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yet Mr. Gawler thinks proper to assert, that finding Mr. Paull had not committed either his cause or his opinions to me (Mr. Cooper), he of course made no proposals of accommodation to me of any sort. The latter assertion is perfectly correct: but if Mr. G. believed the former part of his assertion, how will he clear himself in having refused to hear any explanation from Mr. Paull? who, he says, "was conducting his own cause." I positively assert, that the words I then used, instead of those put into my mouth by Mr. G., were, "I am sorry it must come to this." I could not have made use of the expression quoted by Mr. G. as Mr. P. had been uniform in his demands for an apology, or satisfaction. Mr. Gawler then paced the distance, with an apparent wish to get the affair over as fast as possible. When the parties were on their ground, Mr. P. addressed sir Francis, and said, "I assure you, sir Francis, I proceed against you with great reluctance, but the injury I have received is of the most serious kind; I would as soon level a pistol at my father as at you, but I find I have no alternative." Here Mr. Gawler said to Mr. P. sir F. will fire at you;" who replied, "I of course expect he will." The seconds then retired, and I appeal to the candour and honour of sir F. himself, for a complete refutation of the gross and most unjustifiable insinuation of a "precipitate retreat," so reprehensibly introduced in the statement of Mr. Gawler. After the first fire had ta. ken place, Mr. Gawler asked Mr. P. if he was satisfied? Mr. P. answered," Certainly not: my object in coming here was an apology, to which I feel myself entitled," Mr.

G. said, "that was entirely out of the question," and delivered the second pistol to Mr. Paull. I was then in the act of giving the other to sir Francis Burdett. Mr. Paull was now addressing Mr. Gawler to this effect:" I think you are sacrificing the life of your friend to a false punctilio ;" and then to sir F. "expressed his deep regret that necessity compelled him to proceed." The seconds then again separated; I was to give the signal; the place was much wooded on which I stood, and although it was at no great dis tance, the trees between me and sir Francis induced him to remark, that in my then situation, he should not be able to see me distinctly. I immediately advanced into a more open place; and I pronounce in the face of the world, that the signal, and the report of the pistols, were in the self-same instant; that the shots were in consequence of the signal, and not occasioned by the friendly fire of Mr. Gawler.The length of the foregoing statement has not been optional with me; and the public must be satisfied of the necessity of it; at least all those must, who have seen the production of Mr. Gawler. I shall conclude with saying, that although I have neither claims to a dukedom, nor to the inheritance of a duke, that in one of the most respectable societies in London, I have ever ranked as a gentleman. I never denied my name, or concealed my place of abode: both, however, at all events, might easily have been ascertained by applying to Mr. Paull; and they were assuredly so ascertained by Mr. Gawler himself, who, Mr. P. tells me, called on him on Satur day before his wounds were dressed, and begged my attending him at sir F. Burdett's

F. Burdett's in the evening, my house being at a distance I not only did so, but I called at sir F. Burdett's four days successively, for the sake of seeing this gentleman, and did see him several times in this very business. Stamford-street," May 18, 1807.



with in Holland. M. de Chassenton was actually in the boat. must bear witness to his determi.. nation; for I am convinced that nothing could have made this young man, remarkable for his merit, quit the boat, if the well-grounded apprehension which I entertained, of seeing him exposed to certain destruction, had not suggested to me the idea of declaring to him, that the balloon was not capable of

Second Ascension by Night of M. carrying up two persons. Farnerin.

See p. 485.

"My second aërial journey by night will not afford an opportunity for the brilliant narratives which I have had occasion to make in the course of my forty preceding ascensions. I shall not have to describe the majestic appearances which nature continually offers to the eyes of an aeronaut who ascends in favourable weather. I can only give a narrative of an aërial tempest which was nigh terminating in a shipwreck.

"The obstacles which the wind caused to the inflation of the balloon, sufficiently apprised me of the approach of the storm; and to the difficulties of the weather was added the turbulence of a party, by which I was prevented from placing the cord of the valve, so as to regulate the tube, which, in case of expansion, was to conduct the gas into a direction different from the lights which surrounded the bottom of the balloon.

