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when they quit 'school; that all their been deficient, we had recourse to hopes for honourable excellence must a second and very careful perusal, rest on their own exertions; that now, in order to account for, and, if necesespecially, their exertions promise successful issue ; to rouse the noble deter. The result was, we soon felt a par
sary, to correct our first impression. mination of acting well; of putting forth tial, and, perhaps, rather premature inental energies on principle: this forms the single object of the following disappointment, begin to give place
to a considerable portion of real pages.”
pleasure, though not of entire satisThis work, which is very interest- faction. ing, and still more instructive, is, While, however, this concession we conceive, well calculated to is made on our part, we think the cirsecure the attention, and advance cumstance of a re-perusal being nethe improvement, of the higher or- cessary for it, implies what we really, ders of juvenile readers. But to but reluctantly, believe to be the those who loll on the sofa, listening fact, namely, that there is some to the notes of certain writers, mis- want of perspicuity in the style. The called poets, or whose thoughts words, we conceive, are not always are continually hovering about two well chosen, por do the different or three fine passages, in a few fa- members of a sentence invariably vourite novels, or works of imagina occupy the best position. The petion, as they are termed, (though, in riods are very frequently inverted, one sense, very improperly, for there and often too unconnected. The is no species of writing half so stu- piece, both in reference to ideas, pid,) it will present no charms; they and the mode of conveying them, is will consider it insipid, and find it too cliptical. It is too intellectual; hard of digestion. By the higher we do not mean too sensible, but not orders of youth, however, we do not sufficiently tangible. The thoughts refer to the upper ranks of civil so- rather overdo and overload the ciety, which are formed by greater words; the latter are too few to carry degrees of wealth, and by titled the former. The ideas are too numebirth ; but to those who are distin- rous; we mean for the space which guished by their intellect and talent. they occupy; they are stuck togeOf course, we do not mean all, nor ther, not exhibited or displayed to only those young gentlemenwho walk advantage. The coin is pure gold, abroad in Hessian boots, highly ja- and full weight; but the legend is panned, and long great coats, half not perfectly cloar and legible. It covered with braiding and fur, and requires the inspection of a connoiswho seldom venture five hundred seur to decypher the superscription, yards from home, after sun-set, with and determine the value of the piece. out their tuck-stick, or sword-cane, Nor is this fault merely casual, but in order to defend a lise, should it be general and characteristic. We do attacked, which, at some future pe- not, however, in this iøstance, atriod, may be useful. These appen- tribute the defect to what we think dages, where considerable mental the common origin of obscure writimprovement has not been previous- ing--the want of clear ideas, for we Jy made, will not enable their pos- are persuaded Mr. Taylor has a tasessors to perceive the point, discern lent not frequently exceeded for - the beauty, appreciate the merit, correct thinking, and bold concepcomprehend the design, or improve tion. It must then, we presume, be by the perusal, of this volume. the effect either of a want of care
But, on first reading the piece be- and patience, which is manifested fore us, we must frankly confess, when authors are satisfied with their we felt as though we had expected compositions too soon; or of a singutoo much, or the author had done lar taste,-a taste, at least, not in too little. Not ing conscious, exact concordance with our own. however, that our expectations had It certainly does not arise from the been in any degree extravagant, and former; we are under the necessity, finding it difficult to show in what therefore, of ascribing it to the latrespects, or where, Mr. Taylor had ter; and it is no uncommon thing
for writers who possess great minds, lowing chapters :--1. On the Purto possess also their singularities. port of Education to fit us for our
Perspicuity is indispensably ne- Station in Life. 2. On the different cessary to all good writing, being Sources of Instruction. 3. On the that quality which corresponds with Period of leaving School, as best the design of language: it ought, suited to real Education. 4. On the therefore, never to be sacrificed to Importance of Self-Cultivation, 5, fancy, or fashion, or indolence. On the various Objects of Self-CulWhile it is always necessary, it is tivation. 6. On using our Talents. more so on some occasions than 7. Self-Cultivation may hope for the others. When the thinking is not Divine Blessing, only important, but recondite, and, We intended to analyze the reof course, out of the way of the spective chapters; but ......... inexperienced mind; and when the we have not. Here we lament the publication is intended for young absence of that general perspicuity people, who are not apt at straight of plan, which is as necessary as a ening the crooked, or supplying plain and intelligible style. The what is wanting, then is it necessary commencement of every paragraph in the highest degree. On these which leads off to a new train of accounts it is particularly to be re-thinking, or which gives a different gretted, that the land of an adept view of the subject, ought to be very is frequently wanted, to unravel ap distinctly noted. That there is a intricate, reform an ill-constructed, change of thought, is not enough: or complete an imperfect sentence. it should be prominent. The reader A publication of such sterling ex- | should not be left to look for it: it cellence, and high merit, ought to should be boldly presented to his have been written, not merely so as eye, that it may be the more deeply that it might easily have been un printed on his memory. As words are derstood, but so as that it could the necessary signs of ideas, so a sennot have been easily misunderstood. tence at the head of particular paraThe latter, in all cases, particularly graphs distinguished by italics, or for young people, who are unused to some numerical notice, is necessary investigation, and averse to trouble, as the sign of a new train of thought, ought to be more difficult than the a new view of the subject. Reading former; since obscurity, brought in such a book as the present, resembles contact with inexperience and in- a journey, for the first time, over hül dolence, will lead to mistake and and dale, without direction-posts or error.
