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of heaven, facing each to outflank the French on their le other. One division of the French wing. But, in the same instan army, under Le Grand, was posted marshal Davoust, with his sharj in front of the village ; and one un. shooters, appeared, and fell on the der Saint-Hilaire, on its right. The rear. Upon this, Augereau's cor] corps of Auger au was placed on its filed off in columns to attack an left. That of Davoust had been de- occupy the centre of the Russia tached in the evening, 10 stretch be- army, which might otherwise hay yond Eylar, and to come round and overwhelmed Davoust with siperio fall on the left fiank of the Russians, numbers. At the same time, th if they should not have changed their division under Saint Hilaire, file position. Marshal Ney was like. off to the right to support Daroust wise in motion to outflank and fall and eventually to facilitate a junc on them on the right.
tion between Davoust and Auge On the following morning, (Fem rean, should his assistance becom bruary 8) the Russians commenced necessary. the attack with a brisk cannonade No sooner had these movement: on the village of Eylau, and by the commenced, than so thick a fal! 01 division under Saint Hilaire. The snow covered the two armies, that emperor, with his guards, took post they could not see beyond the dis. in the church and burying-ground, tance of two feet. The point of di. .which the Russians had so well de rection was lost, and the French fended the day before.
columns, inclining too much to the 'To the military eye of Buonaparte, left, wandered about in uncertainty. the hill commanding the entrance This darkness lasted half an hour. into the plain, which the French had When the weather cleared up,20,000 failed to carry the day before, pre- Russian infantry, supported by casented itself still as the most im- valry and artillery, hy beginning to portant object of attack. Till turn, threatened the division of this should be carried the centre of Saint Hilaire with excision.-At his army could not act offensively this moment, when destruction ho. against the enemy : for, in order vered over the French army, the to do this, it was necessary that it greater part of which was straggling should stretch into the plain. Mar- in columns, incapable of supporting shal Augereau was therefore ordered one another, the cavalry under to advance with his corps, and to open Murat, supported by the imperial a cannonade against this commanding guard under Bessieres, coming spot, with 40 pieces of artillery be- round about the division of Saint longing to the imperial guard. A Hilaire, extricated the French from terrible cannonade ensued on both their critical situation, by making a sides. The armies being within half desperate and successful charge on a gon-shot of each other, every shot the formidable mass of the Russian took effect, and the slaughter on infantry. The Russian cavalry, who both sides was dreadful. At one endeavoured to oppose this manæutime it appeared, from the move. vre, were routed with great slaughments of the Russians, that, impa. ter. Two lines of infantry were tient of suffering so much without broken; the third falling back, any decisive result, they had a mind supported themselves on a wood.
The issue of the battle, which had to them. It has cost the enemy been long doubtful, was decided from 12 to 15,000 prisoners, as ma. from the moment that Davoust, ny in killed and missing, 45 pieces whose progress was greatly impeded of artillers, and 18 standards.'' by the weather, was at last enabled Very different from this was the to fall upon the rear of the enemy, account given of the baule of Eylau, according to his orders, and drive by the Russian general, who, in a them froin the hilly ground or plat- letter dated on the field of battle, at fora. The Russians, after repeated Prussian Eylau, 8th of February, attempts to repulse that general, re- 1807, as ured the emperor, that the treated, leaving their wounded and enemy had been completely defeat. 10 pieces of canuon on the field of ed; that a thousand prisoners, and battle,
twelve standards, which he had the In a contest, maintained for twelve honour to send to his imperial majesty, hours, during the whole of which had fallen into the hands of the con. 300 pieces of cannon vomited death querors. He had been attacked, he from the opposite lines so near each said, that day, on his centre and other, the number of killed and both his wings, by Buonaparte in wounded on either side could not person, who, however, had been be otherwise tban very great. The beaten back at ali points, and e cry loss of the Freoch, according to where defeated.. His guards had their own accounts, consisted exactly attacked the centre of the Russians in 1000 killed, and 5700 woundçd, several times, and as often been reincluding 1090 so severely, as to be pulsed : several columns of French rendered for ever upsit for service; infantry, and regiments of cuiras. and that of the Russians in 7000 siers had been destroyed. The loss left, dead on the field of battle* of the Russians he believed might Among the wounded on the side of exceed 6,000 mén; but that he might the French, were four colonels and estimate, without exaggeration, the five generals, one of whom was mar. loss of the enemy, at more than skal Augereau, and another, general 12,000+.—The circumstance of the Hautpoult, who died of his wounds. 12 standards taken, appears incre. In the number of the killed, were dible ; yet what shall be said of the four colonels. The eagle of one of clause in the general's letter, men. the French battalions, according to tioning that they had been sent to their own accounts, was lost; that the emperor ? Was it a kind of is, no doubt, it was taken by the patriotic fraud, on the part of the ezemy. “ Thus, (the bulletin pro- general, or the gazette of St. Petersceeds,) the Russian expedition which burg ? In either case, it is an instance set out on the 27th of January, and of the excessive exaggeration in ga. which had for its object to stretch zettes, now more than ever common out towards Thorn, and turn our left with both rrench and Russians, do wing, has proved exceedingly fatal bove noteii.
