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The Department of Superintendence was called to order in University Hall of the Fine Arts Building, Chicago, Ill., at 9:30 A. M., President G. R. Glenn, school commissioner of Georgia, in the chair. Prayer was offered by Dr. W. F. King, president of Cornell College, Mt. Vernon, Ia.

Professor Paul H. Hanus, of the department of theory and practice of education, Harvard University, read a paper on "Obstacles to Educational Progress." The discussion was led by W. K. Fowler, state superintendent of public instruction, Lincoln, Neb.

Superintendent E. G. Cooley, of Chicago, then read a paper on "The Value of Examinations as Determining a Teacher's Fitness for Work." The discussion of the paper was opened by W. W. Stetson, state superintendent of public schools, Augusta, Me. Others participated in the discussion, as follows: Miss Margaret A. Haley, of Chicago; Superintendent F. Louis Soldan, of St. Louis; Superintendent Charles R. Skinner of New York; Superintendent L. E. Wolfe, of Kansas City, Kan.; Superintendent J. F Keating, of Pueblo, Colo.; Superintendent J. M. Greenwood, of Kansas City, Mo.; Superintendent C. G. Pearse, of Omaha, Neb.; and Dr. E. E. White, of Cincinnati, O.

The committee appointed by the department at its session in Chicago in 1901, on constitution and by-laws for the department, made a report thru its chairman, Superintendent Aaron Gove, Denver, Colo., as follows:


In the absence of a constitution, the Department of Superintendence has had a varying policy, and its early aims and purposes have been frequently forgotten. Special committees have been created from time to time to do certain things which would have been done better by permanent constitutional committees changing but part of their membership annually. The president of the department has had no constitutional guide, and the programs have frequently reflected the personality of the president rather than any established aim and policy of the department. In inviting attendance of all classes of teachers the tendency has been to offer programs that scatter discussions over all classes of educational topics rather than to the concentration upon topics relating to supervision. The conviction of the committee is that the department should withdraw from this practice of scattering its efforts, yet continue its policy of welcoming to its meetings all who are interested in the discussion of the problems of superintendence.





Active and associate members of the National Educational Association who are engaged regularly in supervising educational work, as state, county, city, district, town, and village superintendents, including assistant and associate superintendents, may become members of the department upon signing the constitu-" tion and by-laws, providing that active members of the National Educational Association only shall have the


right to vote and to hold office in the department; also providing that nothing in this section shall be so construed as to deprive in any way those who are at present active members of this department from taking part or participating in and sharing fully the duties, responsibilities, and privileges of such membership.


1. Officers.-The officers of this department shall consist of a (1) president; (2) first vice-president; (3) secretary.

Each to serve one year.

2. Executive board.- An executive committee of five, consisting of the president, first vice-president, secretary, the retiring president of the department, and the permanent secretary of the National Educational Association.

3. Committee on nomination.-A standing committee of seven on nomination of officers, consisting of the president of the department as chairman ex officio, and six members to be elected by the department, whose term of office shall be three years, the terms of two members expiring each year. The terms of service on the first election shall be determined by lot. It shall be the duty of this committee to nominate one or more names for each vacancy to be filled, and to report to the department at the close of the morning session of the second day of the annual meeting.

4. Committee on program.—A standing committee of five on the annual program, consisting of the president of the department as chairman ex officio, and four members to be elected by the department to serve two years, the terms of two members to expire each year. It shall be the duty of this committee to prepare an annual program and supervise its execution. Only subjects directly relating to the supervision of schools shall be placed upon the program; but, in assigning essays, the committee will not be limited to members of the department.

5. Election of officers.-The election of all officers shall be by ballot and shall occur at the close of the morning session of the second day of the annual meeting, at which time the report of the nominating committee shall be presented.


The place of meeting shall be determined by the voting members of the department on the morning session of the second day of the annual meeting, and two-thirds of the members present shall be necessary for a decision. Should the department fail to reach a decision before the adjournment of that session, the executive committee shall determine the place of meeting for the next ensuing year.

