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Palmer. His vicious conduct was rience, which was approved. On reformed; he was fitted for confer- this occasion he writes in a copyring moral benefits upon his fellow- book: "I was very much agitated, creatures, and extraordinary support and could not express my feelings, was given him in the prospect of but the Lord delivered me, and was death and eternity.

with me, according to my most earHe was born in London, and had pest request. I hope I shall never opportunities in the family where he be a hypocrite. The Lord knoweth was brought up of attending on the my heart, and I do hope I know my public ministry of the word. The own in part; but in part only, for it preaching, however, on which he at- is deceitful above all things." On tended, was not adapted to awaken the 23d of May he was baptized. him to a sense of his guilt and dan- " I hope,” says he, “it was into ger, so that while his mind was filled Christ. I think I strive hard in with some speculative opinions, prayer for the guidance and inhis heart was left under the do- fluence of the Holy Ghost.” On the minion of sin, and by his conduct occasion of his first partaking of the he said unto God, * Depart from ordinance of the Lord's-Supper, hu me, I desire not the knowledge of says, May that Saviour whom I thy ways."

have named before many, own and At the close of the summer of bless mo at his coming ; then the 1816, he was informed by a female communion will be sweet.”. servant in the family, that some Being anxious to live usefully, Baptist ministers preached in the he soon became a Sunday-school fields on the Lord's-day mornings, teacher in a school at Kensingtou near Tavistock-square, and she re- Gravel-pits, and manifested much quested him to attend. He accord-concern for the salvation of the ingly did so the next Lord's-day, children. He went at the beginning September 8; hụt so ungodly and of the last summer into the country, profane was the state of his mind, carrying a number of religions tracts that he afterwards said, when he first with him, which he distributed with saw the minister, he cursed him from great zeal. It appears from his Diary the enmity of heart he felt against that he was very solicitous to be religion. The sermon, from Heb. employed in shewing to others the ii. 10, arrested his attention, and he way of salvation. He writes, March Jeft the field pricked to the heart; 1, 1818," I endeavoured for the first and on his coming home wept bit- time to speak unto the children at terly on account of his dangerous Kensington Gravel-pits, from 1 Sam. condition. After breakfast he heard | ix. But, oh how little feeling did I the same minister, from Eph. vi. 18: manifest on this solemn occasion for “ Praying always with all prayer,” their welfare as to eteruity! In &c. This discourse so powerfully prayer, after the address, my heart affected bis heart with the sense of was dead to secret .communion, his guilty conduct, in having re- though I did desire to speak more strained prayer before God, and af- feelingly. I hope it will not be ac, forded him such directions how he counted sin." On the 13th of March should proceed in seeking to God he thus writes: “I expect to speak for mercy, that it both bumbled and this evening to Mr. F. about going relieved him. It was as a nail to Ireland; but how incompetent fastened by the masters of assem- do I feel for so great a work ! God blies." He never lost the recollec- grant me his favour and presence, tion of this season, and from that then all will be well. I do declare time he became “ a new creature" | most solemnly that I desire neither by faith in Christ Jesus ; " old things the praise of men, nor their money : passed away, and all bings became nor am I interested in any other way new."

but for the good of the souls of mon. In May, 1817, he made applica- If this be not the case, (and the Lord tion to the church in Eagle-street, Knoweth,) I hope I shall not have for fellowship; and on the 11th of any thing to do with it; 'for his tiát month, he related bis expe- presence will not go with me, and VOL. X.


then, (O God forbid!) iniserable and his divine Lord; and this fie certainly wretched drone I shall be. That he did. All men were the objects of his may grant me power to do all things sympathy and compassion, but his acfor his glory, I beseech him for quaintances were the particular objects Christ's sake, who is, I trust, the of his tender solicitude. He was nahope of glory in me."

turally bold and intrepid, and hence he All these purposes were, however, phemous with firmness, and advocated

boldly withstood the attack of the blas. broken off by the sickness which ter- his Master's cause with boldness against minated in his sudden death. In bis infidel shop-mates and companions. September last he was seized with Like his divine Lord and Master, bis the typhus fever. At the first part of mind seemned intent upon doing good ; his disorder he seems to have felt and to effect this he seized every oppormuch mental darkness and distress. tunity that offered, and employed all the He lay several days, and scarcely powers he possessed. In fine, his de. said any thing ; at length a few hours portment was regular, bis character irre. before his death, on the 12th of Sep- and hence he gained, what he justly

proachable, his conversation consistent; tember, he said, “I should like to pray aloud.” He was told that he merited, the esteemi of all who knew him. was not able, and that it would be for his happiness consisted in making

