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gon brigs, trusting to the superior weight of their guns, the latter having, during the night, exchanged their carronades for 18-pounders; the gun-boats retired, but advanced again with increased numbers. A brigade of 9-pounders from the Park having been brought to the mill, took them in flank, upon which they turned their fire to the lines, and, after cannonading for some time, were driven in, together with their field-pieces, which advanced upon the road.
Engineer tools, &c. &c. having been disembarked, a work was begun at the mill, and considerable progress was made. The same day, the cavalry moved to their quarters at Charlottenberg, Jagersborg, and Vanloes, with piquets in the country, and a chain of posts, supported by the first battalion of the king's German legion, from Lergenfree and Collekolle, under the direction of brigadier-general V. D. Decken.
19th. The works carried on by parties of 600 men, relieved every four hours. The gun-boats, attacked at day-break, but were driven off by the field-pieces, which were now protected. Some of the pipes were discovered which convey fresh water to the town from Em. drup. The frigates and gun-brigs, having a favourable breeze, took their station near the entrance of the harbour, within reach of throwing shells into the town. Four 21pounders were brought into the battery at the mill. Great progress was made in the work at that place, and in a howitzer battery in the rear of it, with traverses and cover for the men. Brigadier-general Decken surprised and took the post of Frederickswork, command. ed by a major, aide-de-camp to the
Crown Prince, who capitulated, with 850 men and officers, with a foundry and depôt of cannon and powder. The king's household, with part of his Danish majesty's wardrobe, plate, wine and books, were suffered to come out of the town to follow his majesty (who has withdrawn to Colding), passports having been requested. Some gentlemen residing in the district of Copenhagen, and in the bail wicks towards Elsineur, having offered their services to accept the office of magistrates and superintendants of police in their respective districts, under the commander of the forces, an order was made for that purpose, and sent to be printed and publish ed, and a commission was given, in reference to a proclamation printed and published in German and Danish, on the day of disembarkation.
20th. Farther progress made in the works. More ordnance land. ed and mounted. A patrole on the left having reported, that a body of cavalry, with a corps of infan. try in their rear, had been seen in front of Roeskilde, colonel Radon sent a squadron to reconnoitre them, which found them assembled near that place, and immediately charged and put them to flight, leaving 16 or 18 men killed, and taking 3 prisoners and 29 horses. The dragoons pursued the enemy to the gates of Roeskilde, where they were received by a heavy fire of infantry, and returned to their quarters. The admiral came to head.. quarters in the morning, and returned to his ship.
21st. Lord Rosslyn's corps disembarked in the north part of Keoge bay, with two batteries of artillery, sending round the remaining transports to Skoreshard.
strong patrole of cavalry and infan-
Royal Artillery-One officer, one rank and file, 2 horses, killed; four
1st Batt. 92d-Oue rank and file killed.
2d Batt. 95th-One rank and file wounded.
1st Batt. 82d-One officer kil. led; one officer wounded.
Total Two officers, two rank and file, two horses, killed; one officer, one rank and file, four horses, wounded.
Names of Officers killed-Lieutenant Lyons, of the royal artillery, and ensign Dixon, of the ist batt. 82d.
Name of Officer wounded-Capt. Hastings, or the 1st batt. S2d.
[Here follows an edict, by the general in chief of the Danish army, Peyman, for the sequestration of British property.]
Prince of Wales, off Copenhagen, MY LORD, August 21. Being of opinion, that the service on which his majesty's forces at the island of Zealand are employed, renders it highly expedient that all neutral trade therewith should be for the present suspended, I have judged it my duty to issue an order (of which I have the honour to transmit your lordship a copy) declaring the said islands, and others contiguous thereto, together with the passage of the Great Belt, to be in a state of close blockade, and directing that all neutral vessels persisting to enter into the said islands and passage, after receiving due notice thereof, shall be detained, and sent to me at this anchorage, intending that such vessels shall not be allowed to pursue their respective. voyages, until the circumstances of the island shall permit them to do so, consistently with the object of the present service,
I have the honour to be, &c.
