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said I, the King of France is a good-natured THE PASSPORT.
soul, he'll hurt nobody. Cela n'empeche
pas, said he,-you will certainly be sent to the PARIS.
Bastile to-morrow morning. .. But I've WIEN I got home to my hotel, La Fleur told me taken your lodgings for a month, answered I, I had been inquired after by the Lieutenant de and I'll not quit them before the time for all Police. The deuce take it, said I, -I know the Kings of France in the world. ... La the reason. It is time the reader should know Fleur whispered in my ear-that nobody could it; for, in the order of things in which it hap- oppose the King of France. pened, it was omitted; not that it was out of my Pardi, said my host, ces Messicurs Anglois head, but that, had I told it then, it might have sont des gens tres extraordinaires ;-and having been forgot now-and now is the time I want it. both said and sworn it--he went out.
I had left London with so much precipitation that it never entered my mind that we were at war with France; and had reached Dover, and
THE PASSPORT. looked through my glass at the hills beyond
THE HOTEL AT PARIS. Boulogne, before the idea presented itself; and with this in its train, that there was no getting I COULD not find in my heart to torture La there without a passport. Go but to the end of Fleur's with a serious look upon the subject of a street, I have a mortal aversion for returning my embarrassment, which was the reason I had back no wiser than I set out; and as this was treated it so cavalierly; and, to show him how one of the greatest efforts I had ever made for light it lay upon my mind, I dropped the subject knowledge, I could less bear the thoughts of entirely; and, whilst he waited upon me at it; so hearing the Count de **** had hired the supper, talked to him with more than usual packet, I begged he would take me in his suite. gaiety about Paris, and of the Opera Comique.The Count had some little knowledge of me, so La Fleur had been there himself, and had made little or no difficulty,-only said his in- followed me through the streets as far as the clination to serve me could reach no farther than bookseller's shop; but seeing me come out with Calais, as he was to return by way of Brussels to the young fille de chambre, and that we walked Paris; however, when I had once passed there, down the Quai de Conti together, La Fleur I might get to Paris without interruption, but deemed it unnecessary to follow me a step that in Paris I must make friends and shift for farther,--so, making his own reflections upon myself.
it, he took a shorter cut, and got to the hotel Let me get to Paris, Monsieur le Count, said in timo to be informed of the affair of the 1,--and I shall do very well. So I embarked, police, against my arrival. and never thought more of the matter.
As soon as the honest creature had taken When La Fleur told me the Lieutenant de away, and gone down to sup himself, I then Police had been inquiring after me, the thing began to think a little seriously about my instantly recurred ;-and, by the time La Fleur situation. had well told me, the master of the hotel came -And here, I know, Eugenius, thou wilt into my room to tell me the same thing, with smile at the remembrance of a short dialogue this addition to it, that my passport had been which passed betwixt us the moment I was particularly asked after: the master of the hotel going to set out.— I must tell it here. concluded with saying he hoped I had one. . . Eugenius, knowing that I was as little subject Not I, faith! said I.
to be overburthened with money as thought, The master of the hotel retired three steps had drawn me aside to interrogate me how from me, as from an infected person, as I much I had taken care for. Upon telling him declared this ;--and poor La Fleur advanced the exact sum, Eugenius shook his head and three steps towards me, and with that sort of said it would not do; so pulled out his purse, movement which a good soul makes to succour in order to empty it into mine. . . . I've a distressed one : the fellow won my heart by enough, in conscience, Eugenius, said I. .. it; from that single trait, I knew his character Indeed, Yorick, you have not, replied Eugenius; As perfectly, and could rely on it as firmly, as if I know France and Italy better than you. . he had served me with fidelity for seven years. But you don't consider, Eugenius, said I, refus
Mon Seigneur! cried the master of the hotel; ing his offer, that before I have been three days -but recollecting himself as he made the ex- in Paris, I shall take care to say or do something clamation, he instantly changed the tone of it, or other for which I shall get clapped up into If monsieur, said he, has not a passport (appa- the Bastile, and that I shall live there a couple remment), in all likelihood he has friends in Paris of months entirely at the King of France's who can procure him one. . . . Not that I know expense. ... I beg pardon, said Eugenius, of, quoth I, with an air of indifference. ... dryly: really, I had forgot that resource. Then certes, replied he, you'll be sent to the Now the event I treated gaily came seriously Bastile or the Chatelet, au moins. Poo! | to my door.
