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forces, and to the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, styles, and titles of baron Greenock, of Greenock, in the county of Ren. frew, and viscount Cathcart, of Cathcart, in the said county.
The king has also been pleased to grant the dignity of a baron of the united kingdom of Great-Britain and Ireland unto James Gambier, esq. admiral of the blue squadron of his majesty's fleet, and to the heirs male of his body lawfally begotten, by the name, style, and title of baron Gambier, of Iver, in the county of Buckingham.
The king has also been pleased to grant the dignity of a baronet of the united kingdom of Great-Britain and Ireland unto Harry Burrard, of Lymington, in the county of Southampton, esq. lieutenaut-general of his majesty's forces, and to the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten.
The king has also been pleased to grant the dignity of a barenet of the united kingdom of Great-Bri. tain and Ireland unto Heury Ed. win Stanhope, of Stanwell, in the county of Middlesex, esq. vice-admiral of the blue squadron of his majesty's fleet, and to the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten.
The king has also been pleased to grant the dignity of a baronet of the united kingdom of Great-Britain and Ireland unto Thomas Blomefield, of Attleborough, in the county of Norfolk, esq. major-general of his majesty's forces, and to the heirs male of his body lawfully begotten.
A Dispatch this Day received from
at the Court of Lisbon, by the Right Honourable George Can. ning, his Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign Af fairs.
His Majesty's Ship Hibernia,off the Tagus, November 29, 1807. SIR,
I have the honour of announcing to you, that the prince regent of Portugal has effected the wise and magnanimous purpose of retiring from a kingdom which he could no longer retain, except as the vassal of France; and that his royal highness and family, accompanied by most of his ships of war, and by a multitude of his faithful subjects and adherents, have this day depart ed from Lisbon, and are now on their way to the Brazils, under the escort of a British fleet.
This grand and memorable event is not to be attributed only to the sudden alarm excited by the appearance of a French army within the frontiers of Portugal: it has been the genuine result of the system of persevering confidence and moderation adopted by his majesty towards that country; for the ultimate success of which I had in a manner rendered myself responsible; and which, in obedience to your instructions, I had uniformly continued to support, even under appearances of the most discouraging nature.
I had frequently and distinctly stated to the cabinet of Lisbon, that in agreeing not to resent the exclu sion of British commerce from the ports of Portugal, his majesty had exhausted the means of forbearance; that in making that concession to the peculiar circumstances of the prince regent's situation, his majesty had done all that friendship and the remembrance of ancient
alliance could justly require; but that a single step beyond the line of modified hostility, thus most reluctantly consented to, must necessarily lead to the extremity of actual war.
The prince regent, however, suffered himself for a moment to forget that, in the present state of Europe, no country could be permit. ted to be an eneny to England with impunity, and that however much his majesty might be disposed to make allowance for the deficiency of the means possessed by Portugal of resistance to the power of France, neither his own dignity, nor the interests of his people, would permit his majesty to accept that excuse for a compliance with the full extent of her unprincipled demands. On the 8th instant, his royal highness was induced to sign an order for the detention of the few British subjects, and of the inconsiderable portion of British property, which yet remained at Lisbon. On the publication of this order, I caused the arms of England to be removed from the gates of my residence, demanded my passports, presented a final remonstrance against the recent conduct of the court of Lisbon, and proceeded to the squadron com. manded by sir Sidney Smith, which arrived off the coast of Portugal some days after I had received my passports; and which I joined on
the 17th instant.
I immediately suggested to sir Sidney Smith the expediency of establishing the most rigorous blockade at the mouth of the Tagus; and I had the high satisfaction of afterwards finding, that I had thus anticipated the intentions of his majesty; your dispatches (which I received by the messenger Sylvester,
on the 23d) directing me to autho rize that measure, in case the Por tuguese government should pass the bounds which his majesty had thought fit to set to his forbearance, and attempt to take any farther step injurious to the honour or interest of Great Britain.
