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it is doubtless a desirable object will indeed, at that time, be very to ascertain the exact situation of near a small star called O Virginis, any of the new planets that have with which Vesta's place may be been discovered since the com- compared on different evenings, mencement of the present century. as she will be perceived to pass And perhaps some occasional from the eastern side of the star communications respecting any to the western.-On the evening one of these planets may be the of the 16th, and on five or six of more acceptable, as the places the following evenings, she will be they respectively and successive- near two other small stars of the ly occupy in the heavens have Virgin which lie between Omicror not yet been specified in our Al-Virginis and O Virginis. They manacks.

lie indeed rather to the south of One of the most interesting of a direct line, and are about six the new planets is Vesta, which degrees from Omicron, or the star bas now been carefully observed nearest the Balance, and four deduring two of her revolutions in grees from 0 Virginis. In this her orbit, so that a general basis instance, as well as in the fore. has been laid for the construction mentioned one, the planet Vesta of appropriate Astronomical Ta- will be seen first on the eastern bles, which have been recently side, and will be perceived every published in France. After ex- evening to have made some adamining these tables, therefore, vances towards the west.

and making corrections wherever On the first of this month the · any obvious errors presented planet Vesta rises about nine in themselves, calculations have the evening, and comes to the been made of the course that meridian about three in the mornwill be pursued by the foremen-ing. She will therefore be suf. tioned planet in this and the fol- ficiently high to be seen by ten lowing months.

o'clock, and as the month adVesta will be in opposition to vances, she will be seen considerthe sun on the 9th of April; ably earlier. It may also be reand consequently she will be seen marked, that this planet may be to the best advantage about that seen without the aid of a telestime. It may be well however to cope, provided the moon be ab. trace her during several weeks sent and the twilight ended. before that period, and several This circumstance, therefore, weeks after it, as we shall then gives an interest to this planet perceive her motion with respect which is not excited to an equal to the fixed stars, and thus obtain degree by the three other new the fullest satisfaction of the reali- planets ; nor with respect to apty that the object we see is cer-parent magnitude is it equalled tainly a planet. .

by that remote planet of our sysAt present yesta is in the con- tem which was discovered in the stellation of the Virgin, and her last century. motion is retrograde. At the end

J. F. of the month she will be in a direct line between Spica Virginis , and Arcturus, and will be about

MS REFLECTIONS' ON EASTER, fifteen degrees from Spica Virginis, and about eighteen degrees. The present year is distinfrom the other star, The planet guished by the earliest Easter

that can possibly happen, ac- Book of Common Prayer, which cording to the regulations adopt- comprises the directions for deed for determining that period in termining the times of all the this country. Upon investigation moveable feasts; and the rule for it will be found, that the year finding Easter is thus expressed : 1761 has been the only year in " Easter-day is always the first modern times in which Easter Sunday after the full moon which has happened as early as it does happens upon or next after the in this year, 1818 ; and, with twenty-first day of March; and regard to the future, the first in- if the full moon happens upon a stance in which Easter-day will Sunday, Easter-day is the Sunday happen on the 22d of March, is after." One expression here must in the year 2285. So that the be accurately understood, as present Easter is the earliest that otherwise a mistake may arise in has occurred for 57 years, and the application of this rule. For the earliest that will happen for instance, in the present year, if 467 years. The latest Easter by the full moon we were to un. that can happen is on the 25th derstand the true full moon, of April, on which day it last Easter-day would be assigned to happened in the year 1736. But the 29th of March, as the full as this instance was before the moon happens on Sunday, the change of style, the occurrence 22d, at two in the afternoon. of Easter-day in that year cor- Or, if by the full moon we were responds with the 7th of May in to understand the mean full moon, the year on which we have now we should still be led to the same entered, or three days before conclusion, as the mean full moon Whit-Sunday. In the present is on the same day, about two century, Easter will once happen in the morning. But the exemon the 25th of April, namely, in plification of the aforesaid rule in the year 1886. The variation of the Prayer Book itself abunEaster, therefore, is comprised dantly shows, that by the full within 34 days, though, taking moon we are to understand the the old style into account, the ecclesiastical full moon, or such variation is extended to 46 days. an approximation to the mean

It does not unfrequently hap. | full moon as will admit of a repen, that the Jewish passover, as gular recurrence on the same observed in the present day, days of any particular month nearly coincides in point of time every nineteen years; at the end with the observance of Easter. of which period, it is well known, But, in the present year, there that the real full moons also fall will he a month's difference be again on the same days of the tween them, as the first day of respective months, or nearly so. the Jewish month Nisan an- The fact, therefore, is, that swers to April 7, and as the first Easter is regulated by the lunar day of the passover must happen cycle of nineteen years, a cycle on Tuesday, April the 21st. invented by Meton, an Athenian.

