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reported to have said -- They (the peti- , use your best abilities, and your

most tioners) started with the proposition, anxious and persevering inquiries, in that it was wrong to support a religion of order to qualify yourselves, is a part of which they disapproved. That might your duty, as a conscientious represenbe a very good opinion to hold ; but it tative, a patriotic subject, and an honest appeared to him, that any one who con- man. Upon other snbjects you do this. scientiously held that opinion was bound You study the science of political ecoto support the voluntary system. How nomy, and take upon you to decide in any one could, in common candour, say the matter of corn laws, on which that it was wrong to support a religion the people are divided. You study which they thought erroneous, and yet the nature and operation of municiexact the very same support for another pal governments of large towns, and religion, of others who equally thought come to a decision upon the subject of that erroneous--how they could allow corporations. You examine the complithe great majority of the people of this cated interests of our colonial union, and country to impose upon the vast majo decide upon questions involving the rerity of the people of Ireland the duty spective powers and privileges of local of supporting persons to arlvocate legislatures and the imperial Parliathe tenets, which the majority in Ireland ment. In all things you decide ; and it deemed wrong, he could not conceive. is right you should decide. You are not It seemed to him to be utterly at vari- kept from decision by the indecision ance with every notion of consistency, of the people, or by any difference of of candour and of sense. In this sense, opinion, and I should say that any man the laws which required the pay. who cannot make up his mind because ment of church rates from persons his fellow countrymen differ in opinion, of all persuasions ought to be in- because his constituents differ in opinion. stantly repealed.' This very or from any other cause, ought to give up clever against a certain opinion; but his seat. We claim decision at your who ever held that opinion? Who were hands; and if you answer, “Well, the they that ever held it was wrong to only way in which we can decide is by a support a religion, of which they did not majority; and are you prepared to abide approve ? I cannot, of course, say of by the decision of a majority in matters which particular petition the noble lord of religion and education ?'--the reply spoke, as, I am happy to say, there were is, “Whether we are willing or not, it is a great many of them ; but I may say your duty to decide.'” for the friends of the church, that we Here we will conclude. We may have never alleged it was wrong to support a many among our readers, differing from religion, or a system of education, be- our view; but they will allow us, witir cause we disapproved of it. It was of the liberty of Christian men, to state our this the noble lord made so much ; re- own conviction, that while the wants of the move this, and the cleverness, which so world exceed the voluntary energies of adroitly retorted upon it, becomes very Christians, the aid of a tax to send forth harmless. It is not because we disap- ministers and Bibles is a right and proprove of it, that we say it is wrong to per thing. That we are no bigotted support it, but because it is opposed to Churchmen, our Magazine fully shows ; the Word of God. If the legislature say our object is, as we declare upon our

Multitudes of your fellow-sub- front, " the spread of the Gospel.” And jects deein it in accordance with the we hope and look for the days, when Word of God; and who is to decide be- the compulsory help of governments tween you and them ??

'mour answer, with shall be needed no more. Those days all respect to the legislature, is, 'You shall come. “ To Him shall be given of are to decide; you are providentially the gold of Sheba :” “And the daughter placed in a condition and station of in. of Tyre shall be there with a gift." fluence for the good of the country, in which it becomes imperative upori yoll Rose AND Crown Lane. Or, a Sketch of to decide many questions concerning which the population of the country are my Neighbourhood. Cloth bds. pp. 140. divided. To be able to decide is a part

Religious Tract Society. of your qualification as senators—to Here is a lively idea; and it is well

to us,

worked out. Instead of taking cha-, useful hints. No. 6 is a baker's; honest racters for description at random, or by and industrious, and who will not bake classes, the author presents us with the on a Sunday. No. 7, a tailor's; as sadly inhabitants of a street. There are ten given to strong drink, as the worst rehouses; and we go from one to another, pute of his fraternity imports. At till we have explored “Rose and Crown No. 8 lives a cabinet maker, whose wife Lane”—a name which it derives from (dishonest and teaching dishonesty to the having to boast of the Rose and Crown servants of others) keeps a chandler's public house at its head. At No. 1 we shop; with a lodger, dwelling among the find a shoemaker; himself intemperate, poor, but “ rich in faith, and heir of a and his family ill-managed. No 2 is kingdom." No. 9 has three aged inoccupied by an industrious plasterer, mates; a schoolmistress, a nurse, and a with a careful wife and thriving family; helpless old female. No. 10 is the the good woman, however, having her dwelling of a frugal laundress. Interest faults, which all whom she is like are ing and useful lessons are conveyed by admonished to mend. Then No. 3 is means of this happy idea of supplying the author's house; and he will wear the annals of an entire street; and they his visor down. No. 4 is the habitation are thus rendered readable by those, of a widow ; reduced in circumstances, who would not go through an essay or a but Divinely enabled to rise above cir- treatise. A great deal of wisdom, comcumstances. No. 5 is a barber's, whose pressed into a little book, and made atwife takes in needle work; respecting tractive by a narrative form, is a treawhich latter occupation we have some sure; and we have it here.