Is it folly, or nonchalance, or philosophy, or creature, said I, I cannot set thee at liberty. pertinacity,
-or what is it in me, that, after -No,' said the starling; 'I can't get outall, when La Fleur had gone down-stairs, and I I can't get out.' was quite alone, I could not bring down my I vow I never had my affections more tenderly mind to think of it otherwise than I had then awakened ; nor do I remember an incident in spoken of it to Eugenius?
my life where the dissipated spirits, to which ---And as for the Bastile—the terror is in the my reason had been a bubble, were so suddenly word.- Make the most of it you can, said I to call'd home. Mechanical as the notes were, myself, the Bastile is but another word for a yet so true in tune to nature were they chanted, tower ;-and a tower is but another word for a that in one moment they overthrew all my house you can't get out of. — Mercy on the systematic reasonings upon the Bastile ; and I gouty! for they are in it twice a year. -But heavily walked up-stairs, unsaying every word with nine livres a day, and pen and ink and I had said in going down them. paper and patience, albeit a man can't get out, Disguise thyself as thou wilt, still, Slavery, he may do very well within,-at least for a said I,-still thou art a bitter draught ! and, month or six weeks; at the end of which, if he though thousands in all ages have been made to is a harmless fellow, his innocence appears, and drink of thee, thou art no less bitter on that he comes out a better and wiser man than he account. -—'Tis thou, thrice sweet and gracious went in.
goddess, addressing myself to Liberty, whom I had some occasion (I forget what) to step all, in public or in private, worship, whose taste into the court-yard, as I settled this account; is grateful, and ever will be so, till Nature herand remember I walked down-stairs in no small self shall change. No tint of words can spot triumph with the conceit of my reasoning.- thy snowy mantle, nor chemic power turn thy Beshrew the sombre pencil! said I, vauntingly sceptre into iron;--with thee, to smile upon -for I envy not its power-which paints the him as he eats his crust, the swain is happier evils of life with so hard and deadly a colouring. than his monarch, from whose court thou art The mind sits terrified at the objects she has exiled. -Gracious Heaven! cried I, kneeling magnified herself, and blackened : reduce them down upon the last step but one in my ascent, to their proper size and hue, she overlooks them. grant me but health, thou great Bestower of it,
'Tis true, said I, correcting the proposition -and give me but this fair goddess as my com. —the Bastile is not an evil to be despised.—But panion, --and shower down thy mitres, if it strip it of its towers-fill up the foss-unbarri- seem good unto thy Divine Providence, upon cade the doors-call it simply a confinement, those heads which are aching for them! and suppose 'tis some tyrant of a distemper, and not of a man, which holds you in it—the
THE CAPTIVE. evil vanishes, and you bear the other half without complaint.
I was interrupted in the heyday of this The bird in his cage pursued me into my room. soliloquy with a voice which I took to be of a I sat down close by my table, and, leaning my child, which complained it could not get out.' head upon my hand, I began to figure to myself
- I look'd up and down the passage, and, seeing the miseries of confinement. I was in a right neither man, woman, nor child, I went out frame for it, and so I gave full scope to my without further attention.
imagination. In my return back through the passage, I I was going to begin with the millions of my heard the same words repeated twice over; and fellow-creatures born to no inheritance but looking up, I saw it was a starling hung in a slavery: but finding, however affecting the little cage.—'I can't get out-I can't get out,' picture was, that I could not bring it near me, said the starling.
and that the multitude of sad groups in it did I stood looking at the bird : and to every but distract me, person who came through the passage, it ran -I took a single captive; and, having first fluttering to the side towards which they shut him up in his dungeon, I then looked approached it, with the same lamentation of through the twilight of his grated door to take its captivity,—'I can't get out,' said the star- his picture. ling. —God help thee! said I,-but I'll let I beheld his body half wasted away with long thee out, cost what it will; so I turned about expectation and confinement, and felt what kind the cage to get the door: it was twisted and of sickness of the heart it was which arises from double twisted so fast with wire, there was no hope deferred. Upon looking nearer, I saw him getting it open without pulling the cage to pale and feverish: in thirty years the western pieces.-I took both hands to it.
