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Treaties,&c. presented by His Majesty's Command to both Houses of Parliament, Jan.3, 180 6.

Treaty of Concert between His Majesty and the Emperor of all the Russias, signed at St. Petersburgh, the 11th of April, 1805.

ART. I.-As the state of suffering in which Europe is placed, demands speedy remedy-Their majesties the king of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and the emperor of all the Russias, have mutually agreed to consult upon the means of putting a stop thereto, without waiting for farther encroachments on the part of the French government. They have agreed, in consequence, to employ the most speedy and the most efficacious means to form a general League of the states of Europe, and to engage them to accede to the present concert; and, in order to accomplish the end proposed, to collect together a force, which, independently of the succours furnished by his Britannic majesty, may amount to five hundred, thousand effective men; and to employ the same energy, in order either to induce or compel the French government to agree to the re-establishment of peace, and the equilibrium of Europe.

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ART. II. The object of this league will be to carry into effect what is proposed by the present concert, namely:

a. The evacuation of the country of Hanover, and the north of Ger.

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b. The establishment of the independence of the republics of Holland and Swisserland.

c. The re-establishment of the king of Sardinia in Piedmont, with as

large an augmentation of territory as circumstances will permit.

d. The future security of the kingdom of Naples, and the complete evacuation of Italy, the island of Elba included, by the French forces.

e. The establishment of an order of things in Europe, which may effectually guarantee the security and independence of the different states, and present a solid barrier against future usurpations.

ART. III-His Britannic majesty, in order to concur efficaciously on his side to the happy effects of the present concert, engages to contribute to the common efforts, by employing his forces both by sea and land, as well as his vessels adapted for transporting troops, in such manner as shall be determined upon in the general plan of operations. His majesty will moreover assist the different powers who shall accede thereto by subsidies, the amount of which shall correspond to the respective forces which shall be employed; and in order that the said pecuniary succours may be proportioned in the manner most conducive to the general good, and to assist the powers in proportion to the exertions they may make, to contribu:e to the common success, it is agreed, that these subsidies, (barring particular arrangements) shall be furnished in the proportion of one million two hundred and fifty thousand pounds sterling, for each hundred thousand men of regular troops, and so in proportion for a greater or smaller number, payable according to the conditions hereafter specified.

ART. IV. The said subsidies shall be payable by instalments, from month to month, in proportion to the forces which each power shall

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employ in pursuance of its engage. ments, to combat the common encmy, and according to the official report of the armies employed at the opening of the campaign, and of the several reinforcements which may join them. An arrangement shall be made in conformity with the plan of operations, which shall be forthwith regulated as to the period when these subsidies shall begin to be paid, and the mode and place of payment shall be settled, so as to suit the convenience of each of the belligerent parties. His Britannic majesty will likewise be prepared to advance within the current year, a sum for putting the troops in motion. This sum shall be settled by particular arrangements to be entered into by each power, who shall take part in this concert: but his said majesty understands that the whole of the sums to be furnished to any power within the current year, as well on account of the said advance as for the monthly subsidies, is in no case to exceed the proportion of one million two hundred and fifty thou sand pounds sterling for every hundred thousand men.

ART. V.The high contracting parties agree, that the different members of the league shall respectively be permitted to retain accredited persons with the commanders in chief of the different armies, to carry on the correspondence, and to attend to the military operations.

ART. VI. Their majesties agree, that in the event of a league being formed, such as is pointed out in the first article, they will not make peace with France but by the com. mon consent of all the powers who shall become parties in the said league; and also that the continental powers shall not recal their forces before the peace; moreover, his VOL. XLVIII.

Britannic majesty engages to continue the payment of the subsidies during the continuance of the war.

ART. VII. The present concert which is mutually acknowledged by the high contracting parties to be equally valid and binding as the most solemn treaty, shall be ratified by his majesty the king of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and by his majesty the emperor of all the Russias, and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged at St. Petersburgh, within the space of ten weeks, or sooner, if possible.

In testimony whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the same, and have hereunto affixed the seals of their arms. Done at St. Petersburgh, 30th March---(11th April,) in the year 1805.

