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a Christian, but to a Turk or an Indian. They, to be sure, will give it for the appellant. When the saints come to judge the world, we may guess how the cause will go ; but when the world is set in judgment over the saints, we can never think that the christian's God will be justified in his sayings. It is our comfort however that he will be true, and every man a liar; for he who calls the ends of the earth to look to him is the Creator of the ends of the earth. Is. xlv. 22. xl. 28.
2. The name of Christ is called upon us from the other right that he has in us; for by him we are bought with a price. This was always the argument of revelation in the Old Testament, and it continues to be so in the New. Moses pleads as Paul does. Deut. xxxii. 6. Is not he thy Father that has bought thee? Has he not made thee and redeemed thee? And so says the apostle, ye are not your own, but bought with a price ; therefore glorify God in your bodies and spirits which are God's. 1. Cor. vi. 19, 20. If that God, whose ye are, is not He that has bought you with a price, whatever claim he may have to your duty from any antecedent work, yet he has none at all from redemption. You are not to glorify him upon the argument that is here used.
But when Christ gave himself for your iniquity, it was, not only that he might purify a peculiar people, but purify them to himself. Tit. ii. 14. They are his peculiar people, as he used to say; every one that is called by my name I have created him for my glory. Is. xliii. 17. 21. And, this people have I formed for myself, they shall show forth my praise.
The right of redemption lay in him, and all the rights flowing from it, belong to him. We take his name, because we are his purchase : and therefore an apostate denies the Lord that bought him. 2 Pet. ii. 2. He did not buy us for another ; because to this purpose he both died and rose again, and revived, that he might be the Lord both of dead and living. Rom. xiv. 9. I do not say this (as Christ himself does not with any exclusion to the Father's interest in the ransomed of the Lord ; for, as he speaks, so must we, all mine are thine, and thine are mine, and I am glorified in them. John xvii. 10.
3. The name of Christ is called upon us, as a token of his supremacy over all things to the Church. The Church has no other head of jurisdiction or of influence, but him who has all things under his feet. In baptism we recognise his authority, and depend upon his en. ergy. The former is supreme, the latter is omnipotent. He could not be equal to either of these, if he had not the fulness of him who fills all in all. Eph. i. ult. From this almighty dominion and virtue are they quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins. '
You give a testimony in baptism, both to his government and to his quickening ; that he not only judges the dead, but that he raises them. He directed you to this solemnity, upon the ground of his having all power both in heaven and earth. If he had less than this,
he would never abolish an old ordinance, and bring in a new one. The phrase that this power is given him, ought not to be received as an argument against his eternal necessary inseparable title to it. For if it was not in him, antecedent to any grant, the worship paid him will be brought to prove, what we know is impossible to be true, that God has given his glory to another.
3. The name of the Holy Spirit is called upon us in baptism. We have but one word to sig. nify his personal character-Holy Spirit or Holy Ghost. I am not yet got so far into my subject, as to consider his distinction from the Father and the Son. At present I have no more before me than to show, why his name is mentioned in the first act, of our professed subjection to the gospel of Christ.
1. This could never be allowed, if he was not, as Christ is, the Creator of the universe. Thus we read of him in very distant cases, that he has garnished the heavens, and his hands have formed the crooked serpent. Job xxvi. 13. All the hosts above were made by the breath (or Spirit) of the Lord. Ps. xxxvi. 6. He was one in that great consultation when it was said, let us make man ; Gen. i. 26. for Elihu says the Spirit of the Lord has made me, and the breath of the Almighty has given me life. Job xxxiii. 4. He moved upon the face of the waters, and said let there be light, when darkness was upon the face of the deep. Gen, i. 2. He is the God who commanded light to shine out of darkness, 2. Cor. iv. 6.
2. His equality and communion with the divine nature, is what the apostle argues from his name. We know that secret things be. long to God, and to no creature at all. Deut. xxix. ult. None can know the mind of the Lord. With whom has he taken counsel ? And yet the Spirit searches all things, yea, the deep things of God. 1. Cor. ii. 10. So that, supposing him to be an agent, the omniscience of God is his object; and can we think it is not his character? Does he know as much, as he does, who knows all things? Nay, he seems to have his name for this very purpose. As no man knows the things of a man, but the spirit of man who is in him, so the things of God knows no man, but the Spirit of God. No wonder then, when baptism is a surrender of ourselves to the most high God, that we are called by the name of one, whose understanding is infinite. Ps. cxlvii.5. This is so clear from the language of scripture, that they who cannot deny his perfection, relieve their cause, by turning jugglers, and casting a figure upon his personality.
3. It is the Spirit who makes effectual, the whole redemption of the saints. By him they are saved, and therefore by his name they are called. He overshadowed the Virgin in our Saviour's conception. Luke i. 35. It is the Spirit who raised up Jesus from the dead ; Rom. viii. 11. and he was declared to be the Son of God with power by the Spirit of holiness. Rom. i. 4. Converts are born of the Spirit. John iii. 5. He convinces them of sin, that
is of unbelief; and in convincing them of it delivers them from it, by showing them a righteousness in Christ's going to the Father. And it is by him they have victory, for he convinces them of judgment that the Prince of this world is judged. John xvi. 8, 9, 10. As they live, they walk, in the Spirit, Gal. v. 25. and through him they mortify the deeds of the body. Rom. viii. 13. • It is he by whom the Bible was given, for holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost. 2 Pet. 1. ult. In reading this, we hear what the Spirit saith unto the Churches. It is he who came down upon the apostles with cloven tongues of fire. They were then baptized with the Holy Ghost. Acts i. 5. This Spirit, who is good, leads us to the land of uprightness. Ps. cxliii. JO. We are baptized for the remission of sins; and though he, who has purchased this, bestows it, yet it is the Spirit who seals it to us, till the day of redemption. Eph. iv. 30.
Baptism is a surrender of ourselves for protection, as well as homage ; and therefore we must have a regard to that Comforter, who abides with us for ever. John xiv. 16. It is he who invites us up to the marriage-supper of the Lamb; for the Spirit and the bride say come, and whosoever will let him take of the water of life freely. Rev. xxii. 17.