breeze had not once fanned his blood ;-he had The bird flew to the place where I was seen no sun, no moon, in all that time ;-nor attempting his deliverance, and, thrusting his had the voice of friend or kinsman breathed head through the trellis, pressed his breast through his lattice !-His children against it, as if impatient. — I fear, poor But here my heart began to bleed; and I
was forced to go on with another part of the set by him :-s0 La Fleur bought both him and portrait.
for me for a bottle of Burgundy. He was sitting upon the ground upon a little In my return from Italy, I brought him with straw, in the farthest corner of his dungeon, me to the country in whose language he had which was alternately his chair and bed. A learned his notes; and, telling the story of him little calendar of small sticks was laid at the to Lord A-, Lord A. begged the bird of me; head, notched all over with the dismal days in a week Lord A. gave him to Lord B-; Lord and nights he had passed there. He had one of B. made a present of him to Lord C-; and these little sticks in his hand, and with a rusty Lord C.'s gentleman sold him to Lord D.'s for a nail he was etching another day of misery to shilling :-Lord D. gave him to Lord E., and so add to the heap. As I darkened the little light on, half round the alphabet. From that rank he had, he lifted up a hopeless eye towards the he passed into the lower house, and passed the door, then cast it down,-shook his head, and hands of as many commoners. — But as all these went on with his work of affliction. I heard wanted to get in, and my bird wanted to get his chains upon his legs, as he turned his body out, he had almost as little store set by him in to lay his little stick upon the bundle.- He gave Lonılon as in Paris. a deep sigh.— I saw the Iron enter into his soul ! It is impossible but many of my readers must - I burst into tears. — I could not sustain the have heard of him ; and if any by mere chance picture of confinement which my fancy had have ever seen him, I beg leave to inform them drawn. – I started up from my chair, and that that bird was my bird-or some vile copy calling La Fleur, I bid him bespeak me a set up to represent him. remise, and have it ready at the door of the I have nothing further to add upon him, but hotel by nine in the morning.
that, from that time to this, I have borne this -I'll go directly, said I, myself to Monsieur poor starling as the crest to my arms. — And de Duc de Choiseul.
let the herald's officers twist his neck about if La Fleur would have put me to bed ; but not they dare. willing he should see anything upon my cheek which would cost the honest fellow a heart-ache,
THE ADDRESS. I told him I would go to bed by myself, and bid him go do the same.
I SHOULD not like to have my enemy take a
view of my mind when I am going to ask proTHE STARLING.
tection of any man, for which reason I gener
ally endeavour to protect myself ; but this ROAD TO VERSAILLES.
going to Monsieur le Duc de C- was an act I got into my remise the hour I proposed, -La of compulsion ;-had it been an act of choice, Fleur got up behind, and I bid the coachman I should have done it, I suppose, like other make the best of his way to Versailles.
people. As there was nothing in this road, or rather How many mean plans of dirty address, as I nothing which I look for in travelling, I cannot went along, did my servile heart form! I defill up the blank better than with a short history served the Bastile for every one of them. of this self-same bird, which became the subject Then nothing would serve me, when I got of the last chapter.
within sight of Versailles, but putting words Whilst the Honourable Mr. **** was waiting and sentences together, and conceiving attitudes for a wind at Dover, it had been caught upon and tones to writhe myself into Monsieur le the cliffs, before it could well fly, by an English Duc de C's good grace.—This will do, said lad who was his groom ; who, not caring to I.-Just as well, retorted I again, as a coat destroy it, had taken it in his breast into the carried up to him by an adventurous tailor, packet; and, by course of feeding it, and without taking his measure.-Fool! continued taking it at once under his protection, in a day | 1,-see Monsieur le Duc's face first ;-observe or two grew fond of it, and got it safe along what character is written in it ;-take notice in with him to Paris.
what posture he stands to hear you ;-mark the At Paris the lad had laid out a livre in a turns and expressions of his body and limbs ; little cage for the starling ; and, as he had little and for the tone--the first sound which comes to do better the five months his master stayed from his lips will give it you ;-and, from all there, he taught it, in his mother's tongue, the these together, you'll compound an address at four simple words (and no more) to which I once upon the spot, which cannot disgust the owned myself so much its debtor.
