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pears 85.

[coast s. 1

Unhappy wretch! wrapt up in thin disguise ! To choose, implies delay; whilst time devours
Where all that is not impious, is unwise ! The sickly blossoms of preceding hours.
See, how he broods from night to morning's dawn Repentance, well perform’d, confirms the more ;
On eggs of basilisks, and scorpion-spawni4: As bones, well set, grow stronger than before.
And, after all the care he can impart,

(33.) When Heav'n excites thee to a better His foster'd miscreants sting him to the heart

way, Swift through each rein the mystic poisons roll, Catch the soft summons, and the call obey : Fatal alike to body and to sculs !

Thus Mary left her solitude and tears, (25.) Perfect would be our nature and our joy When Martha whisper'd, lo! thy Christ apIf man could ev'ry year one vice destroy 76 77, Withdraw thee from the sins that most assail, (34.) The virtues of the world, which most men And labour where thy virtues least prevail18.

move, (26.) False joys elate, and griefs as false con- Are lay’rs from pride, or graftings on self-lovesa : troul

Whatever for itself is not esteem'd, The little pisniire with an human soul79 :

Proves a false choice, and is not as it seem'd87. Oh, were he like th' unteas’ning ant, wbo strives (35.) The track to Heav'n is intricate and For solid good, and but by instinct lives. Narrow to tread, and difficult to keep: (steep ;

(27.) To wail and not amend a life mispent On either hand sharp precipices lie, Means to confess, but means not to repent : And our steps faulter with the swerving eye ; Tongue-penitents, like him who too much owes, That passage clear'd, a level road remains, Run more in debt, and live but to impose. Through quiet valleys and refresting plains83. (28.) Deem not th’ unhappy, vicious; nor de- (36.) Most would buy Heav'n without a price vote

or loss;
To sarcasm and contempt the thread-bare coat. They like the paradise, but shun the cross.
Oft have we seen rich fields of genuine corn Many participate of Christ's repast;
Edg'd round with brambles,and begirt with thorn. Few choose his abstivence, or learn to fast.
The pow'rs of Zeuxis' pencil are the same, Pew relish Christianity; and most
Enclos'd in gilded, or in sable frame.

(In private) wish their Lord would leave their (29.) The down that smoothes the great man's Thousands may counterfeit th' apparent part ; anxious bed,

And thousands may be Gergesenes at heart92. Was gather'd from a quiet poor man's shed : All in Christ's kingdom would the thrones par. Content and peace are found in mean estate,

take ; And Jacob's dreams on Jacob's pillow waits. Few have the faith to suffer for his sake93, So Tekoa's swain, by no vain glories led,

His tasteful bread by many mouths is sought; Nurtur'd his herds with leaves, and humbly fed81. Few choose to drink his passion's bitter draught“.

(30.) Good turns of friends we scribble on the But injuries engrav'd on marble stand82. (sand, 85 Imitat. of Christ, L. II, c. 28. See John (31.) With pray’rs thy ev'ning close, thy c. ii, v. 28. morn begin;

86 6. There is a sort of seeming good, which, if But Heav'n's true sabbath is to rest from sin. a rational mind loves, it sipneth ; inasmuch as (32.) An hermit once cry'd out in private it is an object beneath the consideration of such pray'r,

a mind."

St. August. de Ver. Relig. “Oh, if I knew that I should persevere !"

6. Whatever is not loved on account of its own An angel's voice reply'd, in placid tone,

intrinsic worth, is not properly loved.” " What woulds't thou do, if the great truth were

Idem in Soliloq. L. I, c. 13. kuown?

B7 “ In this life there is no virtue but in loving Do now 83, what thou intendest then to do, that which is truly amiable. To choose this, is And everlasting safety shall ensue84,

prudence; to be averted from it by no terrifying

circumstances, is fortitude. To be influenced 74 Isaiah, c. lix, v. 4.

by no sort of temptation, is temperance; and to 75 Matth. c. x, v. 28.

be affected by no ambitious views, is considering 76 Imitat. of Christ, L. I, c. 11. L. II, c. 23. the thing with impartial justice as we onght to 27 “ Instead of standing still, going backward, do.”

