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ture, by virtue of their engagements with his majesty the emperor of all the Russias; yet his Britannic majesty, considering the advantage to the future security of Europe, which results from an union similar to that formed by his majesty the emperor of all the Russias with their majestics the emperor of Germany and king of Sweden, for the purpose of opposing the further encroachments of Buonaparte, promises to fulfil the stipulations of the present concert, in the same degree towards either of those p powers, if, in the course of the year 1805, both or one of them should bring their forces into action against France, in virtue of their engagements with his majesty the emperor of all the Russias,
This separate and secret article shall have the same force and validity as if it were inserted word for word in the treaty of concert signed this day, and shall be ratified at the same time.
In witness whereof, we, the under signed, in virtue of our full powers, have signed the present separate and secret article, and have affixed thereunto the seals of our arms.
Done at St. Petersburgh, the 11th April-(30th March,) 1805. (L. S.) Granville Leveson Gower. (L. S.) Adam prince Czartoryski, (L. S.) Nicolas de Novossilzott.
No. I. (H.)-Additional Article.
His majesty the emperor of all the Russias having, in pursuance of his sincere desire to insure success to the enterprize concerted against France, determined, in case the circumstances should require it, to augment the forces which he promis. ed to bring into action, to an hundred and eighty thousand men.
His majesty the king of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ire. land promises and engages to pay, in that case, to his imperial majesty of all the Russias, for the troops which he may thus add to the 115 000 already agreed upon, a subsidy and a premiere mise en campagne, at the same rate as is agreed by the sixth separate article of the treaty of concert established between his majesty the king of the united kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his majesty the emperor of all the Rus sias, the 30th March---(11th April,)
His majesty the emperor of all the Russias, purposing to concert measures with the court of Vienna, by which considerable Russian armies may be approximated to the fron tiers of France, by crossing the Austrian and Prussian territories, while it is declared that the object of these movements is to obtain securitics for the continent, promises and engages to his Britannic majesty, in his own name, and in that of his allies, that should even circumstances require, that at the moment when the Russian troops began their march, they should declare that this movement was in no way Duš connected
connected with an existing concert, with his Britannic majesty, but that the powers of the continent reclaim the fulfilment by France of her immediate engagements with them, yet so soon as the war shall have broken out they will no longer pursue a particular object, but that which has been determined by the concert of the 30th March-11th April, with all the clauses incorporated with it.
In return for this assurance, his Britannic majesty promises and engages, in the first place, to fulfil towards the emperor of all the Russias the stipulations of the above mentioned concert, in all their parts, as soon as the war shall have broken out, between Russia and France, and especially to furnish for the Russian troops the subsidies agreed upon, payable from the day on which they shall have quitted the frontiers of the empire; and moreover, the three months stipulated subsidy, under the name of premiére mise en campagne; with this condition, nevertheless, that however long may be the term between the epoch of the departure of the Russian troops from their frontiers, and that of the commencement of hostilities, his Britannic majesty shall not be bound to pay to Russia for that interval more than six months subsidy at the most, the premiere mise en campagne being therein com. prised.
In the second place, to fulfil, with regard to Austria, all the stipulations of the above-mentioned concert,and especially all that relates to the subsidies, as soon as the ambassador of his imperial and royal majesty shall have signed the act of accession of his court: and lastly, In the third place, to pay in the
like manner to the other allies of Russia, who shall assist in this enterprize (except in the case of special arrangements), the subsidies which have been allotted for them by the abovementioned concert, and on the conditions therein specified.
This additional article shall have the same force and validity as if it were inserted word for word in the above-mentioned concert, and shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties, and the ratifications exchanged at St. Petersburgh, in the space of six weeks, or sooner, if possible.
In faith of which, the undersigned plenipotentiaries have signed it, and have affixed thereto the seal of their arms.-Done at St. Petersburgh, tho 12th-24th July, 1805.
(L. S.) Granville Leveson Gower. (L. S.) Adam prince Czartoryski.