mile-stones, which, to a young traBut, besides the want of perspi- veller, is both difficult and discou. cuity, the style is deficient in va- raging. He has nothing to guide his riety, beauty, and harmony. It is way, to measure the distance, or to hard, stiff, and monotonous. Our mark his progress. He knows not author's pen is neither pliant in where he is; and if any thing upon the itself, nor plastic in its operation; it road has struck him as singular, or too much resembles a straight piece beautifal, or dangerous, he will not of iron, with a sharp point, called a be able to point out the spot to anostyle, the writing of which displays ther, nor to find it himself, without neither beauty, nor ease, but is ill commencing his journey afresh, and formed and unsightly. Almost every walking straight on, with a sharp page in the book deserves a better, look out, till he unexpectedly comes a more appropriate, and a more up to it. We remember many beaupleasing dress. Partly, then, from tiful similes, many fine thoughts, the nature of the work; partly many admirable paragraphs, in this from the manner in which it is writ- volume; but we know not where to ten, and still more from the inexpe- find them. We are informed that rience and incapacities of those for the wisest author, and because he whom it is designed, we fear it will was wise, sought outacceptable words, not be só extensively useful as it and set his proverbs in order. The might have been.
first is necessary to understanding a The volume consists of the fol- subject; the last to retaining it; and
understanding it is essential to its | vantages which it is calculated to having any, and retaining it to its impart-happy the son who has achaving its full effect upon the mind. cess to such aids and inducements We know the present mode of writ- to self-cultivation-happy the reing is becoming fashionable; but viewer who should never be called this consideration does not satisfy us: to noticé à performance of inferior we wish to avoid the complaisance merit: in fine, happiness must be which would commend, and the bi-connected with the diffusion of sen. gotry which would condemn, a prac- tinients so eminently adapted to ad. tice, merely because it is new. Be- vance the interests of intellect and fore we adopt, or reject, any altera- piéty, and to increase the pleasures tion, we ask, Is the change an im- of social intercourse, and the charms provement? But, nevertheless, as of the domestic circle, by giving a
variety is the spice of life," as this still higher polish, and greater value remark is of general application, and to the diversified attainments of as we have no desire to render life cultivated life. more insipid than it is, we would not We select from the last chapter, always reject a new way, though it a single paragraph, written, we were only as good as the old one. think, in Mr. Taylor's best manner.
The fifth chapter, On the Ob- | He justly and beautifally observes jects of Self-Cultivation, we think of those who live in an uncivilized might have been more comprehen- state, “where arts are unknown, sive, and, at the same time, more sciencé uncultivated, and commerce minute and distinct; and the sixth, unattended to," and where, conseOn using our Talents, is either not quently, “there are misery, want, suappropriately designated, or it has perstition, and every kind of sufferthe appearance of an intruder. ing ;"
These remarks have cost us some self-denial. It would be matter of « Such do not hear the voice of Al. great regret to us, to give to a single mighty Benevolence, saying, Arise, and member of so excellent a family a
labour. Bind, and prune, and dig, and moment's pain. But we cannot
sow; form, build, beautify, exalt. Here withhold these critical remarks, be
are around you, in rich abundance, macause we think them just and im-terials, tools
, immense powers of action; portant; at the same time that we give you little; up, and be doing. In
apply them. While you sit still, I shall do not wish to be “too rigidly cen- vent, it shall delight you; make, it shall sorious;" since
be useful to you ; keep, it shall enrich " A string may jar in the best master's you another day; associate, mutual hand,
kindness shall make you liappy : ye shall And the most skilful archer miss his cultivate one another; ye shall do soon, aim."
