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till there was no need to give the , to give them an opportunity to disalarm, and my thoughts were direct- charge their pieces, either stabbed ed to danger from another quarter. or scalped them, and bore their It struck me, however, as somewhat bodies away, which they concealed singular to see this animal making, at some distance in the leaves. The by a circuitous passage, for a thick Americans gave them rewards for coppice immediately behiud my every scalp of an eneiny which they I therefore kept my eye brought.

Whatever circumstances inore constantly fixed upon it, and of .wonder may appear in the preas it was now within a few yards of sent relation, there are many now the coppice, hesitated whether I alive who can attest its authenticity. should not fire. My comrades, thought I, will laugh at me for alarming them by shooting a pig!

New Discoveries. I had almost resolved to let it alone, when, just as it approached the The royal hydrographical office thicket, I thought I observed it give of Madrid, has published, by coman unusual spring. I no longer he- mand of the Prince of the Peace, in sitated : I took my aiın; discharged the Gazette of that city, the follow, my piece; and the animal was in- ing notice, relative to a discovery stantly stretched before me with a recently made in the South Sea :--: groan which I conceived to be that The frigate La Pala, belonging of a human creature. I went up to to the Philippine Company, and it, and judge my astonishment, when commanded by Don John Baptiste I found that I had killed an Indian! Monteverde, on her voyage from He had enveloped bimself with the Manilla to Lima, discovered on the skin of one of these wild hogs so 18th of February, 1806, a group of artfully and completely; his hands islands, the southernmost of which and feet were so entirely concealed is situated in 3 deg. 29 min. North in it, and his gait and appearance latitude, and 162 deg. 5 mio. East

so exactly correspondent to longitude, from Cadiz. that of the animal's, that, imper- These islands, 29 in number, ocfectly as they were always seen cupy a space of 10 leagues from through the trees and jungles, the NE. to SW. and are separated by disguise could not be penetrated at channels, one or two leagues in a distance, and scarcely discovered breadth. They are low, woody, upon the nearest aspect. He was and intersected with rivers. Their armed with a dagger and toma- inhabitants are of the most pacific hawk.”

disposition. They first approached Such was the substance of this the frigate to the number of 21, in man's relation. The cause of the two canoes. disappearance of the other centinels When they had come within was now apparent. The Indians, musket shot, they ceased rowing, sheltered in this disguise, secreted and held some cocoa-nuts towards themselves in the coppice; watched the Spaniards, shouting and making the moment when they could throw signs. The frigate clewed lier sails, it off; burst upon the centinels with and hoisted the Spanish colours. out previous alarm, and, too quick, This maneuvre having apparently excited some apprehensions in the able resemblance, in their features Islanders, the Spanish colours were and conduct, to the Indians of the struck, and a white flag was hoisted, islands of St. Bartholemiew, and the crew, at the sanie liine, calling those of Cala and Ibictar, where and making signs to the canoes to he landed in 1800, with the frigate approach. They accordingly, came La Philippine, commanded by Don alongside, and gave the Spaniards Juan Abarguitia. some cocoa-nuts, without demanding any thing in return, but none of them 'could be persuaded to come

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excited reef

Description of St. David's Islands, on board. The crew of the frigate in the Passage to China. By then distributed among them some Captain Barclay. Published for old knives, iron-rings, and pieces general Information. of red clotli ; and this liberality excited such joy and gratitude in these "To John Shore, Esq. Sec. to Hon. Comgood people, that they immediately

pany's Marine Board, Calcuita. stripped their canoes to make pre- Sir, sents to the Spaniards; their pets, Induced from having touched at their fish-hooks, their cocoa-nut St. David's Islands, in the North Pashells, which served them for cups, cific Ocean, in our way to China, in their enormous hats, “made of the the Mangles, and not knowing of any leaves of the palm-tree, were all, in correct account yet being obtained a moment, removed op board of the of their danger, vatives, &c. I beg frigate; and they, at length, pro- permission to present you with a ceeded to strip themselves of their short description, and a small chart only garment, fastened round their of them. waist, in order to testify their grati- The best account yet giren of . tnde to their benefactors. Still they them, is by capt. Williams, when, were not content with themselves, commanding the hon. company's ship and gave the Spaniards to under- Thames, be saw them on bis passage stand, that they would return to home from Chiva, coming the eastern their island to fetch other presents, route. He places them from latiand requesting that the frigate tude 1o S. to 0° 55m S. their longwould wait for them.

