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essentially connected with the | In no class of the community do spirit of war, so that the complete we observe such readiness to soldier must necessarily have a shed blood. Witness the duels spirit very opposite to the spirit that are fought between military of the gospel. Between the two men to settle the most trivial af. there is a perfect contrast. The fairs; and this in direct violaChristian code says, Love

your tion of the laws of civil society, enemies;" the martial spirit is and the commands of their chief. full of hatred to the foe. The N.-As to duelling, it maniChristian precepts say, “ If thine festly originates in pride and encmy hunger, feed him; if he revenge; is a direct violation of thirst, give him to drink:” the the laws of civil society; and to martial spirit thrusts a sword be held in abhorrence by every through the heart of his enemy. good man; and it is equally maThe Christian spirit is meek and nifest, that meekness, patience, forbearing;, the martial spirit submission, forgiveness, &c. are is proud and insulting. The inculcated in the Christian scripChristian system requires a rea- tures, and binding upon indi. diness to forgive, even until se- viduals, but not on communiventy times seven; the martialties, for nations should be ready spirit is revengeful, and will re- to maintain at all times their digtaliate for the sligbtest affront. nity and honour, The Christian genius is full of

P.-I cannot comprehend upgentleness, goodness, charity; on what principle a distinction is the martial spiritis ferocious attempted to be established beand sanguinary. There is not a tween the obligations of men in greater contrast between the their individual and collective ca. lamb and the leopard, than pacities. Nations are composed between the dispositions inspir- of individuals, nor is the indivicd by Christianity and the sys- dual character so merged in the tem of warfare. Hence, when national, as to impose upon bim the scriptures speak of Chris- a new rule of duty: every inditians, it is under the emblem of vidual remains under obligations sheep, lambs, or doves; but to love his enemy at all times ; when they speak of warriors, it and, consequently, the obligation is under the emblem of leopards, devolves upon the nation at large. bears, or other ravenous beasts, Our blessed Lord has very exwho go forth to worry, trample, plicitly prohibited his disciples and destroy. Nor is this dispo- from using the sword.

“ My sition, inspired by the military kingdom is not of this world, else profession, accidental; it is es would my servants fight.” “He seutial to the system. It has that useth the sword shall perish been very justly remarked; that by the sword.” It is generally persons engaged in the slave admitted, that Christians should trade were rendered more savage not take up the 'sword to pro- ; and inhuman by witnessing the tect themselves from persecution; scenes presented in this abomi- but our religious privileges are nable traffic: and surely the trade the most valuable we of war, which is fostered by pride, joy: if, therefore, we are forand waged with cruelty, must bidden to use the sword to de-, have a tendency to strengthen fend our dearest rights, shall we, those dispositions in the mind. be allowed to use it on osa

en

edsions of infinitely inferior mo. I had an ordinance among them, ment? We despair of seeing which required their males to happiness restored to a miserable appear at Jerusalem three times world, till nations sliall reriouince in the year; thus leaving their their antichristian policy, and con frontier exposed to the attacks of fess that the same precepts which their surrounding foes. But are binding upon individuals are though they were frequently in a binding upon thë community. I state of warfare, there is no in

Ni-But it is quite impossible stance on record of their suffer. for a nation to exist and maintain ing by obedience to the divine its independence, without occa command. Similar protection sionally asserting its rights by the may be expected by the nation, sword. So very unreasonable and who, out of regard to the will of wicked are men, that if it were God, shall abstain from war. once known that a nation would 4. Attempts to illuminate the not fight, they would immediately public mind on the subject of become the prey of daring and war should not be confined to cruel usurpers.

one nation, but be extended to P.-So it is generally sup. surrounding countries. Thus we posed, but there are certain con- may hope, that the same sentisiderations that ought to be ma ments will be received by the na turely weighed before it be fully tions at large, so that they may admitted; the following may be be disposed to dwell together in mentioned.

peace. Indeed, I am ready to hope, 1. So far as experiment exists, that the nations of Europe may it is decidedly opposed to the look forward to a better state of assumption. The government of things than what has heretofore Pennsylvania was in the hands of existed. The Emperor Alexanthe Quakers for 70 years ; during der, the King of Prussia, and which time, they maintained their others, have entered into what is independence, though surround-called The Holy League, by which ed by hostile tribes, without a they voluntarily bind themselves single appeal to arms.

to govern their subjects, and ma2. Those individuals who cul- nage their relations, according to tivate the spirit of meekness, for the principles of the Christian reliWearance, forgiveness, &c. are gion; and as this religion is opposed much less exposed to insult and to aggression, ambition, worldly injury, than those persons who glory, conquest, &e. those fruitful are remarkable for pride, resent sources of war, we may expect ment, &c. and if it be so with in that every thing will be done to dividuals, wby not with whole prevent the renewal of hostili, nations ?

