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If this be hardship, let the dying heir
| Bloom or on Albion's, or on India's coast, Spurn back his father's aid, and curse his care: Midst Abyssinia's flames, or Zembla's frost. If this be cruel, partial and unwise,
Yet still the wits and moralists exclaim, Then perish infidel, and God despise.
“That virtue's casual oft, and oft a name: Nor flows it hence, that revelation's force At Esperanza's cape (or Jesuits lie) Chains reason down, or thwarts it in its course: Their baptism's urine, and their god a iy: Since obligation, first of moral ties,
Old Cato, sagely vers'd in stoic laws, Binds thus, and yet no tyranny implies :
Still hackney'd out his wife to serve the cause: We grant that men th' eternal motive see,
And incest. for th' advantage of a nation Yet motive, where there's choice, still leaves | Was sacred made by Spartan toleration : them free:
Midst Tart'ry's deserts, and Cathaya's sands, True liberty was ne'er by licence gain'd,
In their horse-soup their natives wash their Nor are liege-subjects slaves because restrain'd;
hands: Restriction shows the check, but wo:le creates : One drop of wine but in their chamber spilt, So prescience finds, but not necessitates. Is certain death, inexpiable guilt'!
Yet still the wits with partial voice exclaim, For a huge whore, see heroes, kings, at strife, " What art thou truth? What knowledge, but a But never virgin there was made a wife 2.". name?
Of all assertions, these indeed are chief In short, are mortals free, or they are bound? T'excite compassion, tho' not shake beliel: Tell us, is reason something, or a sound ?” Since from an agent's want of taste and skill
Priends, 'tis agreed : behold the gen'rous part. It flows not that the rule must needs be ill; My soul at once unfolded, and my heart; For truth exists abstracted from the mind, Too brave to be by superstition aw'd, .
And Nature's laws are laws, tho' may be blind, And yet too modest to confront the God:
Reason, at most, but imitates the Sun, Chain'd to no int'rest, bigot to no cause,
To each is various, and to all is one:
The mental pow'r eternal, equal, fixt,
First in that Pow'r (to whose eternal thought Dead in the branch, tho' real at the root,
Heav'n, As perfect reason from the Godhead springs, 1“ Nature, or God, must deal the blessing ev'n.' (And still unchang'd if perfect): so froin things, | Agreed : and in a prior sense they dn; Truths, actions in their kind and their degree, / But still improve the gift devolves on you : Starts real meaning, difference, harmony. Reason in this respect, I boldly say— [lay) These all imply a reason, reason still
(And so do thousands, schoolmen, churchmer, A duty; good, if sought, if sought not, ill: No more is natural, and inly born Hence in the chain of causes, virtue, vice, Than love, or lust, or pride, or hate, or scorn: And hence religion, take their gen'ral rise. 'Tis man's t'exert, exalt, subject, impart:
God first creates; the ref'rence, nature, force Here lies the honesty and here the art. Of things created must result of course:
'Tis his, ť improre good sense, but ncne create, As well might sense its evidence disclaim, Ty'd down to spend no more than his estate: Or chance sketch out Earth's, Heav'n's stupen To strike no notion out, no truth deduce, dous frame;
But just as nature sow'd the seeds for use. As well might motion to be rest consent,
This instance urg'd and drawn from mental As well might matter fill without extent,
pow'rs, As things (instead of being what they ought) Earth each day testifies in trees and flowers : Sink into hazard, whim, caprice, or nought." Culture with skill, and science join'd with toil,
Hence in each art, the great, the glorious Teach Persia's pcach to bloom in Albion's soil ; For science only copies moral charms, swarms, | As truly nature's produce here, as there Mysterious excellence ! the dome, the draught, In its own sunshine and its spicy air.--The lay, the concert swell upon the thought. | For truth, like earth made barren by the fall,
The mind to nobler beauty thence proceeds, Just as men labour, tribute pays to all: The union, colouring, and force of deeds; Plain, if kind Heav'n two blessings shall impart, Swells in the hero's cause with vast esteem, A reasonable head, and upright heart: Pants for the patriot, and would more than seem; For plainness rises in a giv'n degree Labours with Brutus in the stern decree, [free!" As men are honest, and as men can see: Yet whispers 'midst his tears, "O Rome be Quarles may be harder to th' unletter'd clown ? Envies at Utica the stoic sword,
Than Hed'lin, or Bossu to wits in town. Or bleeds at Carthage, martyr to its word. What's ethic to the true pains-taking man, These truths congenial, nor devis'd though Who never thinks, and cheats but all he can?” found,
· Voyages de Carpin. Live in each age, and shoot from ev'ry ground:
Histoire des Gherifls.