Fifty-eighth bulletin of the grand French arny, compared with the official nära rative of general Bennysen.
+ Traduction d'une lettre du général baron de Bennissen, a S. M. l'empereur de Russie, apportée par le lieutenant-colonel Havitzki, aide-de camp de S. M. I. sur le chainp de battuille, &c.-See also, Relation officielle iransmise par son excellence le brou de Bennigsen, gévéral en chef, Connidysberg, 25 Mars, 1807.
The character and result of the whole lines of Russian knapsacks ; most bloody battle of Eylau, seem broken pieces of muskets and sa. to be exhibited with great candour in bres; the ground covered with can, a letter written by a Russian officer non-balls, howitzer shells, and amof the army, three days after the munition ; twenty-four pieces of battle *. “ Our army has performed cannon, near which lay the bodies prodigies of valour; though our loss of their drivers, killed at the mohas been very great. It is gene- ment when they were endeavouring rally agreed, that it was a miracle to carry them off. All this was the we did not lose more : which is as. more conspicuous, as the ground cribed to the excellent discipline and was covered with snow. The 5,000 order, which prevailed even in the wounded Russians were all con. hottest of the action, and in the veyed in sledges to Thorn, and to midst of such a fire, as was never the French hospitals, on the left perhaps witnessed before. For these bank of the Vistula. The surgeons three days we have been enquiring of observed with astonishment, that each other, On which side the vic. the fatigue of this conveyance did tory lay ? This question may appear no harm to the wounded t. singular : but in truth it is impossible At the same time that mar. for me to say, which of the two ar- shal Davoust attacked the ele. mies fought with the greatest cou. vated ground, the possession of rage and obstinacy, and did the which was so warmly disputed, greatest mischief to the other.” It marshal Ney came round by Ala is a very remarkable circumstance, torf, driving before him the same in the battle of Eylau, that there column which he had attacked at was little or no engagement between Deppen, and, in the evening, occu. the infantry of the two armies. The pied the village of Schoneditton. The battle was fought by the artillery and Russian general therefore, harassed cavalry. The day after the battle on his tianks by Davoust and Ney, presented a horrid scene of dead who threatened to cut off his rearand dying men: to bury all the guard, ordered several battalions of dead, required inmense labour. A grenadiers to make an attack on great number of Russian slain, were Schoncditton ; which was accordingfound with the insignia of their or. ly made at 8 o'clock at night, but ders. Forty-eight hours after the without effect. The next day, (Fe. battle, there were still upwards of bruary 9) the Russians were pursued 5,000 wounded Russians, whom the as far as the river Frischeling, while French had not been able to carry they retreated behind the Pregel. off. Brandy and bread were carried The French gazette says in conclu. to them, and they were successively sion, “ This expedition is ended. carried to the ambulance, or train of The enemy is beaten and driven carriages. On the space of a square back eighty leagues from the Vistu. league were seen 9 or 10,000 dead la. The French army is going to bodies ; 4 or 5,000 horses killed ; return to its winter quartors."
Dated, Tilsit, ville du royaume de Prusse, près de Niemen, a 80 lieues nordeste de Koningsberg, le 11 Fevrier 1807. 65th bulletin of the grand French army.
