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R. CANDLISH HENDERSON, LL.B., ADVOCATE
J. B. BALLINGALL, A. C. BLACK, J. SMITH CLARK, M. MILLAR CRAIG
D. OSWALD DYKES, D. P. FLEMING, W. A. FLEMING
R. W. LYALL GRANT, GEORGE HART, R. HENDRY
D. S. MACDIARMID, JAMES MACDONALD
JOHN S. MACKAY, W. J. ROBERTSON
AND ALEXANDER TAYLOR
OF SCOTS APPEALS IN THE HOUSE OF LORDS FROM 1707
AND OF THE CASES DECIDED IN THE
SUPREME COURTS OF SCOTLAND
1800 TO 1873
WILLIAM GREEN & SONS
T. & T. CLARK
AGENTS LI OLISGOI
THE SCOTS DIGEST
1800 To 1873
CHALLENGE of Deed, 3-17.
DEBTOR, CHOICE OF, 1–2.
EQUITABLE COMPENSATION, 22-27, 32.
INTESTACY, RIGHTS ON, 61-62.
JUS RELICTE, TERCE, AND TESTAMENTARY
EXCLUSION OF, see title Husband and
LEGITIM AND TESTAMENTARY PROVISION,
EXCLUSION OF,See title Parent and Child.
TRUSTEES, TUTORS, AND GUARDIANS, 9, 53.
tion contract, no new liability was incurred by
3. Deed-Approbate and Reprobate.-A
4. Deed-Challenging-Refusing Effect to Deed-Exercise. -B was A's testamentary trustee, and merged his estate with his own, and attempted to alter in some respects the testamentary directions of A. Under both A's and B's settlements X was a beneficiary. Held that X had not reprobated B's settlement, or excluded himself from taking benefit under it, either by vindicating the right of himself and the other persons interested in the settlement of A, to have his estate administered as a separate estate under A's settlement, and by refusing effect to those parts of the settlement of B which attempted to alter the settlement of A, or by proceedings subsequently adopted by him under the powers of the Entail AmendAct, for disentailing the residue of A's estate. Douglas' Trs. v. Douglas, 1862, 24 D. 1191; 34 J. 642.
1. Choice of Debtor-Principal and Agent Sale. The purchaser of a horse at an auction held not entitled to sue both the auctioneer and the principal, on alleged breach of warranty. An action against both dismissed as against the auctioneer, in respect the pursuer, alleging that the principal had taken the horsement back, must be held to have elected to sue the principal. Ferrier v. Dods, 1865, 3 M. 561; 37 J. 270.
2. Choice of Debtor-Composition Contract Executry.-A son agreed with his deceased father's creditors, that, on his father's estate being conveyed to him, he should pay 15s. on his father's debts, and find caution for the remaining 58. He afterwards was confirmed his father's executor-creditor, the cautioner for the composition becoming also cautioner in the confirmation. In an action by a creditor against the son and the cautioner, the latter admitted liability for an instalment of 5s. on the debt, but the pursuer insisted further against him as cautioner under the confirmation. Held that, as the son was to have right to the father's whole estate under the composi
5. Deed-Challenging-Effect of.- Question, whether the doctrine of approbate and reprobate applied to the case of an heir founding in defence on provisions in a deed which he ferred a benefit on him. Crawford's Trs. v. had partially reduced, which indirectly conCrawford, 1867, 5 M. 275; 39 J. 145.
6. Deed Challenging Effect of. A testator conveyed his whole estate to trustees directing them to pay the interest to his sisters, who were also his heirs. The sisters reduced the deed ex capite lecti quoad the heritage. Held that they could not claim the interest of the moveable estate either as legatees or as heirs ab intestato. Observed, that a deed not valid as to the conveyance of property might be
read so as to raise a question of election. Ker the deathbed deed only. Battley v. Small, v. Wauchope, 1819, 1 Bligh 1. 2 Feb. 1815, F. C.
13. Deed Challenging-Accepting Bequest.-A party executed a deed of entail, in which he called as the first substitute the heir entitled to succeed to him under a previous destination. Afterwards he executed a testament, by which he appointed the same party his residuary legatee, declaring that the residue should be subject to provisions imunder the tailzie executed by the testator. posed upon the legatee in his character as heir Held that the acceptance of the bequest in this testament did not bar the heir from challenging the deed of entail. Urquhart v. Urquhart, 1851, 13 D. 742; 23 J. 325.
