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F. Burdett's in the evening, my with in Holland. M. de Chassen. house being at a distance
I not ton was actually in the boat. I only did so, but I called at sir F. Burs must bear witness to his determi.. dett's four days successively, for nation; for I am convinced that the sake of seeing this gentleman, nothing could have made this young and did see him several times in this man, remarkable for his merit, very business.
quit the boat, if the well-grounded
John Cooper. apprehension which I entertained, Stamford-street,
of seeing him exposed to certain May 18, 1807.
destruction, had not suggested to me the idea of declaring to him,
that the balloon was not capable of Second Ascension by Night of M. carrying up two persons. Tarnerin. See p. 485.
66 It was thus in the most ad.
verse weather, and exposed to the “ My second aërial journey by greatest opposition and the tumult night will not afford an opportunity of a cabal, the head of which it is for the brilliant narratives which I easy to guess at, that I ascended have had occasion to make in the from Tivoli, at half past ten o'clock course of my forty preceding ascen- on the night of the 21st of Septemsions. I shall not have to describe ber. An unexampled rapidity of the majestic appearances which na. ascension, but extremely necessary ture continually offers to the eyes to prevent me from coming in con. of an aëronaut who ascends in fa- tact with the adjoining houses, rai. vourable weather. I can only give sed me above the clouds, and in a a narrative of an aërial tempest few minutes carried me to an im. which was nigh terminating in a mense height, the extent of which I shipwreck.
cannot precisely ascertain, on ac“ The obstacles which the wind count of the dangers and embarrass. caused to the inflation of the bal. ments which suddenly affected my loon, sufficiently apprised me of imagination, and prevented me from the approach of the storm; and to observing the declension of the the difficulties of the weather was mercury in the barometer. Eleva. added the turbulence of a party, ted in an instant to the frozen re. by which I was prevented from gions, the balloon became subject to placing the cord of the valve, so as a degree of expansion which inspi. to regulate the tube, which, in red me with the greatest apprehencase of expansion, was to conduct sion. There was no alternative be. the gas into a direction different tween certain death aod giviog an from the lights which surrounded instant vent to the gas; and this at the bottom of the balloon.
the risk of seeing the balloon take " I was to have been accompa. fire. I gradually opened with one nied by M. de Chassenton; but the hand an orifice of about two feet aërial storm, which contioually in- diameter, by which the gas escaped creased until the moment of my de. in large volumes, while, with the parture, gave me reason to appre- other, I extinguished as many of the hend such a disaster as Mr. Blan. lights as I could. During this ef. chard, and another aëronaut, met fort, I several times was near over.
balancing balancing myself, and falling out of the anchor hooked in a tree. They the boat.
took hold of the cords which hung “ Deprived of the opportunity of from the balloon, and landed me in regulating the valve, my balloon, a forest upon the side of a moun. like a ship without a rudder, float. tain, at half past five in the moro. ed in air, obeying the influence of ing, seven hours and a half after the temperature, the winds, and the my departure, and more than 100 rain. Whenever the force of these leagues distant from Paris. They made me descend, the storm, which took me to Clausen, in the canton kept still increasing, obliged me to of Waldfischbach, and department throw out ballast, for the purpose of Mont Tonnerre. M. Cesar, a of avoiding it, and escaping from man of information, and mayor of imminent shipwreck. At length, at the neighbouring town, came and four o'clock in the morning, after offered me every assistance in his having been almost continually en. power, and at my request drew up a veloped in thick clouds, through narrative, of which he gave me a which I could seldom see the moon, copy: all my means of supporting myself I was splendidly entertained in the air were exhausted. What. the next day at Deux Pouts by & ever skill I possessed, was no longer society of friends of the arts, con. of use to me.-My boat several sisting of public functionaries, the times struck against the ground, officers of the 12th regiment of and rebounded from thence. The cuirassiers, and of the members of empest often drove me against the the lodge of freemasons. sides and tops of mountains.