"I was to have been accompanied by M. de Chassenton; but the aerial storm, which continually increased until the moment of my departure, gave me reason to apprehend such a disaster as Mr. Blanchard, and another aëronaut, met

It was thus in the most adverse weather, and exposed to the greatest opposition and the tumult of a cabal, the head of which it is easy to guess at, that I ascended from Tivoli, at half past ten o'clock on the night of the 21st of September. Au unexampled rapidity of ascension, but extremely necessary to prevent me from coming in contact with the adjoining houses, raised me above the clouds, and in a few minutes carried me to an im mense height, the extent of which I cannot precisely ascertain, on account of the dangers and embarrassments which suddenly affected my imagination, and prevented me from observing the declension of the mercury in the barometer. Eleva. ted in an instant to the frozen regions, the balloon became subject to a degree of expansion which inspi red me with the greatest apprehension. There was no alternative between certain death and giving an instant vent to the gas; and this at the risk of seeing the balloon take fire. I gradually opened with one hand an orifice of about two feet diameter, by which the gas escaped in large volumes, while, with the other, I extinguished as many of the lights as I could. During this ef fort, I several times was near over. Ss2 balancing

balancing myself, and falling out of

the boat.

"Deprived of the opportunity of regulating the valve, my balloon, like a ship without a rudder, floated in air, obeying the influence of the temperature, the winds, and the rain. Whenever the force of these made me descend, the storm, which kept still increasing, obliged me to throw out ballast, for the purpose of avoiding it, and escaping from imminent shipwreck. At length, at four o'clock in the morning, after having been almost continually enveloped in thick clouds, through which I could seldom see the moon, all my means of supporting myself in the air were exhausted. What ever skill I possessed, was no longer of use to me.-My boat several times struck against the ground, and rebounded from thence.-The empest often drove me against the sides and tops of mountains.Whenever my anchor caught in a tree, the balloon was so violently agitated by the wind, that I experienced all the inconvenience of a violent sea-sickness. Plunged at one time to the bottom of a precipice, in an instant after I ascended, and acquired a new elevation. The violence of the concussions exhaust. ed my strength, and I lay for a half-hour in the boat in a state of insensibility. During this tempest I recovered; I perceived Mont Tonnerre, and it was in the midst of crashes of thunder, and at a moment which I supposed would be my last, that I planted upon this celebrated mountain the Eagle of Napoleon joined to that of Alexander.

"I was carried away for some time longer by gusts of wind; but fortunately some peasants came to my assistance, at the moment that

the anchor hooked in a tree. They took hold of the cords which hung from the balloon, and landed me in a forest upon the side of a mountain, at half past five in the morn. ing, seven hours and a half after my departure, and more than 100 leagues distant from Paris. They took me to Clausen, in the canton of Waldfischbach, and department of Mont Tonnerre. M. Cesar, a man of information, and mayor of the neighbouring town, came and offered me every assistance in his power, and at my request drew up a narrative, of which he gave me a copy.

"I was splendidly entertained the next day at Deux Pouts by a society of friends of the arts, con. sisting of public functionaries, the officers of the 12th regiment of cuirassiers, and of the members of the lodge of freemasons.


Surrender of Buenos Ayres.

The London Gazette of Jan. 27 contains a dispatch, dated Oct. 13. from lieut. col. Backhouse, commanding a detachment in Rio de la Plata, to sir D. Baird, announcing the re-capture of Buenos Ayres, and his assumption of the command of the land forces. -Another letter from this officer to Mr. Windham,dated Oct. 31, states, that an attempt was made on the 28th by him and sir H. Pop. ham, to take Monte Video by storm, but the water was too shallow to admit the ships to come sufficiently near to bombard the town with effect; they therefore withdrew, and, after refreshing the troops, the lieut. col. landed on the 29th, with 400 men, principally


from the 23d, under col. Vassal, who advanced against Maldonado, which seemed to be occupied by about 600 regulars and militia, mostly mounted, with one howitzer, and one 4-pounder field-piece. Though our troops were without any artillery, they soon dispersed the enemy, with the loss of their guns, and about 50 men killed and wounded. The loss on our side was two killed and four wounded, of the 38th regiment.

Colonel Backhouse adds,-" To the cool intrepidity of our little column on this occasion, much praise is due, as it advanced with the utmost steadiness and alacrity, and without firing a shot, until sufficiently near to make a certainty of carrying both the guns and the town, which was principally done by the bayonet, notwithstanding the advance was made under heary discharges of grape and musketry. -To the well-known gallantry and ability of col. Vassal, I feel my. self much indebted; and the conduct of every other officer in the field has commanded my thanks."