by mutual assistance, what by individuat
exertion no one can ever effect. Let After all, we certainly think very me see fields of golden corn waving ; highly of the work, and do most there is a fine vale for them: gather cheerfully recommend it all those me flocks on those mountains : drain young persons, and others, who may that marslı, it will make the air whole. be supposed capable of deriving ad- some : on that knoll assemble a village : vantage from it. There is not a sen- teach the hollowed tree to float in that tence, not a thought, in the whole river : catch the fish, allure the bird's, work, that can possibly injure them; drive off the beasts of prey, defend the not one but will convey a new idea, cattle, educate the children. Activity or increase the value of those prevention, inventions will produce accom
will bring health ; wants will lead to in. viously acquired ; not a principle modation ; accommodation will give but will expand virtuous habits and leisure ; and leisure, which avoids the pious exercises, or strengthen those fatigue of labour, gives opportunity for already formed.
thinking. The being who lives idly, lives Happy the anthor who was able rebelliously, contrary to nature's first and disposed to write such a book- law and finest feeling: he must take, as happy the father whose son is capa- his appropriate punishment, poverty, igo ble of deriving from it all the ad- norance, misery, and want.” p. 165
Missionary Retrospect and foreign Jntelligence.
BAPTIST MISSION. the members of the congregation, bro.
ther Lawson being Secretary, and bro
ther E. Carey, Treasurer. And if all Letter from the Rev. Dr. Marshman, to the brethren connected with the Society Mr. Ivimey.
would exert themselves to forin similar
Auxiliary Societies, each at his respective “ Serampore, April 1, 1818,
station, that they might lessen the So“ My Dear Brother,---The contents of ciety's expenses there, the funds of the this will, I think, exceedingly cheer you. Society could be employed elsewhere, An Auxiliary Society is already formed and important good would result to the at Calcutta, and another at Fort William; station itself. and we hope many others will be estaba “ The object of each Auxiliary So. lished in India--wherever indeed our ciety should be, to aid the Society's brethren are, We must not despise the exertions in India. As the Society, day of small things, relative to any of however, expend their money here, they them. I trust the Lord is about to bless of course require none to be sent to the Mission in India, in a greater degree them; they are aided in the most effiIhan ever.
We are exceedingly filled cient manner when the monies raised at with hope, and we trust you unite with each station meet a part of its expenses. us herein.
If one-half, or a fifth, or even a tenth of “ I am cver, my dear brother, most the missionary expenses at your station, affectionately yours,
were therefore met on the spot, the So. J. MARSHMAN.” ciety would, in that degree, be both The enclosure to which Dr. Marsh aided and encouraged. And should you man refers, in the above note, was a
ever raise more than your own station printed Circular, addressed to the mis requires, you may enjoy the unspeakable sionaries at their different stations, of satisfaction of spreading the gospel which the following is a copy :
• In offering this advice, far be it from « Dear Brother, We send you a us, dear brother, to assume any authority copy of the Review of the Mission, ad.
over you, or even to attempt to stand dressed to the Society. Throughout the between you and the Society. Why whole of Britain, Auxiliary Societies are should we? You must have all the la. now formed to raise funds for the spread bour of collecting the money at your of the Gospel ; and we have long thought station, and surely you, with the friends that every Christian in India ought to who raise it, being on the spot, know far exert himself for India. Considering, better how to apply it profitably than we therefore, the great exertions made in can at a distance from you. Further, all Britain for the evangelizing of the hea the Society's missionaries are equal, and then, nothing can be more proper than equally dearto them. Correspond then ima for missionaries who are on the spot to mediately with the Society, dear brother, stir up their friends, each at his own and cheer their hearts with an account station, and by lessening the expenses of of what you also are enabled to do in the Society there, enable them to send helping them from year to year : and the gospel elsewhere.
encourage yourself by recollecting, that “ Last year the Society, wrote to us if you can find around you only seven to inquire, whether we could not stir up persons able to subscribe each a rupee the congregation at the Lal-Baazar Cha- 1 monthly, you will have the satisfaction pel to aid them in supporting the brethren of raising Ten Guineas annually, in aid at Calcutta. In pursuance of this re- of their praise-worthy exertions for * quest, we addressed a Circular Letter to India. the members of the congregation, ear. “ You may perhaps find it useful to nestly intreating them to come forward print a Report annually of the money in aid of the Society's funds. This was not you raise, with the names of the subthen done ; but the object of the letter | scribers. Such a Report you have only is now realized in the formation of an
to draw up and send us, and we will Auxiliary Baptist Society, composed of print it as a token of brotherly affection. VOL. X.