tude from 134. 17 E. to 134. 05 E.; These Indians are tall, well made, wbich, at the distance be passedi robust, and active. They are of an them, must be considered as very olive colour, have flat noses, black accurate. By a good observation, curled hair, but of considerable at noon; when close in with them, length. In each canoe was a vene- we made the centre of the reef to he, rable old man, naked like the others, on 0° 54 S. and by one of Margett's and who appeared to be their chief. chronometers, No. 209, wiose rate One very remarkable circumstance had been regular for upwarris of two is, that these two old men were years, 134 20 E. The full extent of white, and had acquiline noses. the reef and islands is about fourteen They had rather the air of Spani- miles north and south; and their ards than of savages. Captain Mon. breadth east to west five miles. teverde adds, that these islands, and Captain Williams not passing close their aged chiets, wore a consider- enough to perceive the danger of the

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reef on which they are situated, or This was the dress of the men; and what refreshiuents might be procured the only difference we perceived in from them, I considered the first as that of the women was, a small mat an object of some moment, as the tied round the waist, which reached eastern passage to Chiva, in all pro- as low as the knee. bability, may be more frequented The natives of these islands are than formerly, by the Bengal ship- particularly well proportioned and ping, should ihe cotton trade increase. robust; their features are regular

The islands are very low; and aud manly; some of them so symmesinips falling in with them in the night trical, that I was astonished; having would be close in, before they per- never seen any equal to them in ceived the land; and it not acquaint- either Asia, Africa, or America. ed with the danger, might attempt a There is not the least resemblance passage with them, in which case they between them and the Malays, or the would unavoidably run on the reef; inhabitants of New Guinea ; nor can as they are situated upon one entire i form the smallest conjecture, from skoal, so that it is not possible for whence these islands could have been a boat to pass between the islands. first inhabited. Their only produce,

The view of the reef on which and chief food, is the cocoa nut, (fish they are placed, was taken from the excepted) consequently but little remiast head, from wbence the eye freshments can be obtained by touchcould extend over the whole space ing at thenı ; and water, if any is to of both islands and reef, therefore I be procured, I conceive must be can vouch for its accuracy.

brackish, from the low situation, and The natives came off in great num- small extent of the islands. Anbers; and on approaching near the chorage there is none, as you have ship, perfornieri extravagant gestures, titty fathoms close to the edge of the and held forth a long barangue, reef. A quantity of mother-o'-pearl which neither our Malays, nor any might be collected; but I question if other person on board, understood; sufficient to induce a ship to touch after which they made vo scruple of tur it. coming on board, and freely parted

I am, sir, &c. with their ornaments of dress, and

ANDREW BARCLAY. cocoa-nuts, tor pieces of iron hoops July 1st, 1806. and old pails.

Their dress consisted of a treble string of cora!, stones, and shells, A brief Account of the Brazils. round the waist; a narrow piece of cloth up between the legs, made out The Portuguese possessions in of the fibres of cocoa nut; a brace- South America extend from 32 deg. let of tortoise-shell, round the right south lat. to i dey. 30 min. north of arist; two square pieces of niother- the line, being 33 degrees and a half, o'-pearl, suspended round the neck, aud the breadth, in one part, equals by hair, one picce lianging down the that exteut. Except that portion infront of the body, and the other cluded in the 1 deg. 30 min. north, down the back; a collar round the called Portuguese Guiana, the whole beck, of fish teeth, and black corale of this past territory, having an ex

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tent of coast of 2200 English miles, slaughtered for the value of their is known by the general name of hides. All the provinces, according Brazil. The Portuguese settlement to the account of Staunton, are adnaturally extending aloug the coast, vancing fast to opulence and imporlittle is known of the interior; for tance. They manufactured of late most of the tribes being Anthropo- several of the most necessary articles phagi, even the missionaries have for their own consumpsion, and tbeir been unwilling to penetrate further. produce was so considerable, that the The fanaticism of the Portuguese has balance of trade began to be in their always proved a strong obstacle to favour. the population of this fine region. The imports into the Brazils are Sir C. Staunton computed the whites chiefly linen, woollens, silk hats, at 200,000, and the negroes, &c. at wheat, flour, rice, port wine, furni680,000. The whole may now pro- ture, oil, cheese, &c. in return for bably be about one million ; a popu- gold, sugar, tobacco, Brazil wood, lation by no means adequate to the skins, ipecacubana, and other drugs. extent and fertility of the country. The trade in timber is a favourite It is divided into three governments, object with Da Cunha, who presen of which Rio, Janeiro is the chief, the nagalree, the ipe, the guramirim, owing to the gold and diamond mines and sueupiora, to the best and in its neighbourhood.