6 GARNERIN." Whenever my anchor caught in a tree, the balloon was so violently agitated by the wind, that I experi. Surrender of Buenos Ayres. enced all the inconvenience of a violent sea-sickness. Plunged at The London Gazette of Jap. 27 conone time to the bottom of a preci- tains a'dispatch, dated Oct. 13. from pice, in an instant after I ascendel, lient. col. Backhouse, commanding a and acquired a new elevation. The detachment in Rio de la Plata, to sir D. violence of the concussions exhaust. Baird, announcing the re-capture of ed my strength, and I lay for a Buenos Ayres, and his assumption half-hour in the boat in a state of of the command of the land forces. insensibility. During this tempest Another letter from this officer to I recovered; I perceived Mont Mr. Windham,dated Oct. 31, states, Tonnerre, and it was in the midst of that an attempt was made on crashes of thunder, and at a moment the 28th by him and sir H. Popwhich I supposed would be my last, ham, to take Monte Video by that I planted upon this celebrated storm, but the water was too shalmountain the Eagle of Napoleon low to admit the ships to come joined to that of Alexander. sufficiently near to bombard the
66 I was carried away for some town with effect; they therefore time longer by gusts of wind; but withdrew, and, after refreshing the fortunately some peasants came to troops, the lieut. col. landed on the my assistance, at the moment that 29th, with 400 men, principally
from the 23d, under col. Vassal, howitzer, with 10 rounds of ammuwho advanced against Maldonado, nition; 1 six-pounder, with 10 which seemed to be occupied by rounds of ditto. about 600 regulars and militia, Iron Ordnance. 12 twenty-sis. mostly mounted, with one howit- pounders on sea-batteries; 20 twenzer, and one 4-pounder field-piece. ty-four-pounders, on the island of Though our troops were without Goretti ; 700 muskets, 200 pistols, any artillery, they soon dispersed 300 swords, i 80 barrels of powder. the enemy, with the loss of their Then follow copies of two let. guns, and about 50 men killed and ters from sir H. Pophain to W. wounded. The loss on our side Marsden, esq. The first is dated on was two killed and four wounded, board the Diadem, in Rio de la of the 38th regiment.
Plata, Aug`st 25th, and describes Colonel Back house adds,-To the circumstances which progresthe cool intrepidity of our little sively led to the surrender of the column on this occasion, much settlement of Buenos Ayres. praise is due, as it advanced with 6 Pueridon, (says sir H.) one of the utmost steadiness and alacrity, the municipality, appears to have and without firing a shot, until been the greatest organ of the revo. sufficiently near to make a certainty lution. He applied himself with of carrying both the guns and the great art and address in preparing town, which was principally done the people for a general insurrection. by the bayonet, notwithstanding The arms in the town were secreted, the advance was made under heary ready for the moment of action; discharges of grape and musketry. 'the discontented assembled every -To the well-known gallantry night, and attended to his instrucand ability of col. Vassal, I feel my- tions, and he raised all the rabblo self much indebted; and the con. of the country by the ample supduct of every other officer in the plies of money with which he was field has commanded my thanks." furnished on the north side of tho
The next day the heavy batteries river. Col. Liviers, a French ollion the beach of the harbour, and cer in the Spanish service, and on the peninsula, surrendered at dis- his parole, successfully employed cretion to sir I. Popham. The himself in collecting people at Colo. marines and armed seamen sent on nia. Terror was established, and shore by sir H. were of the great. every person who refused to con. est assistance in the capture' of tribute his assistance to this conspiMaldonado. Col. Backhouse clo- racy was threatened with immediato ses his dispatches with inentioning death. I have traced this from the great services he received from very unquestionable authority; inajor Trotter of the 831, and ma- and so rapid was the progress of the jor Tacker of the 72d.
revolution, when it first shewed it.
self, that it was not till the 31st of Return of Ordnance, Ammunition, July that I learnt, by a dispatch and Stores, &c. taken from the from the general, which reached me Enemy in the Town and Vicinity of at Ensenada, 0.• my return from Maldonado.