The executive committee shall have power to call special meetings of the department,

This constitution may be altered or amended at the regular meeting by the unanimous vote of the members present, or by a two-thirds vote of the members present, provided that the alteration or amendment has been substantially proposed in writing at the previous annual meeting.




After the reading of the report, President Glenn stated that the report would be referred to the directors of the National Educational Association.

Superintendent Gove appealed from the decision of the chair, insisting that, if the report was to be of any value to the department, it should be acted on immediately; to refer it to the directors of the National Educational Association would be to prolong its consideration one year. Superintendent E. H. Mark, of Louisville, Ky., desired the report examined by a proper committee before voting upon it. Superintendent Gove's appeal from the decision of the chair was then put to the department. The chair was not sustained. A motion was made and seconded that the committee's report be made the special order for Wednesday morning at 9 o'clock; the motion prevailed.

The meeting then adjourned until 2 o'clock P. M.


The afternoon session opened promptly at 2 o'clock, President G. R. Glenn in the chair. After several announcements of a miscellaneous nature, the program of the afternoon was taken up.

Dr. D. L. Kiehle, professor of pedagogy in the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minn., addressed the department on the subject, "The Practical Application of All Learning to Better Living." Professor George E. Vincent, of the University of Chicago, and Superintendent N. C. Schaeffer, of Pennsylvania, led the discussion of Dr. Kiehle's paper.

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Superintendent Henry P. Emerson, of Buffalo, N. Y., was introduced by the chair, and read a paper on 'Influences That Make for Good Citizenship." The discussion was led by William E. Hatch, superintendent of schools, New Bedford, Mass., and H. O. R. Siefert, superintendent of schools, Milwaukee, Wis. Mr. John MacDonald, editor of the Western School Journal, Topeka, Kan.; Mrs. V. C. Meredith, of St. Anthony, Minn.; and Superintendent F. Treudley, of Youngstown, O., also participated in the discussion.

After several miscellaneous announcements, the meeting adjourned to 8:15 P. M.


The evening program consisted of an address delivered by Dr. Frank Gunsaulus, president of Armour Institute, Chicago, Ill., on "Technical Education and its Effects on General Education."



President Glenn called the meeting to order at 9 o'clock, as per resolution of the preceding day, which also provided that the consideration of the report of the Committee on Constitution and By-Laws should be taken up at that hour. In response to a request from the members of the department, Superintendent Aaron Gove, of Denver, read the proposed constitution and by-laws. Superintendent C. G. Pearse, of Omaha, moved that the constitution and by-laws be read section by section. Carried.

On motion of Superintendent Joseph Carter, of Champaign, Ill., Art. I of the proposed constitution was unanimously adopted.

After a somewhat extended discussion of sec. 2, Superintendent J. W. Carr, of Anderson, Ind., moved that the proposed constitution be printed, and that its further consideration be postponed until 9 A. M., February 27. Carried.

The first subject of the session was "The Ideal Normal School." The paper was read by Dr. William H. Payne, professor of the science and art of teaching, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich. The discussion was led by Frank L. Jones, state superintendent of public instruction, Indianapolis, Ind., who was followed by R. G. Boone, superintendent of schools, Cincinnati, O. The general discussion was participated in by Superintendent C. F. Carroll, of Worcester, Mass.; Superintendent J. M. Greenwood, of Kansas City, Mo.; and Miss M. Elizabeth Farson, district superintendent of schools, Chicago, Ill.

Dr. W. T. Harris, United States Commissioner of Education, Washington, D. C., was then introduced by President Glenn. The department paid Dr. Harris a tribute of respect by rising when his name was called by the president. The subject of his address was “The Danger of Using Biological Analogies in Reasoning on Educational Subjects." The paper was discussed by Dr. G. Stanley Hall, of Clark University. The discussion was closed by Dr. Harris.

The president then announced the following Committee on Nominations for the ensuing year:

Superintendent E. H. Mark, Louisville.
Superintendent H. M. Maxson, New Jersey.

Superintendent Irwen Leviston, St. Paul.
Superintendent Henry P. Emerson, Buffalo.

