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Cayenne the monkies are the kind of

Comets. game that is more frequently pursued than any other;

and liat the Indians In the evening of Monday, the 12th of the country bordering on the river inst. the following phenomena were of the Amazons are peculiarly fond distinctly seen from Stob's Castle, of their flesh. Their fat is esteemed Roxburghshire: a sovereign remedy for stiffness in The Comet became visible imme. the joints. In the Portuguese settle- diately after twilight, at a considerable ments, in South America, powdered elevation in the heavens, nearly due moukies' bones are considered an ex- west, and set about one-half past eight cellent sudorific, and likewise as an- o'clock, within a few degrees of northti-venereal. In the gall-bladder of west. The nucleus, or star, when one or two of the Indian species (but viewed through a small telescope, apparticularly of the doric and wunde- peared about the size of a star of the ru), a kind of gall-stove is sometimes first magnitude, but less vivid, and foud. These, save Tavernier, the of a pale dusky colour. The atmosnatives have been known to sell for phere of the Comet, owing to the lias much as a hundred crowns each. mited power of the telescope, was They will not, in general, permit barely perceptible. The tail, daily them to be exported out of their increasing in magnitude and splencountry as articles of commerce, but dour, as the Comet approaches the chiefly prekrve them as an invaluable sun, appeared sometipies extremely present to foreign ambassadors resi brilliant, seeming to be a vibration of ding amongst them. They are con- luminous particles, somewhat resemsidered to possess all the properties bling the aurora borealis, and at other that have been attributed to the most times almost to disappear. From the precious of the bezoar stones. » arch described by the Compet in the Christ Church, Feu. 1, 1807. heavens, in the short space of two

hours, its velocity must be impiense.

By the bearest computation which Ornithology

circumstances and situation allowed,

supposing the Cornet as far distant as In the neighbourhood of Halifax, the sun, or about 12,000 diameters a great natural cocosity has excited of the earth, it must be moving is the admiration of many scores of peo- the present stage of its peribelion, at ple, who liave gone to see it: it is a the amazing velocity of nearly a mil

. white sky-lark! the particular divi- lion of miles an hour, or upwards of sion and Tribe of birds to which it be- 16,000 miles a minute! Such astolongs, is sufficiently identified by its nishing rapidity is indeed alınost in figure and note. It was last spring conceivable ; but the velocity of the taken out of a nest of larks, distin- Comet, observed at Palermo, in 1770, guished from its companions only by by Mr. Brydone, was still more reits colour. This singular bird has markable, which, in 24 hours, deshed its feathers, and is now a sluiu- scribed an arch in the heavens of uping milk white. It is in the posses- wards of 50 degrees in length, and sion of John White bread, at Brock- was computed by that ingenious getr well Bank, on the old road to Roch- tleman to be waoving at the rate of dale,

asisty millions of miles in a day, of

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upwards upwards of 40,000 miles in a mi- to the sun, must have been 2000 times pute.

greater than that of red-hot iron; The comets belonging to our solar consequently, if we suppose that Cosystem are supposed to amount to met to be of the same (liniensions about 450; but the elements or pe- with the earth, and to cool no faster riodical times of a small number on- than red-hot iron, it would require ly of these have been precisely calcu- upwards of a hundred millions of lated. From the many accurate ob- years to cool; and from its periodiservations made by Sir Isaac Newton, cal revolution in the short space of on the great Comet of 1680, they 575 years, inust remain for ever in were first discovered to be a kind of a state of the most violeut ignition. planets moving in very eccentric ellip- This Comet, according to Halley, tical orbits, and with accelerated ve “in passing through its southern node, locity as they approach their perihe- came within the length of the sun's lion. That remarkable Comet was semidiameter of the eartli's orbit.”supposed to be the same which had Had the earth been then in that part appeared in 1106, in the time of of her orbit nearest to that node, the Heury I.--in the year 531, in the mutual gravitation of two such large consulship of Lampadius- and in the bodies, with so rapid a motion as that year 44,B.C. before Julius Cæsar was of this Comet, must not only have demurdered. Its next appearance will ranged the plane of the earth's orbit, be in the year 2255, about four cen- but by coming in contact with the turies hence.

