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my onprofitable efforts to obtain a " To the Right Honourable just and equitable indemnification Lord North, &c. &c. &c. for my expeaces according to agree.'

66 The humble Memorial of meat. The evidences indeed are Richard Cumberland, in my hands, and the production of " Sheweth, them would be highly discreditable " That your memorialist in to the memory of some, who are now April 1780 received his majesty's 110 more; but redress is out of my most secret and confidential orders reach ; the time for that is long and instructions to set out for the siace gone by, aud has carried me court of Spain in company with the on so far towards the hour, which Abbe Hussey, one of his catholic must extinguish all human feelings, majesty's chaplains, for the purpose that there can be little left for me of negociating a separate peace with to do but to employ the remaining that court. pages of this history in the best 66 That to render the object of manoer I can devise, consistently this commission more secret, your with strict veracity, for the satisface memorialist was directed to take tion of those, who may condescend to his family with him to Lisbon, under peruse them, and to whom I should the pretence of recovering the health be above measure sorry to appear of one of his daughters, which he in the character of a querulous, dis, accordingly did, and having sent contented and resentful old man; I the Abbe Hussey before him to rather hope that when I shall have the court of Spain, agreeably to the laid before them a detail of literary king's instructions, your memo. labours, such as few have executed rialist and his family soon after re. within a period of the like extent, paired to Aranjuez, where his catho. they will credit me for my industry lic majesty then kept his court. at least and allow me to possess “ That your memorialist upon some claim upon the favour of pos. setting out on this important undere terity as a man, who in honest pride taking received by the hands of of conscience has not let bis spirit John Robinson esq. one of the sesink under oppression or neglect, cretaries of the treasury, the sun nor suffered his good will to man. of one thousand pounds on account, kind, or his zeal for his country's with directions how he should draw, service and the honour of his God, through the channel of Portugal, to experience intermission or abate- upon his banker in England for ment, nor made old age a plea for such further sums as might be neindolence, or an apology for ill cessary, (particularly for a large humour.

discretionary sun to be employed, " Nevertheless as I have charged as occasion might require, in secret my employers with a direct breach services) and your memorialist was of faith, it seems necessary for my directed to accompany his drafts by more perfect vindication, to support a separate letter to Mr. secretary that charge by an official document, Robinson, advising him what sum and this consideration will I trust or sums he had given order for, that be sufficient apology for inserting the the same might be replaced to your following statement of my claiin memorialist's credit with the bank Vol. XLVIII.

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of Messieurs Crofts and Co. in Pall ture, which need not here be 109. Mall.

merated ; of which charge so incur. 66 That your memorialist in the red no part has been repaid. execution of this commission, for " That upon the capture of the the space of nearly fourteen months, East and West India ships by the defrayed the expences of Abbe enemy, your 'memorialist was ad. Hussey's separate journey into dressed by many of the British priSpain, paid all charges incurred by soners, some of whom he relieved him during four months residence with money, and in all cases obthere, and supplied him with money tained the prayer of their meno for his return to England, no part rials. Your memorialist also, of which has been repaid to your through the favour of the bishop of memorialist.

Burgos, took with him out of Spain 6 'That your memorialist with some valuable British seamen, and bis family took two very long and restored them to his majesty's fleet, expensive journies, (the one by way and this also he did at his own cos: of Lisbon and the other through “ That your memorialist during France) po consideration for which his resideuce in Spain was indis has been granted to him.

pensably obliged to cover these bis " That your memorialist, du- unavoidable expences 'by severa? ring his residence in Spain, was

drafts upon

his banker to the obliged to follow the removals of amount of 45001. of which not es the court to Aranjuez, San Ildefon- single bill has been replaced, pk so the Escurial and Madrid, be- one farthing issued to his support sides frequent visits to the l'ardo ; during fourteen months expensive in all which places, except the Pare and laborious duty in the king's is do, he was obliged to lodge him. mediate and most confidential ser. self, the expence of which can only vice; the consequence of wbich isbe known to those, who in the ser- paralleled treatment was, wat vice of their court have incurred it. your memorialist was stopped and