With respect to the determining about 430 years before the Chris. of Easter, however, recourse must tian æra, and which was ori, always be had to the particular ginally applied to the regulation rules laid down for that specific of the Grecian festivals. At the purpose in any country where Council of Nice, held in the year the observance of the festival | 325, this cycle was adopted on obtains. Thus we are led to the account of its convenience and

VOL. X.

simplicity for the regulation of SCRIPTURE CHRONOLOGY, the occurrence of Easter; and from that time it has been thus ! To the Editors af the Baptist Magazine. used, though before the change In looking over some remarks of style it bad made Easter de that I made many years ago on viate considerably from what was Mr. Scott's Chronology, I found considered the proper time when some things tbat I thought would the Nicene council was held. By tend to reconcile some seeming the Metonic or lunar cycle then, contradictions in scripture, and as adjusted to the present cen- so stop the mouths of gainsayers, tury, we are to regard the full and remove stumbling-blocks out moon as happening this vear on of the way of weaker Christians. Saturday, the 21st of March; | if you think them worth ipsert. and the 22d being the Sunday ing in your valuable Magazine, after, is consequently considered they are at your service. as Easter-day.

1 It is said, Gen. v. 32, Noah was Whatever difference of opinion 500 years old, and Noah begat may exist among different bodies Shem, Ham, and Japheth. And of professing Christians, as to the in Gen. vii.6, tbat Noah was 600 observance of any particular day years old when the flood of waters to commemorate the grand facts was upon the eartlı. But in the relating to the Messiah, the facts 111b chapter, verse 10, it is said, themselves must be held dear by Shem was 100 vears old, and be. every friend of the Saviour, not gat Arphaxad two years after the only on one particular day, but food. Now here seems to be a on all the days of the year. In mistake of 2 years short, these important realities' In order to correct this seemwill, no doubt, furnish a subject ing mistake, let it be observed, for contemplation and regard that not Shem, but Japheth, was through the countless ages of Noah's eldest son, Gen. x. 21, eternity. It is true, indeed, that and was born when Noah was Christ was to the Jew's a stumbling- 500 years old ; but Shem not till block, and to the Greeks fool- he was 502, for Noab bad but one ishness. He was a corner-stone wife; hence it appears that Shem rejected by the builders ; but to was just an 100 years old when those who believe, he is a precious he begat Arphaxad, two years stone. Such, then, is the estima- after the flood. For these two tion in which he is held by those years Mr. Scott in his chronology whose hopes of salvation are could not account. founded in his death, and whose Again, Gen. xv. 13, and Exod. hopes of a blissful immortality xii. 40, 41, seem not perfectly to are animated by his glorious re-agree. But it should be observsurrection. To them he appears ed, that the passage in Genesis the chief among ten thousand, speaks only of Abraham's seed; and altogether lovely. His death but that in Exodus includes also excites their gratitude-- his resur- the time that Abraham himself rection inspires their everlasting was a sojourner. The reason why hopes and to them his yoke is some chronologers cannot make easy and his burden light. Their these passages agree is, because regard is internal, but its proofs they date the call of Abram when are external--they remember the he was 75 years old, instead of 70; saying of Jesus, “ If ye love me, and, consequently, in order to keep my commandments.” J. F. make the number of years right in Exodus, they have 405 instead | Baptist Magazine; which, as they of 400, for the passage in Genesis. materially concern perhaps the But that Abraham was called of immortal interest of my own and God to sojourn in a strange land the souls of others, I trust before he was 75 years old, ap- some experienced Christian will pears from Gen. xi. 31, and xii. answer. What is meant by a se. 1; in which latter passage it is paration from the world ? Does said, " God had said to Abram, it exclusively refer to gross sins, Get thee out of thy country,"&c. or does it include a renunciation that is before he dwelt in Haran, of such as are termed innocent as appears from the words of amusements as the theatre, the Stephen, Acts,vii. 2-4,“The God ball-room, the card-table, &c. ? of glory appeared unto our father And I much wish to know, if a Abraham when he was in Meso-candidate for baptism would be potamia, before he dwelt in Char- admitted to a participation of that ran,” &c. Now it is pretty plain ordinance if he were known to that he dwelt in Haran some time, be an habitual partaker of such from Gen. xii. 5; and he was but innocent amusements? Would a 75 when he departed thence; man be considered worthy the therefore, I conclude, that he was office of a deacon who himself called of God at 70 years of age. did these things, and by his exAnd now we shall have the 400 ample said to any young persons and the 430 years end together; looking up to him, “ This is the for Abraham sojourned in a way, walk ye in it?" strange land 30 years before the Again, may I ask if, in the pri. birth of Isaac, who was born | mitive church, such were the enwhen Abraham was 100 years old; gagements of the followers of then, consequently, if his seed so. Jesus when they assembled ? are journed in a strange land 400 they the occupations of a Chrisyears, the whole sojourning of tian? are they congenial or inthis people from the call of Abra-jurious to a life of devotion to ham to the deliverance of his God? Will they afford pleasure seed out of Egypt must have in the retrospect of a dying hour? been 430 years, in accordance

