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remain there if they pleased, till grain; well stored cellars; immense farther orders from his serene high. collections of clothing, and spices Dess, major-general, the prince of and great resources of e ery kind Neuf-Chatel (Bertbier). Neverthe. for the arıy. less, in order to be entitled to this The Russian lieutenant general, privilege, they were to produce a Kamenskoy, who after his defeat of certificate, from the governor, that the 15th retired under the fortifi. they had not taken any part in the cations of Weischelmunde, remained defence of the place. The wives there, without making any farther of the officers and others, that is, attempts, and was a spectator of persons io civil employments or the surrender of Dantzig. When he situations, to be at liberty to re. perceived that the French were em. move from the city. The sick and ployed in erecting batteries for wounded to be left in the care of burning his ships, he set sail, and the marshal Le Febvre; and on returned with his feet to Pillaw. their recovery, to be sent to the ad. The fort of Weischelmunde how. vanced posts of the Prussian army. ever still held out. But when mar.
Marshal Le Febvreengaged to the shal Le Febvre summoned it on the inhabitants of Dantzig, to employ 26th, while the terms were only all the means in his power, for the under consideration, the wholo protection of persons and property. garrison advanced from the fort The present capitulation to be car. and surrendered at discretion. The sied into execution at 12 o'clock commandant, thus abandoned by at noon, the 26th of May. It the garrison, sived himself by sea *. was to be understood, that between After the fall of Dantzig, a de. the present and that period, the taehment was sent, closely to block. garrison of Dantzig was not to ade and besiege, in form, the for. make any attack on the besiegers, tress of Graudenz, which though in case of their being engaged in any strong, both by art and nature, action with the Russo.Prussian army could not be supposed to hold out without the city.
long, hemmed in, as it was, on all On the 27th of May, the garri. sides, by the besieging and grand son marched out of the city with French army. general Kalkreuth at its head. The last hope that remained to This strong garrison, which consist. the allies, of a favourable turn to ed at first of 18,000 men, as above the war, on the left, or a estern stated, and, at the opening of the side of the Vistula, was Stralsund. trenches, of 16.000, was now Marshal Mortier, having first plun. duced to 9,000, of which num. dered, established a regular system ber 400, and among these some of exaction, and completely esta. officers, deserted. The officers said, blished the domination of France in that they had no mind to go to Si- Mecklenberg, Hamburgh, and Lu. beria. Several thousands of artille. beck ; and had orders, tow rds the ry horses were given up to the middle of Febriary, to enterSwedinh French, according to the terms of Pomerania, and lay siege to the capitulation, but most of them in capital of that province. It was a very bad condition; 800 pieces invested on the land side, but the of artillery; magazines of every siege was not pushed with vigui Lind; more than 500,000 quintals of Marshal Mortier, being chargid • 17th Bulletin of the grand French army.
ith the siége of Colberg, drew off trenchments at Stralsund, and en7,000 men io that place, leaving the trenched themselves on the heights siege of Stralsund in charge to ge between Voigdehagen anid Te:chen. neral Granjeau.
hagen, on which they had mountrid In the mean time, while the ope- a battery of four pieces of artillery, rations of the vesiegers were but and two howitzers. T is being silanguid, the besieged made several lenced by the Swedish a bllery, bold ortiis, demolishing the batte- they endeavored to take possession ries of the enemy, and spiking their of a 18. skisted by a wood, but gups. The garrison of Stralsund re- ont iurcedt desist from the alley:t, ceived considerable re-inforcements; and continue their retreat fuum : and troops were also landed at other post in another which they points from the Swedish flotilla. have done with tdmiralle ki
In the beginnii g of April, it was courage, riven ac ording to the wethought proper to re-inforce the dish account, wherein is her collowarmy besieging Dantzig. The siege ed. On the 31 ví April, gelaral of Stralsund was raised ; and the Van Essen's col'; ? ! Anicring Dem. besieging troops, by degrees, b«gan nin, mide the parison, after a to march to the Lower Vistula. slight res tance, prisciners, and sent
As soon as the general baron out his light troops in pursuit of Van Essen, the governor-general the enemy on the side of Meckof Suedish Pomeranis, perceived lenburg. On the morning of the that the French were filing oil from 4th of April, the column under that province, in small detachments, baron Arnfeldt entered the town he determined to march against of Anclam, where he took 150 men them, and cmpei them to al andon prisoners. The military chest al. their entrenchments, and completely so, containing 3,000 crowns, fell to evacuate Pomerania. Ilis troops into his hand. The loss of the were divided into two colunins; French in this well conducted rethe first under his own orders; the treat, is not stated to have been very second under those of lieutenant. considerable. But the prisoners, made general baron Armfeldt. Each column during the retreat by the two Swe. consisted of eight squadrons of hus- dish columns, were said to have been sars, a detachment of mounted ar. 10,000 men, and, among these, 20 tillery, and four battalions of officers. + infantry, with their
After the retreat of the French Tisions of chasseurs.* These two from Swedish Pomerania, the Swecolumns, advancing in the same dish army occupied a line of posi. line of direction, came up with the tions of very great extent, having the enemy at Lussow, drove them from heads of its columns at Falkenwald, thence to Ruderhagen, and pursued Stoltzenberg, Stadsfort, Belling, and them from thence to Voigdehagen. Darkitz, that is, from the banks of
In the mean time the French had the Oder to the confines of Meckabandoned their batteries and ev. lenberg Strelitz. Marshal Mortier
Chasseurs, or hunters, consist partly in horsemen, and partly in foot soldiers. Small groups of these are sent here and there into alleys, broken ground, or other places of shelter, in pursuit of the flying enenıy. They were at first attached to battalions, but afterwards into regiments. + London Gazette, 21st April, 1807.
