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nifestation in the flesh was so Heb. vii. 28 ; and not that the great a mystery, his essential na office of High Priest made him ture must be an infinite mystery; the Son. and that I ought therefore to ad- And further, considering semit of so great a mystery on the veral other scriptures in their authority of scripture, without connexion, which speak of Christ inquiring “ How can these things as the Son of God, I conceived be ?"

that he is sometimes so called as Another portion of scripture God and man, on account of the which afforded me peculiar satis- near relation and union of the faction was this, “ His Son, Jesus two natures in his person ; and Christ; this is the true God, and that therefore he is so called, in eternal life." 1 John v. 20. reference to his offices, to set

I found also a considerable forth his infinite ability for his measure of satisfaction in my offices and work. mind from John x. 33, which is

In this

manner, Christian an inference the Jews made from reader, my mind is become, Christ's calling God his Father, through mercy, settled and satis“ that thou being a man, makest fied, and admits that great is the thyself God.” I concluded that mystery of godliness. And I the appellation Son belonged to humbly think that it is better him as God, and was implied in for us to receive such deep things what he had declared of himself; on the authority of scripture, for his enemies reckoned him a than to attempt to comprehend blasphemer, for making himself by the strength of reason what is God, which they concluded only infinite and incomprehensible; from his calling God his father : lest by aiming to pry into what is nor does he blame them for so not revealed, we should be broken interpreting his words. He does with an incurable breach. O not deny that he made himself let us recollect the sin of Uzza, God, or that the words which he and the breach which the Lord had spoken conveyed the senti- made upon bim, 1 Chron. xiii. ment that he was God; but his 9, 10. Let us also not forget reply to them rather confirms what happened to the men of that to be his meaning; verses Beth-Shemesh, 1 Sam. vi. 19; 36, 37, 38.

and at the same time, think of My attention was also turned God's warning to the people by to Matt. xxviii. 19, Baptizing Moses, Exod. xix. 21, " And the them in the name of the Father, Lord said unto Moses, Go down, and of the Son, and of the Holy charge the people, lest they Ghost.” I considered that bap- break through unto the Lord, tism was enjoined as an act of to gaze, and many of them pedivine worship, and was to be rish.” administered in the name of all 2. That Christ was a man, apthe divine Persons, or, the Tri- pears from the following scripnity; and that in the words of tures: Rom. ix. 5,

" Of whom administration, Christ is called as concerning the flesh, Christ the Son, as an object of divine came;" Luke xxiv. 39, “ Handle worship, and as equal with the me, and see, for a spirit bath not Father and the Holy Ghost. flesh and bones, as ye see me It is also declared that the have;" 1 Tim. ii. 5,

The man Son is made a High Priest, Christ Jesus ;" 1 Cor. xv. 21, “By may also came the resurrec- means conceive properly, that tion of the dead ;" and 47, “ The God received an adequate ran. second man is the Lord from som, or that justice was fully saheaven.

tisfied. Observe further, some things

WISG WEN. are spoken of Christ in the scriptures which relate to him as God; and at other times, things which REMARKS ON GRATITUDE. apply to him as man; and not unfrequently things which belong to him as God and man.

Of all the emotions of which Those things which belong to the human mind is susceptible, him as Mediator and Saviour, re- those of gratitude are the most gard him, in my view, chiefly as delightful. A proper sense of God and man; as when his ac benefits conferred on ourselves, tive and passive obedience are produces a felicity that exceeds mentioned, or what he has done the power of description; and and suffered towards bringing in an actof kindness rendered by us everlasting righteousness for the to others, meets with an ample rejustification of sinners.

compense, as well in the pleasure It was necessary that Christ we take in conferring it, as in the should be a man :

perception that a suitable sense I. Because the law being given of it is entertained by them. to man, and requiring obedience Gratitude differs from affection. from bim, it was necessary that They are often united, but may the obedience it demanded should exist separately. The former supbe rendered to it in the nature of poses a favour conferred; the man; and as man was become a latter, the existence of some ex. transgressor of the law, under its cellence in its object. If a man curse, and bound to suffer its pe- assist me in a time of difficulty, nalty, it was necessary that he who I am bound to acknowledge his should undertake his deliverance assistance. He may in his gene. by a vicarious sacrifice, should ral character be an enemy to God be himself a man; and therefore and man, yet his kindness to ine Christ took upon him the human demands a grateful return. I nature, Heb. ii. 16.

ought to love the man who posII. It was necessary he should sesses moral excellence, although be God,

