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every part thereof, in the plain and ordinary sense of the words of this oath, without any evasion, equivocation, or mental reservation whatever, and without any dispensation already granted by the pope, or any authority of the see of Rome, or any person whatever, and without thinking that I am, or can be, acquitted before God or man, or absolved of this declaration, or any part thereof, although the pope, or any other person or authority whatsoever, shall dispense with, or annul the same, or declare that it was null or void.
"So help me God.” II. The next documents we present to you are-The oaths and declarations prescribed by the acts of the Irish parliament to Irish Roman-catholics. The first is the oath of allegiance and declaration, prescribed by the Irish act of the 13th and 14th of his present majesty, and is taken by all Irish Roman-catholics.
"IA. B. do take Almighty God, and his only Son Jesus Christ, my Redeemer, to witness that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to our most gracious sovereign lord king George the Third, and him will defend to the utmost of my power, against all conspiracies and attempts whatsoever that shall be made against his person, crown, and dignity; and I will do my utmost endeavour to disclose and make known to his majesty and his heirs, all treasons and traitorous conspiracies, which may be formed against him or them; and I do faithfully promise to maintain, support, and defend, to the utmost of my power, the succession of the crown in his majesty's family, against any person or persons what..
soever; hereby utterly renouncing and abjuring any obedience or alle. giance unto the person taking upon himself the stile and title of prince of Wales, in the life-time of his father, and who since his death is said to have assumed the stile and title of king of Great Britain and Ireland, by the name of Charles the Third, and to any other person claiming, or pretending a right to the crown of these realms; and I do swear that I do reject and detest, as unchristian and impious to be lieve, that it is lawful to murder or destroy any person or persons whatsoever, for or under the pretence of their being heretics; and also that unchristian and impious principle, that no faith is to be kept with heretics: I further declare, that it is no article of my faith, and that I do renounce, reject, and ab. jure, the opinion that princes excommunicated by the pope and council, or by any authority of the see of Rome, or by any authority whatsoever, may be deposed or murdered by their subjects, or by any person whatsoever; and I do promise that I will not hold, maintain, or abet, any such opinion, or any other opinion contrary to what is expressed in this declaration; and I do declare that I do not believe that the pope of Rome, or any other foreign prince, prelate, state, or potentate, hath, or ought to have, any temporal or civil jurisdiction, power, superiority, or pre-eminence, directly or indirectly, within this realm; and I do solemnly in the presence of God, and of his only Son Jesus Christ, my Redeemer, profess, testify, and declare, that I do make this declara. tion, and every part thereof, in the plain and ordinary sense of the
words of this oath, without any erasion, equivocation, or mental reservation whatever, and without any dispensation already granted by the pope, or any authority of the see of Rome, or any person what ever, and without thinking that I am, or can be acquitted before God or man, or absolved of this declaration, or any part thereof, although the pope, or any other person or persons or authority whatsoever, shall dispense with or annul the same, or declare that it was null and void from the beginning.
"So help me God."
The next is the oath and declaration prescribed by the Irish act of the 33d of his present majesty, and is taken by all Irish Roman-catholics, wishing to entitle themselves to the benefit of that act ::
"I A. B. do hereby declare, that I do profess the Roman-catholic religion."
"I A. B. do swear that I do abjure, condemn, and detest, as unchristian and impious, the prin ciple, that it is lawful to murder, destroy, or any ways injure any persons whatsoever, for or under the pretence of being a heretic; and I do declare solemnly before God, that I believe, that no act in itself unjust, immoral, or wicked, can ever be justified or excused, by or under pretence or colour that it was done either for the good of the church, or in obedience to any ecclesiastical power whatsoever. I also declare, that it is not an article of the catholic faith, neither am I thereby required to believe or profess, that the pope is infallible, or that I am bound to obey any order, in its own nature immoral, though the pope, or any ecclesias. tical power, should issue or direct
such order; but, on the contrary, I hold that it would be sinful in me to pay any respect or obedience thereto. I further declare that I do not believe, that any sin committed by me, can be forgiven, at the mere will of any pope, or any priest, or of any person or persons whatsoever, but that sincere sorrow for past sins, a firm and sincere resolution to avoid future guilt, and to atone to God, are previous and indispensable requisites to establish a well-founded expectation of forgiveness; and that any person who receives absolution without these previous requisites, so far from obtaining thereby any remission of his sins, incurs the additional guilt of violating a sacrament; and I do swear that I will defend, to the uttermost of my power, the settlement and arrangement of property in this country, as established by the laws now in being. I do hereby disclaim, disavow, and solemnly abjure, any intention to subvert the present church establishment, for the purpose of substituting a catholic establishment in its stead; and I do solemnly swear, that I will not exercise any privilege to which I am, or may become entitled, to disturb and weaken the Protestant religion and Protestant government in this kingdom.
"So help me God." Such are the principles which his majesty's Roman-catholic subjects have publicly and solemnly declared and professed on oath. There is not, in any of them, a single prin. ciple, which every Roman-catholic subject of his majesty does not profess, or which, if his king and country required it, he would not think it his duty to seal with his blood.
III. In the year 1788, a committee of the English catholics waited on Mr. Pitt, respecting their application for a repeal of the pe. nal laws. He requested to be furnished with authentic evidence of the opinions of the Roman-catholic clergy and the Roman-catholic universities abroad," on the existence and extent of the pope's dispensing power."--Three questions were accordingly framed, and sent to the universities of Paris, Louvain, Alcala, Doway, Salamanca, and Valadolid, for their opinions. The questions proposed to them, were,
1. Has the pope, or cardinals, or any body of men, or any individual of the church of Rome, any civil authority, power, jurisdiction, or pre-eminence whatsoever, within the realm of England?