determined to bear, with his whole head quarters of Van Essen, the force, on the centre of this Jilated commander of the other division, line without giving himself any and who had now the supreme com. trouble about the other positions, mand of both at Greifswald. being convinced, that by a rapid Here, April 17th, he was joined march on the river Peene, which by a detachment of hus-ars, bethe Swedes had inconsiderately longing to the royal guard from erossel, he could throw them into Stralsund. Early on the morning the utmost confusion and consters of that day, he bad sent a Alag of bation. Having assembled a part of truce to marshal Mortier, of 24 his forces at Passewack on the hours, for the purpose of removing evening of April 15th, he alvanced the sick and wounded to hospitals. It en ihe 16th, before break of day, on was not difficult to persuade the the road to Anclam, overthre:r a marshal, who knew how much his Swedish post at Belling, and ano. master wished to detach Sweden ther at Ferdinandskaff, took 400 from the cause of the allics, to prisoners, and two pieces of cannon, comply with his request. Soon entered Anclam at the same time after noon, the first adjutant of with the enemy, and made himself marshal Mortier arrived with a flag master of the bridge on the Peene. of truce, at Greifswald, with an an. Thus a Swedish column commanded swer to that which had been sent by general Cardell was cut off. hy the Swedish general. Before It remained at Nekermunde when mid-day of the 18th, another flag of the French were already at Anclam. truce arrived from marshal Mor. General Armfeldt, one
of the tier, and an early hour was fixed Swedish commanders-in-chief, was for a conference between the two wounded by a grape.shot. All the generals at Sklatkow, within an magazines at Anclam were taken, English mile and half of Anclam, together with all the Swedish sloops where an armistice was agreed on, of war, on the lake adjoining to not to be broken without ten days' Anclam, and transports. The co. previous notice. Besides this, which lumn of general Cardell, which was was the principal article, there were cut off from the other Swedish troops, others, and these altogether in fa. was attacked on the 17th, by the vour of the French. The Swedes general of brigade Veau, near were to restore thisles of Usedom Neckermunde, when it lost three and Wollin, which were to be oc. pieces of cannon, and 500 men. cupied by the French garrisons, to Another column took possession of be sent thither for that purpose, on Demnin, and made 500 soldiers the day after, that is, the 20th prisoners. The Swedes were driven of April. The line of demarcation back again behind the river Peene. between the two armies, was to be
General Armfeldt, after inform the Peene, and the Trebel. But ing the baron Van Essen, of his the French were farther to occupy having been wounded, and that he a position beyond the Peene, and had been obliged to make the infan- behind the barrier of Anclam. Due try of his division fall back on ring the armistice the Swedes were Ranzien, retired to Stralsund. It not to afford'succours of any kind; to was ordered by Van Essen to march the towns of Graudenz and Danta to Grimm, and thereafter to the zig, oor yet to the troops of any
of the powers at war with France sword, general Armfeldt obtainer or its allies. During the armistice, permission from the king to resigt Bo troops belonging to any of his commission. These marks of the powers at war with France favour were she will to general were to be landed at Stralsund, or Van Essen on the 11th of May. any other part of Swe'ish Pomera. at a grand parade ; when the officers nia, or the isle of Rugen. If, hown of the different Swedish regiments ever, there should be a debarkation stationed at Stralsund, and various of any troops at Stralsund, in con. places in the vicinity, were also sequence of superior orders unknown presented to his majesty, by whom to general Van Busen, the gene- they were received in the most gra. ral engag d, that they should not cious manner. He expressed his en con nit any act of hostility against tire satisfaction with their conduct the French. *
in the last campaign in. Pomera. Towards the end of the same month, nia.' In the course of the cam. April, mar hal Mortier, and gee paign, the Swedes were joined by neral Van Essen, improved the terms 2,000 Prussian officers and soldiers, of mutual accommodation into a more under the command of general certain prelude to a permanent peace. Hinning, and were placed among the
