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ing his discourses well suited to fested integrity, self-denial, and their condition. He also had earnest concern to promote the some agreeable conversation with object of his Mission. some of Mr. Baker's elders, who 16 The expense at first was very appeared to be pious, sensible considerable, through the excesmen, though nearly all unable to sive dearness of provisions, but read. One of them expressed he has given all along the strong, his desire to receive the Lord's est evidence of a desire to obsupper, which they have not en- serve the strictest economy, and joyed for ten years past.

has the prospect of very soon sup* In April, Mr. Rowe took a porting himself, if not of gratifyhouse at Falmouth, and opened a ing his own wish to refund to the school. At the same time be be- Society a part of what has been gan a gratuitous Sabbath-school, expended on his support. for the children of poor people, « In the last letter which has and slaves whose owners would been received from him, dated permit their attendance. Before November 14, 1815, he thus he began to preach, he waited on writes : ' As to the present prosone of the magistrates, to tell him pects of the Mission, little can be his design. This gentleman not said favourably; but I feel confionly expressed his willingness, dent that after a few years they but assured him that so long as will be better. It appears, howhe continued to act with pro- ever, that the success of Missionpriety, he would use his interest aries for some time will be very to promote the objects of the inconsiderable. I feel persuaded Mission. He also discovered a | that the most certain and permasolicitude to promote the school, nent good effects would arise and sent the child of a slave to from the children of slaves on the be under Mr. Rowe's instructions. | estates being instructed to read,

“ Early in June our brother in- and taught the first principles of timated his intention of preaching Christianity by fit persons, under in his own house the next Lord's- | the sanction of the respective day. His congregation consisted planters. But the good effects of of about forty persons, a few this must be preceded by the slaves, some white people, and leave of the proprietors, and by chiefly persons of respectability. much labour. Yet the Lord can, His text was, • What will ye do and, I hope will, accomplish it. in the day of visitation ? All When I have resided here a suffiwere orderly and attentive. The cient time for my character to be Dext Lord's-day, seventy attend. | fully known by the most respected, more white people than on able inhabitants, wbo are now in the former Sabbath, and many of general on good terms with me, I respectability.

purpose to open freely my design A few letters have since been in a direct manner to some of the received, by which it appears most respectable planters around that Mr. Rowe still goes on with me, and to offer my services in kis school and his preaching, this respect. I am more and without interruption."

more of opinion, that the open In No. XXIX, page 677, it is and allowed profauation of the said - Mr. John Rowe bas con- | Lord's-day is one of my chief ducted himself with prudence obstacles.” and caution, and yet has wani- The last account, contained in No. XXX, page 71, records the proper line. While he was allowdeath of this excellent missioned to give public instructions, he ary, and is as follows: “By one united diligence, zeal, and cau. of those mysterious operations of tion, in all his conduct; and the Divine hand, which some when prohibited from preaching, times remove from the scene of he laboured to support himself labour those who have been toil- by a school; and at the time of ing in the preparatory stages of his death he had a fair prospect cultivating the moral wilderness, of success, and expected to reand give to others the more fund to the Society, a part of the pleasing task of reaping the fruits expense they had incurred in of their arduous exertions, this sending him out, and supporting excellent man has been called to him. The chief magistrate of the receive his eternal reward. district, and other neighbouring Though stationed at a place gentlemen, being fully convinced where the most minute parts of of the purity of his views, the his conduct were liable to the former was determined to grant severest scrutiny, he conducted him legal protection, and permit himself with such prudence and him to resume his public labours, meekness, as at length to gain had he lived till August. His the confidence and respect of the partner, who had been greatly most prejudiced, and at his de- afflicted, recovered her health, cease to produce that regret and appeared to be inured to the which a consistent and elevated climate, and they began to con. display of the Christian character gratulate each other on the please will extort, even from the profli- | ing prospect before them. gate and careless. He has left “ It would, perhaps, give ofbehind him a memorial of the be- fence if any direct reference was nevolent views of the Society made to the testimonies of rewhich patronized him, and of the spectable gentlemen concerning excellence of the sacred truths, him, but one of the Secretaries wbich it was the business of his was assured, that. Mr. Rowe was life to propagate: if not distin- much respected by the Custos. guished by the literary attain and many inhabitants of Trelawments of a Martyn or a Carey, ney, as a man of worth and piety, yet to none, probably, of those and perfectly suited for the office worthies who have laboured in he was appointed to fill.”” heathen lands, was our lamented friend inferior in that wisdom from above, which is first pure,

A DIALOGUE ON WAR, then peaceable, gentle, easy to be entreated, full of mercy and

PACIFICUS AND HIS NEIGHBOUR. good fruits, without partiality, and without hypocrisy.