Idem de Ver. Felicitat. L. II. or deviating, always add, always proceed: not 88 Imitat. of Christ, L. II, c. 11, No. 1. to advance, in some sense is to retire. It is bet

89 lbid.

90 lbid. ter to creep in the right way than fly in the 91 Matth. c. viii, v. 34. 9. Ibid. wrong way."

St. August. in Serm. “It is common for man to ask every blessing 78 Imitat. of Christ, L I, c. 25.

that God can bestow, but he rarely desires to 79 Man.

possess God himself." 80 “ And Jacob took the stones of that place

Aug. in Psalm lxxvi. and put them for his pillows."

93 Imitat. of Christ, L. II, c. 2. No. 1. Gen. c. xxxviii, v. 2.

94 Ibid. See also c. 12. 81 Amos c. vii, v. 14.

82 Kempisii dictum commune. " Beneficia pulveri; si quid mali patimur, marmori inscul. pimus.”

83 « A Christian hath no to morrow; that is to say, a Christian should put off no duty till to morrow.”

Tertull. & Imitat. of Christ, L. 1, c. 25.


Yet health, and strength, and ease we find :
ACQUIESCENSE UNDER THE DI- Supremely gracious Deity,

Composer of the mind !

Tremble, and yonder Alp behold“,
WRITTEN IN THE ALPINE 'AKIS OF CARNIOLA, 1749. Where balf-dead nature gasps below,

Victim of everlasting cold,
The wilderness and solitary place shall be glad | Entomb'd alive in endless snow.

for them, (the children of the Lord:) and the The northern side is horrour all;
desert shall rejoice and blossom like the rose. Against the southern, Phæbus plays ;
It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even In vain th'innoxious glimm’rings fall,
with joy and singing: the glory of Lebanon | The frost outlives, outshines the rays.
shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel Yet consolation still I find;
and Sharon : they shall see the glory of the And all from Thee,
Lord, and the excellency of our God.

Supremely gracious Deity,
Isaiah, c. xxxv, v. 1, 2. Corrector of the mind !
Why dwells my uroffended eye

Bless me! how doubly sharp it blows, On yon blank desert's trackless waste;

From Zemblan and Tartarian coasts! All dreary earth, or cheerless sky,

In sullen silence fall the snows, Like ocean wild, and bleak, and vast ?

The only lustre nature boasts ; There Lysidor's enamour'd reed

The nitrous pow'r with tenfold force Ne'er laught the plains Eudosia's prase: Half petrifies Farth's barren womb, There herds were rarely known to feed,

ligo-arch'd cascades suspend their force, Or birds to sing, or flocks to graze.

Men freeze alive, and in the tomb. Yet does my soul complacence iind ;

Yet warmth and happiness we find; All, all from Thee,

All, all from Thee, Supremely gracious Deily,

Supremely gracious Deity, Corrector of the iniu!!!

Composer of the inind ! The high-arch'd church is lost in sky,

Then, in exchange, a month or more The base ? with thorns and lry'rs is bound: The Sun with fierce solsticial gleams, The yawning fragments nod from high,

Darting o'er vales wis raging pow'r, With close-encircling ivy crown'd:

Like ray-collecting mirrors, beams. Heart-thrilling echo multiplies

Torrents and cataracts are dry, Voice after voice, creation new!

Men seek the scanty shades in vain; Beasts, birds obscene, unite their cries :

The solar darts like lightning fly, Graves ope, and spectres freeze the view.

Transpierce the skull, and scorch the brain Yet nought di-mays; and thence we find Yet still no restless heats we find; 'Tis all from Thee,

And all from Thee, Supremely gracious Deity,

Supremely gracious Deity, Composer of the mind!

Corrector of the mind ! Earth's womb, half dead to Ceres' skill,

For Nature rarely form'd a soil Can scarce the cake of off'ring give;

Where diligence subsistence wants : Five acres' corn can hardly fill

Exert but care, nor spare the toil,
The peasant's wain, and bid him live ;

And all beyond, th’ Almighty grants.
The starving beldane gleans in vain,
In vain the hungry chongh succeeds:
They curse the unprolific plain,

Son of Sirach :-"When the cold nurth wind blor. The scurf-grown moss, and tawdry weeds.

eth, and the water congealed into ice, he pourYet still sufficiency we find ;

cth the hoar frost upon the earth. It abideth All, all from Thee,

upou every gathering together of water, and Supremely gracious Deity,

clotheth the water with a breast-plate. It deCorrector of the inind !

voureth the mountain, and burneth the wilder

ness, and consumeth the grass as fire." c. xlii, December's Boreas issues forth,

v. 19, 21. In sullen gloom and horrour drest,

4 A glaciére, or ice-mountain. Charg'd with the nitre of the north,

Cuncta gelu, canâque æternùm grandine tecta, Abborr'd by man, by bird, and beast.