(L. S.) Granville Leveson Gower. (L. S.) Adam prince Czartoryski. (L. S.) Nicolas de Novossilzoff.

No 1. (A.)-First Separate Article of the Treaty of Concert between his Majesty and the Emperor of Russia, signed at St. Petersburgh, 11th April 30th March, 1805.

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His majesty the emperor of all the Russias, having made known to his Britannic majesty, his arrangements with their majesties the emperor of Germany and the king of Sweden. His Britannic majesty engages to fulfil his stipulations of the present treaty of concert towards each of those powers, if, the space of four months, reckoning from the day of the signature of the present instrument, both those powers, or one of them, shall have caused their forces to act against France by virtue of the engagements they have taken with his majesty the emperor of all the Russias.

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This separate article shall have the same force and validity as if it were inserted word for word in the treaty of concert signed this day, and shall be ratified at the same time.

In witness whereof, we the undersigned, by virtue of our full powers, have signed the present separate article, and have affixed thereto the seals of our arms.-Done at St. Petersburgh this 11th April (30th March,) in the year 1805.

(L. S.) Granville Leveson Gower. (L. S.) Adam prince Czartoryski. (L. S.) Nicolas de Novossilzoff.

No 1. (B.)-Fourth separate Article of the Treaty of Concert between his Majesty and the Emperor of Russia, signed at St. Petersburgh, 11th April 30th March, 1805.

The collecting of 500.000 effective men, mentioned in article 1. of the treaty of concert signed this day, not being so easy as it is desirable, their majesties have agreed that it should be carried into execution as soon as it should be possible to oppose to France an effective force of 400,000 men, composed in the following manner : - Austria will supply 250,000 men, Russia not less than 115,000 men, independently of the levies made by her in Albania, in Greece, &c. and the remainder of the 400,000 will be made up by the troops of Naples, Hanover, Sardinia, and others.

This separate article shall have the same force and validity as if it were inserted word for word in the treaty of concert signed this day, and shall be ratified at the same time.

In witness whereof, we the undersigned, by virtue of our full powers, have signed the present separate article and have affixed thereto the

the seals of our arms.-Done at St. Petersburgh, this 11th April, (30th March) in the year 1805.

(L. S.) Granville Leveson Gower. (L. S.) Adam prince Czartoryski. (L. S.) Nicolas de Novossilzoff.

No. 1. (C.)-Fifth separate Article of the Treaty of Concert between his Majesty and the Emperor of Russia, signed at St. Petersburgh, 11th April, (30th of March), 1805.

His majesty the emperor of all the Russias, engages also to march as soon as possible an army of not less than 60,000 men to the frontiers of Austria, and also another of not less than 80,000 men to the Prussian frontiers, to be ready to co-operate with the said courts in the proportion established by the treaty of concert signed this day, and to support them respectively in case they should be attacked by France, who might suppose them to be engaged in some negociation tending towards an object contrary to her views; but it is understood, that independently of the one hundred and fifteen thousand men, which his Imperial majesty of all the Russias will cause to act against the French, he will keep bodies of reserve and observation upon his frontiers.

It is morcover agreed, that, as the forces promised by his majesty the emperor of all the Russias shall all, or in part, quit the frontiers of his empire, his Britannic majesty will pay them the subsidies at the rate established by the present treaty of concert, until the return of the said forces to their houses; and more. over, the equivalent of three months of subsidy as a première mise en campagne.

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The Russian troops already sta. tioned at the Seven Islands, or which may be intended to be transported thither, will not enjoy the advantage of the subsidies and of the premiere mise en campagne, stipulated in the present article, before the day of their leaving the Seven Islands to commence their operations against the French.

This separate article shall have the same force and validity as if it were inserted word for word in the treaty of concert, signed this day, and ratified at the same time.

In witness whereof, we the under signed, by virtue of our full powers, have signed the present separate article, and have affixed thereto the scals of our arms. — Done at St. Petersburgh, the 11th April (30th March,) 1805.

(L. S.) Granville Leveson Gower. (L. S.) Adam prince Czartoryski. (L. S.) Nicolas de Novossilzoff.