(Concluded from page 18.) “ His journals, during his whole residence on the island, P. A well-constituted court strongly evince his earnest desire may reasonably be expected to to promote the spiritual welfare give a fair judgment; and it will of all around him, in connection be to be lamented, if it should err with the most careful concern through partiality, or other bad not to give any unnecessary of motives ; but even then, it will fence, by taking a step out of his deserve serious consideration

BETWEEN

whether, under the most unfa. ing the war taxes which have vourable supposition, such an been paid, the loans made to carry appeal is not preferable to an ap- on the war, and the moneys whicli peal to arms." By an unjust sen- must be raised to pay off princitence, a nation may be deprived pal and interest,) no less a sum of the possession of a small is- than 2040 millions of pounds land, or other territory, amount sterling. We look at figures when ing to a few thousands annually: they are millions, without estibut let us consider the sacrifices mating the vast amount.

Let us which are necessarily made by an try to reduce this sum into some appeal to the sword. To say shape more within the limits of nothing of the waste of human our knowledge. Now, suppose blood, and the large portion of an ounce of gold to be worth misers which is occasioned by about five pounds sterling, and a war, let us take a view of the pe- waggon to be loaded with about cuniary expenditure with which three tons of this metal, and then it is necessarily attended. This the above sum would load about will be such a drain upon the re- 3800 of such waggons. Or, if sources of the community as, in silver, at five shillings an ounce, a mere commercial point of view, be substituted, it will be suffivastly exceeds the loss of a small cient to load about 76,000 such portion of territory.

waggons. Now, if each of these Look at Europe, at the present waggons and horses occupy about moment. It is emerging out of a 20 yards, the whole would take war which has lasted upwards of up no less than 864 miles. What twenty years; and though, while an idea! Waggons loaded with the war was raging, it had power three tons of silver each, close to to exert itself with wonderful one another in a line, extending effect; yet, now the stimulus is more than the whole length of the withdrawn, it is sinking into a island of Great Britain ! Is it not state of exhaustion and poverty, much better to submit to a few which fills every observer with hardships than run the hazard of anxiety and alarm. Trade and such prodigious expenses commerce are vanished; bank- these; expenses which endanger ruptcies are multiplying on every our very existence as a nation? hand : thousands of industrious N. You astonish me by the mechanics are destitute of em- sums you bave stated. Is it ployment, and it is to be feared, possible that we should ever be potwithstanding all that private able to bear up under the burdens and public charity can do, are which lie upon us? When this sinking into an untimely grave, war was commenced, it was through the mere want of the ne- hoped that it would soon be cessaries of life. Nor is this state closed, and, of course, of things to be wondered at: pense be but comparatively when such immense demands trifling; and, it is hoped, that have been made upon the public now peace is restored, all nations property, it is quite natural to will be anxious to preserve it expect that poverty and wretch- uninterrupted for many years. edness should be the result. But I have often heard it asserted,

An able writer, in a celebrated that war, though it be an evil, is journal, has stated, that the late a necessary evil, particularly bewar cost Great Britain, (includ-cause it takes away the scum of

as

the ex

society, which are fit for nothing we may look with much greater else, on account of their idleness confidence of success, than to and vices, and