Atque ævi glaciem cohibent: riget ardua montis All nature's lovely tint embrown'd

Athenii facies, surgentique obria Phæbo Sickens beneath the putrid blast:

Duratas nescit flammis mollire pruinas. Destruction withers up the ground,

Si). Ital. Like parchment into embers cast'.

SThe Sun parcheth the conntry, and who

can abide the burning heat thereof? A man blow1" To be satisfied is the highest pitch of art ing a furnace is in works of heat, but the Sun ma can arrive to."

St. Gregor. fiom. burneth the mountains three times more; breath2 Base for basis. See Zechar. c. v, v. 2. ing out fiery vapours, and sending forth bright

inamabile frigus aduret. Virg. beams, it dimmeth the eves." Aluch to the sanie purpose is a passage in the

Ecclus, ch, xliii, v, 3, 4

Each earth at length to culture yields,

One Gallic farm his cares confin'd; Each earth its own manure contains :

And all from Thee,
Thus the Corycjan nurst his fields,

Supremely gracious Deity,
Heav'r, gave th' increase, and he the pains. Composer of the mind !
Th’industrious peace and plenty find:
All due to Thee,

Observant of th' Almighty-will,
Supremely gracious Deity,

Prescient in faith, and pleas'd with toil, Composer of the mind !

Abram Chaldea left, to till

The moss-grown Haran's flinty soil 12: Scipio sought virtue in his prime,

Hydras of chorns absorb'd his gain, And, having early gain'd the prize,

The common-wealth of weeds rebellid, Stole from th’ ungrateful world in time,

But labour tam'd th' ungrateful plain, Contented to be low and wise!

And farnine was by art repelld; He serr'd the state with zeal and force,

Patience made churlish nature kind. And then with dignity retir'd;

All, all from Thee, Dismounting from th' unruly horse,

Supremely gracious Deity, To rule himself, as sense requir'd;

Corrector of the mind ! Without a sigh, he pow'r resign'd.

- Formidine pulla; All, all from Thee, Supremely gracious Deity,

Quippe in corde Deus

Stat. T'heb. IV. v. 489,
Corrector of the mind !
When Dioclesian sought repose,
Cloy'd and fatigu'd with nauseous pow'r,
He left his empire to his foes,

For fools t'admire, and rogues devour:
Rich in bis poverty, he bought

Imperfecta tibi elapsa est, ingrataque vita ; Retirement's innocence and health,

Et nec opinanti Mors ad caput adstitit, ante With his own hands the monarch wrought,

Quam satur, at plenus possis discedere rerum.

LUCRET. And chang'd a throne for Ceres' wealth. Toil sooth'd his cares, his blood refin'd.

Mille modis leti miseros Mors una fatigat. And all from Thee,

Stat. Theb. IX. v. 280, Supremely gracious Deity, Composer of the mind !

ADVERTISEMENT. He s, who had rul'd the world, exchang'd

As this poem is an imperfect attempt to imitate His sceptre for the peasaat's spade, Postponing (as thro' groves he rang'd)

Dryden's manner, I have of course admitted

more triplets and Alexandrine verses than I might Court-splendour to the rural shade. Child of his hand, th' engrafted thorn

otherwise have done. Upon the whole, many More than the victor-laurel pleas'd :

good judges have thought, (and such was the Heart's-ease, and meadow-sweet 'o, adorn

private opinion of my much honoured friend The brow, from civic garlands eas'd.

