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delivered in return by the ambassa dor count de Stadion, shall be ratified by the respective sovereigns in the shortest possible term, and the ratifications exchanged at St. Petersburgh.
In faith of which the undersigned joint minister for foreign affairs has signed the present declaration, has caused the seal of his arms to be affixed thereto, and has exchanged it against the declaration signed this day by his excellency the count de Stadion.
Done at St. Petersburgh the 28th
July (9th August, 1803.) Signed (L. S.) Le Prince Adam de Czartoryski.
No. II. (D)--Declaration of Prince Czartoryski to Lord G. L. Gower, dated at St. Petersburgh, 28th July,-(9th August, 1805.)
The undersigned joint minister for foreign affairs, being authorized to that effect by his majesty the emperor of all the Russias, declares to his excellency the ambassador, lord Granville Leveson Gower, as follows:
1. The undersigned has this day exchanged with his excellency the ambassador of Austria, the declarations, of which copies are hereto annexed.
2. His majesty the emperor of all the Russias expects that the ambassador of England will agree, in the name of his court, without reserve, to their contents; and that if he does not consider himself sufficiently anthorized thereto, he will express, in a formal declaration, the several points to which he can immediately consent.
3. The undersigned is authorized to exchange this declaration against
that which shall be delivered to him by his excellency Lord Granville Leveson Gower.
The present declaration, and that delivered in return by the ambassador of England, which are to be in the place, and to have the validity of the most solemn act, shall be ra tified by the respective sovereigns, and the ratifications exchanged at St. Petersburgh in the shortest possible term.
In faith of which the undersigned joint minister for foreign affairs, has signed the present declaration, has caused to be affixed to it the seal of his arms, and has exchanged it against the declaration signed this day by his excellency the ambassador of England.
Done at St. Petersburgh, the 28th of July, 1805. (L. S.) Adam Prince Czartoryski.
No. II. (E.)-Declaration, signed by his Majesty's Ambassador at St. Petersburgh, and delivered to Prince Czartoryski, and to Count de Stadion, 9th August, 1805.
The undersigned ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of his Britannic majesty, having been invited by his excellency the prince Czartoryski, joint minis. ter for foreign affairs, and the count de Stadion, ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of his imperial royal and apostolic majesty, to accede to the declarations reciprocally exchanged between the two imperial courts on this day, the 9th of August, in virtue of his full powers, declares as follows:
The several observations and proposals expressed by the court of Vienna in the preliminary declaration delivered by the vice-chancellor
of the court and state, the count de Cobenzel, to the ambassador count Razoumofski, on the 7th of July, and in the Memoire Raisonne of the 21st of July, are assumed by his majesty the king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, &c. &c. to serve as a basis for the concert of measures between the three courts of London, Vienna, and Petersburgh, and the modifications proposed therein, for the regulation of the affairs of the continent, are in like manner adopted, in case there should be reason to hope that war may be avoided by the means of negociation.
The British ambassador, while he declares that his positive instructions preclude him from acceding to the pecuniary demands of the court of Vienna, engages, in the name of his sovereign, that the monthly subsidies agreed to by the concert of the 30th March (11th April), shall be payable from the 1st of October, 1805. He engages, likewise, to advance, with the least possible delay, the equivalent of five months subsidies, under the head of première mise en campagne, with this express condition, that his Britannic majesty may reclaim whatever payments shall have been made in favour of his imperial and royal majesty, beyond the million stipulated by the eleventh additional article of the above-mentioned treaty, whether as première mise en campagne, or as current subsidy, in case that the negociations, which are about to be set on foot with the French govern. ment do not terminate in war.
He declares, moreover, that if the said negociations shall not be brought to a conclusion before the 31st day of December, 1805, the expiration of the first three months shall be the term of the payments
which are to be continued monthly, until the commencement of hosti. lities.
His imperial and royal majesty having engaged to embody an armed force of not less than 320,000 men, the undersigned consents, that the advances to be made, under the head of première mise en campagne, shall be paid according to this calculation, with this condition, nevertheless, that if, contrary to all expectation, the Austrian armies do not amount to the force above specified, his Britannic majesty may deduct from this payment a sum proportionate to the numbers that are wanting.