I am under no obligation to him ; (1.) To uphold the human because he resembles the sunature in the work, and carry preme Being, whose moral beauty it through, against all opposi- demands the affection of all inteltion.

ligent creatures. Unless this be (2.) To give infinite value to his admitted, self-love must be our obedience; for perfect satisfac- governing principle, instead of tion could not have been yielded ihe love of God. But religion, to infinite justice, if he who gave while it requires us to pay a suitthis satisfaction had not possess- able regard to our own happiness, ed an infinite nature ; and if we requires us to devote our supreme do not consider that the divinity affection to God for what he is of Christ gave value to his work, in himself, and to spend all our but merely assisted and supported powers in the promotion of bis his humanity, we can by no glory. Gratitude and love are

united, and have full exercise, in be ready to say, that had there the Christian religion, which dis- been a repetition of the siege, covers the infinite amiableness of they ought to have felt all the Him from whom we have re-evils of capture. We easily perceived innumerable benefits, and ceive the propriety and force of who continually gives us richly Scipio's address to the Roman all things to enjoy.

Tribunes, when they treated him It is said, that most of the with disrespect; " Do you think works of the Pagan poets either that your clamours can intimiwere hymns immediately ad- date me ? Me, whom the fury of dressed to their supposed deities, your enemies never daunted ? Is or tended indirectly to the cele- this the gratitude you owe to my bration of their perfections. father Paulus, who conquered MaHow much more ought we to ce- cedonia, and to me? Without lebrate the glories of the Father my family, you would have been of mercies ! Ingratitude is a crime slaves. Is this the respect you at which our minds revolt: it owe your deliverers ? Is this your awakens our indignation and dis affection?” gust, in a degree proportioned to If gratitude is due from man our ideas of the obligation. Every to man, how much more must it one who reads the history of Jo- be due from man to his Maker! seph, must feel indignant at the and when exercised towards him, ingratitude of the chief butler : it elevates the soul, and inspires 6. Think on me,” said Joseph, it with the most exalted ideas of “ when it shall go well with thee, his character. Thus gratitude and show kindness, I pray thee, and affection, exercised towards unto me, and make mention of God, promote and strengthen me unto Pharaoh, and bring me each other. To be distinguished out of this house.” A request so by the kindness of him who is modest and impressive, founded altogether lovely, must necessaupon so much personal kindness, rily increase our sense of that might surely have prevented his kindness: and this again will forgetfulness: “Yet did not the enkindle in our breasts warmer chief butler remember Joseph, and more deyout affection. but forgat him," Gen. xl.; and Contemplating his beauty and he was left to linger two years goodness, as displayed in the longer in prison. Alas, what an works of nature, providence, and ungrateful and selfish creature is grace, we must say, with feelings man! When we read, “There of peculiar delight, " Bless the was a little city, and few men Lord, O my soul; and all that is within it; and there came a great within me, bless his holy name." king against it, and besieged it, Base, however, as ingratitude and built great bulwarks against is, we are very prone to it; and it; now there was found in it a the more numerous our obligapoor wise man, and he by his tions, the more apt we are to forwisdom delivered the city; yet get them. Every condition of no man remembered the same life has its snares; but, through poor man," Eccles. ix. 14, 15; the evil of our nature, none is so --we are disgusted at the ingra- dangerous as prosperity. “When titude of the citizens; and did the Lord thy God shall have not the religion of Christ teach'us brought thee into the land which to render good for evil, we should he sware unto thy fathers, to


Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, became insolent, and when reto give thee great and goodly ci- proved by the prophets, or corties which thou buildedst not, and rected by the Lord himself, was houses full of good things which fired with indignation, and “ thou filledst not, and wells volted more and more.” Deut. digged which thou diggedst not, xxxii. 15. viñe-yards and olive-trees which Such conduct could not pass thou plantedst not; when thou unpunished. Jehovah brought on shalt have eaten and be full; then that nation the judgments which beware lest thou forget the Lord, he had threatened; and they still who brought thee forth out of remain an example of his just disEgypt, from the house of bond- pleasure against the sin of ingra. age.” Deut. vi. As though the titude. While we observe the Lord had said, “Do not be in effects of this evil in them, we toxicated with your prosperity, have great reason to guard against nor suffer yourselves to forget it in ourselves. Pride, love of the your cruel service under Pha world, and forgetfulness of God, raoh. You will not get the good- spring up spontaneously in our ly land in possession by your own evil hearts; and when these sword, neither will your own arm noxious weeds are manured by save you; but my right hand, outward prosperity, they become and my arm, and the light of my luxuriant in their growth, and countenance, because I have a destructive in their influence. favour unto you. Be humble, The man who thought himself therefore, and say, ' A Syrian thankful to God for his homely ready to perish was my father, food and decent apparel, has beand he went down into Egypt, come awfully insensible in and sojourned there with a few, change of circumstances: he has and became there a nation great, ascribed his wealth to his own mighty, and populous ,' and the industry; his elevation to his own Egyptians evil-entreated us, and prudence and foresight; he has afflicted us, and laid upon us hard looked with indifference on his bondage ; and when we cried former friends, and has felt no unto the Lord God of our fathers, heart to do good with his abunthe Lord heard our voice, and dance. When poor, he could looked on our affiction, and our occasionally contribute for the labour, and our oppression, and relief of the afflicted and distrest; hath brought us into this place, but now his heart is evidently set and hath given us this land, even upon his riches, and in the fula land that floweth with milk and ness of sufficiency he is in straits. honey.' Deut. xxvi. Cultivate Pitiable man ! thou hadst better the feelings of gratitude, there have remained poor, have lived fore, and remember the Lord thy and died in obscurity! God; for He it is that giveth But stay, my soul! is there no thee power to get wealth, and likeness between this character without his favour thou wouldest and thy own ? Examine thyself have been mean and contempt impartially. To whatever degree ible.” Notwithstanding these ad- such likeness prevails, it is dismonitions, Jeshurun waxed fat honourable to God, and highly and kicked: he forsook God who injurious to thy happiness. If gramade him, and lightly esteemed titude denotes a sense of favours the Rock of his salvation; he conferred, by which the posses


her corn,

sor is induced to make all the them to our own excellency; but return in his power, it is ingrati- do we not too often receive them tude to receive favours without with dull insensibility, and like acknowledging, or endeavouring the Israelites of old apply them to repay them. If thanks to our to sinful purposes ? “She did not benefąctor are the natural effect know," that is, did not properly of gratitude, which cannot be consider, " that I gave denied; then our thanksgiving and wine, and oil, and multiplied to God should bear some pro- her silver and gold, which they portion to the innumerable bless prepared for Baal.” Hos. xi. 8. ings we receive from him. It is Let us guard against this stupisaid of Hezekiab, that he render- dity, remember our perpetual de. ed uot again according to the be- pendance on God, and offer neft done unto him, 2 Chron. incessant thanks to him for supxxxii. 25; implying, that had he plies of daily food. been suitably impressed with a But how great must be our sense of the Divine goodness, he obligations for spiritual and eterwould have offered proportion- nal favours ! 66 Behold what ate praise. Do we not then stand manner of love the Father hath reproved ? Goodness and mercy bestowed upon us, that we should have followed us all our days; be called the sons of God !" the Lord has been mindful of us; When we contemplate the holiand has blessed us with all things ness, the justice, and the benefinecessary for life and godliness; cence of the Divine character; yet bow insensible have we been! together with our own guilt, vileNot that any thing done by us ness, and misery; the number can be an adequate return for his and magnitude of spiritual blessdistinguished kindness; but where ings; and the medium through there is a grateful sense of it, it which they are bestowed ;-our will be humbly acknowledged; minds are overwhelmed; we feel and though we cannot raise an the inability of mortal tongues to equal song, we shall earnestly speak immortal love! Who and strive to promote his glory. We what are we, or what have we ought to examine ourselves by done, that the Almighty should this rule, and endeavour to thus distinguish us? What inef. awaken those lively emotions, fable love, thus to redeem, regewhich will afford an intellectual nerate, adopt, and save such and spiritual feast.

worthless worms! such polluted It is delightful to survey the and guilty rebels! “ He raiseth Divine goodness; it raises and up the poor out of the dust, and animates the mind, and begets lifteth up the beggar from the esteem and veneration to our gra- dung-hill, to set them amongst cious Benefactor. It is much to princes, and to make them inherit be lamented that we, who receive the throne of glory. This hoso many mercies, should be back- nour have all the saints.” If we ward to magnify him from whom are properly affected with this they came. Temporal favours inexpressible goodness, we shall would always excite our thankful devote ourselves, and all we have, adoration to God, did we recollect to the glory of God ; nothing on how miserable would be our cir- earth will be too dear to consecumstances should he withhold crate to his service; we shall them. We may not indeed ascribe count it our greatest happiness

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