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the most 'costive of poets, edited at so original, and the points of humour the Walpolian press. In one of so ingeniously and unexpectedly takes these designs Bentley has personified up in the progress of her narrative, himself as a monkey, sitting under a that she never failed to accomplish zli withered tree with his pallet in his the purposes which the gaiety of her hand, while Gray reposes under the imagination could lay itself out for: shade of a flourishing laurel in all the she had a quick intuition into cha. dignity of learned ease. Such a de- racters, and a faculty of marking out sign, with figures so contrasted, the ridiculous, when it came within might flatter Gray, and gratify the her view, which of course I must contrivial taste of Walpole; but in my fess she made rather too frequent use poor opinion, it is a satire in copper- of. Her social powers were brilliant, plate, and my uncle bas most com- but not uniform, for on some occapletely libelled both his poet and sions she would persist in a determined his patron without intending so to taciturnity, to the regret of the comdo.

pany present; and at other times Elizabeth Bentley, eldest daugh- would lead off in her best manner, ter of her father, first married Hum- when, perhaps, none were present who phry Ridge, esquire, and after his could taste the spirit and amenity of decease the Rev. Dr. Favell, fellow her humour. There hardly passed of Trinity college, and after his mar- a day in which she failed to devole a riage with my aunt, Rector of Witton, portion of her time to the reading near Huntingdon, in the gift of sir of the bible: and her comments and John Bernard, of Brampton. She expositions might have merited the

an honourable and excellent attention of the wise and learned. lady; I had cause to love her and Though strictly pious, there was ao lament her death. She inherited gloom in her religion ; but on the the virtues and benignity of her mo- contrary, such was the happy facully ther, with habits niore adapted to the which she possessed, of making every fashions of the world.

doctrine pleasant, every duty sweel, Joanna, the younger of Dr. Bent. that what some instructors would have Jey's daughters, and the Phæbe of represented as a burden and a yote, Byron's pastoral, was my mother. I she contrived to recommend as a rewill not violate the allegiance I have creation and delight. All that son vowed to truth, in giving any other cau owe to parent, or disciple to his character of her than what in con- teacher, I owe to her. science I regard as just and faithful. Soon after Mr. Cumberland's adShe had a vivacity of fancy and a mission at Trinity College, he says, strength of intellect, in which few “ In that period my stock of books were her superiors : she read much, was but slender, ill Dr. Richard remembered well, and discerned ac- Bentley had the goodness to give me cutely: I never knew the person who a valuable parcel of my grandfather's could better embellish any subject books and papers, containing his corshe was upon, or render common respondence with many of the foreign incidevts more entertaining by the literati upon points of criticism, some happy art of relating them; lier in- letters from sir Isaac Newton, a pretty vention was so fertile, her ideas were large body of notes for an exition of



Lucan's Pharsalia, which I gave to my uncle Bentley, and were publish- Fall and Character of Llewelyn, the ed under his inspection by Dodsley, at last Sovereign Prince of Wales. Mr. Walpole's press, with sundry other manuscripts, and a considerable (From Mr. Jones's History of Brecknocknumber of Greek and Latin books,

sbire.) mostly collater by bim, and their margins tilled with alterations and cor- In the year 1281, a war liad just rections in his own hand, neatly and commenced between Edward the legibly written in a very small First and Llewelyn, which the humacharacter. The possession of these nity of Peckham, archbishop of Canbooks was most gratifying and ac- terbury, endeavoured to prevent; he ceptable to me; some few of them were even undertook a journey into Wales extreniely rare, and in the history { for that purpose, heard with pahave given in The Observers of the tierce, and apparently without prejuGreek writers, more particularly of the dice, the complaints of Llewelyn; Comic Poets now lest, I have availed dictated in language which would myself of them, avd I am vain enough not disgrace the orators of any age to believe no such collection of the or country; almost admitted the scattered extracts, anecdotes, and re- truth of his assertions and the force mains of those dramatists is any where of his arguments; seemed to feel else to be found. The donor of these for the injuries of the prince and books was the nephew of my grand- principality, and returned to Eng. father, and inherited by will the land in expectation that they would whole of his library, which at his be redressed; but the die was now death was sold by auction in Leices- thrown, and the resolution of Edter, where he resided in his latter ward irrevocably fixed. A wise and years on his rectory of Nailstone: he sound policy, productive at the time was himself no inconsiderable col- (it is true) of calamities that may be lector, and it is much to be regretted deplored, and outrages which must that his executors took this method be coridemned, yet ultimately tendof disposing of his books, by which ing to promote the peace and happithey became dispersed in small lots ness of both countries, suggested to anong many country purchasers, who this enterprizing monarch the necesprobably did not know their value. sity of uniting Wales with England; He was an accurate collator, and for and the hatred of a rival in arms, as his judgment in editions much re- well as in talents, though inferior in sorted to by Dr. Mead, with whom force, confirmed him in his deterhe lived in great intimacy. During mination, Llewelyn ap Griffith bad the time that he resided in college, frequently, and indeed recently, foilfor he was one of the senior fellows of ed him in his attempts to subjugate Trinity, he gave ine every possible the rough natives of the barren proof, not only in this instance of his mountains, and had formerly sent donation, but in many others, of his him bootless back to the fat pastures favour and protection,

