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most rapidly effected; as in less than four hours the whole of them had exploded, except a small corvette, and a gun-boat, which it was thought proper to preserve. I enclose to your lordship a statement of their number; and when I add also an account of the loss his majesty's ships have sustained, I cannot help expressing my satisfaction that we have sunered so slight ly; as, had any of their stone shot, some of which exceeded 800 weight, made such a breach between wind and water, as they have done in our sides, the ship must have sunk; or had they struck a lower mast in the centre, it must evidently have been cut in two; in the rigging, too, no accident occurred that was not perfectly arranged in the course of next day. The sprit-sail yard of the Royal George, the gaft of the Canopus, and the main-top-sail. yard of the Standard, are the only spars that were injured. It is with peculiar pleasure that I embrace the opportunity which has been at this time afforded, of bearing testimony to the zeal and distinguished ability of sir Sidney Smith; the manner in which he executed the service entrusted to him was worthy of the reputation which he has long since so justly and generally established. The terms of approbation in which the rear-admiral relates the conduct of captains Dacres, Talbot, Harvey, and Moubray, which, from my being under the necessity of passing the Point of Pesquies before the van could anchor, he had a greater opportunity of observing than I could, cannot but be highly flattering; but I was a more immediate witness to the able and officer-like conduct which captain Moubray displayed in obedience to

my signal, by destroying a frigate with which he had been more parti. cularly engaged, having driven her on shore on the European side, after she had been forced to cut her ca bles, from under the fire of the Pompée and Thunderer. The 64 having run on shore on Pe-quies Point, I ordered the Repulse to work up and destroy her, which captain Legge, in conjunction with the boats of the Pompée, executed with great promptitude and judg ment. The battery on the point, of more than thirty guns, which, had it been completely finished, was in a position to have annoyed the squadron most severely in passing, was taken possession of by the royal marines and boats' crews of the rear division, the Turks ha ving retired at their approach, and the guns were immediately spiked. This service was performed under the direction of captain Nicholls, of the Standard's marines, whose spirit and enterprize can never be doubted; but as circumstances rendered it impracticable to effect the entire destruction of the redoubt, orders were given by sir Sidney Smith to captain Moubray, which I fully ap proved, to remain at anchor near the Pesquies, and to employ lieutenants Carrol and Arabin, of the Pompée, and lieutenant Lawrie, of the marines, to complete the demolition of the redoubt and guns; which when performed, the Active was to continue in the passage of the Dardanelles, till further orders.

At a quarter past five P. M. the squadron was enabled to make sail; and on the evening of the next day, the 20th, came to an anchor at ten o'clock, near the Prince's Islands, about eight miles from Constantinople, when I dispatched captain Ca


pel, in the Endymion, to anchor near the town, if the wind, which was light, would permit the ship to stem the current, to convey the ambassador's dispatches to the Sublime Porte in the morning by a flag of truce; but he found it imprac ticable to get within four miles, and consequently anchored at half past 11 P. M. I have now the highest satisfaction to add, that the conduct of the officers and ships' companies of the squadron under my command, has fully supported the character of the British navy, and is deserving of my warmest culogium. Having endeavoured to pay just tribute to those whose duty necessarily called them into this service, I should feel myself very deficient if I omitted to mention that his majesty's minister, Mr. Arbuthnot, and lord Burghersh (who had requested to take a cruize with me), were amongst the most animated in the combat. To cap. tain Black wood, who, after the unfortunate loss of the Ajax, volunteered to serve in the Royal George, great praise is due for his able assistance in regulating the fire of the middle and lower decks; and when the Royal George anchored, he most readily offered his services to convey a message to the Endymion, of great moment, her pilot having refused to take charge of the ship. From thence he gave his assistance to arrange the landing of the troops from the sixty-four, and setting her on fire: indeed, where active service was to perform, there was his anxious desire to be placed. His officers too requested to serve in the squadrou, and their services, in passing the Dardanelles, met with approbation.

I have the honour to be, &c.
(Signed) J. T. DUCKWORTH.

A List of Turkish Ships and Vessela taken and destroyed at anchor off Point Pesquies, Feb. 19, 1807, within the Forts of the Dardanelles.

Burnt-One line of battle-ship, 64 guns; four frigates, three corvettes, one brig, two gun-boats. Taken possession of, one corvette, one gun-boat.