That the main body of the Rus. ed an attack on the rear of the sian army-not absolutely the whole Russians, which had been lately as will presently appear,
were re-inforced. It was unable to reforced to fall back eighty leaguessist the vigour of an attack conduct. from the Vistula, is true, but it is ed by his majesty in person...-To. also true that Buonaparte did not morrow we shall be at Koningsberg." find himself in a condition, at this And an attempt on Koningsberg time, again to attack them, and would, no doubt, have been made, hazard another battle. The Rus. if, after the battle of Eylau, Buo. sian army, without any material naparte had conceived that he pos. loss, effected its retreat to Konings. sessed means for aecomplishing his berg,
object. But this was, in truth, a Buonaparte was now only a drawn battle; and the severest short distance from Koningsberg, a check he had received since the grand depository of the enemy. commencement of his career, which The steeples of this place, which had was in Italy, in 1796. been held out as a rich prey to the It was not, however, without French soldiers, were to be seen some degree of plausibility that both from the heights of Eylau. No. sides claimed the victory, or at least thing could have been more desirable a discomfiture of the design of their than to take a place which would at opponents. It was the design of once have been a most advantageous Buonaparte to take Koningsberg. military position, furnished abun. He was forced to fall back on the dance of provisions and stores, and Vistula. It was the design of the gratified the army by pillage. And Russians to drive the French back that the reduction of Koningsberg beyond the Vistula, to re-take was accordingly, in fact, his object, Elbing and Thorn, and to force appears from a letter addressed to them to raise the sieges of Colberg, the empress Josephine, by Berthier Graudenz, and Dantzig. By a prince of Neuf.Chatel, the most series of successive actions, they confidential minister of Buonaparte, had been driven back by the French on the evening before the battle, da- as far as Eylau, and on the day ted at Great Glandau, 7th February. after the battle, beyond the Pregel. “ At the approach of his imperial The French had buried the Russian majesty, the Russian army fell back. dead; collected and taken care of On the evening of the 6th he had the greatest part of their wounded, passed Landsberg with the intention taken a number of their cannon of continuing his retreat during the dismounted in the action ; and, night. The emperor, who com- finally, remained seven or eight Randed the advanced guard, order days on the field of battle.
CHAP. CHAP. II.
Relative Positions in which the French and Russian Armies were placed after the Battle of Eylau.-Pacific Overtures by Buona. parte-Rejected.-- Artifices of Buonaparte.-The Russians persevere in their System of acting on the offensive.-Battle of Ostrolenka.-Skirmishes.-Triumphant Proclamation, or Address of Buonaparte to his Army.-- Positions of the French Army in their Winter Quarters.-Bridges and Tétes,du-Pont on the Vistula. -Continued Skirmishes. The most important of these. --Artil. lery taken from the Enemy by the French since their Arrival on the Vistula.-Progress of the Allies of the French, under Jerome Buonaparte, in the reduction of Silesia.-Siege of Dantzig.--Disposition of the grand French Army for protecting the besieging Army.-Dantzig defended by Nature and by Art.- Arrival of the Russian Emperor at Memel-Followed by that of the Archduke Constantine with a Reinforcement to the Russian Army.-Grand Council of War concerning the Relief of Dantzig.–Of two Plans, that which was adopted.-Prussian Force sent for the Relief of Dantzig, slefeated.-- Attacks of the Russians on the whole Line of the French-Intended to prevent them from reinforcing the Army besieging Dantzig.--Dantzig surrendered on Capitulation -Conditions of this.-State of the Garrison at this time.-The Fort of Weischelnunde also surrendered.-Stralsund-The Siege of it, abandoned by the French, who retire towards the Vistula.-Pursued by the Swedes.- These, advancing beyond the Peene, are discomfited by the French under the Command of Marshal Mortier, and reduced to the necessity of demanding an Armistice ; schich is granted.-Conditions of this Armistice- The King of Srceden arrives at Stralsund-Reviews and encourages his Army. - Ilimself encouraged by the Arrival ofan Envoy from Great Bri. tuin with Assurances of Succour in Troops and in Money.
HE relative positions in which pacific nature.
placed after the battle of Eylau, soldier, replied, that he had been were not misunderstood by Buo- sent by his master not to negotiate,
naparte; who, according to his but to fight. Bertrand was then - usual policy on all great orises, dis. ordered to proceed, from Koningspatched Bertrand, a general of die berg to Memel, with the same over. vision, to the Russian commander. tures to the king of Prussia ; with in-chief with some overtures of a whom he had not greater success