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in virtue of our full powers, that his majesty the emperor of all the Russias guarantees the convention which has been signed this day, between his majesty the king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his majesty the king of Sweden, in all its extent, as well as the two separate articles which are annexed to it, and which form part of the same, as of all the other conditions, clauses, and stipulations, which are contained therein, in the best possible form; and that his imperial majesty will cause to be forwarded and delivered, the particular ratifications of this act of guarantee.
In faith of which we have signed the present act, and have caused the seal of our arms to be thereto affixed, and have exchanged it against the acts of acceptation; as shall be likewise exchanged the ra. tifications of the present act against the ratifications of the said acts of acceptation, in the space of six weeks, or sooner, if possible.
Done at Helsingborg this 31st day of August, 1805.
(L. S.) D. Alopeus.
No. IV. (B.)—This is simply the acceptance by his majesty of the Russian Guarantee to the Treaty of Helsingborg, of 31st August, 1805.
No. IV. (C.) First Separate Article of the Convention of Helsingborg, signed 31st of August, 1805.
His majesty the king of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and his majesty the king of Sweden, having agreed by the present separate and additional article, that the subsidies fixed by
the 2d and 3d articles of the convention signed this day, shall continue to be paid by Great Britain, during the continuance of the war between that power and France, conjointly with Russia, or as long as the state of affairs, and the ope rations of the allies, shall require that the fortress of Stralsund be kept in a respectable state of defence, unless the two high contracting parties shall mutually consent to the cessation of such subsidies. both cases, if the term of their payment should happen when the sea is not navigable, his Britannic majesty engages, nevertheless, to continue their payment, according to the same rate as heretofore, till the day of the return of the Swedish troops into Pomerania, which shall take place by the earliest opportunity.
No. IV. (D.)-Second Separate Article of the Convention of Helsingborg, signed the 31st of August, 1805.
The Hanoverian troops, which, in pursuance of the stipulations of the 2d and 3d articles of the secret and preliminary convention of the 3d of December, 1804, renewed by the 7th article of the present convention, may be hereafter assembled in Swedish Pomerania, shall continue, as long as they remain in that province, under the supreme orders of the commander-in-chief of the united forces, without any violation of the rights established in the three above-mentioned articles.
This separate article shall have the same force and validity, as if it were inserted word for word in the convention signed this day, and shall be ratified at the same time.
In faith of which we the undersigned,
signed, by virtue of our full powers, have signed the present separate article, and have caused the seal of our arms to be affixed thereto.
Done at Helsingborg, this 31st day of August, 1805. (Signed) (L. S.) Henry Pierrepont. (L.S.) T. E. Baron de
No. V. Treaty between his Majesty and the king of Sweden, signed at Beckascog, 3d Oct. 1805.
In the name of the Most Holy and
ART. I. There shall be a perfect understanding, friendship, and alliance, between his Britannic majesty and his majesty the king of Sweden.
cause, engages to furnish him an annual subsidy, at the rate of twelve pounds ten shillings sterling for every man, which subsidy shall be paid in equal proportions at the end of each month.
V. His Britannic majesty moreover engages, as a compensation for the expences of assembling, cquipping, and conveying the said troops, to furnish, under the head of putting them in motion, a sum equal to five months subsidy, to be calculated according to the scale laid down in the preceding article, and payable immediately after the ratification of the present treaty.
VI. The two high contracting parties engage not to lay down their arms, nor to conclude peace with the common enemy, but by mutual consent; but, on the contrary, to remain firmly and inseparably united, as long as the war lasts, and until the conclusion of a general pacification.
II. The convention concluded between their said majesties on the 31st of August last, is hereby renewed, and shall remain in full force and validity, independent of the new stipulations contained in VII. In pursuance of the enthe present treaty.
III. His majesty the king of Sweden, desirous of co-operating with effect towards the success of the general plan, engages to furnish a corps of troops destined to act against the common enemy, in concert with the allies, and especially with the troops of his imperial majesty of all the Russias which shall be landed in Pomerania. The number of Swedish troops employed for this purpose, shall be fixed in every case at 12,000 men.
IV. His Britannic majesty, in order to facilitate to his Swedish majesty the means of acting with vigour, and conformably to the sentiments of zeal and interest by which he is animated for the common
gagements agreed upon between the two high contracting partics, by virtue of the preceding article, not to lay down their arms but by com. mon consent, his Britannic majesty engages to continue the subsidies stipulated by the present treaty, until the end of the war.
VIII. His Britannic majesty, in order as well to cover the expences of the Swedish army, as of all other objects connected therewith, engages to continue the subsidies stipulated by the present treaty, until three months after the peace.
IX. His Britannic majesty, impressed with the importance of putting the fortress of Stralsund in the best possible state of defence, engages to place, immediately after the
exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty, at the disposal of his Swedish majesty, the additional sum of 50,0001. sterling for that purpose.
X. The present treaty shall be ratified by the two high contracting parties, and the ratifications thereof shall be exchanged in six weeks, or sooner, if possible.
In witness whereof we the undersigned, in virtue of our powers, have signed the present treaty, and have thereunto affixed the seals of
Done at Beckascog, the 3d
October, 1805. (Was Signed) (L.S.) H. Pierrepont. (L. S.) T. E. Baron de Toll.
Supplementary Papers relative to Treaties, &c. Presented by His Majesty's Command to both Houses of Parliament.
[This collection of diplomatic papers fills seventy-six folio pages. The greater part of them would be but little interesting to our readers, after the perusal of the treaties, to which they chiefly refer, but there are some passages well worthy of selection for the light they throw upon several political and military transactions of the last summer and autumn.]