The British ambassador cannot consent to the modifications and demands contained in the paper, entitled, "Remarks on some particular objects of the Convention, signed between the Courts of Petersburgh and of London, the 30th March (11th April) of this year; as he has hitherto received no instructions from his court, which authorize him to accede to such demands.
The British ambassador accepts the accession of his majesty the emperor and king, under the conditions specified in the preliminary declarations exchanged this day between the plenipotentiaries of their imperial and royal majesties, with this formal reservation, that this acceptation shall not be considered as valid, nor the above-mentioned engagements obligatory, unless the court of Vienna shall on their side conform themselves to the whole of the stipulations of the said act.
The undersigned, in delivering to his excellency prince Czartoryski, and count de Stadion, the present preliminary declaration, which is to be in the place, and have the validity of the most solemn treaty, is
authorized to announce to him at the same time, that he is ready to proceed immediately on these bases, to the conclusion of the formal ac- cession of the court of Vienna to the concert of the 30th March, (11th April.)
These presents shall be ratified by the respective courts, in the shortest possible term.
In witness whereof the undersigned, by virtue of the full powers of his Britannic majesty, has signed the present preliminary declaration, and has affixed thereto the seal of his arms.
Done at St. Petersburgh the 28th
July (9th August) 1805. (L. S.) Granville Leveson Gower.
No. III.-Preliminary and Secret Convention between his Majesty and the King of Sweden, signed at Stockholm, 3d of Dec. 1804.
His majesty the king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his majesty the king of Sweden, being animated with a mutual desire to strengthen and draw closer the ties of friend. ship and harmony which so happily exist between the two courts, hav. ing thought proper, with this view, to regulate by a preliminary and secret convention, certain points of their mutual interests, relative to the present situation of affairs; their said majesties have named for that purpose, his majesty the king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, the sieur Henry Pierrepont, his envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary; and his majesty the king of Sweden, the sieur Frederic d'Ehrenheim, president of his chancery, and commander of his order of the polar
star, who, after having reciprocally communicated their full powers, have agreed upon the following articles :
ART. I. His Britannic majesty, in order to enable his Swedish majesty more effectually to provide for the defence of Stralsund, against any attack whatever on the part of the French, engages to pay, once for all, the sum of 60,000). sterling, which is to be appropriated solely to that purpose: this sum shall bere mitted in three payments, at the interval of a month between each, the first of which is to become due upon the ratifications of this convention being exchanged.
II. His majesty the king of Sweden engages, so long as the war between Sweden and France con. tinues, or during the space of eighteen months, for the least, to permit the establishment of a depôt in Swedish Pomerania, either at Stralsund, or in the island of Ru gen, or in both those places, for the corps of Hanoverians which his Britannic majesty shall be desirous of raising there.
III. The officers appointed to raise the said levies, shall be allowed to clothe, arm, and victual them; to form them into battalions, and to remove them out of Swedish Pomerania, into such places, and in such proportions, as his Britannic majesty shall judge proper.
IV. The stipulations of the two preceding articles, being founded on the principle that Sweden is actually declared a belligerent party, it is understood the said Articles II, and III, are to be suspended in their operation, until his Swedish majesty shall find himself, by the return of the open season, in a situation to send additional reinforce
ments into Pomeranía, insomuch that no measure relative to these dispositions, can be adopted before that time.
- V. His majesty the king of Sweden engages moreover to grant to the subjects of his Britannic majesty, during the continuance of the war between Great Britain and France, the right of an entrepot at Stralsund, for all the articles of the growth, produce, and merchandize, as well of Great Britain as of her colonies, shipped in British or Swedish vessels. All such articles intended for re-exportation, whether by sea or land, shall only pay a duty of three quarters per cent, ad dalorem; and those for consumption such duties only as are actually established at the port of Stralsund, with respect to the most favoured nations. A more detailed arrange. ment of this branch of commerce, as likewise of other points, whereby the commercial interests of the two nations might be more closely connected, is to be reserved for a particular act.