earth (a circumstance by no means The Comet which appeared in 1759 deemed improbable by the most enwas pretty accurately predicted by the lightened philosophers), the shock learned Ďr. Halley, and may again must have reduced this beautiful be expected to appear about the year frame to its original chaos, or trans1835. The best astronomers are ge- ported it beyond the limits of the nerallyagreed, that comets are opaque Georgium Sidus, into the boundless bodies, enlightened by the sun; but depths of infinite space. the precise nature of their substance, But language sinks beneath contem which is capable of sustaining the plation so sublime, and so well calcumost violent degrees of beat, cannot lated to inspire the most awful senlibe determined by the limited faculties ments of the wisdom, providence, and of man. The illustrious Newton cal- power, of the Great Creator of the culated, that the heat of the great universe ! Comet of 1680, in its pear approach October 26, 1807.

USEFUL PROJECTS.

Y

Lists of Patents for Inventions, &c. riage-wheels. Dated Norember 20, granted in the year 1907. 1806.

James Henckell, of the city of (Cliefly from the Repertory of Arts, Ma. London, merchant; for certain imnufactures, and Agriculture.) provements on a machine for dress

ing coffee or barley, or any other OSEPH MOSELEY ELLIOT, corn, grain, pulse, seed, and berries

. Clerkenwell, in the county of Mid- foreigner residing abroad. Dated dlesex, watchmaker; for a new or November 20, 1806. iniproved method of making and William Nicholson, of Soho-square, constructing repeaters, or repeating in the county of Middlesex, gentiewatches, and time-pieces. Dated man; for various improvements in October 30, 1806.

the application of steam to useful Robert Vazie, of the parish of purposes, and in the apparatus reSt. Mary Rotherhithe, in the county quired to the same. Date Novemof Surrey, civil engineer; for im- ber 22, 1806. provements in the measures, and in James Frederick Matthey, of Sufthe machinery to be used in making folk-street, Charing-cross, in the city bricks and earthen-ware, and also for of Westminster, lieutenant in De improvements in the carriages for Meuron's regiment; for various inuremoving the said articles. Dated provements upon fire-arms and guns November 6, 1806.

of all descriptions. Dated DecemiJames Royston, of Halifax, in the ber 4, 1806. county of York, card-maker; for an Samuel Williamson, of Knutsford, improvement on the system of cards in the county of Chester, weaver ; making, by a method of cutting teeth for an improvement in weaving cotfor carding wool and tow. Dated ton, silk, woollen, worsted, and woNovember 6, 1806.

hair, and each of them, and every Johu Wm. Lloyd, late of Brook- two or more of them, by loons. street, Grosvenor-square, in the Dated December 4, 1806. county of Middlesex, but now of Williain Hyde Wollaston, of the Bishop Wearmouth, in the county of parish of St. Mary-la-bonde, in the Durham, esq; for enti-friction rollers county of Middlesex, gentleman ; or wheela, tu asist all sorts of cara for an iustrument whereby any per.

son

son may draw in perspective, or may Anthony George Eckhardt, of Bercopy or reduce any print or drawing wick-street, Golden-square, in the Dated December 4, 1806.

county of Middleseụ, gentleman, and William Speer, of the city of Dub- member of the royal society of Lonlin, esq; now residing in the city of don, and of the society of Haerlem Westminster; for a new art, method, in Holland, and Joseph Lyon, of or process of purifying, refining, and Millbank-street, Westminster, in the otherwise improving fish oils and said county of Middlesex, cooper ; other oils, and converting and apply for a new method of manufacturing ing to use the unrefined parts thereof, pipes for the conveyance of water Dated December 13, 1806. under ground, different to the pre

Tliomas Scott, of Clerkenwell- sent pipes. Dated December 22, close, in the county of Middlesex, 1806. musical instrument-maker ; for an Charles Schmalcalder, of Little improved musical instrument called Newport-street, in the parish of St. a flageolette English flute, or an in- Aun, Soho, in the county of Middlestrument on the flageolette principle, sex, mathematical and philosophical so constructed as a single instrunient, instrument-maker; for a delineator, that two parts of a musical composi- copier, or proportion-ometer, for the tion can be played thereon at the use of taking, tracing, and cutting same time by one person, Dated out profiles, as also copying and December 13, 1806.