What's Shaftsbury's hairs-breadth morals at the | He therefore best infers who steers by fact, change?
| And weighs not reason's pow'r, but folly's act: Or Tindal's fitness at Philemon's Grange?
Which of these godlike ancients eren drew, Or solid reasoning to the headstrong youth, The whole of ethics justly round and true His tutor, pain, experiment his truth?
Had mission or to prophecy or preach, In short one sentence may the whole discuss
Sanction t' excite, authority to teach? As we with truth, truth coincides with us : Nay er'n their rule of morals and of life This boults the matter fairly to the bran, Was often wrong, oft various, oft at strife. And nothing more wits, bards, deans, doctors 'Gainst state or priest they little durst impart, can.
Their lips scarce breath'd the truths that scorch'd Nature, like God, ne'er felt the least decay:
their heart. But human nature has, and oft she may : Hence Samos' sage the current faith advis'd, Full in the child th' unsinew'd sire appears, Hence Plato trima'd his creeds, and temporiz'd, More weak by growth, more infantine by years ; | And Greece for one man's 3 head, in holy rage, And ductile vice each new impression takes, (A strange example in that mod'rate age!) Passive as air, with ev'ry inotion shakes. More art employ'd, more premiums issu'd forth,
Like some true Roman dome mankind appears, | Than all our modern deists' heads are worth.. The pile impair'd, but not o'erwhelm'd by years: | Nay half the source of most the ancients knew, Er'n the remains, strength, beauty, use, in part, ( From Noah they, as he from Eden drew: And faint, or rough, are equal proofs of art : Whence truth in secret pipes to Memphis pass; Yet nothing but the first creating hand
Thence strain'd thro’ Jewry, water'd Asia lasta Shall fill the shadowy lines, or new command, So Nilus wanders mystic in its flow, Bid the stretch'd roof to swell, the arch to bend, | And columns tost from Tempe feed the Po.
Vet as true madmen most their friends suspect, But combat God with his own arms at most: So wits for this, shall ev’n their God reject.
The truths they boast of, and the rules they Not that my verse right reason would control,
know, True freedom limit, or contract the soul:
Seen not, or own'd not, first from Scripture flow, Th'exchange were one to bigotry from pride, So painters, us'd to copy, seem t'invent, A bair's-breadth serves to join them, or divide : Of aid unconscious, and in theft content.
| Faith strikes the light, but pride assumes the
fame, Reason, like Israel, Horeb's place descries,
Sure, like th'oblig'd, t'efface ber patron's name; But if she gazes wantonly, she dies :
For as when vig'rous breezes drive a fleet, If well-attempier'd, her etherial light
Earth seems to stretch, and lab'ring floats to Will fix our slippery steps, and gild our night:
meet, Or else at most we run a rash career,
(Solid herself and fix): so bere 'tis thus : Or fare like pilots, who by meteors steer.
Nor we to God, but God accedes to us, For like a mark she's faithful to the view,
For, ah! ev'n here, where life a journey runs, But just as distance, force, and aim are true: Blest with new day-light and with nearer suns, Then guide and judge, and guardian of our ways, / Virtue's dim lights by God's own band supplied, Test of our deeds, and impire of our praise, With sanction strengthen'd, honour'd with a Source of our joy, and bound'ry of our grief,
guide, Anchor of hope, and pilot of belief,
| How few (except instructed first and led) True to the clear, unbiass'd, humble soul,
Can thread the maze, or touch the fountain's Which trembling seeks her, as the steel its pole. Observe a mean twixt bigotry and pride, (head!
Yet ab! how few ev'n ancient times beheld, Hit the strait way, or err not in the wide! (When Greece and Rome in arms and arts ex-) If reason then scarce finishes the best, celld)
Th' unbias'd few, how fares it with the rest? Who thro' life's maze the steps of Nature trod, / Where errour holds at least a dubious sway, Reason their guide, and truth their unknown god.
