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mere occasional labours were neighbourhood ; while many ad. highly acceptable. Whenever be ditions were made to the benefiengaged, it was bis evident con- cence of his friends from his cern to declare the whole counsel own private property. of God, and to be pure from the His numerous and heavy trials blood of all men. At home, or appeared to have been greatly abroad, he was careful not to sanctified to himself; and, perhandle the word of God deceit- haps, it was in the school of affully, but by manifestation of the fiction that he acquired the truth, to commend himself to tongue of the learned, to speak a every man's conscience in the word in season to burdened and sight of God. When invited to disconsolate mourners. He was preach occasionally in different first married the same year that connexions, he never was known he was settled at Horsley. His to preach another gospel, to dis- wife's maiden pame was Harris, a guise his sentiments, or to pal- native of Wales. By her he had liate the more fashionable vices, several children, but all were soon that may be patronized by laxer taken from him by death, except and more opulent professors. the second, which was a daughAmong the people of his charge, ter, named Mary,' who lived to especially, he ever discovered be thirty-one, and then was rethe most impartial fidelity, in re- moved, nearly ten years before proving sin, and in the exercise her father, leaving a motherless of church discipline ; united with family of five children behind the tenderest sympathy and gen- her. His first-born, named tleness toward the afflicted and Enoch, died when eighteen necessitous. While his compas- months old; this was a painful sion for perishing sinners would stroke: but in the year 1765, he often vent itself in foods of tears, met with such a succession of so as sometimes to interrupt his bereaving providences as are not ụtterance in his public dis often allotted to mankind, and courses; he showed the sincerity under which he must have sunk, of his benevolence, by a conti had not He, whose strength is nual readiness to communicate to made perfect in weakness, put the supply of their temporal underneath him his everlasting wants according to his ability, arms. The wife of his youth was yea, and often beyond it. At the removed first, on the 26th of same time, he gladly improved April; on the 18th of June, bis his interest with several wealthy son Benjamin, aged four years; friends at a distance in favour of his youngest daughter, Sarah, his poor neighbours, especially died July 4th; and his daughter those of the household of faith. Elizabeth, three years old, July To disperse their bounty seemed the 10th. He was constrained by as high a gratification to him as these distressing events to leave to the recipients. Such was his his former dwelling for a season. interest with some of them that The plaintive elegy he priuted on, delighted to devise liberal things, this occasion, describing the an. that more than 300l. were, by guish of his wounded spirit, and this means, distributed through the relief he found in the comhis hands, to the poor of his passion of his God, and in the church and congregation, and prospect of future bliss, is truly other distressed objects in the affecting.
On July 27, 1766, he was mar- | Francis, was spared for twentyried again, to Miss Wallis, his pre- seven years, who went to Amesent sorrowful widow. By her he rica, where he had a pleasing had ten children, but three only prospect as to temporal circumsurvive their honoured and be stances, and was on the point of loved father. The first child, by being married to a very amiable this second marriage, received young lady, when he was .cut off the name of Enoch; but the by the yellow fever, in 1795, at hope of his resembling his excelPetersburgh, in Norfolk, Soutb lent grandfather was soon pre-Carolina. This was a stroke pecluded, by finding he was de culiarly severe: but it may give prived of the sense of hearing, the reader some idea of the supand, consequently, of the faculty ports his father derived from evanof speech. This affliction, how gelical religion in the midst of this ever, seemed only to draw the af- heavy trial, if we insert an extract fection of the parents more from the letter he sent to the strongly towards a child, who lady, with whom, his son was stood in such peculiar need of about to have formed the closest their attention. This child dis- connection on earth: covered not only a singular saga- “Though overwhelmed with eity in imbibing knowledge by grief at the loss of a dear and afunusual methods, but, for a confectionate son, whom I tenderly şiderable time before his death, loved, yet I. dare not repine at gave surprising evidence of a the disposal of unerring Provi. deep sense of religion. He always dence, but am enabled to say, shunned the company of wicked The Lord gave, and the Lord boys with the strongest tokens hath taken away, blessed be the of abhorrence, and took a won- name of the Lord. Christ is al, derful delight in attending divine together worthy, of, worship, both in public, and in confidence, chief esteem, and the family. But he was removed everlasting adoration. May this at fifteen years of age, after bitter cup bę abundantly mixed a short illness, in which he with divine consolations; and strangely signified his expecta- while you lament the loss of the tion of his approaching death, uncertain stream of temporal feliOne daughter, Esther, and two city, may you drink eternal hap, sons, died young : of a second piness at the fountain head.” Esther, some account was in.
