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What soldier would consent to fight,
What tar be to the bottom hurl'd,
Were Folly banish'd from the world?
Is it the patients or physicians ?
The people or the politicians ?
Did Folly not the scene attend,
Were Folly not their truest friend;
Pleased with itself each happy creatura,
And Folly never succour'd nature.
Why need I more my theme pursue,
Let me with smiles be pardon'd too;
Am no derider-no despiser,
And think the merry fools the wiser.
ON A PURSE-PROUD INSOLENT MAN, WHO HAD MADE
A LARGE FORTUNE IN THE EAST INDIES.
OMPOSO still boasts of his luchs of rupees :
When he swaggers with airs of importance, 'tis fit,
Vast lacks of good-breeding, discernment and wit !
ON ON THE ORIGIN OF EVIL
From the Same.
DEAR Sewards ever since this earth
And all its strange contents had birth,
For this, the learn'd of diff'rent nations
But I, whate'er may be their boast,
In these sad times a modern sioner,
So pass'd their days, in full delight,
Scarce had they gratified their sense
The Apostle Paul mentio the third heaven ; but how the Scrians disco vered a fourth the author is not informed.
Vex'd with complaints so dire, so new,
At length some angel saw their grief,
Here, then, they came—but now polluted,
These verses will be understood as intended to ridicule profound inquiries ito subjects above human comprehension, and also to convey a moral lesson for uman pride.
Account of Books for 1806.
Memoirs of Richard Cumberland, If the reader looks only for ask
written by Himself, contaimng an of adventure, for “ hair di Account of his Life and Iritings, 'scapes" and “ imminent dar. interspersed with Anecdotes and he must not seek them in te. Characters of several of the most of authors; but if he is de distinguished Persons of his Time, of acquainting himself with the with whum he had Intercourse and gress of the human mind, Connexion.
steps by which it adsauce (9
provement, of its nascotes IOGRAPIIY affords, perhaps, and its cultivated powers, thex any species of literary composition; graphy of men of letters.lt and if it be true that “ the proper have moved in an extensive o study of mankind is man,” there is their history may be intersen nothing which can more effectually with anecdotes of their contem advance this study than the delinea. ries, and their lives are no lo tion of character, the actual portrait single portraits of the mind ef of human nature, which are pre. man, but groupings of rarion sented to us by the true and impar. racters, to display the men . tial history of men, celebrated for manners of their age and cosa their talents or their virtues, their And this is never better dose : useful labours or their splendid when the authors have delines achievements.
their own characters. Two things only are wanting to In all history, in all biografi complete the purpose of biography; the grand requisite is tratb, 4 that its portraits should be drawn from the nature of human atai from interesting characters, and that is, unfortunately, too seldom v they should be sketcbed with a cor- found. Science can only be rect and faithful pencil. In gerreral, proved by experiment, by is the lives of literary men are thought tion from facts and concie. to be devoid of that interest which founded upon knowo truths or is supposed pre-eminently to belong disputed axioms. History can to to the active characters of the great be useful from the actual kar world, to those who have conquer. ledge which it affords of past ed in the field, or negociated for currences ; and biography, in the fate of kingdoms in the cabinet. manner, for the true exhibition
the modes and motives of human their lives. To whaterer cause we conduct.
owe them, whether to the workings But how little of this hare we of ranity, or the consciousness of reason to expect in the best histo. utility; we must peruse them with ries that are extant?
the satisfaction that by their means Gazettes and chronicles record the we are advanced so much the nearer : battles, the state negociations, the to the sources of truth. We no
public events of every country ; and longer take facts from second hand who reigned and who succeeded; narration ; we place the penitentin who fought and who was beaten; his confessional, or the witness in who proposed terms of peace, and the box from which he is to give his who made cession of territory, may testimony, and we may safely put accurately be knowo. But descend that reliance upon his statements, into particulars, inquire into mo. to which, from his character, and tives, search decply into causes, ap- the manner of his narrative he is ply events to the only purposes for entitled. which we could wish them to be We need say nothing more to re. recorded, and all is obscurity and commend the life of a celebrated au. error, Fiction is substituted for thor, by himself, as a subject of truth, and imagination is made to much curiosity. The present memoir supply the place of judgment. We was undertaken towards the end of no longer reason from what we a long career of laborious employknow, but from what we conjec. ment as a dramatic writer, a moral ture, and from what we are told by essayist, a poet on moral and reli. those who sometimes conjecture and gious subjects, a writer of many sucsometimes deceive. Histories, there. cessful novels. It is aot written to fore are, in general, little better gratify idle curiosity, or to satisfy than historical romances, a species absurd vanity; but at the suggestion of composition which is, perhaps of the booksellers, who offered him unintentionally, the best satire upon 5001. for the work. It is the mcans the fanciful narratives and unfound. of contributing to the comfor able ed deductions of the professed wri- sustenance of an aged man of let. ters of that which is, with little jus. ters, who has served his country as tice, called true history and real an author of much celebrity, as a biography
We have, however, faithful servant in some official upor some occasions, faithful me. situations, and as an honest but un. moirs of statesmen, which are in- successful negociator, upon one ocvaluable, as they develope the se- casion of particular importance. cret histories of courts, and lay • In the last instance, he was, we open the intricacies of public af- think, most cruelly treated by his fairs.
employers, and perhaps there are We have also had writers, who, many who read his life that will feel conscious of their own importance, with us, that the man who has de. or to gratify the curiosity of their voted his literary talents to fame cotemporaries, have published their and to the world, and who has own histories, and laid open, or pre- injured his fortune to serve his tended to lay open, the secret country, ought not to remain withthoughts and private transactions of out a pension, and to be found at the VOL. XLVIII.