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spot of its

Mr. Foster, has been since pub- bosom of his Father and his lished. Similar tributes of respect | God. were paid him by all the ministers

• The calm retreat, the silent shade, of his acquaintance in the whole With prayer and praise agree, of the surrounding country.

And seem, by thy sweet bounty made, Mr. Littlewood was twice mar

To those who follow thee.ried. His second wife was Miss The garden is much more conSarah Edensor, descended from tracted in its boundaries than I a very respectable family in expected; the far greater part is Shropshire, but for some time laid out in a fine lawn before the previous to her marriage a resi- house, and the whole of it is dent in the vicinity of Rochdale. plain, but yet adorned with some She survives to mourn her loss. taste. The whole is preserved in On her the cares of the family the finest order, and the trees, devolve, and by her, in connec- which are numerous, are rich and tion with Mr. William Littlewood, beautiful. There is a statue, by the third son of her much loved the side of the walk, not indeed and much lamented partner, the of any particular excellence, of a school will be continued on the Dutchman on skates, with a gun same plan as before, and it is on his shoulder and a dog by his cheerfully hoped, with the same side, with a snipe in his mouth, encouragement and success. and some lesser ornaments.

He had in the whole the large The chief attraction, perhaps, number of twenty-four children, in a great measure, because it only twelve of whom survive was the favourite him,

owner, the scene of some of his most elevated and happy mo

ments, is the root house. It A VISIT

is a summer house of consider

able size, built chiefly with the Seat of the late John Howard, roots of trees, and thickly over

spread with ivy. It has a very OF CARDINGTON, BEDFORDSHIRE.

venerable and interesting appear

As we enter it, we pass HAVING lately been in this under an arch of roots, covered interesting neighbourhood, I rose with the same beautiful everearly to visit the abode of this green. The pathway is adorned distinguished character. The with very smooth pebbles, and golden sunshine had overspread large shells. At the door is a the landscape, and the whole small sun-dial, which has encreation was paying its homage graven on it the admonitory word to the adorable Creator. Full of IRREVOCABILE. The first obthe recollection of this most ex. ject I observed was an inscripcellent Philanthropist, on one of tion, very suitable to this scene the sweetest mornings with which of devout retirement; it was as we have been favoured, I entered follows: on the pleasure ground and gar- O solitude ! blest state of life below, den, doubtless, often the scene Friend to our thought, and balm of all of his animated devotion; where, like Nathaniel, under the shade Far from throng'd cities my abode reof some fine tree, he poured his To realms of innocence, and peace, sorrows and his tears, into the and love."

TO THE

VOL. X.

ance.

our woe;

move,

a

I thought the other furniture Near the entrance of the garof this solitary abode, in a high den is a large urn, between two degree characteristic of the pious fine Scotch firs, and underneath architect of this small, but inte. it the following inscription by the resting, residence. I send you late Samuel Whitbread, Esq.an inventory:

“ This garden was formed, the root An admirable model of the house built, and the trees which over, horrid prison of the Bastille in shadow and adorn them, were planted France, made of cane, but in

in the year 1762, by John Howard, the state of decay.-A rustic table, in this retirement, before his virtuous

Philanthropist, who lived for many years with a figure on it representing energies were called into action; and Devotion meditating on the scrip- be quitted it to become the Benefactor tures. — Two hour glasses.--A of Mankind. To this spot he eagerly chandelier covered with moss.

returned to pass the interval between

those labours which ended in his death, A painting of Martin Luther.

and have ensured to him a guiltless and Turf and mat seats.—A foreign imperishable fame. fruit basket.--A large piece of

& Joshua Crockford, whose hands put touchwood, of great weight, pe master's eye, has spent the intervening

the seedlings into the earth under his trified, perfectly saturated with

years in constantly watching and assistmineral qualities.-A large bone ing their growth. Exhibiting in this, of a whale, dug out of the eartla his narrow circle, a model of sobriety, near the root house.—A book- in his 80th year, faithful to his duties,

industry, and neatness. He still lives case, containing the following and strong to fulfil them. Cortented works: Nature Displayed; Her- with his station, pleased with his charge, vey's Theron and Aspasio ; Cala- and full of the remembrance of his bemy's Life of Baxter; The Spec

loved master.”