1st Batt. 43d-One rank and order, to the purport just mer.
William Wellesley Pole, Secretary of the Admiralty, from James Gambier, Esq. Admiral of the Blue, and Commander-in-Chief of his Majesty's Ships and Vessels in the Baltic; dated Prince of Wales, in the Sound, August 21.
I beg you will inform the lords commissioners of the Admiralty, that I yesterday morning quitted the anchorage off Elsineur, and in the evening arrived with the fleet and transports off Wibeck, a village about midway between, that place and Copenhagen, where the army was this morning disembarked, without opposition.
Copy of a Letter to the Honourable the fire from the Crown Battery, floating batteries, and block-ships, which was continued for more than four hours. The fire was returned with great spirit from the squadron, and some attempts were made to throw Mr. Congreve's rockets, but the distance was too great to produce much effect from them. About two P. 'M. the gun-brigs which were farthest advanced, not being able to make any impression against so vast a force, were ordered to retire, and the firing ceased. I am happy to find the squadron received no material injury. We have, however, to regret the loss of licut. John Woodford, of the Cruiser, with three men killed in the several vessels, and 13 wounded. On the part of the enemy, it is believed, that one gun-boat has been disabled or sunk, and one of the praams was observed to be towed out of the action, disabled. The new battery at the Mill opened, and taking part in the engagement, did considerable execution. The ships and vessels undermentioned were engaged in this affair, and I have acquitted my. self of a most pleasing duty, in conveying to the commanders, officers, and crews, of the sloops, bombs, gun-brigs, and boats, the warm sense of praise and approbation with which their bravery and energy, during so long and so heavy a contest, have inspired me.
I have the honour to be, &c.
Extract from the Journal of Admiral
August 23. The battery on the left wing of the army (which is calculated to defend its advance from the annoyance of gun-boats) being completed, and mounted with thirteen 24-pounders, the construction of mortar batteries, under cover of the above, are in progress. The enemy, observing these movements, appeared yesterday to be collecting their praams and gun-boats near the harbour's mouth, in preparation for a powerful attack on our works. Our advanced squadron continuing in their position for defending the operations on shore, were, about ten A. M. attacked by three praams, (carrying each 20 guns) and a con. siderable number of gun-boats (said to be more than 30) in addition to VOL. XLIX.
rate, and Safeguard, gun-brigs; with three armed transports, and ten launches, fitted as mortar.boats. Fearless 2 seamen killed; lieut. Williams (slightly), 1 seaman, and four marines, wounded.
Indignant-1 seaman killed; 1 seaman wounded.
Urgent-1 seaman and 1 marine wounded.
CAPTURE OF HELIGOLAND.
Extract of a Letter from Vice-Admiral Russell, to the Hon. Wellesley Pole; dated Majestic, off Heligoland, Sept. 6, 1807.
I beg you will be pleased to acquaint my lords commissioners of the admiralty, that I arrived at this island, and anchored close to the town, on the 4th instant, at half past two P. M. but did not, as I expected, find the Explosion, the seaman Wanderer, or the Exertion, with which their lordships had intended to reinforce me.
Cruiser-Lieut. Woodford, killed. Valiant's Launch 3 seamen wounded.
Africaine's boat 1 wounded.
Total-4 killed, and 13 wounded. August 24. Having occasion to confer with lieutenant general lord Cathcart, commanding the army, respecting the co-operation of the fleet, I went on shore to head. quarters for that purpose. I learnt, that the right wing of the army is advanced near to the town on the south-west, and are preparing mortar batteries to commence the bombardment of it. The enemy being obliged to withdraw their out-posts in that quarter, have set fire to the suburbs, to prevent them from af. fording cover to our troops. The vessels which were in action yester day, are getting their damages re. paired. No attack has been made this day by the enemy's flotilla against our advanced squadron.