DISCIPULUS. with the passage in Exod. xii. 40.

Chronology is a difficult sub- Our young inquirer seems to ject; but if these remarks will have a correct view of separation throw any additional light on from the world : we trust all our these passages of holy writ, my young friends will exercise a rigid end will not be lost; or if they only nonconformity in this respect! serve to stimulate some abler pen We feel persuaded, that persons to do it, I shall thereby be gra- | known to attend places of public tified.

amusement, &c. would not be 2. T.

admitted either to baptism, or to

any office in our churches. ' SEPARATION from the WORLD.

Should such inconsistent professors be found in any of them,

(as we fear the queries of DisciQUERIES.

pulus implies,) we trust the reThe desire of information has proach will soon be removed by led me to make the following que. | a regard to the apostolic preries through the medium of the cept, 2 Thess, iii. 6.'

Juvenile Department.

PHILOSOPHICAL | facts, consists the equilibrium alREFLECTIONS.

luded to. Further to elucidate this subject, let it be imagined, that in

this heated air, several bodies be No. XVI.

placed of the same temperature, HEAT.

but colder, as we term them, than

the air itself; the caloric will leave What philosophers called heat, the air, infusing itself into them, modern chemists term caloric. Heat till they, and the air in which is now considered as a sensation they are situate, are of one comproduced by calorie. It is the con- mon temperature. But it will not templation of the nature and effects be found that each of these boof the latter we now propose to our dies has imbibed an equal portion young friends.

of caloric, as their dispositions for In the investigation of its nature, absorbing and retaining heat, called the lowly youth will soon discover their capacities for heat, depend on a the imperfection of the human rea variety of circumstances. son, the folly of pride, and the suit The various degrees of facility ability of humility, for the most la- with which different bodies conduct borious and successful investigators heat, materially influences the exhave not agreed in their theories: istence of this equilibrium : thus, but enough is known concerning it while metals conduct it readily, to command our admiration of di- wood, glass, resin, &c. conduct it vine wisdom and gratitude for di- feebly: it is not possible long to vine goodness.

hold an iron wire, one end of which While some have considered ca- is in the fire, while a piece of wood, lorie as a quality common to all of the same size, can be retained bodies, others have denominated it till nearly the whole of it is cona body sui generis. The latter opi- sumed: the artizan who blows a nion we may safely adopt, as af- ball at the end of a glass tube, fording the most reasonable expli- holds the tube at a distance, which, cation of those effects to which the if it were metal, would inevitably attention will be presently invited. I burn him. It is a fluid of the most subtile, Besides the portion of caloric light, and elastic nature, whose whose communication depends on weight cannot as yet be estimated, its nearness to or contact with other and it is ever seeking an equili- bodies, there exists another called brium, which an endless variety of radiant calorie, pot influenced by circumstances tends to interrupt. such affinity, which, though our liIt is therefore ever in action, and mits preclude us from minutely exthrough the great Creator's kind plaining, is worthy of the attention superintendence, constantly produc of the curious youth. It may be ing the most powerful and benefi- scen escaping from the mouth of a cial effects. But, before we glance stove or oven owing to its expanat these effects, it may be proper to / sive force, in the form of rays, which endeavour to make the considera | can be reflected, especially by potion of the equilibrium just men- / lished metals: like light, it freely tioned more familiar.

traverses the air, passing from one Caloric admitted to a homoge- body to another in right lines, renous body, such as air, speedily dif- taining its radiant property; or, by fuses itself through the whole mass, affinity, uniting with bodies it meets so that every part will be found of in its passage; and, in the progress the same temperature, and, in such to an equilibrium, the quantity of

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