strongest timber in Europe. Woods Of the state of industry in the for ornamental cabinet work too, or Brazil we have no very minute ac- for the use of dyers, may be procount. After the discovery of the cured here in great perfection and mines, particular attention was paid variety. Several of the aromatic to them, from the notion then preva- plants are found here in a truly inlent, that riches consisted in gold and digenous state, such as the givger, precious stones. Though the soil is turmeric, different species of pepper, very fertile, agriculture appears to be American coffee, capsicum, or Guinea in rather a low state. Da Cunha, pepper, and the wild cinnamon. A bishop of Fernambucco, the latest variety of medicinal plants also grow authority of consequence, informs here in great abundance, and such us, that the province of Rio Grande esculent plants and fruits as are comalone might supply a great part of mon to the tropical regions of AmeEurope with wheat, hemp, and other rica. Mr. Lindley's narrative, pubproducts; and yet it appears, that lished in 1805, presents some notices wheat, rice, and four, are consider- that may be of use in the deficiency able articles of importation into Ba- of materials on this subject. He hia, which was the most commercial says that the bitter, or Seville city of the Brazils, till the discovery orange, is a native of America. of the mines gave the superior im- There are great unwrought mines of portance to Rio Janeiro. Several nitre near Bahia. No vessels, be districts produce cotton, indigo, cof- observes, ought to approach the fee, chocolate, rice, pepper, and the coast on the south of Bahia within poted Brazilian tobacco. The pum- half a degree, as all our charts are ber of caltle in some of the provinces very imperfect in that part. Tlie is prodigious, and they are often Rio Grande and the adjoining Pativa supply excellent timber for the they considered as administered with royal docks--one kind resembling too much insolence and contempt of the teak of India; while Brazil- other nations. The youth, in partiwood, log-wood, mahogany, rose- cular, were jinbued with republican wood, and others also abonnd. notions, and ridiculed their own sub

The principal commercial city at jection to Portugal-a report conpresent is Rio Janeiro. The harbour formed by Staunton. Mr. Lindley is capacious and excellent; the sur. also states, that they wish much to rounding country is fertile, and get rid of their dependence on Great abounds in cattle and sheep. The Britain, to which they bear considershops are full of Manchester goods able enmity. and English prints, and there are The most curious circunstances manufactures of sugar, run, and relating to the state of manners in cocbineal. It may be of some im- Brazil, is the conduct of a set of portance to state, that though the miscreants, called Paulists—a soprovince of Rio Grande is the richest ciety of freebooters in the Southof the Brazils, the river is little navi. ern part of the country. United by gable ou account of the shoals. The equal want of religion and morals, adjoining province of San Catarina, the first inbabitants of the town of therefore, serves as a mart for the St. Paul formed a' republic, like productions of Rio Grande, by its that of robbers in a cavern. Maleexcellent harbour, which is the best factors of all nations and colours in the country after that of Rio formed about a hundred families, Janeiro.

which gradually rose to a thousand. With respect to the European set. The Paulists declared themselves a tiers, they are described as gay and free people. All strangers who did fond of pleasure. They eat without not bring certificates of having been knives or forks, and roll the meat regular thieves were refused admitand vegetables into balls; the ladies tance into the colony. The first without ceremony search for vermin trial of a citizen was to make an exin each other's hair, and their usual cursion and bring in two Indians dress is a single petticoat over a che- as prisoners. Virtuous actions were mise. It is acknowledged by the carefully punished witli death. SupPortuguese themselves, " that Brazil, plied with fire-arms from unknown considering the number of years it quarters, they carried devastation has been colonized, the space which into the Spanish possessions. Where it occupies, and the inhabitants it they suspected that force would not contains, exhibits the greatest defi- avail, they assumed the gowns of the ciency of genius and curiosity of any jesuits, and preached with the most quarter of the globe.” There is a re- holy fervour to the Indians, on the markable want of subordination, espe- advantages of religion, and the heincially among the white servants, so as ous offences of murder and robbery, not to be exceeded by the jacobin particularly warving them against epoch of France. They admired the those devils the Paulists. Having French generals and conquests, and, gained the confidence of the Indians, according to Mr. Lindley's account, they inveigled them into places where entertained an antipathy against the they could easily seize them as primaritime power of England, which soners. At last, however, the state

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