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Method of cleansing Silk, Woollen, hurting the texture of the articles, or

and Cotton Goods, without Da- spoiling the colour. mage to the Terture or Colour. It is also useful in cleansing oil

By Mrs. Anne Morris, of Union- paintings, or furniture that is soiled. street, near Middlesex Hospital. Dirty painted wainscot may be

cleaned by wetting a sponge in the [ From the same. ne. ]

liquor, then dipping it in a little fine

cleau sand, and allerwards rubbing Take raw potatces, in the state the wainscot therewith. they are taken out of the earth, waste them well; then rub them Various experiments were made on a grater over a vessel of clean by Mrs. Morris, in the preseuce of a water to a fine pulp, pass the li- Committee, at the Society's house: quid matter through a coarse sieve the whole process was performed into another tub of clear water ; let before them upon tine and coarse the mixture stand till the fine white goods of different fabricks, and to particles of the potatoes are preci- their satisfaction. pitated, then pour the mucilaginous liquor from the fecula, and preserve this liquor for use. The article to

MISCELLANEOUS HINTS. be cleaned should then be laid upon a linen cloth on a table, and ha- A cheap Substitute for Tea, more ving provided a clean sponge, dip particularly recommended to the the sponge in the potatoe-liquor, and poorer classes of Society.-White apply the sponge thus wet upon the Pease, baked in an oven till they article to be cleaned, and rub it well are brown throughout; grind and upon it with repeated portions of the boil them as you do coffee, or rather potatoe-liquor, till the dirt is perfect more. The person who recommends ly separated : then wash the article the above considers it his duty to in clean water several times, to re- make it more public, as it bas been move the loose dirt; it may after highly approved of by many of his wards be smoothed or dried. friends, who declare they cannot find

Two middle-sized potatoes will be any difference between this and real sufficient for a pint of water.

coffee.-N. B. When they are warni, The white fecula which separates a small piece of butter is necessary in making the mucilaginous liquor, to mix with them, to prevent their will answer the purpose of tapioca, burning. will make an useful nourishing food Substitute for Barm, which may with soup or milk, or serve to make prove generally useful.--To a piet -starch or hair-powder.

of fresh beer, or porter, put a The coarse pulp which does not table spoonful of brown sugar, and pass the sieve is of great use in as much flour as will convert it to cleaning worsted curtains, tapestry, the consistence of a batter; put the carpets, or other coarse goods. mixture into a small jar or bottle,

The mucilaginous liquor of the corking it close, as it is apt to fly. potatoes will clean all sorts of silk, Shake it well twice a day, for six cotton, or woollen goods, without days, it will then be fit for use. The above will work 14 pounds of four: milk are to be added to it.— With

- leave about a tea-cup full in the tiris beverage, the young animal will bottle, and add the same quantity of fatten and thrive prodigiously; the beer, sugar, and flour; it will be tit milk of the parent will be applied for use in three days. Leave the to the dairy, and the intelligent farbarm to spunge with the four some mer will immediately discover the time in the day, make the bread at great advantage to be derived, in the night, and bake it early next morn- produce of the dairy, from such an ing. The barm is to be beaten up expedient. with a little warm water, to spunge Horse Chesnuts. In Turkey these in the flour as soon as it is out of nuts are ground and mixed with the the jar, and left for about six hours provender for horse's, particularly before the bread is made.

for such as are broken-winded or A receipt for curing Butter, pre- troubled with coughs. After being ferable to the common method, boiled a little to take off the bittercommunicated by a Gentleman of ness, bruised and mixed with a small veracity, who has used it for some quantity of barley meal, they are length of time.-- Take one half good food for rearing and fattening ounce of common salt, one fourth poultry. ounce of saltpetre, and one fourth Oil Cakes given to milch cows, ounce of moist sugar ; pound them add considerably to the quantity and - together, and use them in the pro- richness of the milk, without affectportion of one ounce to the pounding its flavour. Mr. Curwen grinds of butter. On trial, it will be found it, mixes it in layers, and boils it that butter thus prepared will keep with the chaff; by which means balf any length of time, and have a much the quantity answers better than as finer flavour than butter salted in much more given in the cake. the usual manner.

Culture of Potatoes.-A member Milk.-Among the modern im- of the Agricultural Society of provements in farming, the dairy Greenock made the following expehas, of late years, been very much riment :—The first year," he says, neglected. So much of the profit “ I cut the potatoes in three pieces, of breeders depending upon the fa. the top, the middle, and the bottom cility with which tbe milk of the parts, and planted these in three cow may be reserved during the rows. The top plant was ten days suckling-time of the calf, the follow- earlier than the middle plant, and a iug substitute, used in Germany, for much greater crop; the middle plant the natural food of the young pro- was earlier than the bottom and a geny, may be acceptable to our better crop; the bottom produced couniry readers. Let as much wa- but a very indifferent crop. For ter be heated on the fire as the calf some seasons past I have only set would be disposed to drink; and, the top eyes, and I believe bave the when it boils, throw one or two hand- best crop and driest potatoes in the fuls of oaimeal into it, and after country; nor do I think there is any continuing in that state for one mi- waste in doing so ; for I find the nute, take it off, and let it be cooled potatoe keeps the better by having to the temperature of new milk, a cut taken off it.” when one or two pints of skimmed Parpoutier, a celebrated French

