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the 5th, retired upon sir Samuel Achmuty's post at the Plaza de Toros; not, however, before lieu tenant-colonel Bourne, and the grenadier company of the 36th regiment, had an opportunity of dis. tinguishing themselves, by charging about 800 of the enemy, and taking and spiking two guns. The two six-pounders moving up the central streets, mecting with a very superior fire, the four troops of the carabiniers, led on by lieutenant. colonel Kingston, advanced to take the battery opposed to them; but this gallant officer being unfortu nately wounded, as well as captain Burrell, next in command, and the fire both from the battery and the houses proving very destructive, they retreated to a short distance, but continued to occupy a position in front of the enemy's principal defences, and considerably in advance of that which they had taken in the morning.
The left division of gen. Crau. furd's brigade, under col. Pack, approached the great square, with the intention of possessing itself of the Jesuits' college, but from the very destructive nature of the enemy's fire, this was found impracticable; and after sustaining a heavy loss, one part of the division throwing itself into a house, which was afterwards not found tenable, was shortly obliged to surrender, whilst the remaining part, after enduring a dreadful fire with the greatest intrepidity, col. Pack being wounded, retired upon the right division commanded by brigadiergeneral Craufurd himself. General Craufurd learning the fate of his left division, thought it advisable to take possession of the convent of St. Domingo. But the enemy surrounded the convent on all sides,
and attempting to take a threepounder, which lay in the street, the lieutenant-colonel, with his com pany, and a few light infantry, under major Trotter, charged them with great spirit. In an instant, the greater part of his company, and major Trotter, were killed, but the gun was saved. The brigadier. general was now obliged to confine himself to the defence of the con vent; but the quantity of round shot, grape, and musquetry to which they were exposed, at last obliged them to quit the top of the building, and the enemy, to the number of 6000, bringing up cannon to force the wooden gates, the general, judging from the cessetion of firing, that those next him had not been successful, surrendered at four o'clock in the afternoon. "The result of this day's action," general Whitelocke says, "left me in pos. session of the Plaza de Toros, a strong post on the enemy's right, and the Residencia, another strong post on his left, while I occupied an advanced position towards his centre; but these advantages had cost about 2,500 men in killed, wounded, and prisoners. The na ture of the fire to which the troops were exposed, was violent in the extreme. Grape shot at the corners of the streets, musquetry, handgrenades, bricks, and stones from the tops of all the houses; every householder, with his negroes, defended his dwelling, each of which was in itself a fortress; and it is not perhaps too much to say, that the whole male population of Buenos Ayres was employed in its defence.
This was the situation of the, army on the morning of the 6th instant, when general Liniers addressed
'etter to me, offering to give up
Officers of the Light Battalion severely wounded.
87th regiment. Lieutenant Crowe. 88th regiment. Lieutenant, Thomp
95th regiment. Captain Elder and lieutenants Noble and Coane. (Signed) THOS. BRADFOrd,
Dep. Adj. Gen.
Return of the Killed, Wounded, and Missing, on the Attack of the City of Bacnos Ayres, the 5th of July, 1807.
all his prisoners taken in the late affair, together with the 71st regiment, and others, taken with brigadier-general Beresford, if I desisted from any further attack on the town, and withdrew his majesty's forces from the River Plata, intimating at the same time, from the exasperated state of the popu lace, he could not answer for the safety of the prisoners, if I persisted in offensive measures. Influenced by this consideration (which I knew to be founded in fact), and reflecting of how little advantage would be Total-1 major, 6 captains, 4 the possession of a country, the lieutenants, 1 ensign, 3 staff, 17 serinhabitants of which were so abso-jeants, 4 drummers, 365 rank and lutely hostile, I resolved to forego file, killed; 3 lieutenant-colonels, the advantages which the bravery 5 majors, 15 captains, 30 lieuteof the troops had obtained, and ac- nants, 1 ensign, 2 staff, 1 volunteer, ceded to a treaty, which I trust 41 serjeants, 11 drummers, 540 will meet the approbation of his rank and file, wounded; 2 staff, 1 majesty." quarter-master, 4 serjeants, 5 drummers, 196 rank and file. missing.
General Whitelocke proceeds to speak in the highest terms of praise of the officers and troops under his command.
Return of the Killed, Wounded, and Missing, of the Troops under the Command of Lieut. General Whitelocke, between the 28th of June, the Day of the Landing at Ensinada, to the 4th of July, 1807, inclusive.
Light battalion. I lieutenant wounded.
87th reg. 5 rank and file killed. 88th regiment. 3 rank and file killed; 1 lieutenant, 8 rank and file, wounded.
