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of all the old revenues, and of the Doroning-street, May 2, 1807. war taxes, and of new permanent Sir, pares. Se the means of effectua- T Christian Knowledge, of which ting a plan of such immense im. portance, arise partly from the I am a member, has thought it to extent to which the system of the publish, during a general election, sinking fund has already been car. a resolution declaratory of its opi. ried in pursuance of the intentions nion respecting a political measure of its author; and partly from the recently submitted to parliament. great exertions made by parliament, That measure, brought forward during the war, to raise the war taxes for purposes of peace, union, and to their present very large amount. public security, by men who yield It now appears that the strong mea. to none of their fellow subjects in sure adopted in the last session, by loyalty to their sovereigo, and at. which all the war taxes, and par. tachment to the civil and religions ticularly the property tax, were so constitution of their country, is much augmented, was a step taken there stigmatized as hostile to the not merely with a view to provide established church and ecclesiastical for present necessities, but in order constitution of the realm, and as to lay the foundation of a system subversive of those principles which which should be adequate to the placed his majesty's family on the full exigencies of this unexpected British throne. crisis, and should combine the two It is natural for those whose apparently irreconcileable objects, characters are thus aspersed, to in of relieving the public from all fu- quire by what right any persons ture pressure of taxation, and of have taken upon themselves, in the exhibiting to the enemy resources name of such a society, to give by which we may defy his impla. countenance and currency to an cable hostility, to whatever period it injurious and groundless calumny, may be prolonged.-To have done calculated for the watch.word of a this is certainly a recompence for party, and calculated only to excite many sacrifices and privations. This and to uphold popular clamour? is a consideration which will enable The society was instituted, as its the country to submit with cheer. annual publications declare, for fulness to its present burthens, the increase of the knowledge and knowing that although they may be practice of our holy religion, by continued in part, for a limited the support of charity schools, sod time, they will be now no further by the distribution of bibles, prayer. increased.

books, and religious tracts. Thoss who have directed the present proceeding, can best explain in what manner Christian knowledge, or

Christian practice, will be increased, Copy of a Letter from the Right Ho. by promoting religious animosities

nourable Lord Grenville, to the and civil discord; by stirring up Secretary of the Society for pro- able

passions of the ignorant ; and

the blind prejudices and ungovern. muting Christian Knouledge.

by circulating amongst our fellow.



subjects, instead of the word of vernment, who, in the year 1793, truth and charity, the libellous and gave and authorized that promise to inflammatory calumnies of elec. the catholics of Ireland ? tioneering contests, and party vio- If the employment of catholic leoce.

officers and catholic soldiers in the As a member of the society, so. general service of the empire ; if licitous for the promotion of its the permitting them to hold and ex. genuine objects, I desire to enter ercisc, at his majesty's discretion, my dissent to a resolution pur, all military commissions, the rank porting to express its unanimous and station of a general not cs. opinion. I object to the propriety cepted; if the relieving them in of its taking part at all in the poe this respect from all penalties and litical divisions of the country : I disabilities of account of their reobject to its labouring to extend ligious persuasion ;--if these things and to prolong those divisions with be matter of just alarm “ to the respect to a

publicly ecclesiastical constitution of this withdrawn, and of which there is country,” when was the moment of consequently no longer any ques. alarm - In the year 1804, all this, tion : but, most of all, I object to and more than this, was done in an the truth, and, may I not add, to act proposed by Mr. Pitt, with the the decency, of a censure, which, concurrence of his colleagues, now if it were founded either in justice in administration, passed by the or in reason, would apply to almost British parliament, and sanctioned every description of public men, by his majesty's royal assent. and would even implicate all those That act legalized a long list of authorities which are the most en military commissions, antecedently titled to our respect and reverence. granted by his majesty, with the

If to permit the king's subjects advice of the same ministers ; and of all persuasious to serve him in it enabled his majesty prospectively bis army, be an unconstitutional to grant, at his discretion, all miliinnovation,” — with whom, and tary commissions whatever to ca. when did it originate? It was first tholics—not indeed to British or made the law in Ireland fourteen Irish catholics, but to foreign car years ago, at the express recom- tholics.comto men who owe his ma. mendation of the crown, delivered jesty no allegiance, and who are from the throne by one of his ma. not even required to disclaim jesty's present ministers, then lord. those tencts which all our fellow. lieutenant of that kingdom. subjects of that persuasion have so