[The letter,, dated Feb. 28, mentions an unfortunate attempt of the marines and boat's crews of the Canopus, Royal George, Windsor Castle, and Standard, who, under the command of captain Kent, were sent to take a party of Turks who were erecting a battery on the island of Prota. Captain Kent had positive orders not to pursue the object if he found it attended with any hazard; but it appeared that the information of a few Turks only having remained on the island, was entirely false, as nearly a hundred of them had retired to an old convent, from loop-holes in the walls of which they defended themselves with musketry. In this affair we had lieutenant Belli, a young officer of the fairest promise, and four seamen, one officer, and one private marine, killed; two officers, three petty officers, and five seamen; one officer, two non-commissioned officers, and six private marines, wounded.]

Return of Killed and Wounded on hourd his Majesty's Ships under the orders of Vice-admiral Sir John Thomas Duckworth, K. B. in forcing the Passage of the Dardanelles, on the 19th of February; at the Attack of Prota the 27th ; and on returning through the Dar danelles, on the 3d of March, 1807.


Royal George-Lieutenant G. L. Belli, six seamen, and two marines, killed; Mr. J. Forbes, first-lieutenant, slightly wounded; lieutenant N. J. Willoughby, badly wounded; Mr. G. Holbrook, slightly wounded; Mr. Furneaux, Mr. Dalrymple, Mr. John Alex. ander, Mr. Rouse, and Mr. Cotesworth, midshipmen, badly wounded; forty-five seamen, and eight marines, wounded.

Canopus-Captain Kent, of the marines, four seamen, and one ma rine, killed; Mr. J. Nichols, master's-mate, Mr. G. Wray, midshipman, and Mr. G. Moore, pilot, badly wounded; fifteen seamen, and eight marines, wounded; one since dead.

Pompee-Five seamen, wounded. Windsor Castle-Four seamen, killed; Mr. Wm. Jones, master'smate, slightly wounded; nineteen seamen wounded.

Repulse-Ten seamen, killed; Mr. J. Magui, master's-mate, lightly wounded; lieutenant Marshall, of the marines, dangerously wounded; four seamen, and eight marines, wounded.

Thunderer-Five seamen and one marine, killed; lieutenant J. Wal. ler, badly wounded; lieutenant Colby, and Mr. Moore, midshipman, slightly wounded; nineteen seamen and six marines, wounded.

Standard-Four seamen, killed, and four seamen, missing; lieutenant D. Harrington, badly wound. ed; lieutenant Fynmore, of the marines, ditto; Mr. W. Shorbridge, boatswain, and Mr. J. Haines, master's-mate, slightly wounded; Mr. Wm. Smith, midshipman, badly wounded; Mr. C. Jay, midship man, slightly; 42 seamen, and 7 marines, wounded.

Active-None killed; Mr. M. Palmer, boatswain, badly wounded; four seamen and three marines, wounded.

Endymion-Three seamen, killed; lieutenant J. Langdon, badly wounded; eight seamen, and one marine, wounded.

Meteor-None killed; lieutenant G. E. Ballchild, of the marine artillery, badly wounded; A. Foley, and T. Coombes, gunuers, ditto; J. Brown, artillery gunner, slightly wounded; four seamen, wounded.

Total-Forty-two killed, 235 wounded, and 4 missing.

Surrender of Alexandria.-A Dispatch, dated Alexandria, 25th March, 1807, addressed to the Right Hon. W. Windham :

Alexandria, March 25, 1807.


It is with much satisfaction I have the honour to inform you, that in the afternoon of the 20th current, the town and fort of Alexandria, with two Turkish frigates and a corvette, surrendered to his majesty's arms by capitulation; and that they were taken possession of on the memorable morning of the 21st, by the troops under my command. You are already apprised of my having been detached on this service, with a body of troops from Messina, by his excellency general Fox, under convoy of his majesty's ships Tigre and Apollo; and the Wizard sloop was sent forward by captain Hallowell, to get intelli gence from major Misset, whom I had been, by my instructions, directed to consult, as to the best plan of operations for effecting the


purposes of the expedition. I have now to acquaint you, that in the night of the 7th instant, (the day after we sailed,) the Apollo frigate, with 33 transports out of 49, which conveyed the troops, parted company, and that the other 16 with the Tigre, came to an anchor to the westward of Alexandria, on the 16th. On our getting near the land we saw the Wizard, and captain Palmer immediately brought me the intelligence he had received from major Misset, together with a letter from him, stating that he had not come off himself, thinking his presence in Alexandria absolutely necessary to counteract the intrigues of the French consul, who was endeavouring to prevail upon the go. vernor to admit a body of Albanians from Rosetta, to assist in the defence of the place. He earnestly recommended me to land the troops immediately, as the inhabitants were well affected towards us, and that he had sanguine hopes we should be able to get possession of it with out firing a shot.

