconscionably dry. However, I flattered myself that they were interested, and proceeded.

“ This is not the only parcel that has been left

phical outsider, I forthwith proceeded to preach a second sermon on things left behind. How far I succeeded I know not, but I endeavoured to show that when a frog lays its spawn there comes forth from each lump of jelly a tiny fish-scarce, if at all different from the young begotten by a salmon or a cod so far as the structure or anatomy is concernedwith gills instead of lungs and a tail for swimming instead of legs. I then showed how in due course the fish was left behind, and the creature, while still retaining its tail, improvised first one pair of legs and then a second until it stood on a par with the newts. Finally, I referred to the perfect animal, and showed how it gradually absorbed its tail, until it stood before us a beautiful and rational frog.

My friends naturally wanted to know where all this was leading, and I explained that such facts had led the naturalist to theorize as follows :-Many animals—and plants as well in a less degree-undergo a series of changes in their progress from the germ to the adult. At various stages they correspond to animals whose development is complete—the larval six-legged mite with the insect, and the larval tadpole with the fish—but eventually they pass beyond these forms and assume others which are different and higher. May not these stages indicate the lines along which the creatures have moved in their racedevelopment? Or to put the question in the language of science, Does not the ontogeny of the creature recapitulate its phylogeny? ("Evolution,” by Le Conte, p. 9 seq.).

I need scarcely say that mine host began to feel that he was out of his depth, and I had to tow him to land. This I did by explaining that so far as our present knowledge goes the doctrine of evolution is better adapted than any other which is at this moment before the public to meet all the difficulties associated with the questions of manifest lise, while its inability to deal with the origin of life, makes it necessary for us still to revert to the Biblical doctrine of a wise and beneficent Creator.

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Fig. 118.-Eggs of Stone-mite.




Fig. 119. -Segmentation of Tadpole's egg. A, fourteenth day.

B, ditto, enlarged.




behind,” I continued ; and at a bound I passed from thie mite to the frog. Whether my hearers knew the difference between a frog and a toad, I very much question, but it is well to flatter your hearers sometimes by assuming that they know as much as yourself, for no one likes to be considered a noodle, though he may be the essence of stupidity.

“Now," said I, "you know that when a frog's a tadpole it's a fish!”

“Never ! Wonderful !”

“It is wonderful, indeed,” I continued ; and sliameful as it must appear to the cool and philoso

by Sir W. Thomson, F.R.S., &c., vols. i and iii. (London: Macmillan). The all-embracing science of modern physics owes more to Sir William Thomson, perhaps, than any living man. William is not only an ingenious inventor and a patient and accurate discoverer, but a born teacher as well. As a lecturer he is too much in earnest to stoop to popularity, and he is careless about addressing any other than earnest students and workers. He expects them to take a little trouble to understand him, and they all know he is worth it. Readers of these addresses must be prepared to master a score or so of terms and phrases before they


are admitted to the “Third Degree.” Then Sir interesting chapter devoted to short biographies of William's style, although terse and brief, is clear and the principal Essex ornithologists. Next we have understandable. That he can command a large an account of the Chief Essex Bird Collections, circle of readers is evidenced by the fact that the first Migration Tables (by Mr. H. Doubleday and the edition of the work under notice was soon out of Rev. R. Sheppard), a chapter of Hawks and print, and a second had immediately to be issued. Hawking in the Olden Time (by Mr. J. E. Harting), Vol. ii of the set has not yet been published. Some and another on Wild Fowl Decoys and Wild of these Essays and Addresses have became classic, Fowling in Essex. Lastly comes the chief part of notably those in vol. i. on “The Size of Atoms," and the work : “A Catalogue on the Birds of Essex,” “ The Sun's Heat." Another lecture in three parts which occupies over two hundred pages, and is is devoted to “ The Secular Cooling of the Sun,” abundantly illustrated. Every species of bird has “ The Sun's Present Temperature," and, “ The some interesting note or item. This part is as Origin and Total Amount of the Sun's Heat.” attractive and instructing as many pages of Gilbert Among other addresses are “ The Six Gateways of