Beligious Entelligence.

THE COURT.

blessing of a Daughter. Watch over On the mornings of Sunday the 1st her, we beseech Thee, with Thy Faand Sunday the 8th of November, her therly care; sustain and comfort her in Majesty and Prince Albert attended the hours of weakness and weariness, Divine service in the private chapel in and day by day renew her strength. PreWindsor Castle. On the 13th the serve the infant from whatever is hurtCourt removed to London ; and on the ful either to body or soul, and adorn her morning of the 15th the Queen and as she advances in years, with every Prince attended Divine service in the Christian virtye. Regard with Thine private Chapel in Buckingham Palace. especial favour our Queen and her ConOn each occasion the sermon was sort, that they may long live together preached by the Rev. Dr. Short. in the enjoyment of all happiness here

On the afternoon of Saturday the 21st, on earth, and finally be made partakers at 10 minutes before 2 o'clock, her of Thiné everlasting glory. Establish Majesty gave birth to a Princess. At a their descendants on the Throne of this Privy Council held the same day, it was kingdom, and make them, through all ordered that a form of prayer and generations, the blessed instruments of thanksgiving upon the occasion be pre- Thy Providential goodness to Thy pared by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Church and people. Implant in our to be used in all churches and chapels hearts a deep sense of Thy manifold on Sunday the 29th of Nov. The fol- mercies towards us, and give us grace lowing is the form, which has since to show forth our thankfulness unto been issued :

Thee, by dutiful affection to our Sove“O Merciful Lord and heavenly Fa- reign, and brotherly love one to another, ther, by whose gracious gift mankind is by the profession of a true Faith, and increased, we most humbly offer unto constant obedience to Thy Word and Thee our hearty thanks for Thy great commandment; so that faithfully servgoodness vouchsafed to Thy servant our ing Thee in this life, we may in the life Sovereign Lady the Queen, in support- to come be received into Thy Heavenly ing her under the pains, and delivering Kingdom, through the Merits and Meher from the perils of childbirth, and diation of Thy Blessed Son Jesus Christ giving to her and her Royal Consort the our Lord. Amen."

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CHURCH OF ENGLAND. the Rev. Dr. Warren, formerly a WesCAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY.-The office leyan Methodist minister. of Lord High Steward being vacated by the Duke of Northumberland's pro

WESLEYAN. motion, Lord Lyndhurst and Lord New CHAPELS.-List continued :Lyttleton were put in nomination to fill Metheringham (Sleaford Circuit. Sept. it. Of Lord Lyttleton, who is a very | 27. young man, little was known, except Finstock (Witney Circuit). Oct. 9. that he opposed the Ecclesiastical Du- Wesley Place, near Keighley. Oct. 11. ties and Revenues Bill, the object of Navenby (Sleaford Circuit). Oct. 14, which is to cut down the Cathedral Es- Holds 600. tablishments so as merely to remunerate Long Clawson (Melton Mowbray the persons actually required for duty, Circuit). Oct. 16. and devote the monies thus saved to the Woodhouse, near Leeds. 700 sitbuilding of churches. But although tings; 200 free. Lord Lyttleton was less distinguished, Řev. John H.BUMBY.—This promising his ranks were largely swelled by those young preacher, who had excited much who opposed Lord Lyndhurst, as a known interest in this country, left England leader of a great political body; and two years since, to undertake the office some few were influenced by rumours af- of General Superintendant of the Wesfecting the moral purity of Lord Lynd- leyan Missions in New Zealand. We hurst's life some eight or ten years since, regret to learn, that on the 26th of June before his second marriage. The poll- last, the canoe in which he was returning took place on the 11th, 12th and ing to the principal Station was upset, 13th of November: and at its close the and with twelve natives he met a watery numbers were

grave. For Lord Lyndhurst

974 For Lord Lyttleton

487

MISCELLANEOUS.

New CHAPELS.--List continued :-
Majority :
487

Independent.
It has been since ascertained, that Withybrook, Warwickshire. Oct. 1.
Lord Lndhurst's majority among the

High Street, Hungerford, Wilts. Nov.3.
clerical voters was much larger in pro- Pinchbeck, Lincolnshire. Nov. 5.
portion than his majority among the lay Holds 500.
voters.