ties. The Prince Regent has, it is 3. A due stress ought to be true, declined entering into this placed on the superintendence of holy league, on account of the divine Providence. If a nation nature of the British constitution, should refrain, conscientiously, but he bas professed his approfrom the use of arms, may not bation of its principles, and his such a nation rely upon the pro-' determination to pursue a similar tection of Heaven? He has the line of conduct. If you consider hearts of all in his hands, and he these things fully, perhaps it may will defend those who humbly appear, that no great danger is put their trust in him. The Jews likely to result from that nation

VOL. X.

war.

which shall be the first to abo-themselves, it may be, to the lish the barbarous practice of power who will pay them the

best; and though they liave no N.- Though there is some- immediate interest in the contest, thing plausible in your state are filled with all the hatred and ment, yet, after all, circumstances fury of their employers. will arise which require a na. But supposing that disputes tion to go to war, or it must give should arise between neighbourup its independence, and submit ing nations respecting territory, to the will of an invading tyrant. or other matters, which they can

P.-It may be so: but let the not settle by mutual explanation, trial be fairly made; let every is it not possible to establish possible means be tried whieh a a court in Europe to which all righteous, temperate, conciliating ultimate appeals should be made, policy shall dictate, in order to and whose decisions should be prevent an appeal to arms. It final ? Let this court be commust be allowed, that this has not posed of representatives from the heretofore been the case; nations, different nations of Europe ; let on the slightest provocation, have them be men of established repufled to the sword; yea, when a tation for wisdom, integrity, and government has determined first a pacific disposition ; and let the to humble a rival power, or to governments whom they repreextend its territory, a pretext has sent solemnly engage to abide by been sought for open hostilities : their decision, even though in and any reason but the right one some instances it may have the assigned for renewing the con- appearance of partiality. I see flict, so that the words of St. no reason why a court of this James are strictly true ; “Whence kind should not be superior to came wars and fightings among party considerations ; and, like you? came they not of your the Areopagus of the Greeks, be lusts that are in your members ?" renowned to the ends of the Supposing the very worst case: world. At all events, should the

unreasonable enemy wishes judgment of this court not give to wage war; if rulers were de. full satisfaction to all parties, the termined to avoid it, how much aggrieved will do well to abide might be done by mildness and by it, rather than plunge their forbearance. A soft answer country into all the losses, miturneth away wrath,” whereas, a series, and hazards of war. It rough, proud, insolent defiance, will require much wisdom to form tends to increase and confirm it. such a court; but, if it be once It is so in individual cases, and thought desirable, means will be why not in the affairs of nations ? found to effect it. Indeed when it is considered, that N.-It is too much to expect, the decisions of nations are no- that nations who have the power thing but the wills of a few in- to maintain their rights, should dividuals, or the will of even one submit to the judgment of this person, the argument is conclu- court, when, perhaps, it may rob sive.

them of some very valuable porBut where are the instances in tions of their territory, without which every effort is made to making them any compensation. avoid going to war? The prin- Why should a nation suffer itself cipals generally rush into it with to be thus wronged? eagerness, and the auxiliaries hire

(To be continued.)

an

Juvenile Department.

OF THE BELOVED

THOUGHTS ON THE DEATH tions of our nature, where alone is

found a faithful record of our origin

and fall, of our present condition PRINCESS CHARLOTTE. and future destiny. Pleasure is the

pursuit which the youthful traveller

proposes to himself; and although Addressed to our Youthful Readers. he occasionally meets with one and

another whose dejection proclaims Nor youth, nor age, nor rank, nor yirtue's charms, the premature exit of others who

their disappointment, and witnesses The ever ruthless tyrant Death disarms; No pity melts him, no excuse delays,

perished in the pursuit, he is not to Boldly he terminates our number'd days. Vain Hattring world, how false your gilded toys! be deterred, for seldom will he You give but toils and woes for promis'd joys. rn in any other than the dear Our earthly hopes but bloom to give us pain,, school of experience. Solomon, the And, with’ring in the grasp, prove fruitless, vain: O rise, my soul, and seek some nobler end,

wisest of men, informs us of his Seek lappiness in God, be he thy friend. want of success, although his powHe's only wise, whose hopes can reach the skies, erful station placed every sensual His life begins, when mortals say " he dies."

gratification within his reach; many We omit the usual Essay, to call of which he was, for a time, lamentthe attention of our young friends ably disposed to try; and vanity is to the melancholy death of this ami- the caution he has fixed at the aveable Princess, which happened on nue of every earthly pursuit for the the 6th of November last, for to benefit of the future enquirer. * But them it seems peculiarly adapted to if you have not yet gained wisdom convey instruction.