If the adoption of a similar law lemnly abjured! in Great Britain would be 6 an act What ground of difference will of hostility to the established then remain to justify those out. church," to whom shall that hos. rageous calumnics against the late tility be ascribed ?-To those who proposal :— Is it that men were pernow proposed, or to those who mitted to aspire to the rewards and long ago engaged for that conces. honours of a profession, to the sion ? — To the framers of lord toils and dangers of which the léHowick's bill, or to those members gislature of their country had long and supporters of the present go. since invited them ? Is it that the



same indulgences which had been wholc tenor of their lives. It is promised and granted to catholics for the society to consider whether by others, were not withheld by us such a conduct be consonant to the from Protestant dissenters? Or is character which it betits them to it, lastly, that we judged our own maintain, or in any manner cou. countrymen and fellow-subjects en. ducive to the objects of a charitable titled, under his mojesty's discretion, and a religious institution. to the same confidence and favour I have the honour to be, &c. &e. which parliament had so recently

GRENVILL). extended to all foreigners of all The Rer. G. Gaskin, D. D. nations and all descriptions ?

Secretary to the Society for And let me further ask, if theso promoting Christian Knowconcessions, all or any of them, ledge. are subversive of the principles “ which placed his majesty's illus. trious house upon the throne,' An Address of several of his Mac what is to be said of the far more jesty's Roman.Cutrolie Subjects extensive indulgences proposed in to Their Protestant Fellow.Sub. 1801, by that great minister, now jeds. no more, whose name I have als ready mentioned in ere his prin. H. majesty's Roman.catholie

of blished church, and of the civil that the declarations they had al. constitution of the monarchy ? ready made of the integrity of their And if he too must be involseil in religious and civil tenets- the oaths this indiscriminating and injurious they had taken to his majesty's censure, what condemnation will person, family, and government; not those men deserve, who, in the the heroic exertions of a consi. cry moment of pretended danger, derable proportion of them is his have advised his majesty to call to majesty's fieets and armies- the rehis present councils, the authors, peated instances in which they have the partisans, and the supporters of come forward in their country's Mr. Pitt's plan ?-a plan including cause their irreproachable de. all that lias been now proposed, meanour in the general relations of and extending very far beyond our life ; and, above all, the several measure.

acts of parliament passed for their On the expediency of these piea. relief, avowedly in consequence of, sures, statesmen may differ. To and explicitly recognizing their mestigmatize them as hostile to our ritorious conduct, would have been establishments, or dangerous to our a bond, to secure to them for ever constitution, is to libul both the the affection and confidence of all throne and the parliament--to ca. their fellow subjects, and to make lumniate the existing laws -and to any further declaration of their impute to the most considerable principles wholly unnecessary. But, public characters of our age, both with astonishment and concern, the living and the dead, principles they observe, that this is not alto. and purposes disclaimed by them. gethin the case. — They are again selvor, and contradicted by the publicly traduced, and attempts are


again' made to prejudice the public cession of the crown ; which suc- mind against them.

cession, by an act, intiiled, "An We, therefore, English Roman. act for the further limiia ion of the catholics, whose names are here. crown, and better securing the under written, beg leave again to rights and liveries of the subject,' solicit ine attention of our couv. is, and stands limited to the prine trymen, and to lay before then the Ciss Sophia, electress, and duchess following unanswered and dowager of llanover, and the heirs answerable documents of the purity of her body, being Protestanís ; and integrity of the religious and hereby utterly renouncing and ab. civil principies of ALL his majesty's juring any obedience or allegiance Roman-catholic suirjeets, in respect unto any other person claiming or to their king and their country. pretending a right to the crown of