of England, if not with disgrace, at least withi mortification and disappointment; but that persevering potentate, skilled as he was in every 3 G 3


branch of military tactics then the crimson wing of conquest whereknown in Europe or in Asia, returned ever they waved;” a retreat, thereto the charge, and, deaf to the re- fore, to the almost inaccessible presentations of the ill-fated Llew- heights and fastnesses of Snowdon, elyn, sent the primate back with was the only expedient left to the proposals so humiliating, that they Britons for avoiding present death were (as he of course concluded they or future slavery. This was adopled, would be) rejected with indignation : and Llewelyn might have remained one of these proposals was, that the sometime secure from aitack, uplex prince of Wales should desert bis his supply of provisions was intersubjects, and submit to receive a cepted; of this disaster, be seenis pension of one thousand pounds a to have been apprehensive ; and in year in England ; Llewelyn answer- order, therefore, if possible to preed with great spirit, that if he were vent it, and to distract the attention base enough to accept of it, such of Edward, who was at Conway, be was the honest pride of bis people, marched with a small body of men that they would not suffer him to to Montgomery, and from thence enjoy it, or permit bim to descend into Radnorshire, where, as well as so far below his rank. Here the in Brecknocksbire, be had a consiarchbishop, whose conduct hitherto derable number of friends; for be was so amiable, lost at once the was the idol of his countrymen, or, high character be had acquired. In- as an old chronicle describes him, timidated by the power, or compel- “ he was the captayne, the prayse, led by what perhaps he thought his the law, and the light of nations." duły to his sovereign, be not only The correspondence he held in this condescended to convey terms which part of the country, was by some he knew to be unreasonable, and means or other made known to the only calculated to wound the feel- English court; and it was to discover ings of an injured priuce; but he his intrigues and to counteract bis absolutely (when they were not ap- designs, as well as to fasten upvn proved of) thought it necessary to his lordship of Brecknock, that employ the censures of the church, Humphrey de Bohun was now sent and to send Llewelyn and all his ad- down into this country: unfortuherents io the Devil, for what he nately for the prince of Wales, lie called their invincible obstinacy. was too successful in both the objects

Both sides now prepared for war; of his mission. Llewelyn's friends the first efforts of the Welsh prince were either intimidated or persuaded were successful; a considerable body to desert him ; his enemies were en of the Englisli having crossed the couraged, and a considerable force strait or varrow channel between raised to oppose him. Since the Anglese: and Caernarvonshire, were death of the last William de Breos, cut to pieces, and Llewelyn overran his widow and son-in-law possessed Caerdiganshire and a great part of little more than a nominal dominion Caermarthenshire; but the fortitude, over this country: the descendanis the perseverance, the talents,' and of the Norman knights preserved an the forces of Edward, where he altachment to the family of their commanded in person, were irresis- seignior or lord paramount; but we tible; “ his banners were fanned by have just seeu the Welsh inhabitants


