Page images

Of village beauties, pastorally sweet,

The design and colouring of a poem, such as And rurally magnificent. Fairlawn 9

you have planned, are not to be executed in a Opes her delightful prospects; dear Fairlawn hurry, but with slow and careful touches, which There, where at once at variance and agreed, will give that finishing to your piece, remarkab'e Nature and art hold dalliance. There where rills in every thing that comes from your hand, and Kiss the green drooping herbagc, there where which I could wish the precipitancy of my temtrees

per would permit me to aim at upon all occa. The tall trees tremble at th' approach of Heav'n, sions. I long to see you take a new flight to the And bow their salutation to the Sim,

regions of fame, not upon unequal wings, that Who fosters all their foliage These are thine, soinetimes rise to a degree of elevation, and then Yes, little Shipbourne, boast that these are | fall again, but with an uniform tenour, like the thine

bird in Virgil, And if-but oh!-and if 'tis no disgrace,

Radit iter liquidum, celeres neque commovet The birth of him who now records thy praise.

alas. Nor shalt thou, Mereworth, remain unsung, Where noble Westmorland, his country's friend,

I have been now for about three weeks in this Bids British greatness love the silent shade, scene of smoke and dust, and I think the repuhWhere piles superb, in classic elegance,

lic of letters seems to be lamentably upon the deArise, and all is Roman, like his beart.

cline in this metropolis. Attornies clerks, and Nor Chatham, tho' it is not thine to show raw unexperienced boys, are the chief critics we The lofty forest or the verdant lawns,

have at present. With a supercilious look and Yet piggard silence shall not grudge thee praise. peremptory voice, which they have caught from I be lofty forests by thy sons prepard

a few of their oracles, as dark and ignorant as Iecomes the warlike navy, braves the floods, themselves, these striplings take upon them to And gives Sylvanus empire in the main.

decide uport fable, character, language and sen. Oh that Britannja, in the day of war,

timent. Wou'd not alone Minerva's valour trust,

Nescis, heu nescis dominæ fastidia Roma; But also bear her wisdom! Then her oaks

Crede mihi, nimium Martia turba sapit,
Shap'd by her own mechanics, wou'd alone
Her island fortify, and fix her fame;

With regard to writers, the town swarms with Nor wou'd she weep, like Rachael, for her sons, them, and the aim of them all is pretty much Whose glorious blood, in mad profusion,

the same, viz. to elevate and surprise, as Mr. In foreign lands is shed—and shed in vain.

|Bays says. At the head of these still continues the Inspector. As we frequently laughed together concerning this writer, when you were last

iu town, I need not here give you a description of TUB

his parts and genius. I remember you expressed AILLIAD:

great amazement at the reception his essays

seemed to meet with in all our coffee-houses; AN EPIC POEM.

but you must consider that there are artifices to

gain success, as well as merit to deserve it. The Pallas te hoc vulnere, Pallas

former of these bis Inspectorship is eminently Immolat, & pænam scelerato ex sanguine sumit. possessed of, and sooner than fail, be will not

VIRG. hesitate, in order to make himself talked of at

any rate, to become most glaringly ridiculous.

This answers the purpose of the booksellers, as A LETTER

well perhaps as Attic wit, and hence it results

that they are willing to continue him in their TO A FRIEND AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE.


In the packet, which I have sent to you by the Dear ****,

stage coach, you will find a paper called the Im

pertinent, written by himself. In this curious TAM now to acknowledge several letters, which I piece he has not stopped at abusing his own lately received from you, without any return on dear person, which is the only subject he has my part. As I have been very much hurried of not handled with his usual malice, and the rest late with a multiplicity of affairs, I must beg of it is made a vehicle for invective against Mr. you will not only be kind enough to overlook my Fielding and me. "It was ushered into the world past omission, but to indulge me for a little time in a pompous manner, as if intended to be contilonger. As soon as I am master of sufficient nued, but no second number was ever published, leisure, I will give you my sentiments without and to show you a further instance of his fallacy; reserve, concerning the affair, about which you he thence took occasion to triumph over a prebave thought proper to consult me; for the pre- 'tender to essay-writing, which he would fain insent I desire you will consider this as a receipt sinuate, cannot be executed by any one but himfor your many favours, or a promissory note to self. discharge my debt of friendship as soon as pos This unfair dealing, so unworthy a man, who sible.