The next day the heavy batteries on the beach of the harbour, and the peninsula, surrendered at discretion to sir II. Popham. The marines and armed seamen sent on shore by sir H. were of the great est assistance in the capture' of Maldonado. Col. Backhouse closes his dispatches with mentioning the great services he received from major Trotter of the 83d, and major Tucker of the 72d.

Return of Ordnance, Ammunition, and Stores, &c. taken from the Enemy in the Town and Vicinity of Maldonado.

Brass Ordnance. 1 Six-inch

howitzer, with 10 rounds of ammunition; 1 six-pounder, with 10 rounds of ditto.

Iron Ordnance. 12 twenty-sixpounders on sea-batteries; 20 twenty-four-pounders, on the island of Goretti; 700 muskets, 200 pistols, 300 swords, 180 barrels of powder.

Then follow copies of two letters from sir H. Popham to W. Marsden, esq. The first is dated on board the Diadem, in Rio de la Plata, August 25th, and describes the circumstances which progressively led to the surrender of the settlement of Buenos Ayres.

"Pueridon, (says sir H.) one of the municipality, appears to have been the greatest organ of the revolution. He applied himself with great art and address in preparing the people for a general insurrection. The arms in the town were secreted, ready for the moment of action; the discontented assembled every night, and attended to his instructions, and he raised all the rabble of the country by the ample supplies of money with which he was furnished on the north side of the river. Col. Liniers, a French officer in the Spanish service, and on his parole, successfully employed himself in collecting people at Colo. nia. Terror was established, and every person who refused to con tribute his assistance to this conspiracy was threatened with immediate death.

I have traced this from very unquestionable authority; and so rapid was the progress of the revolution, when it first shewed it. self, that it was not till the 31st of July that I learnt, by a dispatch from the general, which reached me at Ensenada, on my return from Monte Video, that he was appre hensive, from the information he S$ 3


received, an insurrection would shortly be made. I heard at the same time from capt. Thompson, that seventeen of the enemy's vessels had just arrived at Colonia; and, as it was reported that force was still to be increased from Monte Video, I sent orders for the Diomede to be brought to Ensenada, and for capt. King, of the Diadem, to come up with the remaining few marines, the two companies of Blues, and as many other men as could in any degree be spared from the ships, for the purpose of arming some vessels to attack the enemy at Colonia, as it was impossible to prevent his crossing from the north shore whenever the wind was fair.

"On the 1st of August, in the afternoon, the Leda anchored off Buenos Ayres, about twelve miles distant; and on my landing on the 2d, which I did as soon as the weather would admit of a boat getting on shore, I found the general had just made a very successful attack


about 1500 Spaniards under Pueridon, five leagues from the town, with 500 men; in which he took all the enemy's cannon, (I think nine pieces,) and several prisoners.-On the 3d I attempted to return to the Leda, in the Encounter, which captain Honeyman brought within a few miles of the shore for this purpose, as it blew very strong; but the wind fresh ened so considerably from the eastward, that we could not get to windward. On the 4th, in the morning, it was very thick weather, and the gale increased so much, that it was impossible to weigh.-About noon, captain King arrived in a ga. livat with 150 men from the Diadem, for the purpose of arming the few small vessels we had collected

in the harbour, but he was not able to get there till the following day. On the 5th, in the morning, it mo derated, and I reached the Leda; when I received a report from captain Thompson, that in the gale of the preceding day the enemy crossed from Colonia totally unobserved by any of our ships, except the schooner under the command of lieutenant Herrick; but the easterly wind had thrown so much water in the river, that the enemy were enabled to cross over any part of the Patmas bank without the necessity of making a greater détour by going higher up the river.-On the 6th and 7th it blew a hurricane; the Leda was lying in four fathoms, with two anchors down, and her yards and topmasts struck.

On the 8th I heard from captain King, that five of our gun-boats had foundered at their anchors; that the Walker had lost her rudder, and that the launches and large cutters of the Diadem and Leda were lost. The torrents of rain that fell during the 6th, 7th, and 8th, had rendered the roads totally imprac. ticable for any thing but cavalry; and consequently general Beres. ford was most seriously disappointed in his determination to attack the enemy at a distance from the town; in which, had it taken place, I entertained no doubt that his army would have added another trait of its invincible spirit under his dispositions.-The enemy, how. ever, by his inexhaustible supply of horses, suffered little inconveni. ence from the state of the roads, and he was therefore enabled to approach the town by several direc tions, without giving the British army any opportunity to attack him.-On the 10th, in the evening,

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