(To be continued.) serted in the Baptist Register, Vol. I. p. 159. She died August THE DISCIPLINE 25, 1790, in the eleventh of her age, and gave the most satis-PRIMITIVE CHURCHES. factory and delightful evidence
(Concluded from page 92.), of her true piety. The like mitigation attended the loss of her We cannot enumerate all the elder sister, who was also taken particular cases which fall under from her affectionate parents that the 'cognizance of a Christian same year, at the age of sixteen, church, but shall mention a few after a lingering illness, wherein which are recorded in the Scrip. she enjoyed very extraordinary tures for our imitation. consolations. A son, named A departure from the faith of Benjamin, by the present Mrs, the gospel, or any of its leading
doctrines, is an object of Chris. shut his eyes against the light, tian discipline.-" I would they and thus sin' against the dicwere even cut off that trouble tates of his own conscience. you--I have a few things against It has been asked by persons thee, because thou hast them who disapprove of all church that hold the doctrine of Balaam proceedings on account of dif-so hast thou also them that hold ference in religious principles, the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, Who is to judge what is heresy? which thing I hate.-A man that We answer, Those who are to is an heretic, after the first and judge what is immorality in deal'second admonition reject, knowing with loose characters. To ing that he that is such is sub- suppose it impossible to judge verted, and sinneth, being con- what heresy is, or to deny that demned of himself.” Gal. v. 12. the power of so deciding rests in Rev. ii. 14, 15. Tit. iii. 10. a Christian church, is to charge
It is worthy of notice, that the the apostolic precept with imperonly passage in the New Testa- tinence. It is true, the judgment ment wherein heresy is intro- of a church may be erroneous, as duced as
an object of disci- well as that of an individual; pline, makes no mention of any and it becomes them in their deihing as composing it but what cisions to consider that they will relates to the principles of the all be revised at the great day: party. It may be supposed, but the same may be said of all that those who were accounted human judgment, civil or judicial, heretics by the apostles were as
to which no one is so void of impure in their lives as they were reason as on this account to obantichristian in their doctrine, ject: and that they were commonly It has been farther objected, disturbers of the peace and that censuring a person on acunity of the churches: but how- count of his religious sentiments ever this might be, neither of invades the right of private judg. these evils are alleged as the ment, is inconsistent with the lireason for which the heretic was berty of the gospel, and contrary to be rejected. All that is men- to the leading principles on which tioned is this: “He is subverted, Protestants bave separated from and sinneth, being condemned of the church of Rome, and Prohimself."
testant Dissenters from the church He is subverted;' that is, his of England. The right of priprofessed faith in the gospel is in vate judgment, wbile we claim effect overturned, or rendered no connection with others, is an void ; consequently be requires undoubted right. We may be to be treated as an unbeliever. christians, infidels, or atheists, He is condemned of himself;' and none but God has any conthat is, the gospel being a con- troul over us: but if we desire sistent whole, he who rejects the friendship and esteem of some of its leading principles, good men notwithstanding, or While he professes to retain others, claim admission to a Christian is certain to fall into self-contra-church; or should we be in it diction ; which if clearly pointed already, and claim a right to out in a 'first and second admo- continue our situation, surely nition, and he still persist, he they would not be obliged to will be compelled obstinately to comply. If so, our right of pri
vate judgment must interfere with that in the primitive churches that of others, whose judgment immediate exclusion was the tells them that there can be no consequence. In the case of the fellowship between light and incestuous Corinthian, there are darkness, or communion between no directions given for his being him that believeth and an infidel. admonished, and excluded only If the liberty of the gospel con- in case of his being incorrigibly, sists in a right of fellowship with impenitent. The apostle deterChristian churches, whatever be mined what should be done our principles, it will follow not "In the name of the Lord Jesus only that unbelievers may claim when ye are gathered together to visible communion with believ- deliver such a one unto Satan." ers; but that no exclusions for We cannot but consider it as an immorality can be justified, pro- error in the discipline of some vided the party insists that his churches, where persons
