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Now, according to the most authentic documents that can be procured, and those documents furnished by men who do not appear to be by any means prejudiced in favour of vaccination, namely, the returns of 164,381 persous vaccinates, made to the royal college of surgeons; it appears,
That 24 persons, or 1 in 6,849 have had inflamed arms.
That 3 persons, or 1 in 54,793 have died of such inflamed arnis.
That 66 persons, or 1 in 2,477 have had eruptions after the cowpock.
And that 56 persons, or 1 in 2,917 have had the small-pox after
Thus, instead of two thousand persons killed by the small-pox, and six thousand rendered miserable for life, not a single death would have happened, and only six persons could in any respect have been rendered, uneasy or dissatisfied; and it is universally acknowledged, that such accidents are less likely to occur now thau formerly, on account of the improved method of vaccinating generally adopted.
It appears then, that in a given number of cases the advantages of the cow-pock over the small-pox is as 8000 to 6; consequently, those who submit to the process of vaccination have upwards of thirteen hundred chances to one in their fa
Sir George Downing, bart. of Gamlingay Park, in the county of Cambridge, in the year 1717, devised all his valuable estates in the counties of Cambridge, Bedford, and Suffolk, to his nearest relations, being first cousins, &c. to each for life, with remainder to their issue in succession; and in case they all died without issue, he devised those estates to trustees, who, with the consent and approbation of the archbishops of Canterbury and York, and the masters of St. John's and Clare Hall, should found a college within the university of Cambridge, which should be called Downing College.
Sir George died in 1749; and, upon the death of sir Jacob Garrat Downing, in 1764, without issue, the rest of sir George's relations named in his will being also then dead without issue, the estates devised were claimed by the university for the use of the intended college.
The validity of sir George Downing's will, after many years itigation, was at length established: and the charter for the incorporation of Downing College having been fully examined and considered by the lords of the privy council, and their recommendation of it bemg confirmed by his majesty's express approbation, the great seal was affixed to it by lord chancellor Loughborough, on the 22d of September, 1800.
Ceremonial observed on laying the Foundation-Stone of Downing Col lege, on Monday, May 18, 1807.
An excellent sermon upon the occasion was preached at St. Mary's church, by the Rev. Dr. Outram, public orator of the university, at eleven o'clock in the forenoon; after
which the members of the university assembled at the senate-house, where Mr. William Frere, fellow of Downing College, delivered a suitable speech in latin.
At a quarter before one
left the Senate-House for the Site of the College,
THE VICE-CHANCELLOR IN HIS ROBES;
Professors of the University;
Proctors, in their Congregation Habits, followed by their men, with the
Public Registrar, and Public Librarians ;
Bachelors of Divinity, and Masters of Arts, two and two;
When the procession arrived at the site of Downing College, Dr. Annesley, the master of Downing, deposited the foundation-stone, and made an oration in latin. Dr. Outram then pronounced a benediction.
After this ceremony, the procession returned in the same order to the senate-house, and then dispersed to their several colleges.
The stone contained the best collection of coins of the present reign that could be procured; with the first stereotype plate cast in the foundry of the university, on the improved principle of earl Stanhope.
The following is an exact copy of the inscription, which is very handsomely engraved on copper, and sunk in the foundation-stone:
COLLEGIVM. DOWNINGENSE IN. ACADEMIA . CANTABRIGIÆ GEORGIVS. DOWNING. DE. GAMLINGAY. IN EODEM, COMITATV
OPIBUSQUE. MUNIFICE. INSTRVIT
REGIA. TANDEM. CHARTA. STABILIVIT
HÆC VERO. ÆDIFICII. PRIMORDIA
QUOD. AD. RELIGIONIS. CULTUM
JURIS. ANGLICAN. ET. MEDICINE. SCIENTIAM ET. AD. RECTAM. JVVENTVTIS. INGENVÆ DISCIPLINAM. PROMOVENDAM FELICITER. EVENIAT.
After the ceremony, the new master entertained the principal members of the university with an excellent dinner at the Red Lion inn.
The present collegiate body, appointed by the charter of Downing College, are as follow:
Master. Francis Annesley, LL.D. member of St. John's, and late member of parliament for Reading, in Berkshire. Appointed 1800.
Professor of the Laws of England. Edward Christian, M. A. member of St. John's.
Professor of Medicine. Busick Harwood, M. D. professor of anatomy, and member of Emanuel.
Anecdote of his Majesty.
The late sir Lionel Darell having occasion for a few feet of land to build green-houses to his residence at Richmond, which was so close to the wall of Richmond Park that
Fellows. John Lens, M. A. member of St. John's; Wm. Meek, M.MA. of Emanuel; Wm. Freere, M. A. of Trinity.
Besides the above, a professor of medicine, thirteen feilows, six scholars, at 50l. per aunum, for fouryears, two chaplains, a librarian, and other officers, will be appointed, with adequate salaries.
A member of a Scotch university, with certain qualifications, is eligible to be a professor of medicine at this college.