A war of thoughts, and twilight of a day: The Stagvrite, wbo bold to Heav'n would soar, | Where prepossession warps the ductile mind, Trembled at last 10 die and be no more:
Where blindfold education leads the blind: Gods, angels, glories op'd on Plato's view,
Where interest biasses, ill customs guide, Yet judgment quench'd the flames wbich rapture And strong desires pour on us like a tide:
Where insolence is never at a loss, Midst myriads, who but Socrates appears
But saunters on to Heav'n, a saint in gross: The birth, pride, effort, of three thousand years! | Where wit must mince a gnat (its throat 50 Nothing the rest, or worse than nothing meant:
small): God was but chance, and virtue but content : Where ignorance, an ostrich, gorges all: At best the hero's was an impious name:
Where zeal ber unknown vow of fury keeps, Free patriots while they bled were slaves to fame: 1
And superstition like an idiot weeps : Fren 'Hell was fable, and their blest abodes, | Where persecution lifts its iron roll, Of brutes a synod, or a mob of gods.
Bad for good ends, the butcher of the God: What bramin yet, what sage of Rome or Wliere pride still list ning to berself appears, Greece,
New forms Earth's orbit, and new rolls the Ere form'd one moral system of a piece?
spheres, Or half an altar rais'd, or duty paid, Enmix'd with rituals, homage, mystéry, shade?
Holds er'n th' Almighty in her airy chain, And oh, when interest every virtue hides,
Beam on my soul, and triumph o'er my heart. Its vast request just purely to declaim,
Thuslet me live unbeard of, or forgot, And the dear little licence--to blaspheme: My wealth content, praise, silence, truth my lot: Say, can cool virtue here dissuade from ill? Thy word, O God ! my science and delight, Or exil'd reason-pander to the will?
Task of my day and transport of my night: At most a voice or miracle may save,
There taught that he who sufiers is but tried, And only terrours snatch us from the grave. And he who wonders still may find a guide;
Suppose (though we disown it oft to be! Sanction with truth, reward with virtue join'd, Man from those errours and these passious free: Life without end,anıl laws that reach the mind ! Well taught by art, by nature well inclin'd, Happy the man that such a guide can take, Steady of judgment, tractable of mind,
Whose character is, never to forsake.
L TO THE PRINCE OF ORANGE,
ON HIS PASSING THROUGH OXFORD IN HIS RETURN Still out of reach, and often out of view.
At length, in pity to a nation's prayer, .
Thou liv'st, O Nassau, Providence's care! To lead the tim'rous, and exalt the low : Life's sun, which lately with a qubious ray Ev'n to the best (as all are oft perplext)
Gave the last gleams of a short glorious day, Instructive, as true comments on a text.
Again with more than noon tide lustre burns ; Then let each hour's new whim the witlings | The dial brightens, and the line returns. swell,
Some guardian power, who o'er thy fate preHeav'n let them tutor, and extinguish Hell:
sides, Refuse to trust Omniscience on its troth, Whose eyes unerring Albion's welfare guides, Yet take a lawyer's word, or harlot's oath: Tanght yonderstreams with new-felt force to flow, Then bigots, when 'gainst bigots they complain; And bade th' exalted minerals doubly glow, And only singular, because they're vain.
Thus cold and motionless Bethesda stood, Grant none but they the narrow path can hit- Till heavenly influence brooded o'er the flood. When will two wits allow each other wit ?
Lo! while our isle with one loud päan rings,
Isis, whose erring on the modest side
Here's the task of reason, not of art,
Words of the mind, and actions of the heart! True to the views of Heav'n, one's self, and friend, And sure that unbought praise which learning The earliest study, as the latest care,
brings The surest refuge, and the only pray’r.
JOutweighs the vast acclaim that deafens kings; O thou, the God, who bigh in Heav'n pre- For souls, supremely sensible and great, sides,
[guides, ! See through the farce of noise,and pomp of state; Whose eye o'ersees me, and whose wisdom Mark when the fools huzza, or wise rejoice, Deal me that portion of content and rest, [best : And judge exactly between sound and voice. That unknown health, and peace, which suit me Hail, and proceed! be arts like ours thy care, Save me from all the guilt and all the pain, Nor slight those laurels thou wert born to wear : That list of pleasure brings, and lust of gain: Adorn and emulate thy glorious line, In trial fix me, and in peril shade,
Take thy forefather's worth, and give them thine. 'Gainst foes protect me, 'gainst my passions aid : Blest with each gift that human hearts can move, In wealth my guardian, and in want my guide, In science blest, but doubly blest in love. 'Twist a mean flattery, and drunken pride: 1 Power, beauty, virtue, dignify thy choice, With life's more dear sensations warm my heart, Each public saffrage, and each private voice. Transport to feel, benevolence t'impart, Each homefelt joy, each public duty send,
| 'From the Epithalamia Oxoniensia, &c. Make me, and give me, all things in the friend.
