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45 The angel, in a comparison, speaks of timorous Through all his greater works there prevails a deer, before deer were yet timorous, and before uniform peculiarity of diction, a mode and cast of Adam could understand the comparison. expression which bears little resemblance to that

Dryden remarks, that Milton has some flats of any former writer; and which is so far removed among his elevations. This is only to say that from common use, that an unlearned reader, when all the parts are not equal. In every work one he first opens his book, finds himself surprised part must be for the sake of others; a palace by a new language. must have passages; a poem must have transi This novelty has been, by those who can find tions. It is no more to be required that wit should nothing wrong in Milton, imputed to his laborious always be blazing, than that the sun should always endeavours after words suitable to the grandeur stand at noon. In a great work there is a vicis- of his ideas.

“Our language,” says Addison, situde of luminous and opaque parts, as there is sunk under him.” But the truth is, that, both in the world a succession of day and night. in prose and verse, he had formed his style by a Milton, when he has expatiated in the sky, may perverse and pedantic principle. He was desirous be allowed sometimes to revisit earth; for what to use English words with a foreign idiom. This other author ever soared so high, or sustained his in all his prose is discovered and condemned; for flight so long?

there judgment operates freely, neither softened Milton, being well versed in the Italian poets, by the beauty, nor awed by the dignity, of his appears to have borrowed often from them; and, thoughts; but such is the power of his poetry, as every man catches something from his com- that his call is obeyed without resistance, the panions, bis desire of imitating Ariosto's levity, reader feels himself in captivity to a higher and a has disgraced his work with the “ Paradise of nobler mind, and criticism sinks in admiration. Fools ;" a fiction not in itself ill-imagined, but too Milton's style was not modified by his subject; ludicrous for its place.

what is shown with greater extent in “ Paradise His play on words, in which he delights too Lost,” may be found in “ Comus.” One source often; his equivocations, which Bentley endea of his peculiarity was his familiarity with the vours to defend by the example of the ancients; Tuscan poets; the disposition of his words, is, I his unnecessary and ungraceful use of terms of think, frequently Italian; perhaps sometimes comart, it is not necessary to mention, because they bined with other tongues. are easily remarked, and generally censured; Of him, at last, may be said what Jonson says and at last bear so little proportion to the whole, of Spenser, that “ he wrote no language,” but that they scarcely deserve the attention of a critic. has formed what Butler calls a “ Babylonish

Such are the faults of that wonderful perform- dialect,” in itself harsh and barbarous, but made ance, “ Paradise Lost;" which he who can put by exalted genius and extensive learning the vein balance with its beauties must be considered hicle of so much instruction and so much pleanot as nice but as dull, as less to be censured for sure, that, like other lovers, we find grace in its want of candour, than pitied for want of sen- deformity. sibility.

Whatever be the faults of his diction, he canor Paradise Regained,” the general judgment not want the praise of copiousness and variety : seems now to be right, that it is in many parts he was master of his language in its full extent; elegant, and every where instructive. It was not and has selected the melodious words with such to be supposed that the writer of " Paradise diligence, that from his book alone the art of Lost," could ever write without great effusions of English poetry might be learned. fancy, and exalted precepts of wisdom. The After his diction, something must be said of his basis of “ Paradise Regained,” is narrow; a dia- versification. “ The measure,” he says, “is the logue without action can never please like a union English heroic verse without rhyme.”' of this of the narrative and dramatic powers. Had this mode he had many examples among the Italians, poem been written not by Milton, but by some and some in his own country. The Earl of imitator, it would have claimed and received uni- Surrey is said to have translated one of Virgil's versal praise.

books without rhyme;* and, beside our tragedies, If " Paradise Regained" has been too much a few short poems had appeared in blank verse, depreciated, “Samson Agonistes” has in requital particularly one tending to reconcile the nation to been too much admired. It could only be by long Raleigh's wild attempt upon Guiana, and proprejudice, and the bigotry of learning, that Milton bably written by Raleigh himself. These petty could prefer the ancient tragedies, with their en performances cannot be supposed to have much cumbrance of a chorus, to the exhibitions of the influenced Milton, who more probably took his French and English stages; and it is only by a hint from Trissino's Italia Liberata ; and, finding blind confidence in the reputation of Milton, that blank verse easier than rhyme, was desirous of a drama can be praised in which the intermediate persuading himself that it is better. parts have neither cause nor consequence, neither “Rhyme,” he says, and says truly, “is no hasten nor retard the catastrophe.