aspires to be a member of the serene republic of

letters, induced me to wave for a time the desiga The seat of lord Vane.

you know I was engaged in, in order to bestow a

few lines upon this scribbler, who in my eyes is a 'upon this occasion to quote a passage from the disgrace to literature. In the first heat of my Spectator, which I think pertinent to the prepoetic fury, I formed the idea of another Duo- sent subject. . “Every honest man ought to look ciad, which I intended to call after the name of upon himself as in a natural state of war with the my hero, The Hilliad. The first book of it you libeller and lampooner, and to annoy them, will receive among other things, by the coach, wherever they fall in his way. This is but reand I shall be glad to be favoured with your opi- taliating upon them, and treating them as they nion of it.

treat others.” If it conduces to your entertainment, I shall Thus thought the polite Mr. Addison in a case have gained my end; for though I have receive where he was not immediately concerned; and i ed such provocation from this man, I believe I can you doubt what to do, when personally atsball never carry it any further. I really find tacked? As soon as the bissing of the snake is some involuntary sensations of compassion for heard, some means should be devised to crush him, and I carioot help thinking, that, if he him. The advice of Virgil is,--Cape saxa could keep within the bounds of decency and manai, cape robora pastor.” od manners, it would be a rare instance of I can tell you that your friends here expect what may be done by a faency of periods, with this of you, and we are all unanimous in think. out gerries, sense, or meaning. Though I am / ing, that a man who has the honour of belong. persuaded he is quite incorrigible, I am still re- | ing to tbis learned university, and to wbom the luctant to publish that piece, for I would rather prize, for displaying with a masterly hand the be commended to posterity by the elegant and attributes of his Maker, has been adjudged for amiable muses, than by the satyric sister, po three years successively, should not, on any litely called by an erninent author, 'the least en- | account, sufler himself to be trithed with, by so gaging of the Nine.'—

frigid and empty a writer. I would have you ! On this account I shall proceed no further 't:11 reflect that you lanched into the world, with you have favoured me with your opinion, by many circumstances, that raised a general exwhich I will absolutely determine myself. ípectation of you, and the early approbation of bope therefore you will peruse it as soon as you such a genius as Mr. Pope, for your elegant ver. can with convenience, and return it to me by the sion of his ode, made you considered as one, stage. You may show it to Jack *****, and to who might hereafter make a figure in the liteMr. *++*.

rary world; and let me recommend to you, not?

to let the laurel, yet green upon your brow, be I am, with great sincerity,

torn off by the prophane hands of an unballuwed dear *****,

hireling. This, i think, as is observed aloj your most obedient humble servant,

ready, you owe to yourself, and to that uni

C. SMART. versity, which has distinguished you with ho. London, 15th December, 1752.


Besides the motives of retaliation, which I have urged for the publication of your poem, I cannot help considering this matter in a moral light, and I must avow, that in my eyes it ap

pears an action of very great merit. If to pull DEAR SMART,

off the mask from an impostor, and detect him

in his native colours to the view of a long-deThe perusal of your poem has given me so luded public, may be looked upon as a service much pleasure, that I cannot postpone thanking | to mankind (as it certainly is) a better opyou for it, by the first opportunity that has of- | portunity never can offer itself. fered. I have read it to the persons you desired In my opinion the cause of literature is in im. I should, and they approve the design in the minent danger of a total degeneracy, should this highest manner. I cannot conceive what should writer's diurnal productions meet with further make you hesitate a moment about the publi- ! encouragement. Without straining hard for it,' cation, and to be free with you, you must not I can perceive a corruption of taste diffusing it. by any means suppress it. When I say this, self, throughout the cities of London and WestI must observe, that I should be glad to see minster. For a clear vein of thinking, easy nayou better einployed, than in the dissection tural expression, and an intelligible style, this of an insect; but since the work should be pretender has substituted brisk question and andone by some body, and since you have swer, pert, unmeaning periods, ungrammatical pnade such a progress, I must take the liberty construction, unnatural metaphors, with a proto insist, that you will not drop this undertak fusion of epithets, inconsistent for the most part ing.