of the town of Brecknock itself, the ceive the enemy, as there was then seat of his government, lately sub- snow upon the ground, he is said to mit voluntarily to their favourite have caused his horse's shoes to be hero, and native chief; while Hum- reversed; but even this stratagen phrey de Bolun, the father of the was discovered io them by a smith present Humphrey, involved as he at Aberedwy, whose name, as tradiwas during the whole course of his tion says, was Madoc goch min life in continual troubles and perpe- mawr, or red haired wide mouthed tual skirmishes and warfare, had Madoc. He arrived at the bridge neither power nor leisure to enforce over the Wye, time enough to pass the obedierice of his tenants in the and break it down, before, his purprincipality: but the case was now suers could come up with him ; here, widely different; aided by the name therefore, they were completely and authority of the king of Eng. thrown out, as there was no other land, the arms or the arguments of bridge over the Wye at that time, Humphrey, the son, prevailed with nearer than Bredwardine, thirty bis dependants, and made even an miles below. appearance or attempt at resistance, Thus foiled and disappointed of folly. This complete change in the their prize for the present, the Enggovernment and politics of the coun- lish immediately returned downwards try, effected with much secrecy, as to a ford known by some of the well as expedition, was, perhaps, party, about eight miles below, near not perfectly known to Llewelyn: a ferry called Caban Twm Bach, or led by the promises, and tattered little Tom's ferry boat; in the intewith the hopes of assistance held out rim, it should seem Llewelyn must to him by some men of power in have gained sutficient time to liave the bundred of Builth and the neigh- distanced his followers, if he had bourhood, he ventured to march made the best use of it; but he had with his little army to Aberedwy not yet abandoned the expectation in Raduorshire, three miles below of meeting with assistance, and some Builth, on the banks of the river hours may have been employed with Wye, where it is said lie expected to the garrison of the castle of Builtli, have held a conterence with some of who, aned by the approach of More his friends: biere, liowever, he found timer, refused to treat with or suphimself fatally disappointed; for, in- port hin. Stowe says, stead of allies and partizans, whom taken at Builth castle, where using he was encouraged to look for, he reproachful words against the Enyperceived he was alnuost surrounded lishmen, 'sir Roger le Sirange ran in the toils and trammels of his upon him and cut off his bead, adversary. A superior force from leaving his dead body on the Herefordshire having had notice of ground.” It is by no means improbis route, from some of the inhabi- bable that lie should bave accused tants of this country, approached the garrison of Builtha and the inhaunder the command of Edmund bitants of that country with pertidy, Mortimer and John Giffard. Leire and (as Slowe says) ased reproachtui elyn, tiuding from their numbers that words towards the English. He resistance would be vain, tied with may also have bestowed upon the his men to Builtlı, and in order to de- men of Aberedwy, as well as of Builth, that epithet which has stuck bridge: here they probably would by them ever since *; but he cer- have been compelled to have abantainly was not slain at Builth castle, doned the pursuit, or at least Llexor by sir Roger le Strange; for being elyn might bave escaped in safety to here repulsed by those from whom the mountains of Snowdon, if a he expected support, and baffled in knight of the name of sır Elias his attempts to reduce them to obe- Walwyn (a descendant of sir Philip dience, he proceeded westward up Walwyn of Hay) had not discovered the vale of Irvon on the southern a fordi at some little distance, wbere side, for about three miles, where a detachment of the English crossed he crossed the river a little above the river, and coming unexpectedly Llanynis church over a bridge called upon the backs of the Welsh at the Pont y coed, or the bridge of the bridge, they were immediately wood, either with an intention of routed, and either in the pursuit, or returning into North Wales through while he was watching the motions Llanganten, Llanavan fawr, Llan- of the main body of the enemy, who wrthwl, and from thence iuto Mont- were still on the other side of the gomeryshire, or perhaps of joining river, he was attacked in a small his friends in Caermarthenshire, dell about two hundred yards below and Penubrokeshire, to oppose whom, the scene of action, from tim, called Oliver de Dyncham had been Cwm Llewelyn, or Llewelyn's dingle, sent by the directions of the king of and slain unarmed (as some say) by England, as appears by his letter one Adam de Francton, who plunged froni Rhuddlan. This passage once a spear into his body, and immesecured, he stationed the few troops diately joined his countrymen in who accompanied him on the north- pursuit of the flying enemy. When ern side of the river, where, from Francton returned after the engage the ground being more precipitous ment, in hopes of plunder, be perand much higher than the opposite ceived that the person whoin be had bank, and at the same time covered wounded (for he was still alive) was with wood, a bandful of men were the prince of Wales, and on stripable to defend the bridge against a ping him, a letter in cypher and his

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un lie was

numerous enemy. In this privy seal were found concealed situation be preserved a communica- about him: the Englishman, detion with the whole of Brecknock- lighted with the discovery, immeshire, and as he supposed the river diately cut off bis head, and sent it was at this season of the year im- (as the most acceptable present that passable, he waited with confidence could be conveyed) to the king of and security, whule he commanded England: the body of the unfortuthe

pass, in hopes to 'bear further nate prince was dragged by the sol. from his correspondence, or in ex- diers to a little distance where the pectation of being reinforced from two roads from Builtb now divide, the westward; by this means the one leading to Llanafan and the English forces gained sufficient time other to Llangammarch; bere they to come up with him, and appearing buried him, and this spot has been on the southern side of the Irvon, ever since known by the name of made a fruitless attempt to gain the Cefn y bedd or Cefn bedd Llewelyn,

the • Bradwyr Aberedwy, Bradwyr Buallt. Traitors of Aberedwy, traitors of Builth.


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