tracing reversely on copper, brass, Ambrose Bowden Jobns, of Ply- bard wood, card-paper, paper, assesmouth, in the county of Devon, skin, ivory, and glass, to different bookseller; for certain compositions, proportions, directly from nature, and a mode of manufacturing the landscapes, prospects, or any other same, for covering and facing houses, objects, standing, or previously placed and various other useful purposes. perpendicularly: as also pictures, Dated December 22, 1806.

drawings, prints, plans, caricatures, William Bell, of the town of Der- and public characters, Dated Deby, engineer; for an improvement cember 29, 1806. upon, and an addition to smoothing- Walter flenry Wyatt, of Hallonirons, planeing-irons, and various Garden, London, gent. for the means eilge tools, applicable to many use- of facilitating the chemical action betul purposes. Dated December 22, iween copper and several saline sub1806.

stances, so as to produce important Anthony George Eckhardt, of improvements in the art of separating Berwick-street, Golden-square, in the gold and silver from copper, plated county of Middlesex, gentleman, fel- or united with either of those metals, low of the royal society, and men and in the manufacturing of sulphate ber of the society of Haerlem in of copper, and in the making of Hollaod; for certain improvements many kinds of colours for painting. in the mode of covering or inclosing Communicated by a foreiguer.books, whereby their contents will Dated January 15, 1807. be secured from the observations of Chester Gould, of Birmingbam, in any person but the owner, and will the county of Warwick, gentleman; also be secured from injury. Daled for a machine to ascertain the weiglit December 22, 1806.

of any thing to the amount of ten 3 1 3

tons

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tons and upwards, to be made use of foreigners residing abroad. Dated instead of the common steelyard, or February 5, 1807. branis and weight. Dated January James Essex, of the town of 24, 1807.

Northampton woolstapler and grocer; William Hance, of Tooley-street, for a method of making or manufacin the parish of St. Olave, South- turing dyed, bottled, or felted wool, wark, in the county of Surry, hatter; iplomats, rugs, carpets, &c. of various for a niethod of rendering water- colours, figures, pattems, and sizes, proof, beaver and other hats. Dated for carriages, halls, parlours, hearths, January 29, 1807.

and sundry other purposes. Dated Benjamin Southcombe, of Brick- February 5, 1807. lane, in the parish of St. Luke, in the James Spershott, of Shelton, in county of Middlesex, tin-plate-work. the county of Stafford, clay-merer; for a method of making flexible chant; for an improvement in the or malleable metallic plates into con- manufacture of earthenware. Dated vex or concave fornis or hollow February 7, 1807. shapes. Dated January 29, 1807. John Day, of Camberwell-green,

Richard Friend, of the Broadway, in the parish of St. Mary, Lambeth, St. Thomas, in the borough of stone-mason; for an engine for the Southwark, and county of Surrey, purpose of loading and unloading gun-carriage-maker; for improve- vessels, and also for raising large ments in the making and working anchors and other immense weights gun and carronade carriages. Dated to any height required. Dated FeJanuary 29, 1807.

bruary 12, 1807. Simon Orgill, of the town and Charles earl Stanhope, for im: county of the town of Nottingham, provements respecting the form, conframe-smith; for certain stops for struction, and manner of building working bolt-wheels, affixed to the and fitting out ships and vessels for machine attached to the common the purpose of navigation, and espewarp-lace-frame, to give inotion to cially for counteracting or diminishing the said machine, and also to a ro- the danger of that most mischievous tatory spindle, projections, and levers invention for destroying ships and to be affixed to the said frame itself, vessels, known by the name or apto give motion to the said frame for pellation of submarine bombs, care the purpose of manufacturing by a casses,

casses, or explosious. Dated Femore simple, certain, and expeditious bruary 16, 1807. method, lace or net-work, of various James Winter, of Stoke under figures and qualities, with silk, cot- Hamdon, in the county of Somerset, ton, worsted, or other materials, pro- glove manufacturer; for a machine duced from animal, vegetable, or for sewing and pointing leather mineral substances. Dated Febru- gloves with neatness and strength, ary 3, 1807.

much superior to that which is effect Richard Lorentz, of Great Port- ed by manual labour. Dated Feb. land-street, in the county of Middle- 20, 1807. sex, esq; for certain machines or in- Andrew Kauffman, of the parish of struments, one of which will produce St. Leopard, Shoreditch, in the county instantaneous light, and the other in- of Middlesex, musical-instrumentstantaneous tire; communicated by maker; for improvements in the

construction

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