with the real or figurative meaning of his words, To speak in plain terms; I look upon it to be and in short, all the masculine beauties of style indispensably incumbent on you to bring the are likely to be banished from among us by the miscreant to poetic justice; it is what you owe continuation of his papers for almost two years to the cause of learning in general, to your Alma together. Mater, this university, and, let me add, it is Now, sir, I submit it to you, whether this may what you owe to yourself. The world will ab- not lead on to a total depravity of sense and taste, solve you from any imputation of ill-nature, Should the more sober at our coffee-houses be when it is considered that the pen is drawn in dazzled with false embellishment; should boys defence of your own character. "Give me leave admire this unnatural flourishing ; I do not in the

least question, but the rising generation will be thosc who are, and those who are not acquainta totally infected with this strange motley style, and ed with him. Even beauty and innocence were thus antithesis and point will be the prevailing no safe-guarıls against his calumny, and the turn of the nation.

| soft-eyed virgin was by him cruelly obliged to It is to prevent a contagion of this sort, that shed the tender tear. Horace to jk the pen in hand; for this Quinti Upon the coinmencement of the Coventlian favoured the world with his excellent work. Garden Journal, Mr. Fielding declared an huThe ingenious authors of France have always at morous war against this writer, which was intended to this point. Truth, they insisted, is tended to be carried with an amicable pleasanthe very foundation of fine writing, and that no try, in order to contribute to the entertainment thought can be beautiful, which is not just, was of the town. It is recent in every body's me. their constant lesson, To enforce this and pre-mory, how the Inspector behaved upon that ocserve a manly way of thinking Boileau lashed the | casion, Conscious that there was not an atom scribblers of his time; and in our own country of humour in his composition, he had recourse the Spectators, Tatlers, and Guardians have la to his usual shifts, and instantly disclosed a pria boured for this end. To this we owe the Bathos, vate conversation; by which he reduced himin which we find exposed, with the most delicate | self to the alternative mentioned by Mr. Pope; traits of satire, all false figures in writing, and “and if he lies not, must at least betray." finally to this we owe the Dunciad of Mr. Tbrough all Mr. Fielding's inimitable comic Pope.

romances, we perceive no such thing as perThese instances, dear Smart, are sufficient to sonal malice, no private character dragged int.) justify your proceeding, and let me tell you, light; but every stroke is copied from the vothat a cultivation of taste is a point of more mo lume which nature has unfolded to him; every ment than perhaps may appear at first sight. scene of life is by him represented in its natural In the course of my reading I have observed that colours, and every species of folly or humour is a corruption in morals has always attended a de- ridiculed with the most exquisite touches. A cline of letters. Of this Mr. Pope seems to be genius like this is perhaps more useful to man sensible, and, hence we find in the conclusion kind, than any class of writers; he serves to of his Dunciad, the general progress of dulness dispel all gloom from our minds, to work off our over the land is the final coup de grace to every ill-humours by the gay sensations excited by a thing decent, every thing laudable, elegant and well directed pleasantry, and in a vein of mirth polite.

he leads his readers into the knowledge of hu.

man nature; the most useful and pleasing sciReligion blushing veils her sacred fires, ence we can apply to. And yet so deserving an And unawares morality expires.

author has been most grossly treated by this wild Nor public fame, nor private dares to shine, essayist; and, not to multiply instances, has he Nor human spark is left, nor glympse divine. not attempted to raise tumults and divisions in Lo! thy dread empire, Chaos! is restor'd, our theatres, contrary to all decency and comLight dies before thy uncreating word. mon sense, and contrary to the practice of all Thy hand, great Anarch, lets the curtain fall, polite writers, whose chief aim has ever been to And universal darkness buries all.