Elijah Fenton in particular) that Dryden has Fortune, however poor, was kind.

too many Alexandrines and triplets, and Pope

too few. The one by aiming at variety (for All, all from Thee,

his ear was excellent) was betrayed into a careSupremely gracious Deity,

less diffusion; and the other, by affecting an Corrector of the mind!

over-scrupulous regularity, fell into sameness Thus Charles, with justice styled the Great",

and restraint. For valour, piety and laws;

We speak this with all due deference to the Resign'd two empires to retreat,

two capital poets of the last and present century: And from a throne to shades withdraws;

and say of them, as the successor of Virgil said of In vain (to soothe a monarch's pride)

Amphiaraüs and Admetus; His yoke the willing Persian bore:

AMBO BONI, CHARIQUE AMBO. In vain the Saracen comply'd,

Theb. VI, And fierce Northumbrians stain'd with gore. 6 Du Hamel; Elem. d'Agricult. Patullo;

INTRODUCTION. Meliorat. des Terres. 7 Virg. Georg. IV, v. 127, &c.

Dryden, forgive the Muse that apes thy voice 8 Dioclesian.

Weak to perform, but fortunate in choice, · Heart's-ease, viola tricolor; called also by Who but thyself the mind and ear can please our old poets Love in idleness ; pansy (from the With strength

and softness, energy and ease ; French pensée, or the Italian pensieri); three Various of numbers, new in ev'ry strain; faces under a hood; herb Trinity; look up and Diffus'd, yet terse, poetical, tho'plain : kiss me; kiss me at the gate, &c.

Diversify'd’midst unison of chime; 10 Spiræa, named also in ancient English poe- Freer than air, yet manacled with rhyme ? try, mead-sweet, queen of the meads, bride

12 Gen. ch. xii, v. 31. Nehem. ch. is, v. 7. Fort, &c. " Charlemagne.

Judith, ch. v. 7. Acts, ch. vii, v. 2-11.


Thou mak’st each quarry which thou seek'st thy | Alike in shape; unlike in strength and size;
The reigning eagle of Parnassian skies; [prize, One lives for ages, one just breathes and dies.
Now soaring 'midst the tracts of light and air, O thou, too great to rival or to praise ;
And now the monarch of the woods and lair'. Porgive, lamented shade, these duteous lays.
Two kingdoms thy united realm compose, Lee had thy fire, and Congreve had thy wit;
The land of poetry, and land of prose,

And copyists, here and there, some likeness hit;
Each orphan-muse thy absence inly mourns; But none possess'd thy graces, aod thy ease;
Makes short excursions, and as quick returns: In thee alone 'twas natural to please!
No more they triumph in their fancy'd bays, More still I think, and more I wish to say ;
But crown'd with wood-bine dedicate their lays. But bus'ness calls the Muse another way.
Thy thoughts and music change with ev'ry

line; No sameness of a prattling stream is thine.

In those fair rales by Nature form’d to please, Which, with one unison of murmur, flows,

Where Guadalquiver serpentines with ease, Opiate of in-attention and repose ;

(The richest tract the Andalusians know, (So Huron-leeches, when their patient lies

Fertile in herbage, grateful to the plow,) ìo fev'rish rest!essness with un-clos'd eyes,

A lovely villa stood; (suppose it mine ;) Apply with gentle strokes their osier-rod,

Rich without cost, and without labour fine; And tap by tap invite the sleepy god.)

Indulgent Nature all her beauties brought, ro—T'is thy pow'r, (thine only,) tho' in rhyme, And Art withdrew, unask'd for, and unsought, To vary ev'ry pause, and ev'ry chime;

For lo, th' Iberians by tradition found Infinite descant 8! sweetly wild and true,

That the whole district once was classic ground; Still shifting, still improving, and still new !

Here Columella first improv'd the plains,
In quest of classic plants, and where they grow, And show'd Ascrean arts to simple swains:
We trace thee, like a lev'ret in the snow.

Taught by the Georgic-Muse the lyre be strung, Of all the pow'rs the buman mind can boast,

And sung, what dying Virgil left unsung'. The pow'rs of poetry are latest lost :

Fatigu'd with courts, and votary to truth, The falling of thy tresses at threescore,

Hither I fed, philosopher, and youth : Gare room to make thy laurels show the more 4.