agreed, April 29th, that troops in garrison at Stralsund none of the parties should resume This officer was also presented te hostilities without giving a month's his Swedish majesty. previous notice, instead of the ten While Gustavus was thus employ days fixed by the armistice of the 18th. ed, in reviewing and promotin
When the king of Sweden was his brave and loyal Swedes, h informed of the armistice, and the was himself not a little animated, i events that led to it in Pomerania, he may be presumed, by the arrival a determined to come thither, and take Stralsund of the English genera the affairs of this province, political Clinton, with assurances of speed and military, into his immediate ma. succours of all kinds from the Bri nagement, and accordingly arrived at tish government + in the admini Stralsund early in Way. Though stration of which, there had been, o he was far from approving of the the 24th of March, a great change armistices of the 18th and 29th of The ministers, who were desirou: April, he was sensible that those ar- above all things, of peace, and wh mistices, which he considered as most had been amused with a negotia di-graceful, were owing, not to any ion by Buona parte, until he wa misconduct on the part of the prepared to take the field at th general, baron Van Essen, but to close of September 1806, were ex the imprudence, and precipitation changed for others, better disposed of general Armfeldt, in crossing it was generally imagined to affor and advancing too far with his co- cordial, prompt, and effectual sud lumn beyond the Peene. While
ge- cour, and co-operation with neral Van Essen, therefore, was ap- confederacy against the tyranny pomted governor-general of Pome. and still growing ambition, of it sama, and decorated with the grand ruler of France. cross of the Swedish order of the
• Rapport du Baron D'Essen, &c. Reçu par s. M. le Roi de Swede a Mals on Scania le 2te Avril par un Cour er expedié de Stralsund le 20. t Swedish Gazelle, published at Stralsund 14th May.
th CHAP. III.
Meeting of Parliament - Ilis Majesty's Speech delivered to both
blouses by Commission In Address in Answer -- Moved in the House of Peers, by the Earl of Jersey-Seconded by Lord So. mers-Observations on the Speech by Lord Hawkesbury-Replies made to Lord II 1:okesbury, and the Speech in general defended by Lord Grenville-In Address in Answer to the Speech from the Throne, moved in the House of Commons by the Ilon. William Windham-Seconded by Mr. John Smith-Speech of Mr. Can. ning on the present Occasion, and Character of his Speeches in general. -Substitution proposed by Mr. Cunning, of a new Ad. dress in place of that proposed by Mr. Lamb-Reply to Mr. Canning, and the Speech from the Throne in general defended by Lord Howick Reply to Lori Hozick, and various Strictures on the Conduct of Administration, by Lord Castlereagh The Address, carried Nem. diss. Thanks to General Sir John Stuart, and the Ojicers und Soldiers by whose calour the Victory of Maida was obtained, moved in the House of Peers by Lord GrenvilleAnd in the House of Commons by Mr. Windhum.-These Motions carried in both Houses by Acclamation.
HE new parliament that had The first topic touched on in the
been called in October, assem• speech, was the late negociation bled according to appointment, on with France; the papers exchan. the 15th of December. It was ged in the course of which, his ma. opened in his majesty's name, by jesty had ordered to be laid before Co'n mission. The commissioners them: his majesty's efforts for the were the archbishop of Canterbury, restoration of general tranquillity, the Chancellor, the earl of Ayls, on terms consistent with the interest ford, and lord Walsingham. Mr. and honour of his people, and good Abbot was chosen speaker in the faith to his allies, had been disapBouse of commons, with universal pointed by the ambition and injusa applause. Some days were taken tice of the enemy, which, in the same up, as usual, io swearing in the mem. moment,* had kindled a fresh war in bers of both houses. On Friday Europe; and of which the progress 19th, the lord chancellor delivered had been attended with the inost to both houses, what the congnis. calamitous events. After witnes. woners had in command from his sing the subversion of the antient majesty.
constitution of Germany, and the
• That is, at the very moment when those efforts were made. This, though n08 very distinctly expressed, is, no doubt, the meaning.