cherish harmony and good manners, and to dif

fuse through all ranks of people a just remo I am aware that you may answer to what has finement of taste in all our public entertainbeen premised, that the man is not of conse- ments? quence enough for all this, and you may ob- These considerations, dear sir, prompt you to serve to me, that at first setting out, I myself the blow, and will justify it when given. I becalled him by the figurative and typical appel- | lieve, I may venture to add, never had poet so lation of an insect. But if an insect gets into | inviting a subject for satire; Pope himself had the sunshine, and there blazes, shines and buzzes

| not so good an hero for his Dunciad. The first to the annoyance of those, who may be basking worthy who sat in that throne, viz. Lewis Theoin the beams, it is time for the Muse's wing to bald of dull memory, employed himself in matbrush the thing away. In plain English, the

ters of some utility, and, upon being dethroned, rapidity, with which this writer went on in his

the person, who succeeded, was one, who forprogress, was so astonishing, that I really look

merly had some scattered rays of light; and in ed upon him to be reserved for the great instru most of his comedies, though whimsical and exment of dulness in the completion of her work, travagant, there are many strokes of drollery; which certainly must be accomplished, unless a not to mention that the Careless Husband is a speedy stop be put to that inundation of non finished piece. sense and immorality with which he has over

But in the hero of the Hilliad all the requiwhelmed the nation.

sites seem to be united, without one single ex. I bave mentioned immorality, nor will I re- ception. You remember, no doubt, that in the tract the word. Has he not attacked, malici- dissertation prefixed to the Dunciad the efficient ously attacked the reputations of many gentle qualities of an bero for the little epic are menmen, to whom the world has been greatly obli- tioned to be vanity, impudence and debauchery. ged-He did not brandish his goose-quill for These accomplishments, I apprehend, are glarany length of time, before be discharged a tor- ing in the person you have fixed upon. As a rent of abuse upon the reverend Mr. Francis, single and notable instance of the two first, has whose amiable character, and valuable trans- he not upon all occasions joined himself to some ation of Horace, have endeared him both to celebrated name, such as the right honourable the earl of Orrery, or some other such exalted, And thou, fair Justice, of immortal line, character? I have frequently diverted myself | Hear, and assist the poet's grand design, by comparing this proceeding to the cruelty of Who aims at triumph by no common ways, a tyrant, who used to tie a living person to a | But on the stem of dulness grafts the bays. dead carcass; and as to your hero's debauchery, Othou, whatever name delight thine ear, there are, I am told, many pleasant instances Pimp! Poet! Puffer! 'Pothecary! Play'r! of it. Add to these several subordinate qualifications;

NOTES VARIORUM. such as foppery, a surprising alacrity to get into scrapes, with a notable, facility of extricating

withstanding the great incentives he has had to ; himself, an amazing turn for politics, a won- prompt him to this undertaking, he is not acderful knowledge of herbs. minerals and plants. | tuated by the spirit of revenge; and to check the and to crown all, a comfortable share of gentle

follies of fancy and humorous invention, he furdulness. This gentle dulness is not that impether invokes the goddess Themis, to administer Detrable stupidity, which is remarkable in some

strict, poetic justice, men, but it is known by that countenance, which

Slakes the pole.] Several cavils have been Dr. Garth calls, “ demvrely meck, insipidly raised against this passage. Quiobius Flestrin, I serene,” It is known by a brisk volubility of

the unborn poet, is of opinion that it is brought speech, a lively manner of saying nothing

in merely to eke out a verse; but though in many through an entire paper, and upon all occasions,

points I am inclined to look upon this critic as by a conscious simper, short insertions of witty

irrefragable, I must beg leave at present to apremarks, the frequent exclamation of wonder,

peal from bis verdict; and tho' Horace lays it the self-applauding chit-chat, and the pleasant

down as rule not to admire any thing, I cannot repartee.