No. II. (A.)-Preliminary Declara tion of Count Stadion to Lord Granville Leveson Gower, dated at St. Petersburgh, July 28– Aug. 9, 1805.
The undersigned ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of his imperial and royal apostolical majesty, by order of his august sovereign, after having invited his excellency, the ambassador of Great Britain, to join with him in the preliminary declarations which he has exchanged this day with his excellency the prince of Czartoryski, has moreover declared as follows:
His imperial and royal apostolic majesty, in acceding to the treaty concluded on the 30th March 13th April, 1805,and subsequently ratified by the courts of London and St. Petersburgh, under the reservations, modifications, and demands, as an
nounced in the above-mentioned preliminary declarations, limits the pecuniary succours, which he expects from his majesty the king of Great Britain for the current year 1805, to the three milions sterling, of which sum one million and a half is to be considered as premiere mise en campagne, and as such is to be furnished with as little delay as possible; and the other million and a half as subsidies, to be paid in equal monthly payments, until the last day of the year. These subsidies, as well as one million of the sum appointed for premiere mise en campagne, are to be furnished to his imperial majesty, and shall remain in his possession, even though the vigorous demonstrations in which his forces are actually employed should not terminate in hostilities, but should lead by the way of negociation to the re-establishment of peace. Moreover, as these armed demonstrations afford the greatest and most efficacious aid for the promotion of the object of the concert, to which his imperial and royal apostolic majesty has acceded, he expects that, as long as they shall continue, the subsidy shall likewise continue to be paid, in the same manner as if his armies were employed in actual war, and that for the year 1806, and the subsequent years, in consideration of the great number of troops which he is opposing to the common enemy, the subsidy shall be increased to the sum of four millions sterling, payable in the same manner as is stated above, until the return of the regiments into the hereditary dominions.
His excellency the ambassador of Great Britain, having declared that the instructions and precise orders
of his court, precluded him from acceding, without restriction, to the above-mentioned demands, and having engaged, by a preliminary act, exchanged against the present, in the name of his Britannic majesty, to stipulations which differ from them considerably, as well with regard to the sum, as to the terms of the propositions made in the name of his imperial and royal apostolic majesty.
The undersigned accepts this act, given in by the ambassador of England, but he declares at the same time, that he does not consider the sums stipulated therein as sufficient, and that he expressly reserves for his court the power of reclaiming to this effect, and of effecting the fulfilment of its demands.
In transmitting the preliminary declaration, which is to be in the place, and have the validity of the most solemn treaty, to his excellency the ambassador of his majesty the king of Great Britain, he is authorized to declare to him at the same time, that he is ready to proceed immediately, on these same bases, to the conclusion of the formal act of accession of Austria, to the concert of the 30th March-(11th April).
These presents shall be ratified by the respective courts in as short a time as is possible.
In faith of which the undersigned, by virtue of the full powers of his imperial and royal apostolic majesty, has signed the present preliminary declaration, and has affixed thereto the seal of his arms.
Done at St. Petersburgh the 28th of July (9th August), 1805. (L.S.)J. Philippe, Comte de Stadion.
No. M. (B.) Declaration of Count Stadion to Prince Czartoryski, dated Petersburgh, 28th July9th August, 1805.
The undersigned ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of his imperial and royal apostolic majesty, being. especially authorized by the emperor, his august master, declares, in answer to the declaration which has been delivered to him by his excellency the prince Czartoryski, of this day's date, as follows: 1. His imperial and royal majesty in accepting the different articles announced in this declaration, accedes to the concert concluded between the courts of St. Petersburgh and London, the 30th of March 11th of April, of this year, as well as to the last plan, which the Russian ministry has caused to be presented at Vienna. His majesty promises to fulfil the engagements thereof, with the exception of the modifica. tions, clauses, and demands, included in the different official pieces to which his imperial majesty of Russia has given his consent in the preliminary declaration, which will be taken as the basis of the concert of measures which Austria and Russia are to employ for the attainment of their object.