necessary adjunct of true poetry.” But, perIn this tragedy are, however, many particular haps, of poetry, as a mental operation, metre or beauties, many just sentiments, and striking lines; music is no necessary adjunct: it is however by but it wants that power of attracting the attention the music of metre that poctry has been discrimiwhich a well-connected plan produces.

nated in all languages ; and, in languages meMilton would not have excelled in dramatic lodiously constructed with a due proportion of writing; he knew human nature only in the gross, long and short syllables, metre is sufficient. But and had never studied the shades of character, one language cannot communicate its rules to nor the combinations of concurring, or the per- another; where metre is scanty and imperfect, plexity of contending, passions. He had read some help is necessary. The music of the Enmuch, and knew what books could teach; but had mingled little in the world, and was deficient

The Earl of Surrey translated troo books of Virgil in the knowledge which experience must confer. without rhyme the second and the fourth.-J. B.

glish heroic lines strikes the ear so faintly, that) is to be admired rather than imitated. He that it is easily lost, unless all the syllables of every thinks himself capable of astonishing may write line co-operate together; this co-operation can blank verse : but those that hope only to please be only obtained by the preservation of every must condescend to rhyme. verse unmingled with another as a distinct sys The highest praise of genius is original inventem of sounds; and this distinctness is obtained tion. Milton cannot be said to have contrived and preserved by the artifice of rhyme. The the structure of an epic poem, and therefore owes variety of pauses, so much boasted by the lovers reverence to that vigour and amplitude of mind of blank verse, changes the measures of an En- to which all generations must be indebted for the glish poet to the periods of a declaimer; and there art of poetical narration, for the texture of the are only a few skilful and happy readers of Milton, fable, the variation of incidents, the interposition who enable their audience to perceive where the of dialogue, and all the stratagems that surprise jines end or begin. “Blank verse,” said an inge- and enchain attention. But, of all the borrowers nious critic, "seems to be verse only to the eye." from Homer, Milton is perhaps the least indebt

Poetry may subsist without rhyme, but En- ed. He was naturally a thinker for himself, glish poetry will not often please; nor can rhyme confident of his own abilities, and disdainful of ever be safely spared but where the subject is help or binderance : he did not refuse admission able to support itself. Blank verse makes some to the thoughts or images of his predecessors, approach to that which is called the lapidary but he did not seek them. From his contempostyle ; has neither the easiness of prose, nor the raries he neither courted nor received support; melody of numbers, and therefore tires by long there is in his writings nothing by which the continuance. of the Italian writers without pride of other authors might be gratified, or farhyme, whom Milton alleges as precedents, not vour gained, no exchange of praise, nor solicitaone is popular ; what reason could urge in its tion of support. His great works were perdefence has been confuted by the ear.

formed under discountenance, and in blindness; But, whatever be the advantages of rhyme, I but difficulties vanished at his touch; he was cannot prevail on myself to wish that Milton born for whatever is arduous; and his work is had been a rhymer; for I cannot wish his work not the greatest of heroic poems, only because to be other than it is; yet, like other heroes, he it is not the first.

BUTLER.

Of the great Author of "Hudibras,” there is moved for a short time to Cambridge; but, for a life prefixed to the later editions of his poem, want of money, was never made a member of by an unknown writer, and therefore of disputa- any college. Wood leaves us rather doubtful ble authority; and some account is incidentally whether he went to Cambridge or Oxford ; but at given by Wood, who confesses the uncertainty last makes him pass six or seven years at Camof his own narrative : more however than they bridge, without knowing in what hall or college; knew cannot now be learned, and nothing re- yet it can hardly be imagined that he lived so mains but to compare and copy them. long in either university but as belonging to one