95th regiment. 1 serjeant, one rank and file, killed; 1 captain, 1 lieutenant, 1 ensign, 2 serjeants, 10 rank and file, wounded.
Total, 1 serjeant, 14 rank and file, killed. 1 captain, 3 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 2 serjeants, 18 rank and file, wounded.
Names of officers killed. battalion hajor Trotter, of the 37th; lieut. ilamilton, of ditto. oth dragoon guards, capt. Burreli. 9th light dragoons, veterinary surgeon Landers, 36th regiment, captains Williamson and Johnson. 38th regiment, lieutenant Fullon. 87th regiment, captains Considine and Johnson; lieutenant Barry; quar ter-master Buchanan. 88th regi. ment, lieutenant Hall; ensign M'Gregor; assistant-surgeon Ferguson. 95th reg. captain Jenkinson.
Names of officers wounded. Lieut. Squarry, of the royal navy, slightly. Lieutenant Maconochie, of the royal navy, slightly. Lieutenant-colonel Kingston, 6th dragoon guards, severely. Lieutenant Cowdall, 9th light dragoon guards, slightly. Light battalion: lieutenant-colonel Pack, 71st regiment, slightly. Lieutenantcolonel Cadogan, 18th regiment, *X x 3
slightly. Lieut. Smith, 45th regiment, severely. Captain Greenwell, 45th regiment, severely. Lieutenant Cox, 87th regiment, slightly. Lieutenant Nickle, 88th regiment, ditto; lieutenant Bury, ditto, slightly. Captain Brookman, 71st, dangerously. Lieutenant Adamson, do. severely. 5th regiment, honourable major King, slightly. 36th regiment, captains Swain and Wingfield, severely; Vernon, slightly. Licutenants Colton, White, and Whittel, severely; Challoner, slightly. 38th regiment, ensign Wiltshire, and voJunteer II. de Waal, severely. 45th regiment, captain Payne and lieutenant Moore, severely. 47th regiment, lieutenant Rudedge, severely. 87th regiment, major Miller, severely; captain Rose, dangerously; Blake and Des Barres, slightly; Gordon, severely. Lieutenants Love, Hill, and Budd, slightly; O'Brien, severely; and Fitzgerald. Assistant-surgeon Buxton, dangerously. 88th regiment, major Ironmonger, slightly; captains M'Pherson, Chisholm, Dunn, and Thompson, slight. Jy; lieutenants Adair, Graydon, Whittle, and Butler, severely; Mackie and Gregg, and adjutant Robertson, slightly. 95th regiment, majors M'Leod and Travers, slight ly; captain O'Hara, severely; licu. tenants Cardoux, M'Leod, Scott, and Turner, severely; and M Cullock, slightly.
Names of officers missing. 36th regiment, surgeon Boyce, assistantsurgeon Read.
RECAPITULATION Killed-One major, 6 captains, 4 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 3 staff, 18 serjeants, 4 drummers, 279 rank and file-316.
Wounded-Three lieutenant-colonels, 5 majors, 16 captains, 33
lieutenants, 2 ensigns, 2 staff, 1 velunteer, 43 serjeants, 11 drummers, 558 rank and file-674.
Missing-Two staff, 1 quartermaster, 4 serjeants, 5 drummers, 196 rank and file-208.
Total 316 killed, 674 wounded, 208 missing-1198.
The light company of the 71st regiment, attached to the light battalion, suffered severely, but no correct return of their loss has been received.-The prisoners have been all exchanged.
A DEFINITIVE TREATY between the
Generals in Chief of his Britannic Majesty, and of his Catholic Majesty.
1. There shall be from this time a cessation of hostilities on both sides of the River Plata.
II. The troops of his Britannic majesty shall retain, for the period of two months, the fortress and place of Monte Video, and as a neutral country there shall be con. sidered, a line drawn from San Carlos on the west, to Pando on the east, and there shall not be, on any part of that line, hostilities committed on any side, the neutrality being understood only that the individuals of both nations may live freely under their respective laws, the Spanish subjects being judged by theirs, as the English by those of their nation.
III. There shall be on both sides a mutual restitution of prisoners, including not only those which have been taken since the arrival of the troops under lieutenant- general Whitelocke, but also all those his Britannic majesty's subjects captured since the commencement of the war.
IV. That, for the promptest dispatch of the vessels and troops of
his Britannic majesty, there shall be no impediment thrown in the way of the supplies of provisions which may be requested for Monte Video.
