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THE LORD CHANCELLOR Keeps the Great Seal, not to judge according to the common law, as other

courts do, but to dispense with such parts as seem in some cases to oppress the subject ; and to judve according to equity, conscience, and reason. Wherefore he is said to have two powers; one absolute, the other ordinary; the meaning of which is, he must observe the form of proceeding in other courts; yet, in his absolute power, he is not limited by the written law, but in conscience and equity. He may issue writs of habeas corpus at all times. He has power to collate to all ecclesiastical benefices in the Queen's gift, rated under 201. per annum in the Queen's Books. His oath :-To do justice to all persons, poor and rich; the Queen truly to counsel, and to keep the Queen's counsel, and not to suffer the rights of the Crown to be any ways diminished. [The Lord Chancellor and Lord Keeper are the same in power and prece

dence. Both are appointed by the Queen's delivery of the Great Seal; they differ only in this:--the Lord Chancellor has also letters patent, the Lord Keeper has none.

ne. ] 1793, Jan. 28, Earl of Rosslyn. 1801, Mar. 14, Earl of Eldon. 1806, Feb. 7, Lord Erskine. 1807, April 1, Earl of Eldon. 1827, May 1, Lord Lyndhurst. 1830, Nov. 22, Lord Brougham. 1834, Nov. 21, Lord Lyndhurst. 1836, Jan. 19, Earl of Cottenham. 1841, Sept. 2, Lord Lyndhurst 1846, July 3, Earl of Cottenham. 1850, July 13, Lord Truro. 1852, Feb. 27, Lord St. Leonard's.

Dec. 28, Right Hon. Lord Cranworth. 1857, Feb. 27, Right Hon. Lord Chelmsford. 1859, June 18, Right Hon. Lord Campbell. 1861, June 26, Right Hon. Lord Westbury. 1865, July 7, Right Hon. Lord Cranworth. 1860, July 6, Right Hon. Lord Chelmsford. 1868,

Right Hon. Lord Cairns. Dec. 11, Right Hon. Lord Hatherley. 1872, Oct. 15. Right Hon. Lord Selborne. 1874,

Right Hon. Lord Cairns, (now Earl Cairns.) 1830, April Right Hon. Lord Selborne.

THE MASTER OF THE ROLLS.
Right Hon. Sir William Grant.

Lord Gifford.
1826, Sept. 15, Sir John-Sidgleton Copley.
1827, April 30, Sir John Leach.
1834, Sept. 29, Sir Charles-Christopher Pepys.
1836, Jan. 19, Right Hon. Henry Bickersteth.
1851, Mar. 25, Right Hon. Sir John Romilly.
1873, Sept. 3, Right Hon. Sir George Jessel.

THE ATTORNEY-GENERAL.,

1829,

1799,

Sir John Mitford, knt. 1801,

Sir Edward Law, knt. 1802,

Hon. Spencer Perceval. 1806, Feb. 12, Sir Arthur Pigott, knt. 1807,

Sir Vicary Gibbs, knt. 1812, Sept. 8, Sir Thomas Plumer, knt. 1813, May 4, Sir William Garrow, knt. 1817,

Sir Samuel Shepherd, knt. 1819, July 20, Sir Robert Gifford, knt. 1824, January, Sir John-Singleton Copley, knt. 1828, Feb. Sir Charles Wetherell, knt.

Sir James Scarlett, knt. 1830, Nov. 23, Sir Thomas, Denman, knt. 1832, Nov. Sir William Horne, knt. 1834, Dec. 17, Sir Frederick Pollock, knt, 1835, April 18, Sir John Campbell, knt. 1841, Sept. 6, Sir Frederick Poliock, bart. 1844, April 15, Sir William-Webb Follett. 1845, July 1, Sir Frederick Thesiger. 1846, July 7, Sir Jolin Jervis. 1850, July 12, Sir John Romilly. 1851, Mar. 25, Sir Alexander-James-Edmund Cockburn. 1852, Feb. 27, Sir Frederick Thesiger.