Those dispatches were dra en up under the idea that I was still resi dent at Lisbon; and though I did not receive them unti! I had actually taken my departure from that court, still, upon a careful consideration of the tenor of your instructions, I thought that it would be right to act as if that case had not occurred. I resolved, therefore, to proceed forthwith to ascertain the effect produced by the blockade of Lisbon, and to propose to the Portuguese government, as the only condition upon which that blockade could cease, the alternative (stated by you) either of surrendering the fleet to his majesty, or of immediate. ly employing it to remove the prince regent and his family to the Brazils. I took upon myself this responsibility in renewing negociations after my public functions had actually ceased; convinced that although it was the fixed determination of his majesty not to suffer the flect of Portugal to fall into the possession of his enemies, still his majesty's first object continued to be the application of that fleet to the origi nal purpose of saving the royal family of Braganza from the tyranny
bearing a flag of truce. I had im mediately most interesting communications with the court of Lisbon, the particulars of which shall be more fully detailed in a future dispatch. It suffices to mention in this place, that the prince regent wisely directed all his apprehensions to a French army, and all his hopes to an English fleet; that he received the most explicit assurances from me that his majesty would gene. rously overlook those acts of unwilling and momentary hostility to which his royal highness's consent had been extorted; and that I pro mised to his royal highness, on the faith of my sovereign, that the British squadron before the Tagus should be employed to protect his retreat from Lisbon, and his voyage to the Brazils.
A decree was published yesterday, in which the prince regent announced his intention of retiring to the city of Rio de Janeiro until the conclusion of a general peace, and of appointing a regency to transact the administration of go. vernment at Lisbon, during his royal highness's absence from Europe.
This morning the Portuguese fleet left the Tagus. I had the honour to accompany the prince in his pas sage over the Bar. The fleet consisted of eight sail of the line, four large frigates, several armed brigs, sloops, and corvettes, and a number of Brazil ships, amounting, I be. lieve, to about thirty-six sail in all. They passed through the British squadron, and his majesty's ships fired a salute of twenty-one guns, which was returned with an equal ■umber. A more interesting specta
cle than that afforded by the junction of the two fleets has been rarely beheld.
On quitting the prince regent's ship, 1 repaired on-board the Hibernia, but returned immediately, accompanied by sir Sidney Smith, whom I presented to the prince, and who was received by his royal highness with the most marked and gracious condescension.
I have the honour to enclose lists of the ships of war which were known to have left Lisbon this morning, and which were in sight a few hours ago. There remain at Lisbon four ships of the line, and the same number of frigates, but only one of each sort is serviceable.
I have thought it expedient to lose no time in communicating to his majesty's government the important intelligence contained in this dispatch.
I have therefore to apologise for the hasty and imperfect manner in which it is written. I have the honour to be, &c. STRANGFORD.
In a former dispatch, dated the 22d November, with a postscript of the 26th, I conveyed to you, for the information of my lords com
A copy of this decree of proclamation will be seen in p. 775, 776. + Sce rear-admiral sir Siduey Smith's dispatches.
missioners of the Admiralty, the proofs contained in various documents of the Portuguese government being so much influenced by terror of the French arms, as to have acquiesced to certain demands of France operating against GreatBritain. The distribution of the Portuguese force was made wholly on the coast, while the land-side was left totally unguarded. British subjects of all descriptions were detained; and it therefore be came necessary to inform the Portuguese government, that the case had arisen which required, in obedience to my instructions, that I should declare the Tagus in a state of blockade; and lord Strangford agreeing with me that hostility should be met by hostility, the blockade was instituted, and the instructions we had received were acted upon to their full extent; still, however, bearing in recollection the first object adopted by his majesty's government, of opening a refuge for the head of the Portuguese government, menaced as it was by the powerful arms and baneful influence of the enemy, I thought it my duty to adopt the means open to us, of endeavouring to induce the prince regent of Portugal to reconsider his decision to unite himself with the continent of Europe," and to recol lect that he had possessions on that of America, affording an ample balance for any sacrifice he might make here, and from which he would be cut off by the nature of the maritime warfare, the termination of which could not be dictated by the combination of the continental powers of Europe.