help enjoying so pleasing an operation of the Upon the whole, dear Smart, I cannot

mind upon this occasion. We are here presented conceire what doubt can remain in your mind

with a grand idea, no less than Jupiter shaking about the publication; it is conferring on him

his sides and the Heavens at the same time. The that ridicule, which his life, character, and ac

Pagan thunderer has often been said to agitate tions deserve. I shall be in town in less than a

the pole with a nod, which in my mind gives too fortnight, when I shall bring your poem with

awful an image, whereas the one in question me, and if you will give me leave, I will belo conveys an idea of him in good humour, and you to some notes, which I think will illustrate

confirms what Mr. Orator Henley says, in his many passages.

excellent tracts, that “the deity is a joyous being.”

MARTINUS MACULARIUS, -“Satyrarum ego, (ni pudet illas)

M. D. Reg. Soc. Bur. &c. &c. Adjutor, &c.


Grafts the days.] Much puzzle hath been ocI am, dear Smart,

casioned among the naturalists concerning the Yours very sincerely,

engraftment here mentioned. Hill's Natural His

tory of Trees and Plants, vol. 336, saith, Cambridge, 21st Dec. 1752.

it has been frequently attempted, but that the tree of dulness will not admit any such inoculation. He adds in page 339, that he himself tried the experiment for two years successively,

but that the twig of laurel, like a feather in the THE AILLIAD.

state of electricity, drooped and died the moThou god of jest, who o'er th' ambrosial bowl,

ment he touched it. Notwithstanding this auGiv'st joy to Jove, while laughter shakes the pole;

thority, it is well known that this operation has been performed by some choice spirits. Eras

mus in his encomium on folly shows how it may NOTES VARIORUM.

be accomplished; in our own times Pope and

Garth found means to do the same: and in the Thou god of jest. As the design of heroic poe

sequel of this work, we make no doubt but the try is to celebrate the virtues and noble achieve

stein here-mentioned will bear some luxuriant ments of truly great personages, and conduct

| branches, like the tree in Virgil, then through a series of hardships to the completion of their wishes, so the little epic delights

Nec longum tempus, et ingens in representing, with an ironical drollery, the

Exiit ad Cælum ramis felicibus arbus, Inock qualities of those, who, for the benefit of

Miraturque novas frondes et non sua Poma, the laughing part of mankind, are pleased to be- Pimp, 7 An old English word for a mean fellow; come egregiously ridiculous, in an affected imi- | see Chaucer and Spencer. tation of the truly renown'd worthies above-men- Poel,] Quinbus Flestrin saith, with his usual tioned. Hence our poet calls upon Momus, at importance, that this is the only piece of justice the first opening of his poemn, to convert bis hero | done to our hero in this work. To this assents into a jest. So that in the present case, it can- the widow at Cuper's, who it seems is not a little not be said, facit indignatio versum, but, if I may proud of the words by Dr. Hill, and the music be allowed the expression, facil titillatio versum; by Lewis Granon, esq." This opinion is further which may serve to show our anthor's temper of confirmed by major England, who admires the mind is free from rancour, or ill-nature, Not- pretty turns on Kitty and Kate, and Catherine

Whose baseless fame by vanity is buoy'd, I 'Twas on a day (O may that day appear
Like the buge Farth, self-center'd in the void, No more, but lose its station in the year,
Accept one part'ner thy own worth t'explore, In the new style be not its name enrollid
And in thy praise be singular no more.

But share annibilation in the old!)
Say, Muse, what demon, fue to ease and truth, A tawny Sybil, whose alluring sung.
First from the mortar diagg'd th’adventmus Decoy'd the 'prentices and maiden tbrong,

[men, First from the counter young Hillario charm'd,, And made him,''mongst the scribbling sons of And first his unambitious soul alarm'dChange peace for war, the pestle for the pen? An old strip'd curtain cross her arms was flung,

And taiter'd tap'stry o'er ber shoulders hung; NOTES VARIORUM,

Her loins with patch-work cincture were begirt,

That more than spoke diversity of dirt; and Katy, but from these venerable authorities, With age her back was double and awry, judicious reader, you may boldly dissent meo Twain were her teeth, and single was her eye, periculo.

