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words of this oath, without any such order ; but, on the contrary, erasion, equivocation, or mental I hold that it would be sinful in me reservation whatever, and without to pay any respect or obedience any dispensation already granted by thereto. I further declare that I the pops, or any authority of the do not believe, that any sin comsee of Rome, or any person what. mitted by me, can be forgiven, at ever, and without thinking that I the mere will of any pope, or any am, or can be acquitted before God priest, or of any person or persons or mad, or absolved of this declara. whatsoever, but that sincere sorrow tion, or any part thereof, although for past sins, a firm and sincere rethe pope, or any other person or solution to avoid future guilt, and persons or authority whatsoever, to atone to God, are previous and shall dispense with or annul the indispensable requisites to establish same, or declare that it was null a well-founded expectation of forand void from the beginning. giveness ; and that any person who

66 So help me God.” receives absolution without these The next is the oath and decla. previous requisites, so far from obration prescribed by the Irish act of taining thereby any remission of the 33d of his present majesty, and his sios, incurs the additional guilt is taken by all Irish Roman-catholics, of violating a sacrament; and I do wishing to entitie themselves to the swear that I will defend, to the ut. benefit of that act :

termost of my power, the settle6 I A. B. do hereby declare, ment and arrangement of property that I do profess the Roman-catholic in this country, as established by religion.”

the laws now in being. I do here. "I A. B. do swear that I do by disclaim, disavow, and solemnly abjure, condemn, and detest, as abjure, any intention to subvert the anchristian and impious, the prin. present church establishment, for ciple, that it is lawful to murder, the purpose of substituting a cadestroy, or any ways injure anytholic establishment in its stead ; persons whatsoever, for or under and I do solemnly swear, that I the pretence of being a heretic; will not exercise any privilege to and I do declare solemnly before which I am, or may become en. God, that I believe, that no act in titled, to disturb and weaken the itself unjust, immoral, or wicked, Protestant religion and Protestant can ever be justificd or excused, by government in this kingdom. or under pretence or colour that it

“ So belp me God.” was done either for the good of the Such are the principles which his church, or in obedience to any majesty's Roman-catholic subjects ecclesiastical power whatsoever. I have publicly and solemnly declared also declare, that it is not an ar. and professed on oath. There is ticle of the catholic faith, neither not, in any of them, a single prin. am I thereby required to believe or ciple, which every Roman-catholic profess, that the pope is infallible, subject of his majesty does not proor that I am bound to obey any or. fess, or which, if his king and der, in its owo nature immoral, country required it, he would not though the pope, or any ecclesias. think it his duty to seal with his tiul power, should issue or direct blood.


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JII.-- In the year 1788, a commit. subjects from their oath of alle.

tee of the English catholics waited giance, upon any pretext whaton Mr. Pitt, respecting their application for a repeal of the pe. 3. That there is no principle in nal laws.- He requested to be the tenets of the catholic faith, by furnished with authentic evidence which catholics are justified in not of the opinions of the keeping faith with heretics, or other tholic clergy and the persons differing from them in re. tholic universities abroad, “ on ligious opinions, in any transactions the existence and extent of the either of a public or a private pope's dispensing power."--Three nature. questions were accordingly fra. As soon as the opinions of the med, and sent to the universities foreign universities were received, of Paris, Louvain, Alcala, Doway, they were transmitted to Mr. Pitt; Salamanca, and Valadolid, for but we earnestly beg of you to ob. their opinions. The questions serre, that it was for his satisfaction, proposed to them, were,

not ours, that these opinions were i. Was the pope, or cardinals, or taken. Assuredly, his majesty's any body of men, or any iudividual subjects did not of the church of Rome, any civil want the wisdom of foreign wuiver. authority, poser, jurisdiction, or sities to inform them, that his ma. pre-eminence whatsoever, within jesty is the lawful sovereign of all the realm of England ?

his subjects, and 2. Can the pope, or cardinals, or that, by every divine and human -any body of men, or any individual law, his Roman-catholic subjects of the church of Rome, absolve or owe him true, dutiful, active, and dispense his majesty's subjects from unreserved allegiance. their oath of allegiance, upon any Such, then, fellow countrymen pretext whatsoever?