Duke ;-the ingredients are his own,
and most Upon his master's going on for Italy, the lad | likely to go down. had given it to the master of the hotel. But Well! said I, I wish it well over.-Coward his little song for liberty being in an unknown again ! as if man to man was not equal, throughlanguage at Paris, the bird had little or no store out the whole surface of the globe ; and if in the field, why not face to face in the cabinet thought I, I might as well take a view of the too? and trust me, Yorick, whenever it is not town; so I pulled the cord, and ordered the so, man is false to himself, and betrays his own coachman to drive round some of the principal succours ten times, where nature does it once. streets.- I suppose the town is not very large, Go to the Duc de C- with the Bastile in thy said I.-The coachman begged pardon for setlooks !-my life for it, thou wilt be sent back to ting me right, and told me it was very superb; Paris in half an hour with an escort.
and that numbers of the first dukes and marI believe so, said I.-Then I'll go to the Duke, quises and counts had hotels.— The Count de by Heaven! with all the gaiety and debonair- B-, of whom the bookseller at the Quai de ness in the world.
Conti had spoken so handsomely the night -And there you are wrong again, replied I, before, came instantly into my mind.-And ... a heart at ease, Yorick, flies into no ex- why should I not go, thought I, to the Count tremes,—'tis ever on its centre.- Well! well! de B- who has so high an idea of English cried I, as the coachman turned in at the gates, books and English men, and tell him my story? I find I shall do very well : and by the time he So I changed my mind a second time. In truth, had wheeled round the court, and brought me it was the third ; for I had intended that day up to the door, I found myself so much the for Madame de RM, in the Rue St. Pierre, better for my own lecture, that I neither and had devoutly sent her word by her fille de ascended the steps like a victim to justice, who chambre that I would assuredly wait upon her. was to part with life upon the topmast, -nor But I am governed by circumstances ;-I did I mount them with a skip and a couple of cannot govern them : so, seeing a man standing strides, as I do when I fly up, Eliza ! to thee, with a basket on the other side of the street, as to meet it.
if he had something to sell, I bid La Fleur go As I entered the door of the saloon, I was up to him and inquire for the Count's hotel. met by a person who possibly might be the La Fleur returned, a little pale ; and told me maitre d' hotel, but had more the air of one of it was a Chevalier de St. Louis selling patés.the under-secretaries, who told me the Duc de It is impossible, La Fleur, said I.-La Fleur C- was busy.-I am utterly ignorant, said I, could no more account for the phenomenon of the forms of obtaining an audience, being an than myself, but persisted in his story : he absolute stranger, and, what is worse in the had seen the croix set in gold, with its red present conjuncture of affairs, being an English- riband, he said, tied to his button-hole ; and man, too. ... He replied that did not increase had looked into the basket, and seen the patés the difficulty.-I made him a slight bow, and which the Chevalier was selling ; so could not told him I had something of importance to say be mistaken in that. to Monsieur le Duc. The secretary looked Such a reverse in a man's life awakens a towards the stairs, as if he was about to leave better principle than curiosity. I could not me to carry up this account to some one. But help looking for some time at him, as I sat in I must not mislead you, said 1,-for what I the remise. The more I looked at him, his have to say is of no manner of importance to croix, and his basket, the stronger they wove Monsieur le Duc de C—, but of great import themselves into my brain.-I got out of the ance to myself. . . C'est une autre affaire, remise, and went towards him. replied he. . . . Not at all, said to a man of He was begirt with a clean linen apron, which gallantry. But pray, good sir, continued I, fell below his knees, and with a sort of a bib when can a stranger hope to have accesse?... that went half-way up his breast. Upon the In not less than two hours, said he, looking at top of this, but a little below the hem, hung his his watch. --The number of equipages in the croix. His basket of little patés was covered court-yard seemed to justify the calculation over with a white damask napkin : another of that I could have no nearer a prospect; and as the same kind was spread at the bottom; and walking backwards and forwards in the saloon, there was such a look of propreté and neatness without a soul to commune with, was for the throughout that one might have bought his time as bad as being in the Bastile itself, I patés of him as much from appetite as sentiinstantly went back to my remise, and bid the ment, coachman drive me to the Cordon Bleu, which He made an offer of them to neither ; but was the nearest hotel.
stood still with them at the corner of a hotel, I think there is a fatality in it;-I seldom go for those to buy who chose it, without solicitato the place I set out for.