“ That every article of pecessary arrested at Bayonne by order froe expence, being inordinately high in his remittancers at Madrid , in the Madrid, your memorialist, withont agonizing situation your menuassuming any vain appearance of a rialist, being then in the height of minister, and with as much domes

a most violent fever, surrounded by tic frugality as possible, incurred a

a family of helpless women in an very heavy charge.

cnemy's country, and abandoned 66 That your memorialist having by his employers, on whose fait: no courier with him, nor any cy. he had relied, found himself incaps. pher, was obliged to employ his ble of proceeding on his journes, own servant in that trust, and the and destitute of means for sub-isiservant of Abbe Hussey, at his own ing where he was : under this acci. proper cost, no part of which has mulated distress he must have such been repaid to him.

and expired, had not the genero66 That your memorialist did at sity of an officer in the Spanish considerable charge obtain pa- service, who had accompanied him pers and documents, containing in. into France, supplied his necessitis formation of a very important na. with the loan of fire bundred


nds, and passed the king of sirous of summing up the circum. at Britain's bankrupt servant stances of my case so, that if he had

his own country, for which thought fit to grant me a compenjane action this friendly officer, sation, this statement might have rchetti by name) was arrested been a justification to his successor aris, and by the count D'Aran. for the issue ; but it produced no emanded back to Madrid, there compensation, though I should preake his chance for what the in. sume it proved enough to have aco of France may find occasion touched the feelings of one of the evise against him.

best tempered men living, if he Your memorialist, since his would have devoted a very few mirn to England, having, after in- nutes to the perusal of it. ierable attempts, gained one only 6 It is not possible for me to call ittance to your lordship's per- to mind a character in all essential for the space of more than ten, points so amiable as that of this de. iths, and not one answer to the parted minister, and not wish to luent and humble suit he has find some palliation for his over. le to you by letter, presumes sights; but if I were now to say

for the last time to solicit your that I acquit him of injustice to me, sideration of his case, and as he it would be affectation and hypobersuaded it is not, and cannot crisy; at the same time I must

in your lordship's heart to de- think, that Mr. secretary Robinson, e and abandon to unmerited who was the vehicle of the promise, o an old and faithful servant of was more immediately bound to so. crown, who has been the father licit and obtain the fulfilment of it, four sons, (one of whom has and this I am persuaded was comly died, and three are now car. pletely in his power to do: to him, og arms in the service of their therefore, I addressed such remon. 5) your memorialist humbly strances, and enforced them in such ys, that you will give order for terms as no manly spirit ought to i to be relieved in such manner, have put, up with ; but anger and to your lordship’s wisdom shall high words make all things worse ; m meet.

and language, which a man has not Il which is humbly submitted by courage

he never will have Your lordship’s most obedient, candour to forgive." And most humble servant, Richard Cumberland.'

Some Account of the Life and 66 This memorial, which is, per. Il ritings of l.ope Felir de Vega os, too long and loaded, I am Carpio, by Henry Richard Lord rsuaded lord North never took Holland.

pains to read, for I am unuil. g to suppose, that, if he had, he We have already given an ae. uld have treated it with absolute count of Lope de Vega, extract. lect. He was upon the point of ed from this interesting work, itting office when I gave it in, and in the poetical part of the Re. d being my last effort, I was de. gister are some specimens of his

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to resena,

lordship's skill as a translator of object. It has never been praz poetry. We cannot quit our task probably owing to the fastidio without further noticing, that in an severity with which this entrs Appendix his lordship gives the fol- author has generally viewed lowing account of a memorial to own productions. As he is, en the Royal Academy of History, on ever, the only person who is és the games, spectacles, and public tisfied with them, copies of diversions of that country, which, treatise in AIS. are not diffical at the moment we are writing, be obtained in Madrid. affords to all Europe the affecting 66 After a rapid historical (kr spectacle of a people breaking of the Roman exhibitions in SL thc bonds of slavery, and rising and a short account of the e against their foreign oppressors, to sions introduced by the nora avenge the injured honour of their barbarians and their descendie inonarchy, and the insulted dignity he describes the state of the se. of their nation. At such a time, theatre, froin its first regola therefore, even this fragment which pearance in Ferdinand and illustrates the character of their late bella's time, to the comments government, deserves the attention of the present reign. He tate of all who feel for the sufferings of view of the controversies to at a people whose honour is proverbial. it has given rise; and thoar