2. His imperial and royal majesty engages to execute, without delay, the military arrangements, agreed upon at Vienna, the 16th of July, as well for the armed demonstration, which is to facilitate the negociation, as for the operations against the enemy, which may ensue; in the confidence and certain expectation that the preser✓ preliminary agreement shall be unexceptionably and literally fulfilled.and that the definitive agreement shall be concluded without delay, and on the same basis between the three powers.
3. His imperial and royal majesty engages, as soon as the whole, or a part of the Russian troops, shall have passed their frontiers, not to treat for peace hut on the basis which his majesty has himself acknowledged to be indispensible for the safety of Europe; and if hostilities shall take place, to make neither a peace nor truce, but with the consent of the allies, according to the stipulations of the concert of the 30th of March-11th of April, of this year.
The undersigned, in delivering the present preliminary declaration, which is to be in the place, and to have the validity of the most solemu act, to his excellency the prince Czartoryski, is authorized to an. nounce to him at the same time, that he is ready to proceed immediately to the conclusion of the formal act of accession of the court of Vienna to the concert of the 30th March-11th April.
The present declaration, and that delivered to the undersigned by his excellency the prince Czartoryski, shall be ratified by the respective sovereigns in the least possible time, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at St. Petersburgh.
In faith of which the undersigned ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of his imperial and royal apostolic majesty, has signed the present declaration, has caused to be affixed thereto the seal of his arms, and has exchanged it against the declaration signed this day by his excellency prince Czartoryski, joint minister for foreign affairs of his majesty the emperor of all the Russias.
Done at St. Petersburgh, the 9th
August, 28th July, 1805. (L.S.) J.Phillippe, comte de Stadion.
No. II. (C.)-Copy of the Declaration delivered by Prince Czartoryski to the Ambassador Count de Stal dion, on the 28th of July,―yth of August, 1805.
The undersigned niinister for foreign affairs, being authorized to that effect by his majesty the em: peror of all the Russias, declares to his excellency the ambassador count de Stadion, as follows:
1. The several observations and proposals announced by the court of Vienna, in the preliminary decla. ration delivered by the vice-chan. cellor of the court and state, count de Cobentzel, to the ambassador count de Razoumofsky, on the 7th of July, are assumed by his majesty the emperor of all the Russias, to serve as a basis for the concert of measures between the court of Russia and those of Vienna and of London. In like manner, the modifications proposed therein by his imperial and royal majesty, for the regulation of the affairs of the continent, are also adopted, in case of there being reason to hope that war may be avoided by the means of negociation,
2. His majesty the emperor of all the Russias confirms the military ar. rangements detailed in the protocol of conferences between the general baron de Wintzingerode on one side, and the prince de Schwaryen berg, and general Mack on the other, and which was signed on the 16th of July. And his imperial majesty engages strictly to fulfil the whole of the measures therein arranged.
3. His majesty the emperor of all the Russias engages moreover, to endeavour to prevail on his Britannic majesty to consent to the modifi
cations and demands contained in the paper, entitled, "Remarks on some particular Objects of the Convention signed between the Courts of Petersburgh and London, the 30th March-11th April of this year."
4. Ilis majesty the emperor of all the Russias, promises to use his best endeavours to engage his Britannic majesty to grant the total amount the subsidiary demands made by the court of Vienna: with this condition, nevertheless, that in case his imperial majesty, notwithstanding all his exertions, should fail in the attempt, this circumstance shall occasion no essential change in the measures concerted between Russia and Austria.
5. His majesty the emperor of all the Russias engages, as soon as the whole, or a part of the Russian troops shall have passed their frontiers, not to treat for peace but on those bases which his imperial majesty has himself acknowledged to be indispensible for the safety of Europe; and when the war shall have broken out, to make neither peace nor a truce, without the consent of his allies, according to the stipulations of the concert of the 30th March-11th April of this year.
The undersigned, in delivering this preliminary declaration, which is to be in the place, and have the validity of the most solemn act, to the ambassador of Austria, is authorised to announce to him, at the same time, that he is ready to proceed immediately on these bases, to the conclusion of the formal act of accession of the court of Vienna to the concert of the 30th March—(11th April.)
The present declaration, and that