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for a few trifling articles, furnished us with an abundance of roots and dried salmon, the food to which they were accustomed, we found that we could not subsist on these articles, and almost all of us grew sick on eating them; we were obliged therefore to have recourse to the flesh of horses and dogs, as food to supply the deficiency of our guns, which produced but little meat, as game was scarce in the vicinity of our camp on the Kooskooske, where we were compelled to remain, in order to construct our perogues to descend the river. At this season the salmon is meagre, and forms but indifferent food. While we remained here I was myself sick for several days, and my friend capt. Lewis suffered a severe indisposition.

therefore, searched for an eligible situation for that purpose, and selected a spot on the south-side of a little river, called by the natives Netat, which discharges itself at a small bar on the south-side of the Columbia, and fourteen miles within point Adams. Here we constructed some log-houses, and defended them with a common stockade work; this place we called Fort Clatsop, after a nation of that name who were our nearest neighbours. In this country we found an abundance of elk, on which we subsisted principally during the last winter. We left Fort Clatsop on the 27th of March. On our homeward-bound voyage, being much better acquainted with the country, we were enabled to take such precautions as in a great measure se-1 cured us from the want of provision at any time, and greatly lessened our fatigues, when compared with those to which we were compelled to submit in our outward-bound journey. We have not lost a man since we left the Mandians, a circumstance which I assure you is a pleasing consideration to me. As! shall shortly be with you, and the post is now waiting, I deem it unnecessary here to attempt minutely to detail the occurrences of the last 18 months.

"Having completed our perogues and a small canoe, we gave our horses in charge to the Pollotepallors until we returned, and on the 7th of October re-embarked for the Pacific Ocean. We descended by the route I have already mentioned. The water of the river being low at this season, we experienced much difficulty in descending: we found it obstructed by a great number of difficult and dangerous rapids, in passing of which our perogues several times filled, and the men escaped narrowly with their lives.-However, this difficulty does not exist in high water, which happens within the period which I have previously mentioned. We found the natives extremely numerous, and generally friendly, though we have on several occasions owed our lives and the fate of the expedition to our number, which consisted of 31 men. On the To the Editors of The Royal Gazette.

17th of November we reached the ocean, where various considerations induced us to spend the winter; we,

"I am, &c.

"Your affectionate brother, "WILLIAM CLARK."

Remarkable Instance of Propensity
to the Savage State.
[From a Jamaica Paper.]


I request you will have the goodness to insert the following extraor

dinary occurrence in The Royal Gazette; it may possibly lead to some important discovery. With great respect, I remain,


Your obedient servant,
W. W.

Greenwich Park,
St. Ann, Jan. 22.

distant from this place; in that time never saw a white face or human habitation; had enjoyed perfect health. When he was asked, why he had abandoned society? he shrugged his shoulders, and lifted up his hands, as if in the act of adoration. When a cordial was given to him, he was cautioned not to drink much, as excess would kill him; he replied,

clothed, fed, and encouraged, and the writer of this retired to reconmend him as a fit object for the hospital. In a minute afterwards, he was told the wild man had escaped.

"A few days ago, it was men-death to me is welcome.' He was tioned to me, in the shape of a complaint, that there was a wild white man resident in the woods of this property, who had interrupted the negroes in working their provision-grounds, &c. Upon inquiry, I found his residence in the woods had not been a secret; but some late outrages which he committed, prompted the sufferer to complain. It appeared that he occasionally molested the women, but always ran from the men. Upon this information, I sent out a party, with a guide, who knew his haunts. The party divided, with a view to surround his hut; and, in the deepest recesses of the woods, they saw him sitting on the point of a rock; he fled, but, after a short pursuit, was overtaken, and brought hither. He was naked, save the scanty remains of a doublet; his beard had attained the utmost point of its growth; his feet and hands were callous as leather: his skin was discoloured with filth; and, altogether, he exhibited the most humiliating object that monkish debasement could furnish. When first taken, he affected dumbness, but afterwards I obtained from him the following particulars:-His name is Charles Martin, is an Italian, born at Florence, thinks he has been two or three years in the woods; he entered them at Port Maria, 30 miles