condemos such scandalous abe Informe dado à la Real Academia of theatrical representations as I de Historia, sobre Juegos, Espec. occasionally prevailed in Span, taculos, y Dirersiones Publicas. vindicates the use of that ras

diversion, from the imputation “ This treatise is the work of don the clergy, with his usual Gaspar Melchor de Jovellanos, late and success. The latter part of minister of grace and justice in work is devoted to the expossa Spain : a man, who, after having of plans for the revival of 207 devoted the labours, and even the exercises and diversions, and to : amusemeuts, of his useful life, to suggestion of expedients for rets: the improvement and happiness of the character of the drama, esa", his fellow countrymen, is now lane the profession of players, and : guishing in the dungeons of Palma; mating the exertions of poets. imprisoned without an accusation, it must be acknowledged that: and condemned without the form of allows his zeal for letters, and a trial.

anxiety to direct them to beceiro “ The paper on the games, exhi. purposes, to divert him from en bitions, and public diversions of clusions to which his own pria Spain, was undertaken at the re. ples would more naturally concquest of the Royal Academy at Ma- him; and he somewhat incas drid, and completed in 1790, during tently expects from such regulat his retirement at Gijon ; at a time more than any interference of when the displeasure of a minister vernments or academies was rot did not necessarily imply the ruin, yet able to produce. His averpersecution and imprisonment of its to the bull feasts induces him

to under-rate their popularity, and and fine weather, on a holiday, to exaggerate the evil consequences which will leave them at liberty to produced by that barbarous but not walk, run, throw the bar, to play unmanly amusement.

But even at ball, coits, or skittles, or to where his reasoning is least conclu. junket, driok, darce, and caper on sive, one is fascinated by the beau- the grass, will fill all their desires, ties of his style, which always seem and yield them complete gratifica. to arise from the discussion, and to tion and contentment.

At so cheap be as much the result of the since. a rate may a whole people, how. rity of his conviction, and the bene. ever numerous, be delighted and volence of his views, as of an en

amused. lightened education, and a correct “ How happens it then, that the taste in composition and language. majority of the people of Spain Such, indeed, is the character of all have no diversion at all? For every his writings, though it may possibly one who has travelled through our excite surprize, that a dissertation provinces must have made this me. on games and exhibitions should af- lancholy remark. Even on the ford any room for displaying it. greatest festivals, instead of that Jovellanos has, however, contrived, boisterous merriment and noise even on such a topic, to throw into which should bespeak the joy of the compass of a few pages, much the inhabitants, there reigns through. curious information, and sound phi- out the market-places and streets, a losophical reflexion, without wan- slothful inactivity, a gloomy still. dering from the subject, or betray. ness, which cannot be remarked ing any disposition to pedantry or without the mingled emotions of affectation.

surprise and pity. The few persons “ To justify the above commenda- who leave their houses, seem to be tions of his work, I subjoin a pas. driven from them by listlessness, and sage, which may serve also to illus. dragged as far as the threshold, the trate a remark in the text, and to market, or the church-door. There, shew that the gloomy appearance, muffled in their cloaks, leaning a. so often objected to Spaniards, is to gainst some corner, seated on some bc ascribed to the perverse spirit of bench, or lounging backwards and their municipal laws, and not to the forwards, without object, aim, or natural disposition of that high- purpose, they pass their hours, aye, spirited and warm-hearted people. I may say their whole evenings,

« The labouring class of society without mirth, recreation, or amuse. require diversions, but not exhibi- ment. When you add to this picture, tions ; the government is not called the dreariness and filth of the vila upon to divert them, but to permit lages, the poor and slovenly dress them to divert themselves. For the of the inhabitants, the gloominess few days, the short moments, which and silence of their air, the laziness, they can devote to recreation and the want of concert and union so entertainment, they will naturally striking every where, who seek, and easily find amusement for would be astonished; who but themselves. Let them merely be would be afflicted by so mournful a

unmolested, and protected in the phænomenon ? This is not indeed i enjoyment of them. A bright sky the place to expose the errors which

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