August 25. Yesterday and this day, the damage which several of the gun-brigs received in the action of the 23d, have been repaired, and the vessels are again ready for service.
N. B. The above journal was brought to England by the Earnest gun-brig, returning, according to her orders, to Yarmouth, after de livering the dispatches with which she sailed for the admiral.
Having found that lord Falkland had, with his usual zeal and promptness, summoned the garrison on the 30th ultimo, and that his proposals were rejected by the governor, I was making my arrangements to storm him with the marines and seamen of the squadron if he did not instantly surrender; for at this time the value of the island to us is immense.
At six P. M. however, he sent out a flag of truce, desiring that an officer might be sent in the morning to treat on articles of capitulation ; and I accordingly, at daylight, yes. terday morning, dispatched lord viscount Falkland, and lieutenant D'Auvergne (first of this ship) on that service.
At two P. M. the deputation returned with the articles of capitu. lation, which I immediately ratified.
With a small expence, this island may be made a little Gibraltar, and a safe haven for small craft, even in the winter; it is a key to the rivers Ems, Weser, Jade, Elbe, and Eyder, the only asylum at present for our cruisers in these seas.
I have appointed lieut. D'Au. vergne as acting governor until their lordships'
lordships' pleasure is known; and I beg leave to add, that from his perfect knowledge of both services, his zeal and loyalty, and a high sense of honour, I know no seaman more competent to the trust. (Signed) T. MACNAMARA RUSSELL. Extract of another Letter from the Vice-Admiral, dated on the same day.
This morning, the Explosion, Wan. derer, and Exertion, hove in sight round the north end of the island.
EVACUATION OF SOUTH AMERICA By the BRITISH FORCES. London Gazette Extraordinary, Sept. 13.
Though, from the great length of the gazette, we are compelled to abridge it, nothing material is omit. ted of the important events that it contains. Lieutenant-colonel Bourke, deputy quartermaster. general, was the bearer of the dispatch from lieutenant - general Whitelocke, to the secretary of state, and captain Prevost, of the navy, of those from admiral Murray, to the admiralty. They arrived in the Saracen sloop of war at Ports. mouth on Friday, and reached town on Saturday. Brigadier - general Craufurd and brigadier-general sir Samuel Achmuty, came home in the Saracen.
On the 15th of June, general Whitelocke was joined, at Monte Video, by the corps under general Craufurd; they sailed immediately, and on the 28th, landed about 30 miles to the eastward of Buenos Ayres. After some fatiguing marches, the army reached Reduction, a village 9 miles distant from Rio Chuelo, on the opposite bank of which the enemy had constructed a formidable line of defence. The general found it necessary to cross
the river higher up, with a view to unite his forces in the suburbs of Buenos Ayres.
Major-general Leveson Gower, having crossed the river at another pass, fell in with a corps of the enemy's, which he gallantly attacked and defeated, The next day the army was united, and the town nearly invested.
In conformity to the arrangement made by general Whitelocke on the morning of the 5th of July, the 38th and 87th regiments approached the strong post of the Retiro and Plaza de Toros, and after a most vigorous and spirited attack, in which these regiments suffered much from grape shot and musquetry, their gallant commander, general sir Samuel Achmuty, possessed himself of the post, taking 32 pieces of cannon, an immense quantity of ammunition, and 600 prisoners. The 5th regiment took possession of the church and convent of St. Catalina. The 36th and 88th regiments, under brigadier-general Lumley, moving in the appointed order, were soon opposed by a heavy and continued fire of musquetry from the tops and windows of the houses; the doors of which were barricadoed in so strong a manner, as to render them almost impossible to force. The streets were intersected by deep ditches, in the inside of which were planted cannon, pouring showers of grape on the advancing columns. In defiance, however, of this opposition, the 36th regiment, headed by the gallant general, reached its final destination; but the 88th being nearer to the forts and principal defences of the sacmy, were so weakened by his fire, as to be to tally overpowered and taken. The flank of the 36th being thus exposed, this regiment, together with *X x 2