Crocker Hill, near Fareham. Nov. 11. New CHURCHES.-Wc continue our Alswear, North Devon, Nov. 18. List of Churches opened :

South Head, New South Wales. Cann St. Rumbold (Salisbury Dio- Nov. 18. cese). Sept. 22.

Methodist Association. St. John's Church, Sheffield.

Lady Lane, Leeds. Nov. 12. 500 Norton-le-Clay (Ripon Diocese). Sept. free seats. 26.

West Stower (Salisbury Diocese). Church Rates. We were misled by Oct. 8.

a newspaper some time since

into Pontnewyndd, near Pontypool. Oct. stating that John Thorogood was dis15.

charged from Chelmsford gaol. This Shugborough (Lichfield Diocese). event has only just occurred. On the Iping, Sussex, Oct. 22.

10th of November the Registrar reDerry Hill, near Calne. Oct. 27.

ported in open Court to the Judge of the Broadway (Worcester Diocese). Oct. Consistory of London, that he had taxed 27.

the Churchwardens' costs in that Court Gunshill (Lichfield Diocese).

at £16 : 13:8, and the costs of executFloating Chapel, Preston Brook, ing the warrant at £4:1:4; which Bridgewater Canal. Holds 200. Pro- were to be added to the rate--9s. 2d. vided by the proprietor of the Canal, The Counsel for the Churchwardens Lord Francis Egerton.

claimed also £75, the costs of opposing Knowle St. Giles, Somerset. Nov. 3. Mr. Thorogood's unsuccessful application Abergavenny. Nov. 6.

to the Court of Queen's Bench to disAll Souls' Church, Every Street, An- charge him. The Judge, however-Dr. coats, Manchester. Nov. 18. Built for Lushington-held that they must recover

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these costs in some other way; Thoro- | the Psalms themselves; and their degood could not be detained in custody votional spirit is very striking. I believe for them, but must be discharged on that they would now think it a profane payment of £21: 3: 2. On the 12th presumption, were they to set out from of November this sum was paid by some home without thus publicly seeking God's unknown person, and Thorogood was blessing on their undertaking. A similar then discharged.

service, with an appropriate sermon, About two years since, proceedings takes place on their return, the main were commenced in the Ecclesiastical object of which is to record their gratiCourt against Mr. Baines of Leicester, tude to Almighty God for their past defor non-payment of church rates. Like liverances. It is surprising how suitable Mr. Thorogood, Mr. Baines refused to our comprehensive Liturgy is felt to be appear to the citation; and the parties on both occasions. I need not say, that proceeded to obtain judgment against where such a spirit prevails, we have him. A writ of execution was issued, nothing like Sunday fishing. Even when which he applied to the Court of Queen's the boats are away from hence, and are Bench to set aside, but the Court after detained at sea on Sunday, they now argument refused the application. On invariably take up their nets and lie to, the 13th of November he was taken letting the vessel drive, and most of into custody upon the writ, and lodged them spending the day in religious exin Leicester gaol. A public meeting was ercises in the best way that they can.” held on the 16th at Leicester upon the The Tide of Life.-The number of subject, at which some very strong lan- persons, who passed over London Bridge guage was used by the Dissenting Mi- in the twelve hours from eight in the nisters in that town.

morning to eight at night, was counted We continue our List of contested

on the first of September. The result Church Rate cases :

gave an average of 4,455 every hour, or Gedney .

Rate refused. 74 in every minute. Ecclesall

.Rate refused.

Popery.- About £500 have been subMorley, near Leeds.... Rate refused.

scribed to defray Mr. Stowell's expences , St. George's, Colegate, Norwich..

in the action brought against him by Mr. Rate Refused.

Hearne. St. George's in the East,

On the fifth of November Mr. Stowell's London

Rate carried. Carmarthen

Rate carried.

counsel moved for a new trial of the ac. Ealing

Rate carried.

tion. The Court (the Queen's Bench)

held, that so far as related to the ground BRIXHAM FISHERMEN. In a letter of defence urged at the trial, Mr. Stowfrom the Rev. H. F. Lyte, Minister of ell's counsel was wrong, for the nature this place, addressed recently to the of the meeting or the bona fides of the Secretary of the Christian knowledge statement did not protect it; but on the Society, he mentioned that he was question whether it amounted to a libel, about to preach his half-yearly sermon | they granted a rule to show cause why to about 500 fishermen and seamen who there should not be a new trial, or judgset out about this time to fish. Mr. Lyte ment for the defendant. added : “ The origin of this half- New Popish Chapels have recently yearly assemblage in church is as fol- been consecrated at the following places : lows: Our fishermen, or at least a con- Reading siderable part of them, leave us about