Superintendent H. O. R. Siefert, Milwaukee.

The department then adjourned.


The afternoon session was devoted to round-table meetings, as follows:


The meeting was called to order at 2 o'clock by the leader, Frank L. Jones, state superintendent of public instruction, Indianapolis, Ind.

First topic: "Instruction in the Elements of Agriculture in Rural Communities." The discussion was led by L. D. Harvey, state superintendent of public instruction, Madison, Wis., who was followed by Miss Virginia C. Meredith, of the School of Agriculture, St. Anthony Park, Minn. The general discussion of the topic was participated in by Superintendent Schaeffer, of Pennsylvania; Superintendent Barrett, of Iowa; Superintendent Carrington, of Missouri; Superintendent Olsen, of Minnesota; and Superintendent Roberts, of Peoria, Ill.

Second topic: "The Financial Phase of the Consolidation of Rural Schools." The discussion was led by Charles A. Van Matre, county superintendent of schools, Delaware county, Ind. Superintendent Schaeffer, of Pennsylvania; Superintendent Bayliss, of Illinois; Superintendent Bonebrake, of Ohio; Superintendent Fall, of Michigan; Superintendent B. E. York, of Kingsville, O.; Superintendent Collins, of South Dakota; Superintendent Bright, of Cook county, Ill.; and County Superintendent W. G. Hartranft, of Seattle, Wash., participated in the general discussion.

A short business meeting followed the discussions, at which the following officers were elected :

President- Mrs. Helen L. Grenfell, state superintendent of public instruction of Colorado.
Secretary R. C. Barrett, state superintendent of public instruction of Iowa.

The round table then adjourned.


Leader, James M. Greenwood, superintendent of schools, Kansas City, Mo. Subject: "Minor Problems."

Topic 1-Synopsis: (a) Selection of teachers. (6) Elimination of teachers who are intellectually incompetent. (c) Elimination of teachers who are not morally prepared. (d) Stimulation of teachers to follow right ideals.

I. C. McNeill, president State Normal School, Superior, Wis.

Topic 2-Synopsis: (a) The crack of the college professor's whip. (b) The nervous woman writer's tirade on the "crowded curriculum.' (c) The conclusions of the notoriety-seeking schoolroom experi(d) The demands of the old-school men that all be eliminated except the "three R's."


W. A. Hester, superintendent of schools, Evansville, Ind.

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Topic 3 Synopsis: (a) How to meet the people. (6) Grade meetings. (c) Pay-rolls and financial statements. (d) Use of the teachers' association.

Louis P. Nash, superintendent of schools, Holyoke, Mass.


Conference I, Normal Schools.― Leader, Livingston C. Lord, president Eastern Illinois Normal School, Charleston, Ill.

Topic I "What Aspects of Psychology and Child Study Are Suitable Subjects for Instruction in Normal Schools?" The discussion of this topic was led by President Albert Salisbury, State Normal School, Whitewater, Wis.; President Livingston C. Lord, Eastern Illinois Normal School, Charleston, Ill.; President Homer H. Seerley, State Normal School, Cedar Falls, Ia.; Professor Daniel Putnam, State Normal College, Ypsilanti, Mich.; Principal James M. Green, State Normal School, Trenton, N. J.; Professor John A. H. Kent, Northern Illinois Normal School, De Kalb, Ill.

Topic 2 "Shall Instruction in Psychology and Child Study Be Oral, or Shall a Text-Book Be Used?" The discussion of this topic was participated in by Professor Grant Karr, superintendent of practice, State Normal School, Oswego, N. Y., and Thomas H. Gentle, director of the training school, State Normal School, Platteville, Wis. Conference II, Training Teachers.- Leader, James E. Russell, dean of Teachers College, Columbia University, New York city.

Topic "Criticism

What Shall it Be?" The leader, Dean Russell, introduced the discussion of this topic, and was followed by President J. N. Wilkinson, State Normal School, Emporia, Kan.; Professor Guy E. Maxwell, State Normal School, Winona, Minn.;

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