S. W. August 10, 1812. tator; and a Bible lay in a recess in the window,

Entering the place of worship This last incomparable article belonging to the parish, I perexcited inquiry. My guide, ceived a small marble, bearing who is eighty-five years of age, the name and age of the Philanand was employed by Howard to thropist, with the place where plant his demesne, told me that he died, and the emphatic senthe Bible I held in my hand had tence, “ Christ is my hope.” His been placed in this rural abode, last words to his servant were, by his beloved master, and that “Give my love to my friends at he used to retire several hours Cardington-tell them I go to every day, to read the book of their Father and my Father, to God, and for purposes of secret their God and my God." devotion. Seating myself in the A few paces beyond the mo: Philanthropist's peculiar posture, nument of Mr. Howard, I beheld I read audibly the sixty-fifth an object which instantly aroused Psalm. My venerable attendant all the feelings of my mind-it seemed exceedingly interested; was the coffin of Samuel Whitnor do I think it presumptuous to bread : I glanced on it-I could affirm, that the place was once not bear to gaze, and turned more “the house of God, and away I felt the vanity of all the gate of heaven.”

sublunary good: in that solemn Connected with the root house moment I let go earth, and enis a cold bath, which Mr. How-deavoured to lay hold on heaven, ard was accustomed to use every through Jesus Christ. morning

Reader! forget not, that the. GREAT BUSINESS of the present waited for permission; but he life is, to secure an interest in an instantly smote the servant of the imperishable habitation.

high priest, and cut off his ear; Coseley. B. H.D. and Jesus said, • Suffer

ye

thus far;" and he touched his ear and

healed it. The Evangelist Mark ON PEACE SOCIETIES. (xv. 7) only relates the above

fact, and adds no more. St.

Matthew (xxvi. 52–54,) adds to Tothe Editors of the Baptist Magazine. the admonition already quoted,

It is not with any intention of the following words: “ Put up defending war, that I trouble you again thy sword into his place: with some remarks on the Dia- for all they that take the sword logue on War, part of which ap- shall perish with the sword, peared in your Magazine for Fe- Thinkest thou not that I cannot bruary; but, feeling an ardent now pray to my Father, and he desire to see Christians adopt shall presently give me more than scriptural sentiments on this sub-twelve legions of angels? But ject, I regret that any argument how theu shall the Scriptures be should be used in support of a fulfilled, that thus it must be ?" pacific system, which does not and in the gospel by St. Jolin, appear to be well founded; I the following words are added: beg leave, therefore, briefly to “ The cup which my Father hath discuss two or three of the argu- given me shall I not drink it ?" ments in that paper.

We learn, then, I think, from The writer relies greatly on the the whole history, that they misdisapprobation shewn by our understood the design of their Lord when Peter used his sword Lord—that Jesus Christ wished in his defence: quoting the words to teach Peter that he had acted of Christ, “He that useth the wrong in not waiting for his per. sword shall die by the sword.” mission; for that, if he had No one of the Evangelists relates thought fit to oppose force by all that passed on that occasion; force, he could have commanded let us see what we learn from the the service of angels ; but that to various particulars when united. have done so, would have been The Evangelist Luke informs us, inconsistent with his design in (chap. xxii. 26,) that Jesus Christ coming into the world. This had said to his disciples, “ He last inference, which is clearly that hath no sword let him sell deducible from the above quota his garment and buy one;" and tions, seems to render the whole when they said, “ Lord, behold so peculiar to the case of the here are two swords;" he said, Messiah, as to leave little, if any “ It is enough.”

thing, of general application. If Taking for granted, that their it be ever applicable to our cirLord had provided the swords cumstances, it is, I imagine, in for self defence, as soon as the cases of persecution for consciofficers attempted to apprehend ence' sake. Jesus, they eagerly asked, (and But, it is argued, by your corwho in such circumstances would respondent, that our Lord Jesus not have done the same,)“ Lord, Christ said, "My kingdom is not shall we smite with the sword ?" of this world: if my kingdom All, except Peter, seem to have were of this world, then would

[graphic]

my servants fight, that I should three times a year to worship at not be delivered to the Jews," Jerusalem. Without availing my(John, xviii. 36;) plainly forbid-self, as I might do, of the arguding all attempts to establish, or ment to be derived from the exto extend, or to maintain, his press command, and the express kingdom in the world by such promise to the Jews,* I beg to weapons as the sword. To that suggest that we ought to discuss object, and to that only, it ap- this subject purely on Christian pears to me, is the text fairly principles, and to reject all arguapplicable. The examination of ments derived from the peculiari. these passages has occasioned ties of Judaism, for or against my anticipating an argument of war. the writer of the Dialogue, that That a nation which seeks because we are not permitted to peace in the spirit of peace, and defend our religious privileges, is willing to make some sacrifices which are the most valuable, we to secure it, will succeed, and are bound to infer, that we can- will obtain the Divine blessing, I not be allowed to defend our feel no doubt. Unfortunately, civil liberties. As the various rulers have too often thought it directions of Christ, quoted by their interest to go to war; and your correspondent, so far as so little have the nations they they are applicable to us, evi- governed been influenced by the dently respect the spirit with peaceful spirit of the gospel, that which we are required to induce they have generally found it an persecution on a religious account, easy thing to inflame the public I conceive that the reasoning mind, and thus obtain all neceswhich applies them to our civil sary support, even to their most rights is inaccurate. We may, criminal plans of ambition and I think, safely conclude, that slaughter, and therefore they have our Lord wished also to incul- seldom,