SAMUEL Butler was born in the parish of house or another; and it is still less likely that Strensham, in Worcestershire, according to his he could have so long inhabited a place of leambiographer, in 1612. This account Dr. Nash ing with so little distinction as to leave his resifinds confirmed by the register. He was chris- dence uncertain. Dr. Nash has discovered that tened February 14.

his father was owner of a house and a little His father's condition is variously represented. land, worth about eight pounds a year, still called Wood mentions him as competently wealthy; Butler's tenement. but Mr. Longueville, the son of Butler's princi Wood has his information from his brother, pal friend, says he was an honest farmer with whose narrative placed him at Cambridge, in opsome small estate, who made a shift to educate position to that of his neighbours, which sent his son at the grammar-school of Worcester, un- him to Oxford. The brother seems the best der Mr. Henry Bright,* from whose care he re- authority, till, by confessing his inability to tell

These are the words of the author of the short ac- that he was a conveyancing lawyer, and a bencher of the count of Butler prefixed to “Huilibras,'' which Dr. Inner Temple, and hail raised himself from a low begin. Johnson, notwithstanding what he says above, seems to ning to very great eminence in that profession ; that he have supposed was writien by Mr. Longueville, the fa. was eloquent and learned, of spotless integrity ; that he ther ; but the contrary is to be inferred from a subsequent supported an aged father who had ruined his fortunes by passage, wherein the author laments that he had neither extravagance, and by his industry and application re-edi. such an acquaintance nor interest with Mr. Longueville, fied a ruined family; that he supported Butler, who, but as to procure for him the golden remains of Butler there for him, must literally have starved ; and received from mentioned. He was probably led into the mistake by a him, as a recompense, the papers called his "Remains.” note in the Biog. Brit. p. 1077, signifying that the son of Life of the Lord-keeper Guilford, p. 299.--These have this gentleman was living in 1736.

since been given to the public by Mr. Thyer, of Man. of this friend and generous patron of Butler, Mr. Wil- chester ; and the originals are now in the hands of the liam Longueville, I find an account, written by a person Rev. Dr. Farmer, master of Emanuel College, Cam who was well acquainted with him, to this effect; viz. bridge.-H.

his hall or college, he gives reason to suspect Wood rerates that he was secretary to Villiers, that he was resolved to bestow on him an aca- duke of Buckingham, when he was chancellor demical education ; but durst not name a col- of Cambridge ; this is doubted by the other wrilege, for fear of detection,

ter, who yet allows the Duke to have been his He was, for some time, according to the au- frequent benefactor. That both these accounts thor of his life, clerk to Mr. Jefferys, of Earl's are false there is reason to suspect, from a story Croomb, in Worcestershire, an eminent justice told by Packe, in his account of the Life of Wyof the peace. In his service he had not only cherley; and from some verses which Mr. Thyleisure for study, but for recreation ; his amuse er has published in the Author's Remains. ments were music and painting: and the reward “Mr. Wycherley,” says Packe,“ had always of his pencil was the friendship of the celebrated laid hold of any opportunity which offered of reCooper. Some pictures, said to be his, were presenting to the Duke of Buckingham how well shown to Dr. Nash, at Earl's Croomb; but, Mr. Butler had deserved of the royal family, by when he inquired for them some years after writing his inimitable · Hudibras ;' and that it wards, he found them destroyed, to stop win- was a reproach to the court, that a person of his dows, and owns that they hardly deserved a bet- loyalty and wit should suffer in obscurity, and ter fate.

under the wants he did. The Duke always He was afterwards admitted into the family of seemed to hearken to him with attention enough; the Countess of Kent, where he had the use of and after some time undertook to recommend a library; and so much recommended himself his pretensions to his majesty. Mr. Wycherto Selden, that he was often employed by him in ley, in hopes to keep him steady to his word, literary business. Selden, as is well known, obtained of his Grace to name a day, when he was steward to the Countess, and is supposed to might introduce that modest and unfortunate have gained much of his wealth by managing her poet to his new patron. At last an appointment estate.