White. The Essex Field Club, through Mr. Knowledge,” “The Wave Theory of Light,” Christy's help, have conferred genuine assistance in “ Electrical Measurements,” • Capillary Attraction,” the important work of constructing a national &c. Many of these are supplemented by original ornithology which will endure for many years to potes and appendixes. The whole of these valuable discourses are included in one volume, Lessons in Elementary Biology, by T. Jeffery entitled “The Constitution of Matter." Volumé iii. Parker, F.R.S. (London: Macmillan). We have is called “Navigation,” and is devoted to navi- by no means too many good manuals of biology. gational affairs. Among them we find the following Zoology is indeed rather poor therein, and comprehensive range of subjects discoursed upon in elementary botany is too abundantly represented. A various chief places : “ The Tides,” Terrestrial general biology, based on the science of physical life, Magnetism and the Mariner's Compass," "On Deep is open to good literary work. Professor Parker's Sea Sounding by Pianoforte-Wire," "Lighthouse handsome new text-book is of this character. It is Characteristics," “ The Forces concerned in the meant for real students, not idlers or dilettanti Laying · and Listing of Deep-Sea Cables," skimmers of every fresh pot of scientific milk, “Navigation,” &c. Many of these important although such people imagine they run away with the summaries of valuable knowledge are also added to

For students in B.Sc. exams. this book is a by original notes. Enough has been said, however, genuine friend. The illustrations are numerous, well to show that the publication of Sir William selected, and special. There is neither a needless Thomson's “Popular Lectures and Addresses” is a a useless one in the volume. The table of welcome addition to modern scientific literature. contents includes thirty so-called “Lessons"; and it

The Birds of Essex-A Contribution to the Natural would be difficult to formulate a wider area of History of the County, by Miller Christy, F.L.S. biological research and discussion. Professor (Chelmsford : Edmund Durrant). This is the Parker's method of instruction is clear, solid, and so second special memoir published by the Essex Field- strong that the student who has thoroughly mastered Club—the most enterprising, active, zealous, and his “Lesson ” will not be likely soon to forget it. intelligent of our out-door societies. The author is The Making of Flowers, by the Rev. Professor a well-known, all-round naturalist, with a speciality George Henslow (London: S.P.C.K.). Here we for ornithology. He has long been a welcome have another welcome addition to the “ Romance of contributor to the scientific press, some readers will Science » series. Professor Henslow is the worthy well remember his name, although we miss the son of a worthy sire. He is a devoted botanist, and initial letter R in this his latest work. Ornithology was one of the earliest botanists to recognise the law is a branch of natural history which demands unusual of evolution in his beloved study. But he never patience and care; and, as a rule, none but seems to have taken kindly to the definite conclusions enthusiastic ornithologists study ornithology. We of Darwin, Hooker, Lubbock, and others, that insects are gradually acquiring a series of splendid and trust- are absolutely essential for crossing flowers. He worthy monographs of British birds. In the eastern rather holds a brief for the opposition, and thinks the countries, particularly,

have Stevenson, plant travelled to the insect, rather than the insect Southwell, Babington, and now Miller Christy. to the plant—through its migrations. Mr. Henslow The present work is got up with mych taste. Most makes much of stimulation as an agent for effecting of the illustrations (162 in number) are first-rate floral change, especially the stimulation of insects. specimens of natural history wood-cutting. Mr. We will not even endeavour, by sketching an outline Christy is known a graceful and

of this charming little book, to rob our readers of the plished writer, and he also brings to his work all pleasure of perusing it. the requisites of a good ornithologist. His book The British Noctua and their Varieties, vol. i., by is prefaced with a highly reliable and most J. W. Tutt (London : Swan Sonnenschein & Co.).






