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whom I had sent for, for this purpose, from his command in the country, where he had distinguished himself in a manner so honourable to himself and so advantageous to the public, was appointed, with sir Home Popham, and lieutenant. colonel Murray, to prepare and sign articles of capitulation; and those officers having insisted on proceeding immediately to business, the capitulation was drawn up in the night between the 6th and 7th.
The ratification was exchanged in the course of the morning; and at four in the afternoon of the same day, lieutenant- general Burrard proceeded to take possession.
The British grenadiers present, with detachments from all the other corps of cavalry and infantry, under the command of colonel Cameron, of the 79th regiment, with two brigades of artillery, marched into the citadel, while major-general Spencer, having embarked his brigade at the Kalk Brandiere, landed in the dock-yard, and took possession of each of the line-of-battle ships, and of all the arsenal; the Danish guards withdrawing when those of his majesty were ready to replace them, and proper officers attending to deliver stores, as far as inventories could be made up.
The town being in a state of the greatest ferment and disorder, I most willingly acceded to the request that our troops should not be quartered in it, and that neither officers nor soldiers should enter it for some days; and having the command of possession from the citadel, whenever it might be necessary to use it, I had no objection to leaving the other gates in the hands of the troops of his Danish majesty, together with the police of the place.
We have consented to the reestablishment of the post : but all arrivals and departures are to be at and from the citadel.
This work is in good condition, very strong, and well stored with ordnance and ammunition.
The amount of the garrison of the town is not easily ascertained. The regular troops were not numerous; but the number of batteries which fired at the same time, together with the floating defences, prove that there must have been a very great number of militia and burghers, with other irregular forces, and their ordnance was well served.
Considering the advanced position in which his majesty's troops have been placed for the last fortnight, our loss (highly as I prize the value of every officer or soldier who has fallen or been wounded) has been comparatively small.
The zeal, spirit, and perseverance of every rank in the army have been truly characteristic of the British nation; and the king's German legion are entitled to a full share in this commendation.
All the generals, and indeed each officer, has rendered himself conspicuous in proportion to his command and the opportunities which have occurred, and opportunities have occurred to all.
The staff have done themselves the greatest credit, and been of all the service that could be desired in their several departments.
Colonel D'Arcey, the chief en. gineer, and every engineer under him, have given the most unequi vocal proofs of science and indefatigable industry; the works under their direction have gone on with fresh parties without ceasing.
General Bloomfield, and the offieers and corps of royal artillery, have done great honour to themselves, and to that branch of his majesty's service; of which their fire upon the gun-boats and the rapidity and success of the mortar practice, afford sufficient proofs; nor is the distribution of battering ordnance, and of so much ammunition at so many points in this extensive line, in so short a period, a smail proof of the method and resources of that corps.
Lieutenant-colonel Smith, with the 82d regiment under his command, held the post at the Windmill on the left, which for the greater part of the time was the most exposed to the gun-boats and sorties of the enemy; and the unremitting attentions of that officer claim particular notice.
By the naval blockade the force opposed to us has been limited to the resources of this and of the ad. jacent islands, separated only by narrow ferries; and almost every wish of assistance has been anticipated, and every requisition of boats, guns, and stores, has been most amply and effectually provided for with the greatest dispatch and the most perfect cordiality; and every possible attention has been paid, and every accommodation given, by every officer in that service, from admiral Gambier downwards.
A battalion of seamen and marines, with three divisions of carpenters, were landed on the 5th, under captain Watson, of his majesty's ship Inflexible; and had the effort been made, which would have been resorted to in a few days, if the place had not capitulated, their services in the passage of the ditch would have been distinguished.
List of Killed, Wounded, and Missing.
Killed 4 officers, 1 serjeant, 1 drummer, 36 rank and file, and 8 horses.
Wounded-6 officers, 1 serjeant, 138 rank and file, and 25 horses. and 19 rank and file. Missing-1 serjeant, 4 drummers,
Names of Officers killed. Lieutenant Lyons, of the royal artillery; ensign Robert Dixon, of the 82d foot; lieutenant Rudoff, of the 1st regiment of light dragoons, King's German legion; ensign JenDings, of the 23d foot, or Royal Welch Fusileers.