Cold palsy shook her head she seem'd at inost

Mart. Mac. | A living corpse, or an untimely ghost, Puffer,] of this talent take a specimen. In a letter to himself he saith; "you have disco

NOTES VARIORUM. Tered many of the beauties of the ancients ;

at misrepresenting circumstapces, for which vide they are obliged to you; we are obliged to you ; ||

| all the Inspectors. were they alive they would thank you ; we who

May that day appear] This seems to be wrote are alive do thank you." His constant custom

with an eye to a beautiful passage in a very eleof running on in this manner, occasioned the following epigram,

gant poem;

Ye gods, annihilate both space and time, Hill puffs himself, forbear to chide;

And make two lovers happy. An insect vile and mean, Must first, he knows, be magnify'd The request is extremely modest, and I really Before it can be seen.

wonder it was never complied with; but it must 'Pothecary, Play'r,] for both these, vide be said in favour of Mr. Smart, that he is still | Woodward's letter, passim.

more reasonable in bis demand, and it appears Like the huge Earth. 1 The allusion bere seems by the alteration in the style, that his scheme to be taken from Ovid, who describes the Earth may be reduced to practice though the other is fixed in the air, by its own stupidity, or vis mighty fine in theory. The lospector is of this inertia,

opinion, and so is Monsieur de Scaizau,

A tatter'd tap'stry] Our author has been exPendebat in aere tellus,

tremely negligent upon this occasion, and has Ponderibus librata suis.

indolently omitted an opportunity of displaying But, reader, dilate your imagination to take in his talent for poetic imagery. Homer has dethe much greater idea our poet bere presents to scribed the shield of Achilles with all the art of you: consider the immense inanity of space, and his imagination ; Virgil bas followed him in this the comparative nothingness of the globe, and point, and indeed both he and Ovid seem to be you may attain an adequate conception of our delighted when they bave either a picture to dehero's reputation, and the mighty basis it stands scribe, or some representation in the labours of upon. It is worth observing here that our au- the loom. Hence arises a double delight; we 1 hor, quasi aliud ugens, displays at one touch of admire the work of the artificer, and the poet's his pen more knowledge of the planetary sys- account of it; and this pleasure Mr. Smart might tem, than is to be found in all the volumes of the have impressed upon his readers in this passage, mathematicians.

as many things were wrought into the tapestry This note is partly by Macularius, and partly here mentioned. In one part our hero was ad. hy Mr. Jinkyns, Philomath.

ininistering to a patient, “ and the fresh vomit Say, Muse,) Observe, gentle reader, how ten- runs for ever green.” The theatre at May-fair derly our author treats his hero throughout his made a conspicuous figure in the piece-the pit whole poem; he does not here impute his ridin 1 seemed to rise in an uproar-the gallery opened culous conduct, and all that train of errours which its rude throats-and apples, oranges and halfhave attended his consummate vanity, to his pence flew about our hero's ears. The Mall in own perverse inclination, but with greater can- St. James's Park was displayed in a beautiful dour insinuates that some demon, foe to Hile vista, and you might perceive Hillario with his Jario's repose, first misled his youthful imagina. I janty air waddling along.-In Mary-le-Bone tion; which is a kind of apology for his life and Fields, he was dancing round a glow worm, and character. He is not the only one who has been finally the Rotunda at Ranelagb filled the eye seduced to his ruiu in this manner. We read it with its magnificence, and in a corner of it stood in Pope,

a handsome young fellow holding a personage, Some demon whisper'd, Visto have a taste.

dressed in blue silk, by the ear; "the very

worsted still looked black and blue." There Hence then arise our hero's misfortunes; and were many other curious figures, but out of a that the demon above-mentioned was a foe to shameful laziness has our poet omitted them. truth, will appear frum Hillario's potable talent


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