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The warmest admirer of phrenology will be constrained to admit that the author has not misrepresented the science in his first lecture, and such will read it without finding any want of candor or magnanimity in the exhibition of its principles or claims. Indeed, it is obviously his design to give the true character of phrenology, so that the reader may discover its multiplied and important bearings, and appreciate the propriety of a patient and sober examination. And, indeed, the author attaches censure to those who have caricatured and satirised the sci. ence and its votaries, and maintains that it is entitled to other treatment than that of ridicule.
But, in the second lecture, Professor Sewall has grappled with the “science” in a style of manly and logical reasoning which shows him to be a master of the subject. As an able and practical anatomist, he has dissected both phrenology itself, and the human head, of which it speaks with such oracular dogmatism; and as a physiologist and metaphysician, he has contented himself with environing the science with inextricable difficulties ; and although this is accomplished by a few brief hints, yet the sect will find them to be absolutely unanswerable. Indeed, the plates which accompany the volume, even if unaccompa. nied by the argument, would be sufficient to overthrow the whole fabric of phrenology; for it is impossible to examine these drawings, and the summary explanations which accompany them, without perceiving the physical impossibility of determining, from any inspection or admea. surement of the scull, either the volume of the brain," whether abso. lute or relative, or the size, much less the configuration of the organs into which “ the science” has arbitrarily divided the structure of the brain.
By the publication of these lectures, Professor Sewall has greatly added to his well-earned professional reputation, and performed an essential service to the cause of science and religion. He deserves and will receive the thanks of the public for thus interposing the shield of science, to protect the young and rising generation from the ingenious and mischievous influence of a species of philosophy which might else deceive by its learned empiricism, and beguile from the truth by the gaudy plumes it has borrowed from true philosophy, to conceal its errors and follies under the name of discoveries and facts. Phrenolo. gists can no longer clamor for candid and liberal opposition, for these lectures have furnished facts and arguments which will give employ. ment to the whole clique for a century.
For want of room we are obliged to close this article here, though it contains several additional paragraphs.-Eds.
We have an instance of this collision in the sacramental test, by which the participation of one of the sacraments is perverted into a
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