2. Can the pope, or cardinals, or any body of meu, or any individual of the church of Rome, absolve or dispense his majesty's subjects from their oath of allegiance, upon any pretext whatsoever ?
3. Is there any principle in the tenets of the catholic faith, by which catholics are justified in not keeping faith with heretics, or other persons differing from them in religious opinions, in any transaction, either of a public or a private nature?
The universities answered unanimously,
1. That the pope, or cardinals, or any body of men, er any individual of the church of Rome, has not any civil authority, power, jurisdiction, or pre-eminence whatBoever, within the realm of England, 2. That the pope, or cardinals, or any body of men, or any individual of the church of Rome, cannot absolve or dispense his majesty's
subjects from their oath of alle. giance, upon any pretext what
3. That there is no principle in the tenets of the catholic faith, by which catholics are justified in not keeping faith with heretics, or other persons differing from them in religious opinions, in any transactions either of a public or a private nature.
As soon as the opinions of the foreign universities were received, they were transmitted to Mr. Pitt; but we earnestly beg of you to observe, that it was for his satisfaction, not ours, that these opinions were taken. Assuredly, his majesty's Roman.catholic subjects did not want the wisdom of foreign univer. sities to inform them, that his ma jesty is the lawful sovereign of all his Roman.catholic subjects, and that, by every divine and human law, his Roman-catholic subjects owe him true, dutiful, active, and unreserved allegiance.
Such, then, fellow countrymen and fellow subjects-such being our religious and civil principles in respect to our king and our country-Let us now again ask you,— Is there in them a single tenet, which is incompatible with the purest loyalty, or which, in the slightest degree, interferes with the duty we owe to God, our king, or our country?
But, are these principles really instilled into us? Do our actions correspond with them?-In reply, we ask,-Are there not, at this very moment, thousands of his majesty's Roman-catholic subjects, who daily and hourly make the most heroic exertions and sacrifices in those fleets and armies, to whose patient and adventurous courage it
is owing, that we are still blessed with a king and a country?
Now th n, fellow countrymen and fellow subjects, be assured, that among these heroic and inestimable d-fenders and supporters of their king and their country, there is not one, whose parents, and whose priests, have not taught him, that loyalty is a religious, as much as a civil duty; and that, when he is fighting for his king and his country, he is performing a duty to his God.
John Douglass, D. D. vic. ap.
Hen. Chas. Englefield.
Charles Bellasyse, D. D.
J. Bew, D. D.
John Webbe Weston, jun.
M. Constable Maxwell.
Robert Rookwood Gage
Thomas Wright, jun.
James Yorke Branston.
The finance report, which Mr. Giles was ready to present to the house of commons on the last day of the last session of parliament, when the usher of the black rod unexpectedly presented himself, and the session was closed by a prorogation, has been printed and laid before the house of commons. The principal point and feature of it is as follows:
"The evidence received during the last session, contains an account of two transactions in the payoffice, of a most irregular and improper kind, which were disclosed on the examination of Mr. Thomas, accountant in that office: by whom
it was stated, that a draft for 7000l. payable to the right hon. Thomas Steele (at that time one of the joint paymasters), or bearer, had been drawn by the cashier on the 11th of May, 1799, under the head of extraordinaries of the army, and entered in the cash account of the office, with Mr. Steele's receipt as a voucher; and that another sum of 12,000l. was drawn for, precisely in the same manner, and a receipt given in the same terms, on the 3d of July, 1800. Of these two sums, the first was not repaid until the 3d of February, 1807; nor the latter until the 8th of April; with interest upon both sums, from the date of their issue to that of their repayment, amounting to 7390l. 13s.
stances relating to these transac tions. He said," the two sums mentioned by Mr. Thomas were is. sued by my direction, and I have no hesitation in stating that they were not issued for the public service. I thought, as others did at the time, that I had full authority to direct those issues. I was urged to do so by private considerations of a very peculiar nature, which opera. ted at that time upon my mind; and I thought that, by directing them to be issued to myself, and making myself responsible for them, I could not by possibility incur the suspi cion of concealment or fraud. It was my intention that they should have been replaced in a very short time, but it was not in my power "The correspondence between to accomplish it; they remained Mr. Steele and Mr. Thomas; let- charged against me in the pay. ters of earl Temple (one of the office book till the beginning of the joint paymasters in 1807), addres. present year, when the former of sed to lord Grenville, Mr. Steele, the two sums was repaid; and the Mr. Rose, and lord Harowby; three whole subject having been brought minutes of the lords of the treasury, lately under the consideration of directing what steps should be ta the board of treasury, they have ken for securing the sum remaining directed me to repay the remaining due (for the first sum had been re- sum with the interest due upon paid previously to any proceedings both sums, by instalments, at stated of the board of treasury): minutes periods, which I have engaged to of the paymaster-general entered do. I cannot take upon myself to in the book of the office; and seve- defend my conduct in this instance, ral other papers, are inserted at which I must admit to have been length in the appendix, though not incorrect, but I console myself perhaps absolutely necessary for un- with thinking that the public will derstanding the subject, that no have suffered no loss." And, becircumstance which has reference to ing asked, whether he knew of any this business, may be withheld from other transaction of the same kind, observation. But the part to which during the time he was in the pay. the committee think it most material office? he said, "I do not." And to direct the attention of the house, being asked, whether he knew of is the account given by Mr. Steele any arrear of the like nature ari. himself, when he desired to attend sing from the transaction of any the former committee on the twen- former paymaster? he said, “ Í ty-sixth of March, 1807, and made. certainly do not." And being ask. his own statement of the circum-ed, whether any notice was taken