Monte Video, that he was appre. Brass Ordnance. 1 Six-inch hensive, from the information he
received, an insurrection would in the harbour, but he was not able shortly be made. I heard at the to get there till the following day. , same time from capt. Thompson, On the 5th, in the morning, it mo. that seventeen of the enemy's ves. derated, and jI reached the Leda; sels had just arrived at Colonia; and, when I received a report from capas it was reported that force was tain Thompson, that in the gale of still to be increased from Monte the preceding day the enemy crossed Video, I sent orders for the Dio. from Colonia totally unobserved by mede to be brought to Ensenada, any of our ships, except the schooand for capt. King, of the Diadem, ner under the command of lieute. to come up with the remaining few nant Herrick; but the easterly marines, the two companies of wind had thrown so much water in Blues, and as many other men as the river, that the enemy were could in any degree be spared from enabled to cross over any part of the ships, for the purpose of arming the Patmas bank without the neces. some vessels to attack the enemy at sity of making a greater détour Colonia, as it was impossible to pre- by going higher up the river.-On vent his crossing from the north the 6th and 7th it blew a hurrishore whenever the wind was fair. cane; the Leda was lying in four
66 On the 1st of August, in the fathoms, with two anchors down, afternoon, the Leda anchored off and her yards and topmasts struck. Buenos Ayres, about twelve miles on the 8th I heard from captain distant; and on my landing on the King, that five of our gun.boats had 2d, which I did as soon as the wea- foundered at their anchors; that ther would admit of a boat getting the Walker had lost her rudder, on shore, I found the general had and that the launches and large cut. just made a very successful attack ters of the Diadem and Leda were on about 1500 Spaniards under lost.--The torrents of rain that fell Pueridon, five leagues from the during the 6th, 7th, and 8th, had town, with 500 men; in which he rendered the roads totally imprac. took all the enemy's cannon, (I ticable for any thing but cavalry; think nine pieces,) and several pri. and consequently general Beres. soners.---On the 3d I attempted to ford was most seriously disappoint. return to the Leda, in the Encoun- ed in his determination to attack ter, which captain Honeyman the enemy at a distance from the brought within a few miles of the town; in which, had it taken place, shore for this purpose, as it blew I entertained no doubt that his very strong ; but the wind fresh. army would have added another ened so considerably from the east- trait of its invincible spirit under ward, that we could not get to his dispositions. The enemy, how. windward. On the 4th, in the morn. ever, by his inexhaustible supply of ing, it was very thick weather, horses, suffered little inconveni. and the gale increased so much, that enec from the state of the roads, it was impossible to weigh.--About and he was therefore enabled to apnoon, captain King arrived in a ga. proach the town by several direc. livat with 150 men from the Dia. tions, without giving the British dem, for the purpose of arming the army any opportunity to attack few small vessels we had collected him.-On the 10th, in the evening,
the Castle was summoned ; and on ever, reinforcements crowded the the following day I landed, while tops of all the houses commanding our remaining vessels were friog on the great square from the back. the Spanish posts, and I learnt, that, streets, and our troops were soon exclusive of the Spanish army, considerably annoyed by people they which was divided into many co- could not get at. The enemy com. lumns, occupying the various ave. manded the Castle in the same way, nues of the town, the inhabitants with the additional advantage of a were all armed, and sheltered on the gun on the top of one of the chur. tops of the houses and churches, ches, wbich I consideran inde. with a design of carrying on a war lible stigma against the character of of ambush.-Under these circum. the bishop, not only from his situ. stances, and the manifest dispo. ation, but the professions he made. sition of the enemy to prevent an - I can easily conceive how the engagement, it was determined to feelings of general Beresford must, embark the wounded that night, and at this moment, have been on the cross the Rio Chello, for the pur. rack. Disappointed in his lasi ef. pose of moving towards Ensenada; forts to induce the enemy to a gene. but this mea are was in a great dc. ral engagement in the great square, gree frustrated by the weather, his gallant little army falling fast by which became very violent during shots from invisible persons, and the night, and consequently retard. the only alternative which could ed the progress of embarkation, present itself to save the useless ef. though the enemy added a consi. fusion of so much valuable blood, derable number of men to the was a flag of truce, which was hoist. houses and churches near the Castle, ed at the Castle about onc o'dock. and advanced by all the streets not In an instant there were near 10,000 under the influence of its fire; in men in the great square, pressing short, sir, his object was to forward in the most outrageous man. avoid by cvery means a general ac- ner to get into the fort, and eren tion, and to place his men in such firing at our men on the ramparts; a situation that they could fire at so much so, that it was with extreme our troops while they remained in difficulty the British troops' were perfect security themselves. On prevented revenging this insult; inthe 12th, at day-light, I understand deed the general was obliged to tell 2 smart fire began from the enemy's the Spanish officers, if their men advanced posts, but was soon re. did not retire in the course of one turned with great effect from our minute, he must, as the only mea. artillery, which was planted toward sure of safety, haul down the flag the priocipal streets leading to the of truce, and recommence hostiligreat square; for a short time the tics: this firmness had the desired enemy, by his immense numbers, effect, and he then sent his conditions shewed a greater degree of Grmness to the Spanish general, and they than on any other occasion, and were instantly acceded to.” pushed forward with three pieces of From the subsequent part of this artillery, which colonel Pack, of letter, it appears that our loss on the 71st, soon charged and took the above occasion amounts to 2 from him. During this time, how. officers, 2 serjeants, 1 drummer,