and fellow subjects--- such being our 3. Is there any principle in the religious and civil principles in retenets of the catholic faith, hy which spect to our king and our councatholics are justified in not keeping try-Let us now again ask you,faith with heretics, or other persons Is there in them a single tenet, differing from them in religious opi. which is incompatible with the nions, in any transaction, cither of purest loyalty, or which, in the a public or a private nature ? slightest degree, interferes with the

The universities answered unani. duty we owe to God, our king, or mously,

our country? 1. That the pope, or cardinals, But,--are these principles really or any body of men, er any indic instilled into us? Do our actions vidual of the church of Rome, has correspond with them ?-In reply, not any civil authority, power, we ask,-Are there not, at this jurisdiction, or pre-eminence what. very moment, thousands of his masoever, within the realm of England, jesty's subjects,

2. That the pope, or cardinals, or who daily and hourly make the any body of men, or any individual most heroic exertions and sacrifices of the church of Rome, cannot ab. in those fleets and armies, to whose solve or dispense his majesty's patient and adventurous courage it

is owing, that we are still blessed with a king and a country?

Now th. n, fellow.countrymen and fellow - subjects, be assured, that among these heroic and inesti. mable d fenders and supporters of their king and their country, there is not one, whose parents, and whose priests, have not taught him, that loyalty is a religious, as much as a civil duty; and that, when he is fighting for his king and his coun. try, he is periorming a duty to his God.

John Douglass, D. D. vic. ap.

len. Chas. Englefield.
Wm. Jeroingham.
John Throekmorton.
Thomas Gage.
George Jerningham.
Marmaduke Langdale.
John Webbe Weston.
Francis Canning.
Charles Bellasyse, D.D.
Wm. Sheldon.
Charles Conolly.
George Silvertop.
John Charlton.
James Langdale.
Richard Kilby Cox.
John Collins, D. D.
Lawrence Nihell, M. D.
Charles Butler.
Michael Ann.
Wm. Throckmorton.
Thomas Lloyd.
J. Bew, D.D.
Richard L:itler.
Charles Fairfax.
Brian Salvin.
John Webbe Weston, jun.
James Wheble.
Thomas Stapleton.

Ralph Riddell. George Cary. John Cary. Edward Blount. William Cruise. Edward Jerningham. Charles Horny hold. Thomas Walmesley. John Prujean. Francis Cholineley. Francis Witham, Henry Huddlestone, Francis Eyre. John Greenham. M. Constable Maxwell. Robert Cliford. Robert Rookwood Gage Thomas Wright. Nicholas Selby. Anthony Wright. John Wright. Thomas Wright, jun. Thomas Thorpe. John Gabb. James Yorke Branston. Edward Wright. Edward Walsh.

Finance Report. The finance report, which Mr. Giles was ready to present to the house of commons on the last day of the last session of parliament, when the usher of the black rod unexpectedly presented hiinself, and the session was closed by a prorogation, has been printed and laid before the house of commons. The principal point and feature of it is as follows:

"s The evidence received during the last session, contains an account of two transactions in oflice, of a most irregular and in. proper kind, which were disclosed on the examination of Mr. Thomas, accountant in that office : by whom

the pay

it was stated, that a draft for 70001. stances relating to these transac. payable to the right hon. Thomas tions. He said, " the two soms Steele (at that time one of the joint mentioned by Mr. Thomas were is. paymasters), or bearer, had been saed by my direction, and I have no drawn by the cashier on the 11th hesitation in stating that they were of May, 1799, under the head of not issued for the public service. I extraordinaries of the army, and en- thought, as others did at the time, tered in the cash account of the that I had full authority to direct office, with Mr. Steele’s receipt as a those issues. I was urged to do voucher; and that another sum of so by private considerations of a 12,0001. was drawn for, precisely in very peculiar nature, which opera. the same manner, and a receipt ted at that time upon my mind; and given in the same terms, on the 3d I thought that, by directing them of July, 1800. Of these two sums, to be issued to myself, and making the first was not repaid until the 3d myself responsible for them, I could of February, 1807 ; nor the latter not by possibility incur the suspi. until the 8th of April; with inte- cion of concealment or fraud. It rest upon both sums, from the date was my intention that they should of their issue to that of their repay. have been replaced in a very short ment, amounting to 73901. 13s. time, but it was not in my power