It seems he had watched for an opportunity of being unobserved, when he seized his victuals, and ran with amazing celerity towards the woods. The dogs were alarmed, and pursued him; as they approached, he threw down pieces of meat to stay them.-When he found his efforts to escape unavailing, he stopped suddenly, and ran to his pursuers. When he was expostulated with on his want of confidence, after the kind treatment he had met with, he shook his head, sighed deeply, and said, man is my enemy; I am afraid?' His intellects appear to be sound, although he speaks with great reluctance; he is well made, has blue eyes, is in stature about 5 feet 8 inches. His but is fashioned much like an Indian wigwam, and he has contrived a subterraneous kitchen, with great ingenuity; his habitation was surrounded with springes to catch birds, one of which he had prepared for his breakfast. He had displayed talents in fabricating divers sorts of baskets; and, what is strange, no iron, not even a knife, was found in his possession."


From the same.

Perhaps the following additional particulars of Charles Martin, the wild white man, mentioned in your paper of the 1st instant, may be interesting to some of your readers:

When retaken as stated in the former communication, he was sent to the hospital, where he occupied a room, was kindly treated, and indulged with an extra allowance of food; but his habits are so incorrigibly savage, that what civilized man considers comfort, is to him intolerable insipidity. On the night of the 24 inst. he made his escape through a small aperture in the wall of the room in which he was confined; he left not a vestige by which to trace his flight. A fortnight afterwards, he was found by accident, in the centre of a cane-piece, about half a mile from the hospital, surrounded with cane trash, the refuse of his subsistence; he had divested himself of the incumbrance of dress, and had, for fourteen days, been exposed to the inclemency of the weather, which is here peculiarly severe at this season of the year; his appearance was squalid and tenuated; and although a nudity, he appeared before numbers of people unabashed, and with an unblushing composure of countenance, which evinces that the sense of shame in him is entirely abolished. was reconducted to his old quarters, and asked in what manner he lived? He answered, that he had never moved more than a few yards from the spot he first occupied; that he eat two canes daily; that he had slept well (although unsheltered, and nightly exposed to "the peltings of the pitiless storm;") and that



he felt himself happy, because he was safe. The writer of this account asked him, were he permitted his liberty, whether he would abide in the court of the hospital? He said he would make no promise. When he was questioned why he had deserted the comforts of society, to submit to the privations of a savage and solitary life? he eagerly replied, that the very sight of wankind gave him pain. He persists that his name is Charles Martic; that he was born at Nice, in Piedmont (not at Florence, as before stated); that he was educated at Caen, in Normandy; that of the former place his father is a winemerchant; and that himself kept a store at Port-au-Prince, in St. Domingo, some years ago. He writes a legible hand, and speaks Norman French with great fluency. His understanding on general subjects is unimpaired; but he is possessed of a notion that he is reserved for some ignominous death; and neither the encouragement nor the kindness he has received, has been able to eradicate this impression, which seems to be indelible.

I understand the former account of this miserable self devoted outcast, was treated by some as fabulous; if there be still sceptics, they may have their doubts removed, by application to,

Your humble servant,

St. Ann's Bay, Feb. 26, 1806.

P. S. On re-examining the hut, his former habitation in the woods, around it were growing 13 Alicada pear plants; from the size of the


largest it was inferred, that his residence there must have exceeded two years: he appears to have forgotten the lapse of time.

Loss of the Sydney.

[From the Asiatic Mirror.]

In one of our late papers, we noticed the loss of the ship Sydney. The particulars of the event, and of the subsequent preservation of the greatest part of the ship's company, are communicated in the following letter from captain Forrest to the editor of The Mirror:

Calcutta, Oct. 14, 1806.

“ Sir, "The Sydney left Port Jackson on the 12th of April, 1806, bound to Bengal. Intending to proceed thro' Dampier's Strails, her course was directed as nearly as possible in the track of captain Hogan, of the Cornwallis, which, as laid down in the charts, appears a clear safe passage. On the 20th of May, at one A. M. in lat. 3. 20. S. long. 146. 50. E. we ran upon a most dangerous rock or shoal; and as this reef is not noticed in any map or chart, it appears that we were its unfortunate disco


"On Sunday, over the taffrail, we found twenty-five fathoms water; over the larboard gangway, six fathoms; on the starboard side only nine feet; and over the bows, twelve feet. One of the boats was immediately got out, with a bower anchor; but, on sounding ten fathoms distance from the ship, found no ground at sixty fathoms.