Dec. 28, Sir Alexander-James-Edmund Cockburn. 1856, Nov. 15, Sir Richard Bethell. 1858, Feb. 27, Sir F. Kelly. 1859, June 18, Sir Richard Bethell. 1861, July 1, Sir William Atherton. 1863, Oct. 2, Sir Roundell Palıner. 1866, July 6, Sir Hugh M.Calmont Cairns.

Oct. 29, Sir John Rolt. 1867, July 22, Sir John Burgess Karslake. 1868, Dec. 11, Sir Robert P. Collier, 1871, Nov. 10, Sir J.-D. Coleridge. 1873, Nov. 20, Sir Henry Jaines. 1874,

Sir Richard Baggallay. 1875, Nov. 25, Sir John Holker. 1880, April Sir Henry James.

THE SOLICITOR-GENERAL.

1799,

Sir William Grant, knt. 1800,

Hon. Spencer Perceval. 1801,

Sir Thomas-Manners Sutton, knt. 1805,

Sir Vicary Gibbs, knt. 1806, Feb. 12, Sir Samuel Romilly, knt. 1807,

Sir Thomas Plumer, knt. 1812, Sept. 8, Sir William Garrow, knt. 1813, May 4, Sir Robert Dallas, knt. 1817,

Sir Robert Gifford, knt. 1819, July 20, Sir John-Singleton Copley, knt. 1824, January, Sir Charles Wetherell, knt. 1826, October, Sir Nicolas-Conyngham Tindal, knt. 1829, June 4, Sir Edward-B. Sugden, knt. 1830, Nov. 23, Sir William Horne, knt. 1832, Nov.

John Campbell, esq. 1834, Feb. 26, Sir Charles -Christopher Pepys.

Dec. 19, Sir William Webb Follett, knt. 1835, April 18, Sir Robert Monsey Rolfe, knt. 1839, Nov. 25, Sir Thomas Wilde. 1841, Sept. 6, Sir William-Webb Follett, knt. 1844, April 15, Sir Frederick Thesiger. 1845, July 4, Sir Fitzroy Kelly. 1846, July 4, Sir John Jervis.

July 10, Sir David Dundas. 1848, Mar. 25, Sir John Romilly. 1850, July 12, Sir Alexander-James-Edmund Cockburn, bart. 1851, Mar. 25, Sir William-Page Wood. 1852, Feb. 27, Sir Fitzroy Kelly.

Dec. 28, Sir Richard Bethell. 1856, Nov. 22, Hon. James-Stuart Wortley. 1857, May 28, Sir Henry-Singer Keating. 1858, Feb. 27, Sir Hugh Mac-Calmont Cairns. 1859, June 18, Sir Henry-Singer Keating.

Dec. 16, Sir William Atherton. 1861, July 3, Sir Roundell Palmer. 1863, Oct. 2, Sir Robert-Porrett Collier. 1866, July 6, Sir William Bovill.

Nov. 28, Sir John · Burgess Karslake. 1867, July 22, Sir Charles Jasper Selwyn. 1868, Feb. Sir William-Baliol Brett.

Sept. 16, Sir Richard Baggallay.

Dec. 10, Sir John-Duke Coleridge. 1871, Nov. 10, Sir George Jessel. 1873, Sept. Sir Henry James. 1873, Nov. 20, Sir W.-G.-G.-V.-Vernon Harcourt. 1874,

Sir John Holker. 1875, Nov. 25, Sir Hardinge Giffard. 1880, April Sir Farrer Herschell.

THE BOARD OF TRADE.

President. 1790

Earl of Liverpool. 1804, June 6, Duke of Montrose. 1806, Feb. 5, Lord Auckland. 1807, Mar. 26, Earl Bathurst. 1809,

Right Hon. R. S. Dundas. 1812,

Earl Bathurst. Sept. 29, Earl of Clancarty. 1818, Jan. 24, Right Hon. Frederick-John Robinson. 1823, Jan. 31, Right Hon. William Huskisson. 1827, Sept. 3, Right Hon. Charles Grant. 1828, June 11, Right Hon. William-Fitzgerald-Vesey Fitzgerald. 1830, Feb. 2, Right Hon. John-Charles Herries.