And, leaving Olivarez to sustain
This prince of poets, who before us went,

Th'encumbring fasces of ambitious Spain,
Had a vast income, and profusely spent :
Some have his lands,
but none bis treasur'd store, (As one rash Phaeton usurp'd a day,

Misled the seasons, and mistook his way,)
Lands un-manur'd by us, and mortgag'd o'er and

I chose to wander in the silent wood, o'er !

Or breathe my aspirations to the tlood, " About his wreaths the vulgar muses strive,

Studying the bumble science to be good. And with a touch their wither'd bays revive S!”

From the brute beasts humanity I learn'd, They kiss his tomb, and are enthusiasts made;

And in the pansy's life God's providencediscern'd, So Statius slept, inspir'd by Virgil's shade.

'Twas now the joyous season of the year: To Spencer much, to Milton much is due;

The Sun had reach'd the Twins in bright career; But in great Dryden we preserve the two.

Nature, awaken'd from six months' repose, What Muse but his can Nature's beauties hit,

Sprung from her verdant couch;--and active rose Or catch that airy fugitive, call'd wit?

Like health refresh'd with wine; she smil'd, ar, From limbs of this great Hercules are fram'd


[glade, Whole groups of pigmies, who are verse-men

With all the charms of sun-shine, stream and nam'd:

New drest and blooming as a bridal maid. Each has a little soul he calls his own,

Yet all these charms could never luil to rest And each enunciates with a human tone;

A peevish irksomeness which teas'd my breas 1 Layer,lair, and lay.—The surface of arable Whisperd no peace to calm this nervous war;

The vernal torrent, murm'ring from afar, or grass-lands. Chaucer; Folkingham, 1610; And Philomel, the siren of the plain, Dryden. Laire also signifies the place where beasts sleep in the fields, and where they leare Sung soporific unisons in vain.

I sought my bed, in hopes relief to find : the mark of their bodies on young corn, grass,

But restlessness was mistress of my mind. &c.

My wayward limbs were turn'd, and turn'd in 2 Voyages du Baron La Hontan.

vain,3 Milton.

Yet free from grief was I, and void of pain. • The verses of Robert Waring, (a friend of Dr. Donne's) on a poet in the beginning of the Pride had not sowr'd, nor wealth debas’d my

In me, as yet, ambition had no part; [heart. last century, may be applied to Dryden:

I knew nut public cares, nor private strife;Younger with years,

with studies fresher And love, the blessing, or the curse of life, grown,

Had only hover'd round me like a dream, Still in the bud, still blooming, yet full blown. Play'd on the surface, not disturb'd the stream, s Dryden's Prologue to Troilus and Cressida.

Yet still I felt, what young men often feel; tenues ignavo pollice chordas

(Impossible to tell, or to conceal,)
Pulso, Maroneique sedens in margine templi
Sumo animum, & magni tumulis accanto

Virgilius nobis post se memcranda reliquit,
Sylv. Lib. IV.

Colum, de Hortis, L. Xy


Et que

When nothing makes them sick but too much So spoke I restless; and, then springing light wealth,

From my tir'd bed; walk'd forth in meer despite. Cr wild o'er-boiling of ungovern'd health; What impulse mor'd my steps I dare not say ; Whose grievance is satiety of ease,

Perhaps some guardian-angel inark'd th’ way: Freedom their pain, and plenty their disease. By this time Phospher had his lamp withdrawn, By night, by day, from pole to pole they run: And rising Phoebus glow'd on ev'ry lawn. Or from the setting seek the rising Sun;

The air was gentie, (for the month was May,) No poor deserting soldier makes such haste, And ev'ry scene look'd innocent and gay. No doves pursu'd by falcons fiy su fast;

In pious matins birds with birds conspire,And when Automedon at length attains

Some lead the notes, and some assist the choir. The place he sought for with such cost and pains, The goat-herd, gravely pacing with his flocks, Swift to embrace, and eager to pursue,

Leads them to heaths and bry'rs, and crags and He finds he has no earthly thing to do;

rocks. Then yawns for sleep, the opiurn of the mind, Th’impatient mower with an aspect blythe The last dull refuge indolence can find :.

Surveys the sain-foyn-fieldss, and whets bis Most men, like David, wayward in extremnes, Ynoisa, Sanchia, Beatrix, prepare Iscythe. Languish for Ramah's cisterns, and her streams: To turn th'alfalsa-swarths 6 with anxious care, I'he bev'rage sought for comes; capricious, they (No more for Moorish sarabrands they call, Loatbe their own choice, and wish the boon Their castanets hang idle on the wall :) aways.