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The author has herein done good and laborious overflowing river deepens its deposit of silt every work in a field of research little known, but which winter, we arrive at the edge of some ploughed fields, offers much of importance and interest. The student bare as yet of seedlings; the soil in this curious has here collected ready for use the records of “spring” weather is dry and crumbling after the varieties hitherto scattered through numberless ploughing and harrowing. At every step or so we magazines. Nevertheless, much of the work recorded may pick up a fragment of Aint-satiny black, trans

Mr. Tutt is well known as a diligent lucent grey or brown, glowing red, almost as jasper, lepidopterist, and this handy little manual will be weathered to a blue like that of the Kentish hills in highly acceptable to all working entomologists. the distance, cracked and calcined like a bit of old

The Species of Epilobium occurring North of pottery—and of real pottery, too, we may pick up Mexico, by W. Trelease. Professor Trelease is in specimens, of which more anon. charge of the Missouri Botanic Garden, and this The variety of colour in the flints is by no means well got-up work forms the Second Annual Report their sole attraction or interest. Scarcely one of them of that Institution. It will be of much service to but has been split or splintered, and that in no American botanists. It is illustrated by forty-seven accidental manner. A practised eye soon recognises artistically got-up plates of the different species of “flakes ” and “cores,” perhaps a fashioned arrowEpilobium.

head, borer, or other tool. Here was undoubtedly
Monographie du Genre Pleurosigma et des Genres one of the earliest manufactories of which we have
allies, by H. Perogallo (Paris : M. J. Tempère). This record-and these Aints are the raw material, the
handsome monograph of the most important of all the refuse, or the finished articles.
genera of diatoms, owes its publication to the Long ago the ever-working rain and frost and
existence of “Le Diatomiste," the French botanical rivers and sea wore away the escarpment of those
quarterly journal, edited by M. Tempère, devoted to chalky downs which bound the Weald to north and
the study of diatoms, to which we have already drawn south ; long ago the flints were drifted over the land,
the attention of our readers. It is illustrated by sole traces of the earlier deposits. The great Weald
ten plates, quarto size, crowded with accurately forest grew up, man appeared on the scene, and here,
drawn figures. M. Perogallo's work has involved where fish and bird and beast must have found food in
much labour and research.

plenty, their newly arrived master found weapons also
to his hand. Generations of the old stone-workers
must have lived and died-hundreds of Aints must have

been chipped and shaped, and presently polished, and

then “the old order " changed, newer races came on VIEW THE FIRST.

the scene, for as we trudge over the ground we can

pick up from time to time pieces of well-burnt clay "HE long ridge of Kentish rag which bounds the that are not bits of drain-pipes, nor specimens of

Weald Valley on the north slopes steeply down to modern art, but genuine Roman tiles, and Roman the bed of the Beult - a little tributary of the Medway, pots. And on the far side of the Beult, along the which meanders slowly through the rich corn-land, hill, stretches a long line of Roman earthworks, and in scattered copses and marshy meadows, which make a copse half-way down is a still untouched tumulus, the Weald dear to farmers and to sportsmen. The into which as yet only the rabbits have been alluvial soil of its banks rests upon a bed of flinty privileged to burrow. gravel, laid bare in the river-bed and the ditches And so, as we homeward wend our weary but bordering the fields, and contributing more stones happy way, we may see in thought the savage to the surface soil than is usual in a land where hunters stalking their game, setting their snares or “stone-pickers” are unknown. These scattered their nets, sitting over their fires after nightfall—ashes flints will furnish us with the materials for reconstruct. have been dug up in these very fields-shaping and ing in our imagination the Weald as it once was- polishing their tools, scraping their skins, fitting their the home of beast and wild fowl, of hunters without bows, doubtless enjoying life as much as did those gun or cartridge, trained setter or beagle, but whose modern sportsmen whose many empty cartridge-cases weapons, of their own manufacture, doubtless did now betoken a warm corner.” Doubtless the good execution in their day.

rabbits scurried and burrowed, as now in the soft Step with me over the plank bridge that spans the loam, and the plover screamed over-head, and the Beult. There in the river-bank, not long ago, was larks rose into the cloudy sky wherever the wood was found sticking out of the soil, a beautiful polished celt, cleared-perhaps also the wolf and the bear and the an axe-head, whose owner little dreamed that the wild boar ranged over the land. Much is changed, tool he fashioned and polished with such infinite toil yet enough is the same-enough to make us sure that and care should now alone represent to us the worker's these our rude forefathers of the stone ages, had in

many ways such a view of the Weald, as we may When we have crossed the meadows, where the have to day, if we will but look for it,


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