In all things he acted like the Christian; injurious to bim. After taking some others happy. water, he raised himself upon his

As a teacher, he was punctual in his hands and knees, and prayed audi- attendance, and as punctual in the disbly, and with uncommon energy, charge of every duty which devolves for nearly twenty minutes. He upon persons sustaining such a character. blessed God for his conversion and His heart yearned over the ignorance of preservation from sin, prayed ear

his youthful charge, while his sympathy nestly for his friends and relations, and sense of duty prompted biju to em. and the prosperity of the church, ploy every means of rescuing them from and concluded by saying, Now

sin and hell. Oft have I seen him conunto Him that is able to keep us versing with the boys in his class, who

seemed to be struck motionless with his from falling, and to present us fault. convincing arguments, and even by his less before the presence of his glory," &c. &c. He then fell back into his betrayed the emotions of an agitated

engaging manner, till the trickling lear former stupor, and soon after ex- mind, convinced and self-condemned. pired.

Such conduct procured the esteem of the

children, many of whom, when his “ Night dews fell not more gently to the ground, death was announced, gave proof that Nor weary worn-out winds expire so soft."

he was dear to them. His character may be judged of As a friend, he was faithful, affection. from the following letter, written by ate, and sincere. He would faithfully one of his intimate friends:

reprove his erring friend. He woută

affectionately interest himself for the Sept. 19, 1818. welfare of his acquaintance: and in all

his actions his sincerity and honesty apMy Dear Pastor ;--At your request peared. Thus he lived, influenced by I'communicate all I am capable respect

Divine grace, a life worthy of the imitaing Mr. G. Palmer. From my acquaint

tion of surviving Cliristians : and though ance with bim, I have had opportunity now dead, he still lives in the memory of observing his character, and I think

of those who enjoyed his friendship here he was one of the most humble and con

on earth. tented Christians I ever knew. He seemed to aspire after nothing but what would advance the Divine glory: he

A funeral sermon, addressed to seemed to be dissatisfied with nothing young persons, was preached at but his own sinfulness.

Eagle-street, September 28, from As a Christian, his character adorned Matthew xxv. 10. the profession he had made; and, duly How forcibly does this account inpressed with a sense of obligation for speak to young Christians,

« Work the blessings he had received, he felt, while it is called to-day; the night that having obtained the forgiveness of cometh wherein no man can work!" -manifold sins, he ought to manifest a corresponding degree of, attachment to




Died, September 4, at Hamsterly,

near Bishop Auckland, Mrs. WhitOn Tuesday, September 15, 1818, field, aged 62 years. Her remains departed this life, (after five days of were interred in the Baptists' buryacute suffering, which she bore with ing-ground, September 7, 1818. Mr. exemplary patience,) Mrs. Elizabeth Sample, of Newcastle, preached on Browne, wife of the Rev. T. B. that occasion from 1 Peter i. 24, 25; Browne, of Buntingford. She was and Mr. Williamson, of North the youngest surviving daughter of Shields, delivered the oration at the Mr. Thomas Cox, late of Winches-grave. Her death is a great loss, not ter-street, London, who was forty only to her surviving husband, but years one of the deacons of the Bap- to the whole church and congregatist church assembling in Eagle- tion, by whom she was much and street,

deservedly esteemed. May such Among her numerous ministerial painful events urge upon us all the friends, sbe had the honour and hap- instruction contained in Matt. xxiv. piņess of ranking, as one of her most 42-44: “ Therefore be ye also intimate and affectionate, the late ready; for in such an hour as Rev. Samuel Pearce, whose praise is ye think not the Son of Man in all the churches,



pp. 407.

Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the Isle

of France, about 60 miles John Calvin. By John Mackenzie. N. E. of Paris. He was first placed · Burton & Briggs. 2d Edit. 12mo. in the college of La Marche, at Paris,

under the celebrated Mathurinus The long and dreary night of Po- Corderius, who afterwards became pery was not without its constella- a Protestant, and died in 1564, at tjons. ''The Paulicians, the Albi- Geneva, at the age of eighty-five genses, the Waldenses, the Wick- years. He next studied logic and litlites, and the Hussites, shone with theology under Hispanus. He stuno small splendour even in those, died the civil law at Orleans under dark ages.But of the thousands of Petrus Stella, President of the Parpersons who then suffered in defence liament of Paris, and at Bourges of the truth, there are not many in- under Alciat. He read till midnight, dividuals of whose lives we have a and reviewed in the morning in bed particular account. We cannot be what he had read the night before: sufficiently thaukful to Divine Pro- his progress was equal to his dilividence for the wonderful invention gence; for in the absence of the proof printing, which not only by the fessors le frequently supplied their diffusion of knowledge was a great place. At Bourges he also learned instrument of bringing about the Re- Greek unşler Melchior Wolmar; and formation, but has also handed down sometimes preached at a small town to us the lives and writings of the in that neighbourhood. emirrent men by whom it was ef

On the death of his father in 1532, fected.

he returned to Paris, where he made Of these the person whose lîfe is divinity his principal study, and be here préscnted io us is one of the gan pubļicly to teach the doctrine of most illustrious. He was born July Oecolampadius, the celebrated Swiss 10, 1509, at Noyon, a large town in Reformer, who had died at Basil the

preceding December. This exposed By the command of Christ, and the him to persecution. He escaped by desire of his people. Viret equalled means of the sheets of his bed from this son of thunder in his eloquence, the window of his college, and went but it was more mild and gentle. to Nerae, where he saw Faber Sta- Many became his hearers, who were pulensis, whom Beza calls one of the no friends to the doctrine he taught. most nobļe persons on earth for learn- His auditory in general were so ing, piety, and desire of reformation. charmed with his eloquence, that He returned to Paris in 1534 ; but they wished he would preach longer. it being unsafe to continue there, be When he was at Lyons, a pópulous went with his brother Anthony to city, he used to preach in the open Basil, where he contracted a close air, in so powerful a manner, that friendship with two very learned and some thousands were apparently pious men, Simon Grynæus, (who converted. Many who were occa. died of the plague in 1541,) and sionally passing by, have been so Wolfgang Capito; under the latter fixed by his preaching, that they of whom he learned the Hebrew could not leave the spot till he had language. It was here that he pub- finished his discourse. Calvin exlished his Christian Institutions, celled in grave and sententious diswith a dedication to Francis I. dated courses. Beza says, “ I often thought August 1, 1536. This work has that the gifts of these three men, been translated into almost all the meeting in one, would make a comEuropean languages.

plete pastor. Farel died at NeufFrom Basil he went to Ferrara, to chatel in 1565, aged 75; Viret in visit the Duchess of that city, who Navarre, under the protection of its favoured the Reformation, and who pious queen, in 1571. retained for him a great esteem The Presbyterian church-governthrough life. From Ferrara he went ment was established at Geneva; by to France with his brother, to 'settle virtue of which establishment the his affairs, and intended to return church was put under the power of to Basil; but he was arrested at Ge- the state. In all religious establishneva, on his way thither, by William ments, the state occupies the place Farel, (the disciple of Stapulensis,) of Christ, who is the only lawful and Peter Viret, both of whom be- Head of the church. Were the came his intimate friends. Farel state composed entirely of good said to him, “You have not any men, the practical evil would not other pretext to refuse me than be so great as it otherwise is; but your attachment to your studies; even then it would be great; for, but I warn you, in the name of Als besides that it is a dethroning of mighty God, that if, preferring your Christ, it is not right that good men own repose to the cause of Jesus of one denomination should in Christ, you do not share with me in church matters be under the power the holy work in which I am en- of good men of another denominagaged, he will not bless your de- tion, which they must be unless they sigos.” The talents of Farel and become Dissenters. But where the Viret were different. Farel seemed state is composed either in whole or rather to thunder than to speak: in part of irreligious men, the evil he possessed such a wonderful gift cannot but be sensibly felt. Farel of prayer, that he not only appeared and Calvin endeavoured to persuade transported bimself with the life of the government of Geneva to atbeaven, but lifted up the hearts of tempt the correction of the public his audience thither. He was often morals; and they and the other mi. surrounded with drawn swords: nisters preached against the vices bells were rung to prevent bis being of the times, and refused to admit heard, but in vain: they could profligate persons to the Lord'sneither interrupt nor terrify the Supper. But mark the consequence! preacher. When they haled him Coraut, one of the ministers, was, on before the magistrates, and it was account of bis faithfulness, first for inquired of him by whose command bidden to preach, and then imprihe presumed to preach, he answered, soned; and Calvin, Farel, and Co.