This you can circulate in your neigh the way home agaiu; and in her journey bourhood, and send a copy to the So- distributed about 700 gospels and pamciety for insertion in the Periodical phlets amongst the people in the towns Accounts. And how will it delight the and villages by the river side. I rejoice Society thus to witness every one of their in this, as my work is thus carried on by missionaries sharing their labours, and others, while I am engaged in another each bringing from his own station what department. the Lord shall give bim there! How « On the 27th of December, (1817,) will it encourage the friends to increased | Glory be to God, Hingham Misser, a exertion at home, when they contem. native, was baptized in the Ganges, just plate the various Auxiliary Societies below- our house. His conversion and formed in India with the same object in baptism have made.a great stir among view! And what a rich re-action will the natives. On the day he was bapbe produced in India, when the Periodic tized, some said, ' Monghyr's Ka nak Kuta .cal Accounts, containing the aggregate gye:' i. e. Monghyr's nose is cut off.' of the whole done in India and Britain, By which expressive phrase, great disshall be read at each station! As before grace is intended. Hingham Misser is a said, the friends at the Lat Baazar Chapel Brahınan, of very respectable cast and have already begun, and probably those connexions. He had been employed as in Fort William will follow. We would a reader of the scriptures for tnore than indeed now do it at Serampore--but the twelve months, during which time he fact in reality is, that we have done it had shewn such an attachment to Chrisfor many years, not only with a view to tianity, as to separate himself from all his supporting our own station, but to pro- connexions. He was visited by illness pagating the gospel throughout India; for some months, during which time none but our drawing the funds almost wholly of his relations cared for him: none from our own labour, and thus being called to see him. On his recovering, he ourselves both subscribers and Com. was enabled to make a profession of his mittee, has rendered it needless, and faith in Christ, before many witnesses: to therefore ostentatious to publish an- do which, he has left a wife and five or nually an account of what we do. Be six children, and his home. Two lads, his encouraged then, dear brother, and the eldest sons, saw him baptized in the Lord will be with you; and if each of river as though they saw him burned, and the Society's missionaries in India thus they have not spoken to him since: they form an Auxiliary Society around him- may be twelve or fourteen years of age. self, however small it may be, we may
To one of them the father sent a pair of hope, through the Divine blessing, to see shoes, which he threw away with conthe Mission not only established in tempt. The relations unite to support India, but in a few years increased to the family, and many others unite with double, and even treble its present extent them to preserve the whole from beand efficiency
coming Christians. I suspect, however, “ We are, dear brother, your affection that this will not last long: the benevos ate brethren and fellow-helpers,
lence of a native is seldom a perennial W. CAREY,
stream. Of all the professions of ChrisJ. MARSHMAN,
tianity, which have been in this country, W. WARD."
few bave been attended with such tri. umphant circumstances as this has been,
Hingham Missar is a very meek man, Extract of a Letter from the Rev. John very humble, very diligent, and of a Chamberlain, to the Same.
good understanding in the scriptures;
he is daily employed in the instruction Mongyhr, April 1, 1818.
of the people here, amongst whom he My Dear Brother,~ Well, you will boldly declares his profession, and meets say, what prospects have you? What with more attention than in his circumhave you been doing? What shall I stances could have been expected. Brincay? I will tell you all I can. . In last dabun, our aged native brother, has November, my family and I went to Dig- been greatly encouraged by this instance gah, to ineet our dear friend Mrs. W. of Divine favour. He is now gone to from Agra, who came all that way (400 Diggah, in company with Nygunsookh, miles) to follow her Lord in his ap
a young man who was baptized about a pointed way. Then I had the happiness fortnight, ago. He was sent by the breto baptize a person, whom I can look thren from Diggah for instruction, and upon as the fruit of my former labours. remained here upwards of two months : A letter from her, received to-day, says, he was originally from Joypore. We ilat she went on her way rejoicing' all have one inquirer whom Brindabun and