Names of Officers wounded. foot; lieutenant Suter, of ditto; Captain Hastings, of the 82d Captain During, 1st battalion King's German legion: lieutenant-general sir David Baird, in the shoulder and hand, slightly; ensign Bilson. Articles of Capitulation for the Town
and Citadel of Copenhagen, agreed upon between Major-General the Right Honourable Sir Arthur Wellesley, K. B. Sir Home Popham, Knt. of Malta, and Captain of the Flect, and Lieutenant-Colonel George Murray, Deputy Quarter-Master-General of the British Forces; being thereto duly autho rized by James Gambier, Esq. Admiral of the Blue, and Comman der-in-Chief of his Britannic Majesty's Ships and Vessels in the
Baltic Sea, and by Lieutenant-Ge nera! the Right Honourable Lord Cathcart, Knight of the Thistle, Commander-in-Chief of his Britannic Majesty's Forces in Zealand and in the North of the Continent of Europe; on the one part and by Major-General Walterstorff, Knight of the Order of Dannebrog, Chamberlain to the King, and Colonel of the North Zealand Regiment of Infantry, Rear-Admiral Lütken, and I. H. Kerchoff, Aid. de-Camp to his Danish Majesty; being duly authorized by his Excellency Major-General Peyman, Knight of the Order of Dannebrog, and Commander-in-Chief of his Danish Majesty's Forces in the Island of Zealand; on the other part.
Art. I. When the capitulation shall have been signed and ratified, the troops of his Britannic majesty are to be put in possession of the citadel.
Art. II. A guard of his Britannic majesty's troops shall likewise be placed in the dock-yards.
Art. III. The ships and vessels of war of every description, with all the naval stores belonging to his Danish majesty, shall be delivered into the charge of such persons as shall be appointed by the comman. ders-in-chief of his Britannic majesty's forces; and they are to be put in immediate possession of the dock-yards, and all the buildings and storehouses belonging thereto.
Art. IV. The store-ships and transports in the service of his Bri. tannic majesty are to be allowed, if necessary, to come into the har. bour for the purpose of embarking such stores and troops as they have brought into this island.
Art. V. As soon as the ships shall have been removed from the dock-yard, or within six weeks from the date of this capitulation, or sooner if possible, the troops of his Britannic majesty shall deliver up the citadel to the troops of his Danish majesty, in the state in which it shall be found when they occupy it. His Britannic majesty's troops shall likewise, within the before mentioned time, or sooner if possible, be embarked from the island of Zealand.
Art. VI. From the date of this capitulation, hostilities shall cease throughout the island of Zealand.
Art. VII. No person whatsoever shall be molested; and all property, public or private, with the exception of the ships and vessels of war, and the naval stores before mentioned, belonging to his Danish majesty, shall be respected; and all civil and military officers, in the service of his Danish majesty shall continue in the full exercise of their authority throughout the island of Zealand; and every thing shall be done which can tend to produce union and harmony between the two nations.
Art. VIII, All prisoners taken on both sides shall be unconditionally restored, and those officers who are prisoners on parole, shall be released from its effect.
Art. IX. Any English property that may have been sequestered in consequence of the existing hostilities, shall be restored to the
This capitulation shall be ratified by the respective commanders-inchief, and the ratifications shall be exchanged before twelve o'clock at noon this day.
Done at Copenhagen, this 7th day of September, 1807. (Signed) ARTHUR WELLESLEY. HOME POPHAM. GEORGE MURRAY.
Ratifié par moi,
Dispatch from Admiral Gambier, Commander-in-chief of his Majesty's Ships and Vessels in the Baltic;
addressed to the Hon. William Wellesley Pole, Secretary to the Admiralty; dated Prince of Wales, in Copenhagen Road, 7th September, 1807.
