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than with the Russian chief. Buo. the French army. On the 16th, at naparte endeavoured, however, after day-break, general Gazan with a these repulses, to make it believed part of his division moving towards in Germany, that both the Prussians the advanced guard, met with the and Russians desirous of enemy on the way to Novogorod, peace, and that treaties were on attacked and defeated him.

But at the pollut of being concluded. It the same inoment, the Russians by was given out in his newspapers, the left bank attacked Ostrolenka, that Duroc had gone to St. Peters, which was defended by general burgh, and that the king of Prus. Campana, with a brigade of the di sia was governed by the counsel of vision of general Gazan, and geneLombard, Beyme, and Kockyriz, ral Ruffin, with a brigade of the dis the men who, together with Haug. vision of general Oudinot. The witz and Lucchesini, had heretofore Rassian infantry advanced in seve. managed as he wished the court of ral columns. They were suffered to Berlin. He was desirous to spread come fairly within the town, as far a conviction that he possessed the as half the length of the streets; same influence at the court of Me. when they were charged by the mel. Thus he hoped to sow the French with fixed bayonets. Thrice seeds of jealousy among the allies, did the Russians make an attack on and to deterany of the German states the French, and were as often re. from insurrection on the reliance pulsed, leaving the streets covered of support, from powers with whom with the dead. Their loss was so he was likely, very soon, to be on great that they were forced to aban. terms of peace, amity, and even in don the town, and take a position alliance,

behind the sand-hills which coverit: The Russians were not induced The divisions of generals Souchet by the battle of Eylau, and the ne. and Oudinot advanced, and at noon cessity their main army was under, the heads of their columns arrived of retreating behind the Pregel, to at Ostrolenka. General Savary give up their original plan of acting drew up his army in the following on the offensive against the French, manner.

General Oudinot comand harassing them without ceasing manded the left in two lines; geneby all means and at all seasons. ral Souchet the centre; and the geWhile the main army of the French neral of division Reille, chief of the still lay at Eylau; 3.000 Russian pri- staff of the army, commanding a soners were rescued by a squadron of brigade of the division of Gazan, Cossacks, a thousand strong at Wilc formed the right. He covered hima denbergh, from 15 to 20 leagues on self with all his artillery, and marchthis ide of Eylau on the Omulcio, ed against the enemy. General to the south-west of the lakes of Oudinot putting himself at the head Passenheim. General Van Essen, of the cavalry, made a successful February 15th, at the head of 25,000, charge, and cut in pieces the Cosadranced to Ostrolenka, along the sacks of the Russian rear-guard. two banks of the Narew. At the A very brisk fire was kept up for a village of Flakis Law-owa he met the considerable time on both sides. advanced guard of general Savary, The Russians at last gave way on who commanded the 5th corps of all sides, and were followed lighting VOL. XLIX.



for three leagues. The loss of the Pregel. In the battles of Berg Russians was 1,300 killed, among fried, Deppen, Hoff, and Eylau, w whom were two generals, above have taken from him, 65 pieces a 1,200 taken, seven pieces of cannon cannon, and 16 standards, beside and two standards. The French, the loss of more than 10,000 men according to their accounts, had on. in killed, wounded, and taken pri ly 60 men killed, and among these, soners. The heroes, who, on ou the general of brigade Campana, an side, remain in the bed of honour officer of great merit, and it is ob. have died a glorious death. It is th served, a native of the department death of a true soldier. Their rela of Marengo.* At Gutten field, Fc. tives will always have a just clain bruary 12th, 500 French soldiers to our care and beneficence. Ha were made prisoners by Platow, ving thus defeated all the enterprise hetman of the Cossacks. On the of the enemy, we shall return to same day a division of one of the wards the Vistula, and resume ou French corps marched to Maricn- winter quarters. Those who shal werder, situated on a small river, dare to disturb these quarters, shal called the Leibe, not far froin its have reason to repent : for whethe junction with the Vistula, thirty- beyond the Vistula, or on the othe four miles south from Dantzig, side of the Danube, whether in th and forty-four north-east of Thorn. middle of winter or the beginnin Seven Prussian squadrons found at of autumn, we will still be foun this place, were aitacked and rout. French soldiers, and soldiers of th ed, and 300 men with 250 horses grand army.taken. The rest of the Prussians The first and leading considera making their escape, took refuge tion in the choice of positions fo in Dantzig.

winter quarters for the French ar On February 16th, the day be. my, was, to cover the line of th fore Buonaparte began to march Vistula, and to favour the reductiofrom Eylau, for the disposition of of Colberg, Graudenz, and abor his troops in winter quarters, he all of Dantzig. It was therefor thought it proper to counteract any concentrated in cantonments, be notion that might be entertained of hind, that is, to the westward this being a retreat, and to keep up the Passarge, a small river which the courage of his army, by assum. passing by the town of Braunsberg iog a very lofty air of triumph, discharges itself, a little below th which he did in the following pro. place, into the Frisch-haaf.