Nov. 22, Lord Auckland. 1834, June 5, Right Hon. Charles-Poulett Thomson.

Dec. 15, Right Hon. Alexander Baring. 1835, April 18, Lord Sydenham. 1839, Aug. 27, Right Hon. Henry Labouchere. 1841, Sept. 6, Earl of Ripon. 1843, May 16, Right Hon. William-Ewart Gladstone. 1845, Feb. 3, Earl of Dalhousie. 1846, July 6, Earl of Clarendon. 1847, July 22, Right Hon. Henry Labouchere. 1852, Feb. 27, Right Hon. Joseph-Warner Henley.

Dec. 28, Right Hon. Edward Cardwell. 1855, Feb. 26, Right Hon. Lord Stanley, of Alderley. 1858, Feb. 26, Right Hon. Joseph-Warner Henley. 1859, Feb. 26, Right Hon. Earl of Donoughmore. 1859, July 1, Right Hon. Thomas-Milner Gibson. 1866, July 6, Right Hon. Sir Stafford-H. Northcote, bart. 1867,

Duke of Richmond. 1868, Dec. 9, Right Hon. John Bright. 1870, Jan. 2, Right Hon. Chichester-S. Fortescue, 1874,

Right Hon. Sir C.-B. Adderley. 1878,

Right Hon. Viscount Sandon. 1880, April Right Hon. J. Chamberlain.

Secretaries.

1880, May

Hon. Evelyn Ashley.
Mr. T.-H. Farrer. (Permanent.)

THE CHANCELLOR OF THE DUCHY OF LANCASTER.

1803, Nov. 9, Lord Pelham.
1804, June 6, Lord Mulgrave.
1805, Jan. 14, Earl of Buckinghamshire.
1806, Feb. 12, Earl of Derby.
1807, Mar. 30, Right Hon. Spencer Perceval.
1812, May 23, Earl of Buckinghamshire.

June 22, Right Hon. Charles Bathurst.
1823, Jan. 31, Lord Bexley.
1828, Jan. 26, Earl of Aberdeen.

May 30, Right Hon. Charles Arbuthnot. 1830, Nov. 22, Lord Holland. 1834, Dec. 20, Earl of Haddington.

Dec. 26, Right Hon. Charles-Watkin-Williams Wynn. 1835, April 18, Lord Holland. 1840, Oct. 31, Earl of Clarendon. 1841, June 21, Right Hon. Sir George Grey, bart.

Sept. 6, Lord Granville C. H. Somerset. 1846, July 6, Lord Campbell. 1850, Mar. 6, Fạrl of Carlisle. 1852, Feb. 27, Right Hon. Robert-Adam Christopher.

Dec. 28, Right Hon. Edward Strutt. 1854, June 10, Viscount Granville. 1855, April 5, Right Hon. Earl of Harrowby.

Dec. 7, Right Hon. Matthew-Talbot Baines 1858, Feb. 26, Duke of Montrose. 1859, June 18, Right Hon. Sir George Grey, bart. 1861, July 25, Right Hon. Edward Cardwell. 1864, April 4, Right Hon. Earl of Clarendon. 1866, Jan. 26, Right Hon. George-Joachim Göschen.

July 10, Pight Hon. Earl of Devon. 1867, June 28, Right Hon. Colonel John-Wilson Patten. 1868, Nov. 7, Colonel Taylor.

Dec. 10, Lord Dufferin. 1872, Aug. 9, Right Hon. Hugh C.-E. Childers. 1873, Oct. 1, Right Hon. John Bright. 1874, Mar. 2, Right Hon. Thomas-E. Taylor. 1880, April Right Hon. John Bright.

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