The communications which I have already had the honour to transmit to you, will have made the lords commissioners of the admi. ralty acquainted with the proceedings of the fleet under my command down to the 2d instant; I have now to add, that the mortar batteries which have been erected by the army in the several positions they had taken round Copenhagen, together with the bomb-vessels, which were placed in convenient situations, began the bombardment in the morning of that day, with such power and effect, that in a short time the town was set on fire, and by the repeated discharges of our artillery, was kept in flames in dif ferent places till the evening of the 5th; when a considerable part of it being consumed, and the conflagration having arrived at a great height, threatening the speedy destruction of the whole city, the general commanding the garrison sent out a flag of truce, desiring an armis. tice, to afford time to treat for a capitulation. After some correspon. dence had passed between the Da
nish general and lord Cathcart, and myself, certain articles were agreed upon, of which I have the honour to transmit you a copy. From these their lordships will perceive, that all the Danish ships and vessels of war (of which I inclose a list), with the stores in the arsenal, were to be delivered up to such persons as should be appointed to receive them on the part of his majesty. I ac. cordingly appointed sir Home Popham for this purpose; and having made the necessary arrangements for equipping them with the utmost dispatch, I have committed the execution of this service to vice-admiral Stanhope, in whose ability and exertions I can place the fullest confidence. I am happy on this occasion to express the warm sense I entertain of the cordial co-operation of the army, by whose exertions, with the favourable concurrence of circumstances, under Divine Providence, ever since we left England, our ultimate success has been more immediately obtained. I must also convey to their lordships, in terms of the highest approbation and praise, the conspicuous zeal and earnest endeavours of every officer and man under my command for the accomplishment of this service; and although the operations of the fleet have not been of a nature to afford me a general and brilliant occasion for adding fresh testimony to the numerous records of the bravery of British seamen and marines, yet the gallantry and energy displayed by the advanced squadron of sloops, bombs, gun-brigs, &c. which were employed under the command of captain Puget to cover the opera tions of the left wing of the army from the Danish flotilla, ought not to be passed over in silence.
I have beheld with admiration the steady courage and arduous exertion with which, on one occasion in particular, they sustained for more than four hours a heavy and incessant cannonade with the Danish batteries, block-ships, praams, and gun-boats, in a situation where, from the shoalness of the water, it was impossible to bring any of the large ships to their support.
I feel it my duty to make a parti. cular acknowledgment of the aid I have derived from sir Home Popham, captain of the fleet, whose prompt resources and complete knowledge of his profession, espeIcially of that branch which is connected with the operations of an army, qualify him in a particular manner for the arduous and various duties with which he has been charged.
I herewith inclose an account of the killed and wounded.
I beg leave to refer their lord. ships to captain Collier, whom I have charged with this dispatch, for any further particulars they may desire to know.
I have the honour to be, &c.
An Account of Killed and Wounded on-board the advanced Squadron, on the 23d of August, 1807. Cruiser-Lieutenant Woodford
Fearless-Two seamen killed; lieutenant Williams, slightly, I seaman and 4 marines, wounded.
Indignant-One seaman killed; 1 seaman wounded.
Urgent-One seaman and 1 marine wounded.
Valiant's Launch-Three seamen wounded.
Total-4 killed, 13 wounded. List of Killed and Wounded by the Explosion of the Charles armed Transport, attached to the advanced Squadron, on the 31st Aug. 1807. Belonging to the Valiant-Two seamen killed; lieutenant N. Rowe, Mr. Philip Tomlinson, master's mate (since dead of his wounds), and 12
James Moyase, master, and 7 seaBelonging to the Transport-Mr. men, killed; 7 seamen wounded. J. GAMBIER.
A List of the Danish Ships and Vessels delivered up by the Capitulation of Copenhagen to his Majesty's Forces, Sept. 7, 1807. Christian the Seventh, of 96 gunsbuilt in 1803.
Neptune, of 84 guns-built in 1789. Waldemaar, of 84 guns-built in 1798.
Princess Sophia Frederica, of 74 guns-built in 1775.
Justice, of 74 guns-built in 1777. Heir Apparent Frederick, of 74 guns-built in 1782. Crown Prince Frederick, of 74 guns -built in 1784.
Fuen, of 74 guns-built in 1787. Oden, of 74 guns-built in 1788. Three Crowns, of 74 guns-built in 1789.
Skiold, of 74 guns-built in 1792. Crown Princess Maria, of 74 guns -built in 1791.
Danemark, of 74 guns-built in 1794.
Norway, of 74 guns-built in 1800. Princess Caroline, of 74 guns— built in 1805.
Detmarsken, of 61 guns-built in 1780.