TE clamation, dated Prussian Eylau, prince of Ponte Corvo, Bernadotte February 16th. “ Soldiers, we had with his corps, lay at Prussian to begun to enjoy a little repose in our land, and Braunsberg; marsha winter quarters, when the enemy Soult, with his at Leibstadt an atiaiked the first corps, and shews Mohrungen ; marshal Ney, at Gu ed theinselves on the Lower Vistula. stadt; marshal Davoust, at Allen We broke up and marched against steia, Hohenstein, and Deppen ; bim; we have pursued him sword in Polonese corps of observation, com aand, so leagues ; he has tied to his manded by general Zayencheek strong holds, and retired beyond the at Niedenbourg; marsbal Le Feby

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62d and 63d Bullecins of the grand French ariay.



before Dantzig; the 5th corps of possession or command of the coun. the Freoch army, was stationed at tries he had over-run, by reducing Omalew; and the 8th as a corps of the Prussian fortresses that still held observation, in Swedish Pomerania. out on the Vistula, and the Oder. There was a corps under Jerome, But the Russians, determined and or priace Jerome Buonaparte, em resolute in their purpose to give ployed in the reduction of the fortres- him no rest, engaged the French in ses of Silesia. The Bavarian divi. continued skirmishes, and in some sion, commanded by the heir appa very sharp actions, which tent, or as the French style him, the attended with considerable loss crown.prince of Bavaria, serving to both parties. The most serious ender Jerome, lay at this time at of these it may be proper brief. Warsaw, and was on its route to join ly to notice; but we shall hasten to the French army. There was still the sicge of the more important post a strong garrison at Thorn, where and port of Dantzig, to which, afgeneral Rapp, Buonaparte's aid-de. ter the battle of Eylau, every eye camp, was appointed governor, in was turned. the room of marshal Le Febvre, now

A Russian detachment marched, employed in the siege of Dantzig. February 26th, agairst Braunsberg, The head quarters were at Oste- the head, that is, the most advanced Tode, nearly equidistant between or easterly of the French canton. Thorn, which formed as it were a ments. Buonaparte being informa bastion, on the right of the French, ed of this, gave orders to the prince sapposing their eye still directed to of Ponte Corvo, that it should be the east, and Marienwerder, and attacked; the execuzion of which Elbing, with the Isle of Nogat, orders was committed to general which supported the left. And, for Dupont, an officer of great merit, maintaining a communication be- who on the same day, at two o'clock tween the opposite banks of the in the afternoon, attacked the Rus. Vistala, as well as for securing a sian detachment, which was 10,000 retreat, in case of any disaster, in strong, overthrew it with fixed bay. the course of future operations, the onets, drove it froin the town, and tėtes-do.pont, or fortified bridges across the Passarge, took 16 pieces at Praga, Modlio, Dirchaw, in the of cannon, and two stands of copalatinate of Ulm and Thorn, were lours, and made 2,000 prisoners. pat in a proper state of defence, On the side of Gutstadt general and new ones constructed at Mari- Leger Belair, on receiving advice enburg, and Marienwerder. From that a Russian column had arrived the country around Marienwerder, during the night at Peterswalde, and Elbing, which, particularly the repaired to that village at day. Isle of Nogat, is exceedingly fer- break, ou the 25th; overthrew it, tile, the French army was abun. took the general baron de Korff, dantly supplied with provisions.* who commanded it with his staff,

It was now the immediate object several lieutenant colonels and other of Buonaparte, to refresh and 're. officers, and 400 men. + cruit bis army, and to secure the

After the atairs of Braunsberg, • 65th, 60th, and 67th, Bulletins of the grand French army. t-sd Bulletin, of the grand French army.