We entreat you to peruse chem; these realms. And I do swtar, and when you have perused them, that I do reject and detest as an to declare" Whether his majesty's unchristian and inpious position, subjects maintain a that it is lawful to murder or des single tenet, inconsistent with the stroy any person or persons what. purest loyalty ; or interfering in soever, for, or under pretence of, the slightest degree, with any one their being heretics or indivvis; and duty which an Englishman owes his also that unchristian and inpious God, his king, or his country ?” principle, that faith is not to be 1.--The first Ducument we present kept with heretics or infidels ; and

to you is, -The oath and decla. I further declare, that it is not an ration prescribed by the British article of my faith ; and that I do parliament of the 31st of his renounce, reject, and abjure the present majesty, and which is opinion, that princes excommuni. taken by all Luglish catholics. cated by the pope and council, or

I A. B. do bereby declare, any authority of the see of Rome, that I do profess the Romaa-catholicor by any authority whatsoever, religion.

may be deposed or murdered by "1 A. B. do sincerely promise their subjects, or any person what. and swear, that I will be faithful suever : and I do promise, that I and bear true allegiance to his ma- will not hold, inaintain, or abet jesty king George the Third, and any such opinion, or any other him will defend to the utmost of opinions contrary to what is ex. my power against all conspiracies pressed in this declaration : and I and attempts whatsoever that shall do declare, that I do not believe be made against his person, crown, that the pope of Rome, or any or dignity; and I will do my ut. other foreign prince, prelate, state, most endeavour to disclose and or potentate, hath, or ought to make known to his majesty, his have, any temporal or civil jurisbeirs and successors, all treasons diction, power, superio.ity, or aod traitorous conspiracies which pre-eminence, directly or indirectly, may be formed against him or thenı; within this realm ; and I do so. and I do faithfully promise to lemnly, in the presence of God, maintain, support, and defend, to profess, testify, and declare, that the utmost of my power, the sue. I do make this declaration, and




every part thereof, in the plain and soever ; hereby utterly renouncing ordinary sense of the words of this and abjuring any obedience or alle. oath, without any evasion, equi. giance unto the person taking upon vocation, mental reservation himself the stile and title of prince whatever, and without any dispen. of Wales, in the life-time of his sation already granted by the pope, father, and who since his death is or any authority of the see of said to have assumed the stile and Rome, or any person whatever, title of king of Great Britain and and without thinking that I am, or Ireland, by the name of Charles can be, acquitted before God or the Third, and to any other person man, or absolved of this declaration, claiming, or pretending a right to or any part thereof, although the the crown of these realms; and I pope, or any other person or au. do swear that I do reject and detest, thority whatsoever, shall dispense as unchristian and impious to be with, or annul the same, or declare lieve, that it is lawful to murder or that it was null or yoid.

destroy any person or persons " So help me God.” whatsoever, for or under the preI).- The next documents we present tence of their being heretics; and

to you are- -The oaths and de- also that unchristian and impious clarations prescribed by the acts principle, that no faith is to be kept of the Irish parliament to Irish with heretics : I further declare, Roman-catholics. The first is the that it is no article of my faith, and oath of allegiance and declaration, that I do renounce, reject, and ab. prescribed by the Irish act of the jure, the opinion that princes ex. 13th and 14th of his present communicated by the pope and majesty, and is taken by all Irish council, or by any authority of the Roman-catholics.

see of Rome, or by any authority " I A. B. do take Almighty God, whatsoever, may be deposed or and his only Son Jesus Christ, my murdered by their subjects, or by Redeemer, to witness that I will be any person whatsoever ; and I do faithful and bear tre allegiance to promise that I will not hold, maintain, our most gracious sovereign lord or abet, any such opinion, or any king George the Third, and him other opinion contrary to what is will defend to the utmost of my expressed in this declaration ; and power, against all conspiracies and I do declare that I do not beliere attempts whatsoever that shall be that the pope of Rome, or any made against his person, crown, other foreign prince, prelate, state, and dignity; and I will do my or potentate, hath, or ought to utmost endeavour to disclose and have, any temporal or civil juris. make known to his majesty and his diction, power, superiority, or heirs, all treasons and traitorous pre-eminence, directly or indirectly, conspiracies, which may be formed within this realm; and I do solemnagainst him or them; and I do ly in the presence of God, and of faithfully promise to maintain, sup- his only Son Jesus Christ, my Re. port, and defend, to the utmost of deemer, profess, testify, and demy power, the succession of the clare, that I do make this declara. crown in his majesty's family, tion, and every part thereof, in the against any person or persons what plain and ordinary sense of the


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