from observation and experience, Few circumstances so strikingly and if the admonitions of Solomon show the real nature of this transitory are too ancient for your taste, O! state.--It is of the greatest conse- reflect on the unexpected occurquence that we entertain just views rence that now invites and comof the present life: yet how seldom mands your regard, and say, Is not is this the case in youth! We com- man, at his best estate, altogether mence this state of existence igno- vanity? The exalted Princess, whose rant of its nature, and though we are loss we deplore, regarded the royal soon compelled to learn that pain caution above mentioned, and proand disappointment attend it, yet posed to herself happiness in the so playful is the youthful disposition, opposite course. You may, while that pain no sooner subsides, than she lived, have piticd the dulness it is forgotten in the novelty of the of her life; but even the profligate succeeding scene; and even present cannot now wish it had been othersorrows are lightened by bright ex- wise. She correctly considered this pectations, as soon as the mind can life as a preparation for the next; indulge prospects of the future. The and, doubtless, rejoiced that deeager grasp, and “.fond attentive praved man was allowed an earth in gaze of young astonishment,” at which to prepare for heaven. In present alluring objects, with extra- the inspired volume she doubtless vagant calculations on joys to come, found, that divine mercy was reshow they have much to learn of the vealed and proposed to every renature of human life. Their reluc- penting sinner, and therefore emtance to be undeceived, as mani- ployed the means of grace to profested in impatienee of control, disregard of advice, inattention to in

* To the attentive reading of the struction, and spurning of reproof, Book of Ecclesiastes we anxiously invite remind us of scriptural representa- | the youthful reader.

mote contrition of heart and holiness the grove, and as we read, the fallof life.

| ing leaf rests on the page we open; Few instances so proclaim the se- | the very season of the year, and an riousness and certainty of death. endless variety of circumstances, Young well observes :

which memory cannot fail to supply,

admonish of the uncertainty of life, All men think all men mortal but themselves : Themselves, when some alarming slock of fate but the certainty of decay and death Strikes through their wounded hearts the sudden dread,

faint seldom awaken a reflection. But their hearts wounded, like the wounded air, Soon close, where, past the shaft, po trace is But how few are the domestic cir, found,

cles in which even the youth has not As from the wing no scar the sky retains.

been called to witness the interrups Yet among rich or poor, wise or tion of death! and, perhaps, a lovely ignorant, good or bad, the whole sister, an affectionate brother, or a history of the world furnishes but tender parent, has already been torn two examples of reprieve from its away. Ordinary deaths, however, sentence; examples as unwelcome though solemn, are soon forgotten, to the unrenewcd mind as death and accruing advantages soon rcitself; for it is not merely death that conciles, and sometimes gladdens, is serious, but its consequences. a depraved heart. But the warning Wing your imagination to the scenes is now public, and cannot be overof immortal bliss, and ask, Could looked-rare, and cannot be famithe irreligious heart endure to be liar-eventful, and cannot be forcaught up, as Enoch or Elijah, to gotten-sudden, and must be felt. the perfect holiness of heaven? The Few dispensations of divine Proviblaze of the divine glory would con-dence call for morc deep humility. found it, the eye of every holy inha- The blasted hopes of private life bitant 'would penetrate it, the sound often sink deep into the heart, but of the hallelujahs would overwhelm national troubles are more affecting, it; as soon might you change the they involve so many interests. In element of your nature, and soar dividual prosperity is often forgotten with the winged tenants of the air, in national trouble, and even the or dwell in the bosom of the ocean, beggar rejoices in national success. for even now, in this state of imper Long continuance had familiarized fection, the irreligious heart cannot the affliction of our venerable Soveendure an hour's pious conversation. reigu, and a tide of naval and miliThese, 'indeed, are exanıples con- | tary glory, and late commercial fessedly not expected to occur. But prosperity, had tempted us to oversudden deaths are awfully common; look it. A Princess, young, beauand to be absent from the body is to tiful, well informed, virtuous, and be present in heaven or in hell. It of independent spirit, had raised our may be, it must be, that we have expectations of a future, long and already had a thousand admonitions, prosperous, reign, more glorious yet how distant do we suppose the than the days of Elizabeth, a happy day of our departure! Every pain matrimonial alliance, and the proswe feel is a warning. Monitors are pect of an heir, nurtured by such a thick in every department of crea- mother, to perpetuate the House of tion, and we ourselves increase them. Brunswick and the Protestant sucWe deal in death in order to live; cession, extended our hopes to our and not only are we supported, but children's children; when at the too early and too often amused with very moment of expectation, when animal destruction. Many an ex- public rejoicings were waiting to piring insect was the sport, and begin, when even those who had might have been the teacher, of our vot left the seats of education, in early days; and many' a tortured the first dawn of loyalty, were askanimal with anguish might well in ing for an interval from study to struct increasing years. The beauty join in the celebrations, on a sudden of the lily fades before us, and the the joy of our heart is ccased, our fragrant' rose withers in our bosom. dance is turned into mourning.” We wisely seek the retirement of Tbis visitation in its connection is

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