Before I determined, however, upon this measure, I deemed it prudent to acquaint major Misset with the very diminished state of my force, and I therefore sent in my aide-du-camp, captain A'Court, of the 31st regiment, with a flag of truce to him, with a detailed ac◄ count of it, and at the same time a manifesto to the governor and inhabitants, (a copy of which I inclose,) which had not the desired effect; but, on the contrary, was treated by the governor with contempt. The major, however, in reply, strongly urged my immediate landing; still repeating that we should not meet with any resistance, and that my doing so would be the

only means of preventing the gar. rison being reinforced by the Al. banians, who had actually been sent for, and might be expected in the course of twenty-four hours. These considerations led me to fol. low his advice, and accordingly I landed that evening (the 17th) as many troops as our small number of boats could convey, a few miles to the eastward of Marabout, with out opposition, though I could only take up a position for the night, as, before the next landing could be effected, such a surf had arisen on the beach, as totally to prevent the second division from approaching the shore. The next morning, how. ever, with infinite difficulty and risk they were landed; but ånding my situation now, from the increased height of the surf, and appearance of the weather, to be very precarious, both with respect to getting provisions or stores on shore, or having any communications with the transports, I determined at all hazards to force my way to the western side, where I could receive supplies from Aboukir Bay, at the same time resolving to attempt (in passing) to get into the town even with the small force I had, and push my way, if possible, into the forts that commanded it; a matter I had reason to believe, from major Mis set and others, would not be very difficult to accomplish.

I therefore moved forward about eight o'clock in the evening of the 18th, and in our way forced a pallisaded entrenchment, with a deep ditch in front of it, (that had been thrown up by the Turks, as a de. fence against the Mamelukes and Arabs on the western side,) stretch. ing from Fort des Bains to Lake Mareotis, strengthened by three


batteries mounting eight guns, exclusive of Fort des Bains on its right flank, mounting thirteen guns. This we effected with very little loss, though under a heavy fire of can. non and musketry, and proceeded within a few yards of Pompey's Gate, where we found the garrison prepared to receive us, the gate barricaded, and the walls lined with troops and armed inhabitants :— this, added to the smallness of my force, (not exceeding one thousand men of all descriptions,) led me to think the risk too great, and I determined to proceed to the westward, as I had originally intended, where I arrived on the morning of the 19th, and took up my position on the ground which the British troops occupied in the action of the 21st, immediately sending detachments to take possession of Aboukir castle, and the cut between the lakes Maadie and Mareotis, by which communication the reinforcement of Albanians was expected in Alexandria: in both these attempts we succeeded.

The next day, the 20th, I sent in (by a friendly Arab that had stolen out of the town and joined us) a manifesto, addressed to the inhabitants, warning them of the dan. ger of implicating friends and foes, in the event of taking the place by assault, and urging them to force the governor to capitulate. This had the desired effect; a flag of truce was sent out, and a capitula tion (of which I herewith enclose a copy) was agreed to and signed. Although this service has fortunate. ly not been of long duration, yet, from the scantiness of our numbers, and the scarcity of all sorts of supplies, as well military stores as provisions (which the boisterous state

of the weather completely prevented our receiving), our situation was, for some time, rather critical; and I am happy to have it in my power to bear testimony to the patience and cheerfulness with which the troops bore every privation, and the ardour and spirit they showed in the attack of the enemy's works, as well as the inclination and wish they displayed to have stormed the place, had I deemed that step adviseable. To major-general Wauchope, brigadier-general Stuart, and colonel Oswald, who landed with and accompanied me, I feel myself under great obligations for their exertions and assistance in carrying on the service; and I am much in debted to lieutenant-colonel Airey, acting as deputy adjutant-general, and captain Green, acting as deputy quartermaster-general, for the great attention and zeal shewn by them in forwarding and executing the duties of their respective departments; and I think it but justice to captain Pym, and to the officers and men of the detachment of the royal artillery that was with me, to mention the very great zeal and alacrity which they displayed on every occasion, which I am con. fident would have been equally conspicuous on the part of captain Burgoyne, and the officers of the engineers, had circumstances permitted them to have acted.

To captain Hallowell, and the of. ficers and seamen of his majesty's ship Tigre, I cannot sufficiently express my acknowledgments for the assistance they afforded me, and for the readiness with which they stood forward on all occasions. Captain Hallowell landed and marched with me to the attack of the enemy's entrenchments, and to

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