11734. K. But most protect and guard me in a mind Not rashly bold, nor abjectly resigned.
to conjecture. Nor shall it be dissembled, but THE AMARANTHINE CROWN DESCRIBED BY MILTON.
that I had a great inclination to give a paraA crown inwove with amarant and gold ; pbrase (or metaphrase rather) of the xxviiith Immortal Amarant! a flow'r which once
chapter of Deuteronomy; which, I believe, hath In Paradisc fast by the tree of life
never yet been turned into English verse. It is Pegan to bloom ; but soon for man's offence doubtless one of the noblest pieces of poetry in To Heav'n remov'd, where first it grew; there Holy Scripture; being at the same time sublime, grows,
aud yet plain ; seemingly familiar, and yet And flow'rs aloft, shading the fount of life. richly diversified. Par. Lost, l. III, v. 352. In this chapter, the change of ideas and events
from a state of obedience to a state of disobedi.
ence, exhibits a power of language, imagery, and PREFACE,
just thinking, which no un-inspired writings ever I SHALL not trouble the public with excuses for have laid claim to with justice, or ever sball, venturing to send these Religious Poems into the But, when I came to take a closer view of the preworld ; having long since observed, that all apo cipice and its dangers,“ my heart trembled," as Jogies made by authors, far from gaining the end | Job says, “and was moved out of its place;" I proposed, serve only to supply an ill-natured threw down the pencil in despair, and left the critic with weapons to attack them. This being undertaking to some abler hand; namely, to the case, it shall suffice me to say, that I drew some future Milton, Dryden, or Pope. up the present writings for my own private con Upon the whole, I may perhaps venture to solation under a lingering and dangerous state of persuade myself, that the intention of the prehealth, which it has pleased God to make my sent work is commendable, and that the work portion; nor had I any better opportunity or when perused, may prove useful (more or less) power of discharging the duties of my profession to my fellow-christians. to mankind. The goodness of my canse may Conscious of my own inabilities, and being deperhaps supply the defects of my poetry ; since, sirous that the reader may receive soine ad. in this sense, “the very gleapings of the grapes of vantage by casting his eyes over these poems, I Ephraim will be better than the vintage of Abie have added in a few potes, the most remarkable zer.” I promise my readers no extraordinary art passages I had an eye to in the Holy Scriptures, in composition or style; but flatter myself they and in the writings of the primitive fathers; will find soine nature, some flame, and some they being the only compass and charts which I truth.
have made use of in my navigation. Parables, fables, emblematic visions, &c. are A mixture of pleasing and instructive poetry the most ancient method of conveying truth to cannot fail to engage the attention of all rational mankind. Opwards of forty of the finest and and serious readers : “For, as it is hurtful to drink most poetical parts of the Old and New Testa wine, or water, alone ; and as wine mingled ment are of this casi, and force their way upon w th water is pleasant, and delighieth the taste; the mind and heart irresistibly, though they are even so speech, finely framed, delighteth the written in prose.
ears of thein that read the story." From a just sense of this humble simplicity, I
2 MACCAD. Ch. ult. v, ult. have here translated the plainest and least figurative parable that our Blessed Saviour has delivered to us, relating only to a few un-ornament.
CHRIST'S PAR ABLE OF THE ed circumstances in agriculture..
SOWER. To expiess such humble allusions with clear
I will incline mine ear to a parable: I will open ness, propriety, and dignity, was, it must be con
| my dark saying upon the harp. Psalm xlix, fessed, one of the hardest pieces of poetry I ever
v. 4. yet undertook; nevertheless, I fattered myself
All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude that I was in some degree master of one part of
in parables. Without a parable spake he not the subject (namely, the culture of land) upon
unto them, Marrh. c, xiii. v. 34. which the parable is founded.
A wise man will hear, and increase learning, Yet the great and real difficulty still recurred;
and a man of understanding shall attain unto Difficile est propriè communia dicere.
wise counsels: to understand a proverb (a
parable) and the interpretation; the words of How far I have succeeded in this, or any other
The wise, and their dark sayings, Proy, c. i. particular, is more than I shall take upon me
v. 5, 6.
to conjecture Nor shall it be great
In this chapter, the change de ser
have laid claim to with justice, & rehe But, when I came to take a chceland'
cipice and its dangers of mir heart time nd Job says, “and was mored at 1312 ed threr down the pencil in despat, 235
undertaking to some abler haze:
l'pon the shole, I mar perhaps of persuade myself, that the liceu 11
Wuer verval show'rs and sunshine had un-
" The frozen bosomn of the torpid ground, [bound . sing,
When breezes from the western world repair Or Homer's fingers touch'd the speaking string;
mgi | To wake the flow'rs and vivify the air, Long e'er the supplemental arts bad found
Ti'industrious peasant left his early bed, Th' embroid'ry of auxiliary sound;
And o'er the fields bis seeds for harvest spread, The Hear'n-born Muse the paths of nature chose:
With equal hand, and at a distance due, Emblems and fables her whole mind disclose,
| (Impartially to ev'ry furrow true) Victorious o'er the soul with energy of prose!