The annual salary of the master is 6001. of a professor 2001. of a fellow 1001. or in that proportion.
there was no possibility of making the proposed improvement without obtaining a grant from the crown, of such proportion of the park as was necessary for the building, applied to the lords of the treasury and the commissioners of crown
lands, for the accommodation, for which he was willing to pay any thing that could be reasonably required. The business, however, proceeded but slowly. The lords of the treasury and the commissioners of the crown lands were at a loss how to act with respect to making the grant at all, there being no precedent except in the spontaneous acts of his majesty in the exercise of his royal bounty. The space required by sir Lionel Darell was, besides, so smail, that it was hardly worth setting a value upon it; and it could not be granted gratis without an application to the king, which ministers seldom like to make, unless they have some particular object to answer. Sir Lionel being anxious to complete his improvements, and seeing no way out of the endless labyrinth of solicitation at the treasury, and at the office of the crown lands, resolved at length to apply to his majesty directly in person. cordingly, the next day of his majesty's passing that way, on his graciously stopping to speak with sir Lionel, as he usually did, sir Lionel took the opportunity of stating to his majesty the difficulty he laboured under, and that the only possibility of relieving it was the grant of a few feet of land from the park. majesty immediately said, with his usual warmth of beneficence, "Certainly, sir Lionel, certainly, you shall have it by all means." His majesty then got off his horse, and said, "how much do you want, sir Lionel?" Sir Lionel having pointed out the quantity he had occasion for, which was but a very small space, his majesty exclaimed, "Very little indeed, sir Lionel; are you sure it will be enough? do not stint yourself." Sir Lionel assured his ina
jesty that he had pointed out the full extent of his want, and that his majesty's gracious and liberal compli ance could not induce him to abuse his royal bounty by extending his demand any further. "Well, then,” said his majesty, "let us make a mark;" and his majesty accordingly took a stick, and drew a line round the extent that sir Lionel had marked out. There, sir Lionel, that is your ground; it is mine no longer.” His majesty then mounted his horse and rode off; leaving sir Lionel no less penetrated with gratitude for his majesty's easy compliance with his request, than with admiration and love for the truly bountiful and cordially beneficent manner in which that compliance had been expressed.
Customs of the Coicular, near Coimbetore.
[From Dr. Buchanan's Journey from Madras, through Mysore, Canara, and Malabar.]
The Natami Carun, or hereditary chief, of the Coicular weavers here, informs me, that in this tribe there are the following divisions; namely, Siritali, Tatayuatar, and Conga, to which last he belongs. In other districts other divisions are known; at Sati-mangalam, for instance, they are divided into Chóla, Culcundo, Murdea, and Conga. There the hereditary chief is a Murdea. Those divisions do not intermarry, but can eat in common. As the Coicular never marry persons of the same family in the male line with themselves, their marriages are confined to a few families, whose descents are known to each other. The men may marry several wives, and the women
continue after the age of puberty to be marriageable. Except among the Siritali, a widow cannot marry again. They do not allow of that kind of inferior marriage, called Cutiga above the Ghats, and Wopati or Jaty-bidda in this country. A woman, who has any criminal connection with a strange man, is excommunicated; but when a married woman is seduced by a Coienlar, both seducer and cuckold pay a fine of two Fanams, or almost a shilling, and the matter is settled in an amicable manner by the hereditary chief. The Coicular are allowed to eat animal food, and to drink intoxicating liquors. Many of them read legendary tales, and can keep accompts. Some of them bury, and some of them burn the dead. On both occasions, proper Mantrams must be read by a Bráhman; otherwise the departed soul inevitably becomes a Muni, or a low kind of devil; as is also the case with the souls of all those who are killed by accident, whether they may have been good or bad. If the proper ceremonies have been performed, the souls of good men are received into the heaven called Coilasa; those of bad men are punished by being born again, either as mea or animals. The Coicular are of Siva's side, but consider Camachuma, or Parvati, as the proper deity of their Some of the idols of this goddess are served by priests of the Coicular, others by Pundarum, and in some large temples by Brahmans; but these never join in the bloody sacrifices that are offered by the low tribes to the idol, and retire whenever the animals are going to be killed. The Coicular offer sacrifices also to the Saktis and Munis. These last are destructive spirits of the male
sex, of whom the worship is very common throughout the province of Coimbetore. The Guru of the Cois cular is a Smartal Brahman, whose office is hereditary. He gives them Upadésa, and consecrated food, water, and ashes, and receives their annual contributions. He either comes round, or his disciples visit for him, once in the year. The Paachanga, or astrologer, acts for the Coicular as Puróhita, and reads Mantrams at the annual and monthly commemoration of their deceased parents, at the building of a new house, at marriages, and at funerals. The hereditary chief punishes transgressions against the rules of cast by fine and excommunication. is assisted by a council, and pretends also to have a jurisdiction in disputes; but in these an appeal is commonly made to the officers of government. The Coicular are weavers, writers, or accomptants, schoolmasters, and physicians; and all the dancing women, and musiciaus attached to them in this country, formerly belonged to this cast; but the decent part of the community have entirely given up all society with these abandoned characters.
These dancing women, and their musicians, thus now form a separate kind of cast; and a certain number of them are attached to every temple of any consequence. The allowances which the musicians receive for their public duty is very small; yet morning and evening they are bound to attend at the temple to perform before the image. They must also receive every person travelling on account of the government, meet him at some distance from the town, and conduct him to his quarters with music and dancing.