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.and Peterswald, for the encourage- ses of Silesia, upwards of one hun. ment of the French no doubt, pir- dred leagues. Part of this artillery. ticularly the conscripts for the year, arrived on the 12th, and the res whose services were now to be cal. on the 2 tih. led for, though six months before Buonaparte, that he might be the time fixed by the constitution, nearer to Graudenz, and Dantzig a statement was published of all the had by this time moved his heat pieces of cannon taken from the quarters, from Osterode, to the cas. :enemy, by the French, since their tle of Finkenstein. The grant arriva on the Vistula. In the en. French army formed a semicirch gagements of Pultusk and Golymin, around the corps under Le Febvre, they had taken 89 pieces of cannon ; employed in besieging those twi at the engagement of Bergfried, 4 fortresses; which corps was com pieces ; in the retreat of Allenstein, posed chiefly of Polanders, Hessians 5 pieces; at the engagement of Dep- Badenese, and other troops of thi pen, 16 pieces ; at the engagement confederation of the Rhine.* Th of Hoff, 12 pieces ; at the battle of left wing extended from Elbing to Eylau, 24 pieces ; at the engage. Braunsberg, along the course of th ment of Ostrolenka, 9 pieces; and Passarge, on which were construct at that of Braunsberg, 6 pieces : in ed têtes-du-pont, as far as Gut .all, 175 pieces of cappon. It must stadt. The centre retired a littl be owned that an account of the behind this line to Prussian Holland cannon, taken from the enemy, is Liebstadt, and Mohringen. From a more satisfactory proof of suc- Gutstadt, the army extended by cess, than of the numbers said to be chain of posts, to Allenstein. killed and wounded: for the can. the left wing communicated throug non may be produced, as vouchers Ortelsburg, with the left of ti of its accuracy. nd accordingly corps of Massena, whose right w we are generally informed by the posted on the river Bug, French gazettes, how the cannon stretched from thence to the mou taken were disposed of.

of the Narew.

The left wing The attempts of the Russians, on the French, for the whole extent the Lower Vistula, being frustrated the line, along the Passarge, by the engagements of Bergfried, covered with a great number of Deppen, and Hoff, and the great bat. trenchments and batteries. In fr tle of Eylau; Buonaparte was at of the centre and the right wing, w leisure to form the blockalc, and to vast forests, and morasses. push the siege of Dantzig. The security against accidents in proper positions being taken, and rear, a post was occupied betw works necessary for the complete the Passarge and the Vistula, investment of this place construct, here were established some ma ed, trenches were opened before it, zines. on the night between the ad and The right wing of the allied ar 3d of April. But it was necessary, composed of the wrecks of for carrying on the siege, to bring Prussians, and who had not battering cannon, from the fortres- engaged in the battle of Jena,

Thus these Poles and Cermans were themselves invested, and held to work, by the exterior army.




tended from the Frisch-haaf, along Hollanders and Spaniards. + The the right bank of the Passarge, as Germans that formed part of the far as Wormditt. At this place, the army of observation, were furnished channel of the riser was both so chiefly by the king of Bavaria, the shallow and so narrow, that deser. grand duke of Baden, and the grand ters were in the practice of fording duke of Wurtzburg.

The king it. The Prussians were a fine body of Wirtemberg sent three, new of men, loyal, brave, and well dis. gimenis to recruit the arny, uder ciplined. They were under the Jeronie in Silesia. To the grand immediate command of general army was added a new levy of Blucher. The Russian army occu. 15,000 Poles, 3,000 of which were pied Wormditt, and tretched from cavalry. To the Saxon troops serthence over Heilsberg, Bartenstein, ving in the grand army, three now and Schippenbell. Befo'e the cen. regiments were added, and 15 men to tre, and each of the wings of the each company of the old ones. Russian army, there was an advan. “In a word,” says a Leyden gazette ad guard. The left wing was com- of that day, wholly, like all other manded by Platow, hetman or chief gazettes on the Rhine, under the of the Cossacks, who pushed detach- direction of Buonaparte, “all the ments as far as Ortelsburg, where states of Germany, in alliance with sereral actions took place; while France, second with vigour, the on every other part of the line, vast designs of their new emperor, there was a tacit armistice. A con. and spare no trouble or expence, siderable body of Rossians, also a for furthering to that great monarch recent reinforcement, was stationed the means of supporting with honour near the Narew. Besides the grand the contest in which he is engaged, French army, opposed to the line and which has for its object, the of the Russo-Prussian, there was the restoration of peace to sutiering hucorps of Le Febvre, before Dantzig manity. For this end all the nemand Colberg, already mentioned, bers of the confederation have reThere was an army also noticed solved to double their contingents.” above, of Bavarians and Wirtem. It is not easy to say whether this bergers, under Jerome, aliàs prince spectacle of Germans, destroying Jerome, in Silesia, occupied in com. Germans, as well as Russians, and pleting the reduction of the for. others at he nod of a foreign vsurtresses. And in addition to the per, of a foreign throne, is most whole, a grand army of observation calculated to excite indignation, had begun to assemble from differ. commiseration, or contempt. No. ent, and some of those very remote thing could possibly have been more countries under the orders of mar. humiliating to the Germans, except shal Brune, in Pomerania, * whose perhaps the idea entertained hy head quarters were established pro. their oppressor, that their miser. visionally at Stettin. This army, able vanity might be gratified by when cropleted, was to be 80,000 his praises of their zeal and vigour, strong, half French troops, te in such a cause, nay, and by the other half confederates of the Rhine, smiles of his youngest brother.


75th Bulletin, of the grand French army. † 73d Bulletin of the grand French army.

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