The life-supporting grain he justly threw'. * True poetry, like Ophir's gold, endures
As was the culture, such was the return;
Of weeds a forest, or a grove of corn".
But, where he dealt the gift on grateful soils,
| Harvests of ndustri o'er-paid his toils. Something there is, which endless charms affords, |
! Some seeds by chance on brashy 3 grounds he And stamps the majesty of truth on words.
threw, The son of Gideon", 'midst Cherizim's snow, I and
show, And some the winds to flinty head-lands blew; Unskill'd in numbers taught the stream to fow, I sudden they mounted, pre-mature of birth, With conscious pridc disdaiv'd the aids of art,
Bui pin’d and sicken'd, unsupply'd with earth: And posir'd a full conviction on the beart:
Whilst burning suins their vital jnice exhal'd, His Cedar, Fig-tree, and the Bry'r convey
| And, as the roots decay'd, the foliage fail'd. The highest notions in the humblest way).
Some seeds he ventur'd on ungrateful lands,
The step-da ne suil refus'd a nurse's care:
The plants were sickly, juiceless, pale, and bare.
| On trodden paths a casual portion fell:
Condemn'd in scanty penury to dwell,
And half-deny'd the matrix of a cell;
While other seeds, less fortunate than they, Omniscience, vested with full pow'r to choose,
Slept, starv'd and naked, on the hard high-way, O'erlooks the strong, nor does the weak refuse 5:
Froin frost defenceless, and to birds a prey.
Here daws with riotous excesses feed,
And choughs, the cormorants of grain, succeed;
Next wily pigeons take their silent stand,
And sparrows last, the gleaners of the land. · True flame of verse, O sanctifying fire 6!
Another portion mock'd the seedsman's toil,
Dispens'd upon a rich, but weedy soil:
Fat unctuous juices gorg'd the rank-fed root;
And plethories of sap produc'd no fruit.
Hence, where the life-supplying grain was spread,
The rav'uous dock uprears its miscreant head;
Insatiate thistles, tyrants of the plains;
And lurid-hemloc, ting'd with pois'nous stains,
What these might spare, th’incroaching thorns
Exhaust earth's virtue, and perplex the land 46
At last, of precious grain a chosen share
Was sown on pre-dilected land with care;
(A cultur'd spot, accustom'd to receive
All previous aids that industry can give;)
1 « Bless God, who hath given thee two de
narii, namely, the law and the gospel, in re
compence for thy submission and labour." .
Chrysost. Hom. in Luc. c, 10.
• “They that fear the Lord are a sure seed, and doctrine of Scripture, "That fight shall perish from the swift, and
they that love him an honourable plant: they the strong shall not strengthen his force, neither
that regard not the law, are a disbunourable shall the mighty deliver himself.”
seed: they that transgress the commandments, Amos, c. ii.
are a deceitful seer'.” E clus. c. x. V. 19. Rom. c. xv. v.16. 2 Thess. c. ii, v. 13. 1 Pet.
3 Brashy lands, in an husbandry-sense, sigC. i. v. 2.
nify lands that are dry, shallow, gravelly, and Isaiah c. vii. v. 6.
pebbly. Such sort of grounds the old Romans * Hab. c. ii. v. 2.
called glareons : Jer. c. 1, v. 6, &c. 8, 9.
- Jejuna quidem clivosi glarea ruris. 10 John, C. vi. ver. 27.
Virg. Georg. II. * See Hosea, c. x, 1. 4 and 8.
ny sent work is commendable, and then be
when perused, may profe useful D
Conscious of my own inalilities, and
and in the writings of the past be they being the only compass 204 cts
have made use of in me narrati
A mixture of pleasing and in to cannot fail to engage the attentio
and serious readers: "For, as lo Wine, or water, alone; and as to in wth water is pleasant, and de
even so speech, feel framd, blue ears of then that read the start,"
Miccia la sala
All these things spake Jesus untuk te
in parables. Without a manable yazili
unto them, MATTH. C .F.
and a man of understanding 3