No. 1. (D.)-Sixth separate Article of the Treaty of Concert between his Majesty and the Emperor of Russia, signed at St. Petersburgh, the 11th April (30th March) 1805.

His majesty the king of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his majesty the emperor of all the Russias, being disposed to form an energetic concert, with the sele view of insuring to Europe a lasting and solid peace, founded upon the principles of justice, equity, and the law of nations, by which they are constantly guided, are aware of the necessity of a mutual understanding at this time upon several principles, which they will evince in pursuance of a previous concert, as soon as the events of the war may render it necessary.

These principles are in no degree to control the public opinion in France, or in any other countries where the combined armies may carry on their operations, with respect to the form of government it may be proper to adopt; nor to appropriate to themselves, till a peace should be concluded, any of the conquests made by one or the other of the belligerent parties; and to take possession of the towns and territories which may be wrested from the common enemy, in the name of the country or states to which, by acknowledged right, they belong, and in all other cases, in the name of all the members of the league; and finally to assemble, at the termination of the war, a general congress to discuss and fix the provisions of the law of nations, on a more determined basis than unfortunately has hitherto been prac ticable; and to insure the observance by the establishment of a federative system calculated upon the situation of the different states of Europe.

This separate article shall have the same force and validity as if it were inserted word for word in the treaty of concert signed this day, and shall be ratified at the same time.

In witness whereof, we the undersigned, by virtue of our full powers, have signed the present separate article, and have affixed thereto the seals of our arms.-Done at St. Petersburgh, the 11th April (30th March) 1805.

(L. S.) Granville Leveson Gower. (L. S.) Adam prince Czartoryski. (L. S.) Nicolas de Novossilzoff.

No. 1 (E.)-Eighth separate Article.

It being possible that the bias which the French government tries U u 2

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to give to the counsels of the differ. ent states of Europe, may determine one or other of those states to throw obstacles in the way of the attain ment of the salutary effects which are the object of the present coneert, and even to have recourse to hostile measures against one of the high contracting parties, in spite of their endeavours to establish an equitable and permanent order of things in Europe, his Britannic majesty and his majesty the emperor of all the Russias agree to make common cause against every power, which, by the employment of its forces, or by too intimate an union with France, inay pretend to raise essential obstacles to the developement of those measures, which the high contracting parties may have to take, in order to attain the object proposed by the present concert.

This separate article shall have the same force and validity, as if it were inserted word for word in the treaty of concertsigned this day, and shall be ratified at the same time.

In witness whereof, we the undersigned, by virtue of our full powers, Have signed the present separate article, and have affixed thereto the seals of our arms.-Done at St. Petersburgh, the 11th April, (30th March,) 1805.

(L. S.) Granville Leveson Gower. (L. S.) Adam prince Czartoryski. (L. S.) Nicolas de Novossilzoff.

No. 1.(F) Eleventh separate Article.

The high contracting parties, acknowledging the necessity of sup. porting the propositions of peace, which it is their intention to make to Buonaparte by energetic demonstrations,have resolved to invite his imperial and royal apostolic majesty to put

his armies in a state of readiness for action without delay, by completing their numbers, and by concentrating them in the neighbourhood of the borders of France. His Britannic majesty, considering the extraordinary expences which this measure will render necessary, promises and engages to furnish to his imperial royal majesty, immediately after his accession to the present concert, the sum of one million of pounds sterling for premiere mise en campagne, which the king of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland will not reclaim, in case the negociations for peace should be crowned with success, provided that, in a contrary event, Austria would take the field immediately.

This separate article shall have the same force and validity as if it were inserted word for word in the treaty of concert signed this day, and shall be ratified at the same time.

In witness whereof, we the undersigned, by virtue of our full powers, have signed the present separate article, and have affixed thereto the seals of our arms.-Done at St. Petersburgh, 11th April, (30th March), 1805.

(L. S.) Granville Leveson Gower. (L. S.) Adam prince Czartoryski. (L. S.) Nicolas de Novossilzoff.

No. I. (G.) Separate and secret Article.

Although the high contracting parties have agreed by the first separate article of the treaty of concert established this day between them, that Austria and Sweden shall partake of the advantages of the said concert, but in the event of their bringing their forces into action against France four months after its signa

ture,

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