St. Augustine's Chapel, near Preston. the month of November, to fish during Near seventy priests attended. the winter months off the Dutch and St. Anne's Chapel, Keighley, Oct. 14. French coasts, and they send all they Collected at opening £250. catch into the London market. Their St. Mary's Chapel, Newport, Monchief place of rendezvous during this mouthshire. Nov. 11. time is Ramsgate. Before they set out By the returns made to Parliament they come in a body to church, where last session of the number of marriages one of the galleries is assigned to them solemnized in Roman Catholic chapels on that day, and they there hear an ap- and other Dissenting places of worship propriate sermon. The clerk on such from the 1st of January to the 31st of occasions and the choir are silent, and December, 1838, it appears that the the men repeat the responses and sing | number of Roman Catholic marriages in

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England and Wales was 1,629. Now the coast, and to look for a proper landwe know that marriage is made a sacra- ing-place, that he might obtain a supply ment in the Church of Rome, and it is of wood and water. At this time the innot considered valid by her members habitants began to assemble on the shore, unless celebrated by a priest of their own and by signs to invite our people to land. communion. It is, therefore, reason- Their behaviour was so friendly that able to conclude, that in all cases where Captain Cook was charmed with it; and both the parties are Romanists the mar- the only thing which could give him the riages are so celebrated ; and in cases least suspicion was, that most of them where one of the parties is a Protestant, were armed with clubs, spears, darts it is almost the universal practice to and bows and arrows. He did not celebrate the marriage according to both therefore, remit his vigilance, but kept rites, in order to make it binding on the his eye continually upon the chief, conscience of both parties. The num- watching his looks as well as his actions ber of marriages celebrated in Roman is was soon evident that their intentions Catholic chapels may, therefore, be were hostile. They made a violent attaken as a fair criterion of the Roman tempt to seize one of the boats; and Catholic population. Now it appears though, on our commander's pointing from the First Annual Report of the a musket at them, they in some Registrar-General, that the whole number measure desisted, yet they returned of marriages in England and Wales, in an instant, seemingly determined to from January 1st to December 31st, carry their design into execution. 1833, was 111,481; and that the whole As signs and threats were of no avail, population of England and Wales, in the safety of Captain Cook and his peothe middle of the year, amounted to ple became the only object of consideabout 15,324,720. This will give one ration; and yet he was unwilling to fire marriage for 137} persons; and we have on the multitude. He, therefore, re(1271 x 1,629 =) 223,987 for the whole solved to make the chief alone the vicamount of the Roman Catholic popula- tim of his own treachery, and accordtion in England and Wales. These re- ingly aimed his musket at him, but at sults agree most remarkably with an this critical moment it missed fire. This estimate formerly made from the num- circumstance encouraged the natives to ber of Roman Catholic chapels in Great despise our weapons, and to show the Britain, where, by estimating them superiority of their own, by throwing at 500 to each chapel, it was computed stones and darts and by shooting arrows. the number of Roman Catholics in En- Hence it became necessary for Captain gland and and Wales was about 223,000. Cook to give orders to his men to fire Their proportion, therefore, to the whole upon the assailants. The first discharge population is little more than the seven- threw them into confusion, but a second tieth part. It seems, however, that was scarcely sufficient to drive them off

this is somewhat greater the beach. In consequence of this proportion than that of the latter part skirmish four of the people lay to all of the last century. Bishop Porteus appearance dead on the shore. How says (in his letter to the clergy of Ches- ever, two of them

were afterwards ter), that the number of Papists, as perceived to crawl into the bushes. returned to the House of Lords in 1767, "On account of the treacherous bewas 67,916 ; and in 1780 it was 69,376, haviour of the inhabitants of Erroman. making an increase of 1,640. He states ga, Captain Cook called a promontory that the population in 1781 was esti- or peninsula, near which the skirmish mated at 8,000,000, so that the Papists happened, • Traitors head.' did not make an hundredth part.

The ISLAND OF ERROMANGA, -Ex- Notice-In closing this volume we tract from Captain Cook's Journal, Aug. may mention, that it is our intention 3, 1774.–“ Pursuing his discoveries, henceforth to give more prominence to Captain Cook came in sight of an island, the topics of the day, than the mere which was afterwards known to be called article of “Religious Intelligeuce” has by the natives Erromango, or Erroman- hitherto comprised ; and to introduce an

He brought his vessel to anchor in additional department next month for bay there on the 3d August. The next the sake of this object. day he went with two boats to examine

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END OF VOLUME XII.

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