have sentiments are in harmony with been detected of gross and aggrahis practice. There is a great vated wickedness, that their exvariety of opinion as to what is clusion has been suspended, and morality, as well as to what is in many cases omitted, on the truth. One loose character be ground of their professed repentlieves in polygamy, another in ance. While the evil was a se. concubinage, and a third can see cret, it was persisted in; but no harm in fornication, nor even when exposed by a public detecin adultery, provided it be un- tion, then repentance is brought discovered. *
forward, as it were in arrest of If the churches of Rome and judgment. But can that repentEngland had done nothing more ance be genuine which is pleaded than exclude from their society for the purpose of warding off those characters whom they con- the censures of a Christian sidered as deviating from the church? We are persuaded it first principles of the gospel, cannot. The eye of a true peniwithout subjecting them to civil tent will be fixed on the greatness penalties or disabilities, however of his sin, and he will be the last we might have disputed the truth to discern, or talk of his repentof their doctrine, we could not ance for it. So far from pleading justly have objected to their dis- it in order to evade censure, he cipline. We should suppose, will censure himself, and desire that the separation of Protestants nothing more than that testimony from the one, and of Protestant may be borne against his conduct dissenters from the other, was for the honour of Christ. for the sake of enjoying a purer But allowing that repentance church state, wherein they might in such cases is sincere, still it is act up to the laws of Zion's King; not of such account as to set and not that they might live as aside the necessity of exclusion. though there were no king in The end to be answered by this Israel, which is the case where measure is not merely the good every man does that which is of the party, but the clearing right in his own eyes,
of a Christian church from the In cases of notorious and com- very appearance of conniving at plicated wickedness it appears, immorality; and which cannot
be accomplished by repentance Such was the morality taught by only. Though Miriam might be
truly sorry for her sin in having orderly walkers; busy-bodies in spoken against Moses, and though other men's matters, while neglishe might be healed of her le- gent of their own; in a word, prosy, yet “the Lord said unto unamiable characters. Now those Moses, If her father had but spit that are such we are directed to . in her face, should she not be exhort, and charge that they ashamed seven days ? Let her be conduct themselves as becometh shut out from the camp seven Christians. If after this they days ; 'and after that let her be continue disorderly, observe a received in again.” Num. xii. 14. degree of distance in your con.
We do not supposé, however, duct towards them; withdraw that every notorious fault re- your intimacy; let them feel the quires immediate exclusion. The frowns of their brethren: yet be general rule given is—that noto- not wholly reserved, but occa. rious evils should meet with a sionally explain to them the reápublic rebuke.
“ Them that sin, sons of your conduct; affectionrebuke before all, that others also ately admonishing them at the may fear.” 1 Tim. v. 20. But same time to repentance and this proceeding does not appear amendment of life.
" Now we to amount to exclusion ; it is command you, brethren, in the rather of the nature of a censure name of our Lord Jesus Christ, or reprimand, accompanying an that ye withdraw yourselves admonition. To us it appears, from every brother that walketh that the circumstances attending disorderly, and not after the traa sin ought to determine whether dition which he received of us. it require immediate exclusion, For we hear that there are some or not. If these be highly aggra- who walk among you disorderly, vating; if there appear to have working not all, but are busybeen premeditation, intention, bodies. Now them that are such and perseverance in the crime, we command, and exhort by our put away from amongst your Lord Jesus Christ, that with selves that wicked person; but quietness they work, and eat if circumstances extenuate, rather their own bread. than heighten the evil, solemn obey not our word by this episadmonition, accompanied with tle, note that man, and have no rebuke, ought to suffice, and no company with him that he may exclusion to follow but in case be ashamed: yet count him not of incorrigible impenitence.
as an enemy, but admonish him There are also faults which do as a brother." 2 Thess. iii. 6not come under the denomina- 15. If churches were to consult tion of notorious sins, wherein only their own reputation, they directions are given for recover would often discard such pering the offenders without any sons at an carly period: but mention being made of exclusion, where there is reason to hope either immediate or ultimate that the heart is right in the There is perhaps in all the main, great forbearance must be churches a description of men exercised, and long perseverance whose characters are far from in endeavouring to recover. How being uniformly circumspect, many imperfections were discoand yet not sufficiently irregular vered in the conduct of the to warrant their being separated twelve apostles, while their Lord from communion. They are dis- was with them, and what an
And if any