“ The correspondence between to accomplish it; they remained Mr. Steele and Mr. Thomas ; let. charged against me in the pay. ters of earl Temple (one of the office book till the beginning of the joint paymasters in 1807), addres. present year, when the former of sed to lord Grenville, Mr. Steele, the two sums was repaid; and the Mr. Rose, and lord Harowby; three whole subject having been brought minutes of the lords of the treasury, lately under the consideration of directing what steps should be ta. the board of treasury, they have ken for securing the sum remaining directed me to repay the remaining due (for the first sum had been re- sum with the interest due upon paid previously to any proceedings both sums, by instalments, at stated of the board of treasury): minutes periods, which I have engaged to of the paymaster-general entered do. I cannot take upon myself to in the book of the office; and seve. defend my conduct in this instance, ral other papers, are inserted at which I must admit to have been length in the appendix, though not incorrect, but I console myself perhaps absolutely necessary for un- with thinking that the public will derstanding the subject, that no have suffered no loss.” And, becircumstance which has reference to ing asked, whether he knew of any this business, may be withheld from other transaction of the same kind, observation. But the part to which during the time he was in the pay. the committee think it most material office? he said, “ I do not.” And to direct the attention of the house, being asked, whether he knew of is the account given by Mr. Steele any arrear of the like nature ari. himself, when he desired to attend sing from the transaction of any the former committee on the twen. former paymaster? he said, “ I ty-sixth of March, 1807, and made . certainly do not.” And being ask. his own statement of the circum- od, whether any notice was taken


of this transaction by the treasury accounts, irregularities can hardly previous to the beginning of this be prevented; and that temptation year ? he said, “ I apprehend it will never be wanting to make use was not even known to the trea. of public money, while there exists sury, previous to this year.” And a great probability of its being for a being asked, whether any notice long time uncalled for. After the was taken by any other public accounts come before the commis. office? he said, “ Not to my know. sioners for auditing, no attention is ledge."

wanting in requiring proper warThe report then proceeds to state, rants in discharge for every pay. that Mr. Rose, being examined, said, ment, and no sum is allowed with. that the facts respecting Mr. Steelé out a voucher of that kind; but se were not communicated to him un- slow has been the progress hitherto, til the 10th of February, 1806, at that notwithstanding the observawhich time he considered himself tions made on the subject by the completely out of office, and could committee of finance in 1797 and not interfere officially, but he desi. 1798, not one account of any pay. red Mr. Thomas to write to Mr. master-general has been finally set. Steele; he also had a conversation tled and decared, nor made ready with that gentleman, and wrote a for declaration, in the nine or ten letter to him upon the subject, the years which have since elapsed.”. answer to which led him to rest sa. tisfied, that the whole matter would be communicated without delay to Mr. Paull and Sir Francis Burdett's lord Grenville, or the paymaster. recent Duel.--Mr. Cooper's state. general. The report then notices ment. two sums of 110,0001. paid to Boyd and co. for services, which failed; A publication which appeared in the former of which was repaid, and the morning papers of Saturday the second was not, but is still in a last, signed

signed “John Bellenden course of legal proceeding, in con. Ker,"* renders it impossible for sequence of the bankruptcy of that me to remain any longer silent un. house. The report coucludes with der representations and aspersions suggesting regulations to prevent the most artful and unfounded that similar abuses.

ever made their way to the public. “ Upon the important subject If I have remained hitherto silent of recommending measures which under such aspersions and misre. may prevent similar abuses in fu- presentations from the pen of John ture, your committee observe great Horne Tooke, and others, it has concern, that the most obvious, and really been from contempt for the perhaps the only effectual remedy, calumniators, and not for any aphas been found by experience hi. prehensions of the result of a full therto unattainable; but they think developement of the circumstances it necessary to represent as their of the recent duel, either as affectdeliberate opinion, that without an ing Mr. Paull, or myself. I shall earlier examination, and auditing of be brief as possible in stating the

* See p. 426-428.


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