He was about forty-eight ;-of a sedate look,
something approaching to gravity. I did not LE PATISSER.
wonder. I went up rather to the basket than VERSAILLES,
him, and, having lifted up the napkin, and
taken one of his patés into my hand, I begged BEFORE I had got half-way down the street, he would explain the appearance which affected I changed my mind As I am at Versailles, me.
He told me, in a few words, that the best In any other province in France save Brittany, part of his life had passed in the service ; in this was smiting the root for ever of the little which, after spending a small patrimony, he tree his pride and affection wished to see rehad obtained a company and the croix with it; blossom. But in Brittany there being a probut that at the conclusion of the last peace his vision for this, he availed himself of it; and, regiment being reformed, and the whole corps, taking an occasion when the States were assem with those of some other regiments, left without bled at Rennes, the Marquis, attended with his the provision, he found himself in a wide world, two boys, entered the Court; and having without friends, without a livre ;--and indeed, pleaded the right of an ancient law of the said he, without anything but this (pointing, duchy, which, though seldom claimed, he said, as he said it, to his croix).- -The poor Cheva- was no less in force, he took his sword from his lier won my pity, and he finished the scene by side ;-Here, said he, take it; and be trusty winning my esteem too.
guardians of it till better times put me in conThe King, he said, was the most generous of dition to reclaim it. princes; but his generosity could neither relieve The president accepted the Marquis' sword;. nor reward every one ; and it was only his mis- |-he stayed a few minutes to see it deposited in fortune to be amongst the number. He had a the archives of his house, and departed. little wife, he said, whom he loved, who did The Marquis and his whole family embarked the patisserie ; and added he felt no dishonour in the next day for Martinico, and, in about nincdefending her and himself from want in this way teen or twenty years of successful application -unless Providence had offered him a better. to business, with some unlooked-for bequests
It would be wicked to withhold a pleasure from distant branches of his house, returned from the good, in passing over what happened home to reclaim his nobility, and to support it. to this poor Chevalier of St. Louis about nine It was an incident of good fortune, which will months after.
never happen to any traveller but a sentimental It seems he usually took his stand near the one, that I should be at Rennes at the very iron gates which lead up to the palace; and as time of this solemn requisition. I called it his croix had caught the eye of numbers, solemn-it was so to me. numbers had made the same inquiry which I The Marquis entered the Court with his whole had done. - He had told the same story, and family: he supported his lady; his eldest son always with so much modesty and good sense supported his sister; and his youngest was at that it had reached at last the King's ears; who, the other extreme of the line, next his mother. hearing the Chevalier had been a gallant officer, He put his handkerchief to his face twice.and respected by the whole regiment as a man -There was a dead silence. When the of honour and integrity,-he broke up his little Marquis had approached within six paces of the trade by a pension of fifteen hundred livres tribunal, and gave the Marchioness to his a year.
youngest son, and advancing three steps before As I have told this to please the reader, I beg his family-he reclaimed his sword. His sword he will allow me to relate another, out of its was given him: and the moment he got it into order, to please myself ;-the two stories reflect his hand, he drew it almost out of the scabbard. light upon each other, and 'tis a pity they 'Twas the shining face of a friend he had once should be parted.
given up :-he looked attentively along it,
beginning at the hilt, as if to sce whether it THE SWORD.
was the same,-when, observing a little rust which it had contracted near the point, le
brought it near his eye, and bending his head WHEN states and empires have their periods of down over it, I think I saw a tear fall upon declension, and feel in their turns what distress the place,–I could not be deceived by what and poverty is,-I stop not to tell the causes followed. which gradually brought the house d’E-, in 'I shall find,' said he, 'some other way to get Brittany, into decay. The Marquis d'E it offi' had fought up against his condition with great When the Marquis had said this, he returned firmness : wishing to preserve and still show to his sword into his scabbard, made a bow to the the world some little fragments of what his guardians of it, and with his wife and daughter ancestors had been-their indiscretions had put and his two sons following him, walked out. it out of his power. There was enough left for O how I envied his feelings ! the little exigencies of obscurity. But he had two boys who looked up to him for light ;-he thought they deserved it. He had tried his
THE PASSPORT. sword, -it could not open the way,—the mount
VERSAILLES. ing was too expensive,--and simple economy was not a match for it :-there was no resource I FOUND no difficulty in getting admittance to but commerce.
Monsieur le Count de B- The set of Shake