Alfalsa, whose luxuriant herbage feeds Such was my state. “O gentle Sleep," I The lab’ring ox, mild sheep, and fiery steeds : “Why is thy gift to me alone deny'd ? [cry'd, which ev'ry summer, ev'ry thirtieth morn, Mildest of beings, friend to ev'ry clime,

Is six vimes re-produc'd, and six times shorn. Where lies my errour, what has been my crime? | The Cembran pine-trees, form an awful shade, Beasts, birds, and cattle feel thy balmy rud; And their rich balm perfumes the neighb'ring The drowsy mountains wave, and seem to nod

glade? The torrents cease to cbide, the seas to roar, (Whilst humbler olives, intermix'd between, And the hush'd waves recline upon the shore.” Had chang'd their fruit to filamotte from green,) Perhaps the wretch, whose god is wealth and The Punic granate 8 op'd its rose-like flow'rs; care,

The orange breath'd its arounatic pow'rs. Rejects the precious object of my pray'r: Wand'ring still on, at length my eyes survey'd Th’ambitious statesman strives not to partake A painted seat, beneath a larch-tree's shade. Thy blessings, but desires to dream awake : I sate, and try'd to dose, but slumber fled; * The lover rudely thrusts thee from his arms, I then essay'd a book, and thus I read 9 : And like Ixion clasps imagind charms.

"Suppose, Oman, great Nature's voice should Thence come to me.-Let others ask for more ; To thee, or me, or any of us all;

[rall I ask the slightest influence of thy pow'r:

"What dost thou mean, ungrateful wretch! thou Swiftest in Aight of all terrestrial things, Thou mortal thing, thus idly to complain? (vain, Oh only touch my eye-lids with thy wings * !” If all the bounteous blessings I could give,

Thou haust enjoyd ; If thou hadst known to live • Currit agens mannos ad villam hic præcipi- | (And pleasure uot leak'd thro' thee like a sieve); tanter,

Why dost thou not give thanks as at a plenteous Auxilium tectis quasi ferre ardentibus instans.


(take thy rest? Oscitat extemplò tetigit cum limina villæ, Cramm'd to the throat with life, and rise and Aut abit in somnum gravis, atque oblivia But, if my blessings thou hast thrown away, quærit.

If indigested joys pass'd thru' and would not Lucret. L. III. v. 1076.


Why dost thou wish for more to squander still? • See Sandy's Trav. p. 137, and 1 Chron. cb, xi, v. 17, &c.

If life be grown a load, a real ill,

And I would all thy cares and labours end, * All the verses in this paragraph marked with inverted commas are imitated from a famous Lay down thy burthen, fool! and know thy

friend. passage in Statius, never yet translated into our language. The original perhaps is as fine a

6 The best species of this grass, hitherto morsel of poetry as antiquity can boast of:

known, is in Andalusia. Crimine quo merui juvenis placidissime divum

6 Alfalsa (from the old Arabian word alfalsa. Quóve errore miser, donis ut solus egerem

fat) lucerne-grass. At present the Spaniards Somne tuis ? Tacet omne pecus, volucresque, call it also ervaye. feræque;

7 A sort of ever-green larrx: Pinus Cembra, Et simulaut fessus curvata cacumina somnos.

This beautiful tree grows wild on the Spanish Nec trucibus fluviis idem sonus. Occidit horror

Appennines, and is raised by culture in less Aquoris, & terris maria acclinata quiescunt.

mountainous places, What name the natives At nunc heus aliquis longa sub nocte puellæ

give it I hare forgotten; but the French in the Brachia nexa tenens, ultro te Somne repellit.

Briançois call it meleze, and the Italians in the Inde veni. Nec te totas infundere pennas

bishopric of Trente, in Fiume, &c. give it the Luminibus compello meis, (hoc turba precatur

name of cirmoli, not lariché. Lætior;) extremo me tange cacumine virgæ,

8 The poin-granate. Sufficit; aut leviter suspenso poplite transi.

9 The Spanish author introduces the following Sylv. L. V. passages from Lucretius,

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