VI. His majesty the king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his majesty the king of Sweden, mutually engage to ratify the present act, and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged in the space of six weeks, or sooner, if possible, to be computed from the day of its signature.
In witness whereof, we the un. dersigned, furnished with the full powers of our respective sovereigns, have signed the present convention, and thereunto affixed the seals of Our arms.
No. IV.-Convention between his
ART. I. The preliminary and se. cret convention, concluded between the two sovereigns on the 3d of December, 1804, is renewed, and shall continue in full force and validity, during the period hereinafter specified in Art. VII.
II. His majesty the king of Great Britain, conceiving that the object stated in the preamble, cannot be more completely attained with respect to Swedish Pomerania, than by maintaining the fortress of Stralsund in a respectable state of defence, in order to preserve a rallying point and place of retreat for the forces of the allied powers, and especially for the troops of the emperor of all the Russias, in case his imperial majesty should be desirous of landing his forces at that place, in order to co-operate in the general plan, engages to pay monthly, the sum of one thousand eight hundred pounds sterling, for every thousand of regular troops with which his Swedish majesty shall reinforce the usual garrison of the city of Stralsund.
III. A garrison of eight thousand men in the whole, being deemed sufficient for the defence of this place, and the usual garrison, including the burgher militia, amounting to upwards of four thousand; it is understood that the reinforcement spoken of in the preceding article, shall not exceed four thousand men of regular troops, so that the
Done at Stockholm, this 3d of subsidies to be furnished by his ma
(L. S.) Henry Pierrepont.
jesty the king of Great Britain, will amount to the sum of seven thousand two hundred pounds per month.
IV. The payment of the above
mentioned subsidies shall be made before the end of every month, and shall be computed from the 1st day of July last, for the Swedish troops, amounting to fifteen hundred men, actually in Stralsund, and for the reinforcements which may arrive there, from the day of their landing. V. The two high contracting parties not having been able to agree upon the expences of transport, his majesty the king of Sweden, desirous of affording a convincing proof of his wish to contribute to the success of the common cause, engages to be at the sole charge of conveying to Pomerania, the troops which are to be sent there, in pursuance of the present convention, and not to require any thing for their return.
VI. His majesty the emperor of all the Russias, having signified his desire to land a part of his troops in Pomerania, his Swedish majesty engages, in consequence of the present convention, to afford every facility in his power to such debarkation, and moreover to enter into particular stipulations with his imperial majesty on that head.
VII. As the conditions of the obligations contained in the Articles II. and III. of the preliminary and secret convention, limit the enjoyment of the privileges therein granted to the king of Great Britain, to the duration of the war be tween Sweden and France, or to the period of eighteen months for the least; and his Britannic majesty not having availed himself of the stipulations of the above-mentioned two articles, his majesty the king of Sweden engages to extend them as long as the subsidies fixed by the present convention, shall be discharged by Great Britain, and
whilst that power shall continue the war against France, in conjunction with Russia.
VIII. The ratifications of the present convention shall be exchanged at Stockholm, within six weeks, or sooner if possible.
In witness whereof, we the undersigned, in virtue of our powers, have signed the present convention, and have affixed thereto the seals of
Done at Helsingborg, the 31st of
(Signed) (L. S.) Henry Pierrepont. (L. S.) J. C. Baron de
No. VI. (A.)-Act of guarantee by the Emperor of Russia, of the Convention, signed at Helsingborg, on the 3d of Dec. 1804.
A convention having been concluded this day, by the intervention of his majesty the emperor of all the Russias, between his majesty the king of the United Kingdom of Great Britin and Ireland, and his majesty the king of Sweden, to provide for the reinforcement of the garrison of Stralsund, in pursuance of the secret and preliminary convention of the 3d of December, 1804; the two high contracting parties have amicably requested his imperial majesty to con sent to guarantee the execution of so desirable an object. His majesty the emperor of all the Russias has accordingly willingly agreed to a measure, which tends solely to so salutary an end; and having thereunto furnished us with his full powers, we, the undersigned, envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary of his imperial majesty, declare and assure by this present act,