V. A period of ten days from this time is given for the re-embarkation of his Britannic majesty's troops to pass to the north side of the River La Plata, with the arms that may actually be in their power, stores, and equipage, at the most convenient points which may be selected, and during this time provisions may be sold to them.
VI. That at the time of the delivery of the place and fortress of Monte Video, which shall take place at the end of the two months fixed in the second article, the delivery will be made in the terms it was found, and with the artillery it had when it was taken.
A second dispatch from rear. admiral Murray, dated July 8, chiefly recapitulates the contents of general Whitelocke's dispatches, and the maritime circumstances connected therewith. The admiral concludes by saying,
"Early in the morning of the 7th, the Staunch telegraphed to say, I was wanted on shore immediately; a flag of truce was still flying at our head-quarters. On my going on shore, the general shewed me the proposals made by the Spanish general Liniers, (a copy of which I enclose) and observed, that he was of opinion, as well as were the other generals, that it could answer no good purpose to persist, and that one great object was attained, that of getting all the prisoners back that had been taken in South America this war; that the destroying of the town could not benefit us; and that he saw no prospect whatever of establishing ourselves in this country, as there was not a friend to the English in it; the inveteracy of every class of inhabitants being beyond belief; that the number of our prisoners the enemy had were in the power of an enraged mob; and that persisting on our part would make their situation truly distressing; the number of our killed and wounded, although not exactly ascertained, was said to be Rear-Adm. Com. very great. Under these circum
VII. Three officers of rank shall be delivered for and until the ful. filment of the above articles by both parties, being well understood that his Britannic majesty's officers, who have been on their parole, cannot serve against South America until their arrival in Europe.
Done at the fort of Buenos Ayres, the 7th day of July, 1807; signing two of one tenor.
[Here follows an extract of a dispatch from rear-admiral Murray, dated June 30, 1807, giving a de tail of ordinary naval transactions, of no moment whatever.]
stances, and being persuaded that the people of this country did not wish to be under the British govern. ment, I signed the preliminaries, trusting that what I have done will meet their lordships' approbation."
The dispatches of the admiral conclude with his general order, containing his thanks to, and approbation of, his brave comrades. *X x 4
CAPTURE OF COPENHAGEN.
Dispatches received by Viscount Casilereagh, one of his Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, from Admiral Gambier, and Lieutenant-General the Right Honourable Lord Cathcart, K.T. the Commanders of his Majesty's Naval and Military Forces in the Baltic Sea.
Prince of Wales, Copenhagen My LORD, Road, Sept. 7. 1807.
My letter of the 5th instant, will inform your lordship of the progress of the operations of his majesty's forces against Copenhagen to that period. I have now the honour and satisfaction to add, that previous to the hour intended for opening our batteries on that night, an officer with a flag of truce came out from the town, with proposals for an armistice to settle terms of capitulation. This was accordingly done, after a correspondence between the Danish general and lord Cathcart and myself, of which I transmit a copy; and your lordship will be informed of the stipulations agreed upon by the inclosed copy of the articles. +
Our army has accordingly been put in possession of the citadel and the arsenal, and the most vigorous exertions are commenced for equip ping and sending to England the Danish navy.
I have the honour to be, &c.
To Viscount Lord Castle-
Citadel of Copenhagen,
My LORD, Sept. 8, 1807. It has fallen to my lot to have the great satisfaction of forwarding to
* Civen in Lord Cathcart's dispatch.
your lordship the ratified capitulation of the town and citadel of Copenhagen, including the surrender of the Danish fleet and arsenal in this port, which are placed at his majesty's disposal.
The object of securing this fleet having been attained, every other provision of a tendency to wound the feelings, or irritate the nation, has been avoided; and although the bombardment and cannonade have made considerable havoc and destruction in the town, not one shot was fired into it till after it was summoned, with the offer of the most advantageous terms, nor a single shot after the first indication of a disposition to capitulate; on the contrary, the firing, which lasted three nights from his majesty's batteries, was considerably abated on the second, and was only renewed on the third to its full vigour, on supposing from the quantity of shells thrown from the place, that there was a determination to hold out.
On the evening of the 5th of Sep. tember, a letter was sent by the Danish general, to propose an armistice of twenty-four hours, for preparing an agreement on which articles of capitulation might be founded.
The armistice was de. clined, as tending to unnecessary delay, and the works were con. tinued, but the firing was countermanded, and lieutenant-colonel Murray was sent to explain, that no proposal of capitulation could be listened to, unless accompanied by the surrender of the fleet.
This basis having been admitted by a subsequent letter on the 6th, major general sir A. Wellesley, † 1bid.