ever, tried with sincate another important lesson. cerity to preserve peace. He designed, I apprehend, to of those who govern the nateach them to distinguish be- tions of the earth, however good tween his religion, which was the presages of the present day personal, which conferred no may be, I do not, like your corpower, nor political importance; respondent, expect much. It and the Jewish theocracy, which will, I apprehend, be by enlightwas national, which was raised ening the community, in every into considerable political impor-country, by convincing mankind tance, and commissioned to use that the same principles of equity the sword unsparingly. It was, and moderation are binding on a perhaps, absolutely necessary, nation as on an individual, that ihus to teach men, who were this happy change will be effected. born Jews, the difference between Is not the poett correct in asthe two dispensations.

serting, that Your correspondent argues,

“ War is a game,' which, were their that a nation which shall con- subjects wise, scientiously abstain from war, Kings would not play at?” may depend on the Divine pro

That war is lawful in certain tection, because the Jews were

cases, has been generally admitprotected during the absence of the males, when they went up * Exod. xxxiv. 23, 24. + Cowper..

ted. Christians, who have thought sailing in the ship which he usuon the subject, I suppose, com- ally commanded. About eight monly restrict it to self-defence; years afterwards, in one of his letbut, then, some of them trans- ters to Dr. Haweis, when he relate this term with such latitude, corded this event, he added, as destroys the principle. “During the time I was engaged

But there are others who argue in the Slave Trade, I never had in favour of the lawfulness of war the least scruple of its lawfulgenerally. They infer from the ness."* acknowledged piety of a Gar- Perhaps a similar confession dener, a. Bluckader, and other on the subject of war, from the good men, who have been soldiers, pen of some retired soldier, a few that war cannot be unlawful; for years hence, may produce as if it be, such men would not have much astonishment in the minds engaged in it. To say nothing of of a future generation, as that of the objection, in Christian morals, Mr. Newton in the minds of those to deriving our ideas of right and who listened to the discussions wrong, from the opinions and on the Slave Trade. conduct of fallible men, -to pass I think, of all the evils that war by the fact, that few, if any, of has inflicted on this country, nuthese young men who are edu- merous and dreadful as they are, cated for military life, ever hear there is not one which a Christian the arguments which

may

be has more reason to deplore, than urged against war,—that they the warlike spirit which has been enter on the profession of arms so generally imbibed, during the generally before their character last twenty years. The grave and is formed, and with the sanction sober speech of Christians has of those who have adopted, with been corrupted; they have learnout examination, the popular opi-ed to talk of the splendour of war, nion that war is lawful; yet if and the glory of victory; and to we acquaint ourselves with his- attribute to the return of peace, tory, in which we trace the con- the inevitable consequences of a duct of men, and with biography, long protracted and ruinous war. in which we ascertain the motives If, by the various institutions and feelings of individuals, we of the present day, the youth of shall find that many men of un- all ranks and every nation bedoubted piety, have, for want of come thinking Christians, I am due consideration, continued in persuaded the warlike spirit a course of conduct so evidently which has been so universal, will repugnant to the dictates of Chris- be annihilated in a short period. tianity, that we are astonished on At present I imagine, from the a review of their conduct.

intercourse I have had with ChrisOne memorable instance of this tians of all denominations, that kiud occurs to my

recollection. there are comparatively but few The late excellent Mr. Newton, who have thought on the subject the rector of St. Mary, Woolnoth, of the lawfulness of war, or the was, it is well known, engaged in limits which ought to be prescribthe Slave Trade for years after he ed to it. A time of peace became pious, and he quitted it, not from any doubt of its being

* See Letter XIII, in “ An Authentic lawful, but because a sudden at Narrative, communicated in a Series of tack of illness prevented him from originally published in the year 1764.

Letters to the Rev.Mr.(now Dr.)Haweis;"

is a

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