"It must have been high water when we struck; for, at that time

there was no appearance of any reef or breaker; but as the water subsided, the shoal began to shew itself with a number of small black rocks. The ship had been striking very hard, and began to sue forward. At three A. M. there were six feet water in the hold, and increasing rapidly; at five o'clock the ship was setting aft, her top-sides parting from the floorheads.

Upon consultation with my officers, it was the unanimous opinion, that the ship was irrecoverably gone, and that no exertions could avail for her safety. We therefore employed all bands in getting the boats ready to receive the crew, one hundred and eight in number. Eight bags of rice, six casks of water, and a small quantity of salted beef and pork, were put in the long boat, as provisions for the whole. We were prevented taking a large stock, as from the number of people, the three boats were barely sufficient to receive the whole with safety.

"We remained with the Sydney till five P. M. on the 21st of May, when there were three feet water on the orlop-deck; we now thought it full time to leave the ship to her fate, and to seek our safety in the boats. Accordingly I embarked in the long-boat, with Mr. Trounce, second officer, and seventy-four Lascars: Mr. Robson, first officer, and Stalkart, third, with sixteen Lascars, were in the cutter; and the jollyboat was allotted to fifteen Dutch Malays and one Sepoy.

"Being desirous to ascertain the position of the reef, by making the Admiralty Islands, shaped our course accordingly, steering N. by E. half E. During the night it blew fresh, and the long-boat making much water, we were obliged to lighten her,


by throwing overboard a great deal of lumber, and two casks of water. The three boats kept close in company, the long-boat having the jollyboat in tow. Finding, at day-light, that the cutter sailed considerably better, I directed Mr. Robson to take the jolly-boat in tow. The wind increased as the morning advanced, and a heavy swell rising, at 10 A. M. the jolly-boat sunk, while in tow by the cutter, and all on board, to the number of sixteen, unfortunately perished. It was lamentable to witness the fate of these unhappy men, and the more so, as it was not in our power to render them the smallest assistance.

"At noon on the 22d we saw the Admiralty Islands, bearing N. N. E. distant three or four leagues; and as we had run about fifty-eight miles in the boats, upon a N. by E. half E. course, the situation of the shoal on which the Sydney struck was accurately ascertained, and will be found as above laid down.

"From the Admiralty Islands we continued standing to the westward; and on the 25th made a small island: we stood towards it, and from its appearance I was induced to land, in the hope of obtaining a supply of water. Mr. Robson, myself, and twenty of the best of our hands, armed with heavy clubs, brought from New Caledonia, our fire-arms being rendered useless from exposure to heavy rains, approached in the cutter, and landed, through a heavy surf, to the utmost astonishment of the inhabitants, who, as far as we could judge from appearance, had certainly never before seen people of our complexion. The men were tall and well made, wearing their hair plaited and raised above the head-they had no appearance of Malays, nor Caffrees; and, ex

cepting their colour, which was of a light copper, they had the form and features of the natives of Europe: they were entirely naked. a number of women, who were wellformed, with mild pleasing features.

"We were received on the beach by about twenty or thirty of the natives, who immediately supplied each of us with a cocoa-nut. We then succeeded in making them understand that we wanted water, upon which they made signs for us to accompany them towards the interior of the island:-we did so; but after walking about a mile, they conducted us into a thick jungle; and as their number was quickly increasing, I judged it imprudent to proceed further, and returned to the beach, where I was alarmed to find the natives had assembled to the number of one hundred and fifty, or upwards, armed with spears, eight or ten feet long. One of them, an old man, of venerable appearance, and who seemed to be their chief, approached, and threw his spear at my feet, expressive, as I understood, that we should part with our clubs in like manner. Perceiving at this time a crowd of women to have got hold of the sternfast of the cutter, and endeavouring to haul her on shore from the grapnel with which we had cometo, we hastily endeavoured to gain the boat; the natives followed us closely, some of them pointed their spears at us, as we retreated to the boat, and some were thrown, though happily without effect; and to us they appeared to be very inexpert in the management of their weapons. On my getting into the water, three or four of the natives followed me, threatening to throw their spears; and when I was in reach of the boat, one of them made a thrust, which was prevented

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