14. Deed Challenging on Fraud Effect of. The plea of approbate and reprobate has no place where fraud or circumvention is Beith, 1856, 18 D. 820; 28 J. 348, 420. alleged as the ground of reduction. Dow v.
15. Deed Challenging - Invalidity. Where the deed is a testament which, though made by a person having power to settle land, is unavailing in point of form and solemnity to carry land, the rule of approbate and reprobate does not apply.
8. Deed-Challenging-Effect of.-Ques. 8. Deed-Challenging Effect of.-Question, whether a party claiming benefit under an English title (which was effectual to convey moveables, but inept to transmit heritage in Scotland) could found on the defect in the conveyance of the heritage, and take it as heirat-law, and at the same time claim the benefit of the will quoad the moveables. Campbell v. Munro, 1836, 15 S. 310.
9. Deed Challenging Ignorance Heirs. A father executed a trust deed for
payment of debts and regulating his succession, in fraudem of his marriage-contract, and to the prejudice of the heir of the marriage, and afterwards another trust deed. The two formed together a complete settlement of his whole estate. The heir made up a title under the marriage-contract, and under it possessed the lands contained in the first deed, and took benefit under the second deed, but in ignorance of the existence of the first deed. Held that his trustees were not barred from challenging the earlier deed, but were entitled to elect either to abide by his approbation of his father's settlement or to renounce and restore the benefit he had taken and challenge the first deed. E. of Glasgow's Tr. v. E. of Glasgow, 1872, 11 M. 218; 45 J. 145.
10. Deed-Challenging Effect of.-Held that the heir-at-law could not claim heritage on the ground that it had not been effectually disposed of under a deed, and also claim a provision to him made by that deed. Dundas v. Dundas, 1830, 4 W. & S. 460. Affg. 7 S. 241; 4 Fac. 292.
11. Deed-Challenging Accepting Liferent Exercise.-A liferent of part of an estate was left by an English testator to his eldest son. The residue of the real estate, "not by him otherwise disposed of," was bequeathed to three younger sons. No mention was made of bonds due by an English company, upon which adjudications had been led against their estates in Scotland. Held that the eldest son, by enjoying the liferent for sixteen years, had approbated the will and could not reprobate it so as to claim that the bonds were not carried by the will. Martin v. Martin, 1795, 3 Pat. 421. 12. Deed Challenging Effect of. A party may object to a deed disposing of property ex capite lecti and at the same time found on the deed as revoking a prior deed. Mudie v. Moir, 1824, 2 Shaw's App. 9. Crawford v. Coutts, 1803, 1806, 2 Bligh 655; 5 Pat. 73. Revg. 3 Feb. 1801, F. C.; M. 14958 and" Deathbed" App. No. 3. [See title Deathbed, No. 15.] And the revocation will be effectual to exclude a plea of want of interest in the heir to reduce
A entailed the lands of X in 1757. In 1763A by will revoked all prior wills and gave directions as to the settlement of his lands other than X, and of the same date he executed a deed disponing X to a series of heirs different from those in the earlier deed. This last deed was invalid. Held that the heirs by taking benefit under the will of 1763 were not barred from pleading the invalidity of the other deed. Wilson v. Henderson, 1802, 4 Pat. 316.
16. Deed-Challenging.-If three deeds of settlements really constitute together one testamentary settlement, a party cannot reduce the last deed ex capite lecti and at the same time claim a provision made in one of the two former deeds. Black v. Watson, 1841, 3 D. 522; 16 Fac. 508.
17. Deed-Challenging.-Spouses executed two mutual deeds-by one of which they settled their moveables, and by the other their heritage-in each referring to the existence of the other, but the property being settled for different purposes, and each being capable of independent execution, held that the surviving spouse, by taking under the one deed, was not barred by approbate and reprobate from reducing the other. Dow v. Beith, 1856, 18 D. 820; 28 J. 348, 420.
18. Deed-Fulfilment of Conditions Payment of Legacies.-A testator disponed his heritage to trustees for behoof of his widow in liferent, reserving power "to burden his estate with legacies or donations." On the same day, by a separate deed, he bequeathed his moveable estate to his widow, subject to payment of a legacy. On his death she was confirmed executrix. The moveables were insufficient to pay the debts. An argument