raut, were soon after.commanded to thing to do with it. It is true that leave the city in three days, which many of the Reformers approved of they did, and made room for other his conduct: but if it were in our · preachers who would be more com- power, we would wrap it up in im, plaisant to their superiors.

penetrable obscurity. We will, How rare a thing it is for great therefore, dismiss the subject with men to be good men and where the following quotation, made by they are not, although it is the duty | Mr. Mackenzie from Mr. Fuller's of Christians to be subject to wicked “ Calvinistic and Socinian Systems rulers in matters wherein religion is examined and compared." not concerned, yet if the church is

“ It ought, however, to be acknow yoked with them, it is unequally ledged, that persecution for religious yoked with unbelievers. It may principles was not at that time peculiar then be said, “ What fellowship to any party of Christians, but common hath righteousness with unrighte- to all, whenever they were invested withi ousness ? and what communion hath civil power. It was a detestable error; light with darkness? and what con but it was the error of the age. They cord hath Christ with Belial? or looked upon heresy in the same light as what part hath he that believeth

we look upon those crimes which are with an infidel?" In this case there and, accordingly, proceeded to punish

inimical to the peace of civil society, is no other remedy than to retrace herétics hy the sword of the civil magis. that ground which ought never to If Socinians did not persecute have been trodden, and to hearken their adversaries so much as Trinitarians, to the Divine injunction, which ap- it was because they were not equally in. plies to all such improper con- vested with the power of doing so. "Mr. nexions, “ Come out from among Lindsay acknowledges, that Faustus Sos them, and be ye separate, saith the cinus himself was not free from persecu? Lord, and touch not the unclean tion in the case of Francis David, Superthing; and I will receive you, and intendent of the Unitarian churches in be a Father unto you, and ye shall Transylvania. David had disputed witla be my sons and daughters, saith the Socinus on the invocation of Christ, and Lord Almighty.” 2 Cor, vi. 17.

died in prison, in consequence of his

opinion, and some offence taken at his After three years' banishment

supposed indiscreet_propagation of it Calvin was permitted to return to from the pulpit. I wish I could say,'

, Geneva, and was reinstated in his adds Mr. Licdsay, that Socinus, or his ministerial office. This was in the friend Blandrata, had done all in their year 1541. Ia 1553, Bertelier was power to prevent his commitment, or excommunicated on account of his procure his release afterwards. The difwicked life: but the senate absolved ference between Socinus and David was him, and commanded that the sa- very slight. They both held Christ to erament should be administered to be a mere man. The former, however, him within two days. Calvin then

was for praying to him ; which the latter, raised his voice, lifted up his hands, with much

greater consistency, disap: and said, that he would imitate St. tion to which Socinus was accessary was Chrysostom; that he would not op

as great as that of Calvin ; and there is pose force to force; but that he

no reason to think, but that if Darid had would rather suffer himself to be differed as much from Socinus as Serve. massacred, than that his hands

tus did from Calvin, and if the civil should present the holy mysteries to magistrates had been for burning him, those who had been judged unwor- Socinus would have concurred with thy of them.- Who does not see them. To this it might be added, that . that both Calvin and Chrysostom the conduct of Socinus was marked with were unequally yoked with men disingenuity, in that he considered the with whom they ought not to have opinion of David in no very heinous been yoked?

point of light: but was afraid of ing, We are now, obliged, however re

creasing the odium under which he and luctantly, to record the death of Christian churches.-It was the opinion.

his party already lay, among other, Servetus. We cannot but drop a that erroneous religious principles are tear over the conduct of so excel punishable by the civil magistrate, that did, lent a man as Calvin, in having any ihe mischief, whether at Geneva, in

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