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chemist, chemist, has discovered a few spe- moss lands within the townships of cies of utility, besides its nutritive Overton, Middleton, Heaton, and powers, in the potatoe ; and his dis- Heysham, near Lancaster, from the covery has been proved in Englaud discovery of a bed of sea sand of an by stucco-plasterers. From the starch unknown depth, lying about three of potatoes, quite fresh, and washed feet below the surface of the eartb. but once, a fine size, by mixture with The farmers dig pits in the form of chalk, has been made, and in a va.' marl-pits, and after taking off the riety of instances successfully used, -soil and a stratum of blue clay, particularly for ceilings. This spe- about two feet and a half in thicke cies of size has no smell ; while ness, they arrive at the sand, which animal size, putrifying so readily, being spread upon the surface of uniformly exhales a most disagree- the earthi

, mixes with and loosens the able and unwholesome odour; the soil, before too stiff for agricultural size of potatoes, being very little purposes, and couverts it into the subject to putrefaction, appears from best arable land in the neighbourexperience to prove more dura- hood, being capable of bearing four ble in tenacity and whiteness, and, or five successive crops of grain for white-washing should always be without manure. preferred to animal size, the decom- M. Leroi, who has made many position of which always exhibits successful experiments in agriculture, proof of infectious effluvia. advises persons by no means to pro

According to a very curious cal- cure grain for sowing from a soil culation, it has been ascertained, that north of their own land, but from an acre of land planted with pota- a country south of it; because he toes will produce sufficient food for says it is a general rule, that the pro16,875 healthy men for one meal; duct of seed improves in going from while an acre of wheat will not feed south to north, and that it decreases more than 2,745. The expence of in virtue in going from north to cultivating the potatoes is estimated south. at 121. Is. and that of the wheat at The Fly in Turnips.—Sir J. W. 111. 15s.

Jervis, of Ireland, has tried successIn tlie year 1806, there were grown fully to prevent this wide-spreading on moss-laud, at Castle Head, never mischief, by sowing flour of sulphur before cultivated, carrots, which in with the seed. This, it is fouud, one square yard (tried in several destroys the ova of the insect, by parts of the field) weighed 471b. which the damage is occasioned.

acre produced, on the To keep Cows from Corn.- Take average, 9 tons, 4 cwt. 2 qrs. 161b. a quart of train oil, as much turpencarrots, which, at 45. per cwt. would tine, and bruised gunpowder ; boil amount to 361. 185. 61. — The them together, and when hot, dip quantity of potatoes growing on four pieces of rags in the mixture, and statute acres of the same field was fix them on sticks in the field. About 690 bushels. The rows were four four are sufficient for an acre of feet asunder.

AGRICULTURE.-A great im- Receipt for the management of provenient has recently been made Sheep, by Mr. Fair, late overseer at in the cultivation of the marsh and Pencaitland.- Immediately after the


Half an


heep are shorn, soak the roots of frequently grows spontaneously in he wool that remains all over with the hedges in many parts of this Futter and brimstone ; three or four country ; as whole tieliis of wheat lays afterwards wash them with salt have been blighted by only one of ud water; the wool next season will those plants, their effects beginning iot only be much firier and suiter, tirst in a semi-circle from the plant, put the quantity will be in greater and spreading regularly over the abundance.

whole field. As many persons to A Caution' to Farmers.--An into whom I have mentioned this circunsgenious surveyor has given the fol- stanice liave been very incredulous, I lowing intimation, which appears to can assure them that I have often, merit ibe serious attention of every been an eye-witness of the fact; and one engaged in agriculture : "I beg for their further information of it, leave to recommend every farmer refer them to almost every respectto be guarded against that wells able tarmer in the counties of Suttolla i nown slirub the Barberry, which aud Berks."



A History of Somerset-House, from dispersed in the works of writers of

the Commencement of its Erection, different complexions and parties, in 1549. By Samuel Pegge, Esq. that no dispassionate account luas F.S.A.

been given of it; nor bas any been [From “ Curialia.” Part IV.]

compressed into an uninterrupted

narrative. In this attempt I foresee R. PEGGE introduces bis that I shall be obliged to combat

M ;

ter to the President of the Antiqua- must always be the case where hisrian Society:

torians have implicitly copied each “ Dear Sir,

other; for, when traditions have “ After the interest you have passed muster for three centuries, taken in Old London, including their verity is seldom afterwards Westminster, I hope I may be ex- brought to the test." cused in addressing to you an ac- Having given a history of the life count of a building now no more; of the great duke of Somerset, who but which embraces a larger portion was beheaded January 22, 1552-3, of history than ever fell to the lot of “ on a charge which amounted to no a private edifice, when taken with all more than a doubtful act of felowy, its concomitant circumstances -- I and which the king's iministers would mean Somerset-House ; which, hav- not allow him to pardon," Mr. Pegee ing been founded in the middle of well observesthe sixteenth century, and begun to “ This fatal conclusion of the be demolished at the latter end of duke's life, immaterial as it may apthe eighteentlı, is now become within pear to us at this distance of tinie, the pale of antiquity. That alone, bad an excellent and invaluable efhowever, is not what places it within fect on our criminal law's, from which my cognizance ; for in a very few every unfortunate culprit, at this years after its foundation it became day, receives a very esseotial benefit. the property of the crown, and has The evidence against the duke cogever since carried with it such royal sisted merely of written depositions, appendages as may, with no impro- unsupported by oral testimony, and priety, bring it under the general was withal so weak, that a law was title of ihis work. All that has been made, in consequence of it, which hitherto said of it is so very much enacted that witnesses, in all cases,


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