In this view lord Strangford having received an acquiescence to the
proposition which had been made by us, for his lordship to land and confer with the prince regent under the guarantee of a flag of truce, I furnished his lordship with that conveyance and security, in order that he might give to the prince that confidence which his word of honour as the king's minister plenipotentiary, united with that of a British admiral, could not fail to inspire towards inducing his royal highness to throw himself and his fleet into the arms of Great Britain, in perfect reliance on the king's overlooking a forced act of apparent hostility against his flag and subjects, and establishing his royal highness's government in his ultramarine possessions, as originally promised. I have now the heartfelt satisfaction of announcing to you, that our hopes and expectations have been realized to the ut most extent. On the morning of the 29th, the Portuguese fleet (as per list annexed) came out of the Tagus with his royal highness the prince of Brazil and the whole of the royal family of Bragauza on board, together with many of his faithfui counsellors and adherents, as well as other persons attached to his present fortunes.
This fleet of eight sail of the line, four frigates, two brigs, and one schooner, with a crowd of large armed merchant-ships, arranged itself under the protection of that of his majesty, while the firing of a reciprocal salute of twenty-one guns announced the friendly meeting of those who but the day before were on terms of hostility; the scene impressing every beholder (except the French army on the hills) with the most lively emotions of gratitude to Providence, that
there yet existed a power in the world able, as well as willing, to protect the oppressed.
I have the honour to be, &c. W. S. SMITH. List of the Portuguese Fleet that came out of the Tagus on the 29th of November, 1807.
Principe Reale, of 84 guns; Rainha de Portugal, of 74 guns; Conde Henrique, of 74 guns; Medusa, of 74 guns: Affonzo d'Albu. querque, of 64 guns; D. Joao de Castro, of 64 guns; Principe de Brazil, of 74 guns; Martino de Freitas, of 64 guns.
FRIGATES.-Minerva, of 44 guns; Golfinho, of 36 guns; Urinia, of 32 guns; and one other, name not as yet known.
BRIGS.-Voador, of 22 guns; Vinganea, of 20 guns; Lebre, of 22 guns.
SCHOONER.-Curioza, of 12 guns.
JOAQ. JOZE MONT. TORRES,
(Copy) W. SIDNEY SMITH.
His Majesty's ship Hibernia, 22 leagues west of the Tagus Dec. 1, 1807.
In another dispatch of this day's date, I have transmitted a list of the Portuguese fleet that came out of the Tagus on the 29th ultimo, which I received that day from the admiral commanding it, when I went on board the Principe Reale to pay my visit of respect and congratulation to his royal highness the prince of Brazil, who was embarked in that ship. I here enclose the list of those left behind. The absence of but one of the four ships is regretted by the Portuguese (the Vasco de Gama), she being under repair; VOL. XLIX.
her guns have been employed to arm the Freitas, 64, a new ship, and one of those which came out with the prince. The other three are mere hulks; and there is also one ship on the stocks, the Principe Regente, but she is only in frame.
The prince said every thing that the most cordial feelings of gratitude towards, and confidence in, his majesty and the British nation, might be supposed to dictate.
I have by signal (for we have no other mode of communicating in this weather) directed captain Moore in the Marlborough, with the London, Monarch, and Bedford, to stay by the body of the Portuguese fleet, and render it every assistance.
I keep in the Hibernia close to the prince's ship. I cannot as yet send the Foudroyant, Plantagenet, and Conqueror on to admiral Pur. vis, according to their lordships' order of the 14th, which, I trust, will be the less felt as an inconve. nience off Cadiz, as they appear to have been ordered thither with reference to the Russians being within the Straits, before it was known they were on my station.
I have the honour to be, &c.