war ?-war, which, whatever be P.-Stay for a moment, my its boasts, corrupts the state of good neighbour;-excuse me for society where it prevails more interrupting you—let us consider and more? Yes: the true means the merits of this objection. Ne- of improving the moral state of cessary to get rid of the worth the community is, the instruction less members of the community !! of the mind in moral and religious The idea is too shocking to be truth. Let the ignorant be entertained for a moment in any taught. Let them learn to read virtuous mind. It is to be la- for themselves in the sacred vomented, that there are many idle lume of revelation: let them and vicious members of society, there see the duties they owe to who corrupt others by their God, and to their fellow-crea. example, and are a burden upon tures, and a few years of such inthe industrious and orderly mem- struction will do more to purify bers of the body politic: but is the morals of the community, this the way of reforming the than all the wars which liave been community ? It may be very since the creation. Yes, neigh. properly asked, in the first place, bour, let our School Societies, What authority have any indi and our Bible Societies, continue viduals to march out the idle and to operate, and they will, under the vicious into the field of battle, the Divine Blessing, renovate the to be shot at? If they have been face of the moral world, and inguilty of any crime which de- troduce that new heaven and new serves death, let them be tried earth wherein dwelleth righteousand executed; but do not treat But you were going to them so grossly unjust as to ex- state another reason for the nepose them to death for crimes cessity of war. which do not deserve it. Besides, N.-Yes; I mentioned reasons is it not an awful thing to hurry which I had heard, not which I the vicious and criminal, without urged myself; the other was this, attempting to reform them, into War has a tendency to prevent the presence of their Judge? the too rapid increase of populaMoreover, thousands of innocent tion. It is a remark, founded on persons suffer with the guilty; the most correct principles, that for in war no respect is paid to the population of a country will personal character. The ballot very rapidly increase where it or conscription calls into the does not meet with any powerful ranks thousands of the most sober checks; and as the nations of and industrious of our youths, Europe are pretty well stocked, and being refused substitutes, or it is necessary that some means not having the means of provid- should be employed to dispose ing them, they are forced against of the superfluous population, their wills into the field. Thus and prevent its too great increase. the innocent and vicious perish War does this effectually: thoutogether.

sands are slain in the prime 'of In addition to this, allow me to life, their places are left for others add, are there not means for the to occupy, and their probable reformation of society, to which progeny wholly cut off,

VOL. X.

ness

H

am

P.-I am distressed to hear enough to talk about going to war such an objection stated : how to dispose of our superfluous poaffecting that it should ever have pulation; but it is probable, that been entertained by any intelli- before that takes place, that day, gent creature; but, such as it is, for which all other days were it must be considered. It may be made, will arrive, and relieve us asserted, without much danger from our embarrassment. of contradiction, that war de- Do you think that he, who stroys a portion of human suste- made man, will be pleased with nance equal to the waste which those persons who have devised it makes of human life. If it war as the means of destroying destroys the mouths that eat, it human life? destroys also the food that would N.-No! I persuaded be eaten by them. What incal- he will not; but you will find culable waste of all the produc- it difficult, amounting, I fear, tions of the earth is made by an to an impossibility to alter the invading army! It has been as- taste and feeling of society on serted, that one man in the navy this subject. There are certain takes as much to support him as notions of diguity and glory asfive who dwell in their own little sociated with a military life, even cottages. So that it is but a poor from our childhood, which few remedy which wastes our provi- persons entirely get rid of; and sions, lest they should become too which others cherish most tenascanty for us.

ciously through the whole of life. But let us consider this objec- And this is precisely what might tion a little more closely. Is it be expected; for Genius has really necessary that millions of used all her powers to encircle men should be killed, to keep the great warrior with honour and mankind from starving? First, renown: so that it is the same let men make the best use of the thing in public feeling to be a means which Providence has put great warrior, and to be supremely into their hands. The most ob- honourable. vious step is, the cultivation of Whom has the poet adorned in waste lands. Were this done, all the pomp and majesty of his Great Britain might find food for most dignified numbers? The a prodigiously increased popula- military hero. On whom have tion. When the people become the artists bestowed the most too many, let them seek for other exquisite touches of their pencils settlements: the woods of Ame- and their chisels? The military rica will repay the labours of hero. Whom has the historian, millions for ages to come. And in his grave and lofty style, been then, the seu, that exhaustless careful to snatch from that oblisource of supplies, what stores vion in wbich the millions of might be drawn from thence! peaceable and industrious subThere are immense shoals of fish, jects are involved ? The military which seem to invite man to par- hero. Who has expensive statues, take of them. Let every hill and to commemorate his achievevale be cultivated ; let the trea- ments, erected in our cities, and sures hid in the sea be sought towns, and halls? The military after; and when all the means hero, Whose praises form the which human industry can devise theme of vur public orators, iu are exhausted, it will be time the midst of the listening senate,

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