The following extract furnishes a new instance of the fatal mismanagement of general Mack.
In consequence of this movement (whether by choice or by necessity I know not) general Mack divided his army, and general Jellachich was detached with, I believe, 15 or 16 battalions towards the Tyrol. Orders VOL. XLVIII.
were sent at this time to the garri son at Memminghen, which consisted of 11 battalions, to evacuate that place, and join the above corps under general Jellachich. Whether the order arrived too late, or whether it was ill delivered, I am unable to decide; but the garrison capitulated to the French under general Davoust, after the town had been nearly re duced to ashes. It is to be observed, that the artillery destined for the fortifications of that place was still without the town. Upon this occasion, a great number of Bavarian peasants who had joined the French, and who were taking possession of the above artillery, were cut to pieces by the Austrian hussars, who carried the whole or the greatest part of it off.
I am sorry to say, that a general consternation or dismay is beginning to prevail here, at least in the public. The presence of the emperor of Russia, who is expected here on the 5th of next month, may perhaps tend to dispel the gloom, particularly should affairs take rather a more favourable turn in the interval. If in truth they bear an inauspicious as pect, they are not by any means desperate. There is an army of reserve of 50,000 men; there are as many more Russians on their march; some reinforcements may be drawn from Italy; 50 or 60,000 men may, it is to be hoped, be saved from the Austrian and Russian armies now in Germany; so that, in the course of three or four weeks, unless these armies should be absolutely and literally annihilated, we shall have considerably above 100,000 men ready to take the field.
In a very long plan of operations, proposed by the court of
Vienna, we find the following liged France, by mutual diversions,
This number, with the addition of the different corps in Corsica and the islands, of 21 regiments of Dutch soldiers, 11 Swiss regiments, 18 auxiliary corps from Italy, and the imperial guards, which consists of 15,000 men, makes a total of 631,964, the whole military force now on foot in France. These troops are for the greater part already on the war establishment."
The ensuing extract from a memoir of count Starhemberg cannot be overlooked, whenever the conduct of our late ministry, with respect to the continental campaign, shall come into discussion.
(Translation.)-Extract from a Memoir on the Situation of Affairs, communicated by Count Sturhem. berg.
Never were hopes, founded on the most salutary views and plans, destroyed by a more fatal blow, thau the disastrous reverse which our army in Germany has expericuced by a concourse of unfortunate circumstances, the consequence of a single fault. The simultaneous cooperation of the two imperial courts of England and Prussia should have offered, at the commencement of the war, a chain of armed forces from orth to south, and should have ob
to separate hers. It was our first misfortune, that none of the hopes we had placed in diversions on the north of the continent, which might have obliged the emperor of the French to divide the troops that he had withdrawn from his coasts, were realised; and not only all these troops were able to be employed against our army in Germany, but even the Gallo-Batavian army, and that of Bernadotte, could quit Holland and Hanover also, without impediment, to join in the attack. It is to this circumstance that the French troops, which were opposed to ours, owe the superiority of their numbers; for deducting these two armies, the troops arrived from the interior in the course of the month of October, have but little exceeded the number of Austrian troops on the Iller, where, in the strong position which they occupied, they would have been able to await the junction of the first army of his majesty the emperor of Russia. There was even a moment when they had the hope of preventing the junction of the French troops from the north with those arrived from the interior of France, by falling on a party of the latter, when, as a second misfortune, the violation of the Prussian neutrality suddenly changed the face of affairs, and reduced our German army to the alternative, either to fall back immediately on the Inn, or to see itself surrounded and destroyed.
Extract from the Answer of the
French Government to the Declaration of Austria, dated Paris, Aug.
England well knows, and has more than once declared, that Russia alone
alone can give her no effectual as. sistance; and that without the cooperation of Prussia and Austria, no diversion would be of any use. Prussia has declared that she will at no time, nor in any case, enter into any hostile design against France.
It is for the interests of Austria herself, and for the glory of her so vereign, that the emperor of the French desires that his majesty the emperor of Germany and Austria should avail himself of the opportunity which now offers. He has now in his hands both the destiny of his own dominions and that of Europe. In the one he holds the troubles and the subversion of states; in the other a general peace : impartial neutrality will give him all that he desires for himself, and will enable him to ensure the peace of the world. The most effectual mediation that Austria can employ for a peace is, to observe the most perfect neutrality, not to arm, nor oblige France to make any diver. sion; not to allow to England any hope of engaging her in an offensive
Address of the City of London to His Majesty, Wednesday Feb. 19, 1806.
The humble, loyal, and dutiful address of the lord mayor, aldermen, and commons of the city of
London, in common council as.
Most Gracious Sovereign,
We, your majesty's most dutiful and loyal subjects, the lord mayor, aldermen, and commons of the city of London, in common council assembled, most humbly approach your majesty with the warmest sentiments of loyalty and attachment to your majesty's sacred person and family.
We beg to assure your majesty,
Viewing the high and distinguish-
Instead of the word which, as marked above, the committee which drew up as may retrieve our public affairs." And inthe address inserted the following, stead of the words in italics, was inserted as follows: "that, by a revision of past errors, a reform of public abuse, a wise application of our resources, the most efficacious means of national defence, and a dignified and conciliatory conduct towards foreign powers, this country, surmounting every difficulty, may be restored to its ancient rank, power, and opulence, and the peace, happiness and security of your majesty's dominions be established on a firm and lasting foundation."
A motion was afterwards made in the Common-council, where the committee was charged with misconduct, and the address was presented as above.