was made, and the place of meeting was agreed In what character Butler was admitted into to be the Roebuck. Mr. Butler and his friend that lady's service, how long he continued in it, attended accordingly; the Duke joined them; and why he left it, is, like the other incidents of but, as the devil would have it, the door of the his life, utterly unknown.

room where they sat was open, and his Grace, The vicissitudes of his condition placed him who had seated himself near it, observing a pimp afterwards in the family of Sir Sainuel Luke, of his acquaintance (the creature too was a one of Cromwell's officers. Here he observed knight) trip by with a brace of ladies, immeso much of the character of the sectaries, that diately quitted his engagement to follow another he is said to have written or begun his poem at kind of business, at which he was more ready this time; and it is likely that such a design than in doing good offices to men of desert, would be formed in a place where he saw the though no one was better qualified than he, principles and practices of the rebels, audacious both in regard to his fortune and understanding, and undisguised in the confidence of success. to protect them; and from that time to the day of

At length the King returned, and the time his death, poor Butler never found the least came in which loyalty hoped for its reward. effect of his promise!” Butler, however, was only made secretary to the Such is the story. The verses are written Earl of Carbury, president of the principality of with a degree of acrimony, such as neglect and Wales ; who conterred on him the stewardship disappointment might naturally excite; and such of Ludlow Castle, when the Court of the as it would be hard to imagine Butler capable of Marches was revived.

expressing against a man who had any claim to In this part of his life, he married Mrs. Her- his gratitude. bert, a gentlewoman of a good family, and lived, Notwithstanding this discouragement and says Wood, upon her fortune, having studied neglect, he still prosecuted his design; and in the common law, but never practised it. A for- 1678, published a third part, which still leaves tune she had, says his biographer, but it was the poem imperfect and abrupt. How much lost by bad securities.

more he originally intended, or with what events In 1663 was published the first part, contain the action was to be concluded, it is vain to coning three cantos, of the poem of “Hudibras," jecture. Nor can it be thought strange that he which, as Prior relates, was made known at should stop here, however unexpectedly. To court, by the taste and influence of the Earl of write without reward is sufficiently unpleasing. Dorset. When it was known, it was necessa- He had now arrived at an age when he might rily admired : the King quoted, the courtiers think it proper to be in jest no longer, and perstúdied, and the whole party of the royalists ap- haps his health might now begin to fail. plauded it. Every eye watched for the golden He died in 1680 : and Mr. Longueville, havshower which was to fall upon the Author, who ing unsuccessfully solicited a subscription for his certainly was not without his part in the general interment in Westminister Abbey, buried him expectation.

at his own cost in the churchyard of Coventİn 1664 the second part appeared ; the curi- garden.* Dr. Simon Patrick read the service. osity of the nation was rekindled, and the wri Granger was informed by Dr. Pearce, who ter was again praised and elated. But praise named for his authority Mr. Lowndes of the was his whole reward. “ Clarendon,” says Treasury, that Butler had a yearly pension of a Wood, “ gave him reason to hope for places and employments of value and credit ;” but no * In a note in the “ Biographia Britannica,” P, 1075, such advantages did he ever obtain. It is re he is said, on the authority of the younger Mr. Longueported that the King once gave him three hun ville, to have lived for some years in Rose-street, Co. dred guineas ; but of this temporary bounty I vent-garden, and also that he died

these particulars is rendered highly probable, by his find no proof.

being interred in the cemetery of that parish.-H.

ere: the latter of

M. S.

obiit Lond. 1680.

hundred pounds. This is contradicted by all who, in the confidence of legal authority and the tradition, by the complaints of Oldham, and by rage of zealous ignorance, ranges the country to the reproaches of Dryden ; and I am afraid will repress superstition and correct abuses, accomnever be confirmed.

panied by an an independent clerk, disputatious About sixty years afterwards, Mr. Barber, a and obstinate, with whom he often debates, but printer, mayor of London, and a friend to But never conquers him. ser's principles, bestowed on him a monument in Cervantes had so much kindness for Don Westminster Abbey, thus inscribed :

Quixote, that however be embarrasses him with

absurd distresses, he gives him so much sense SAMUELIS BUTLERI,

and virtue as may preserve our esteem; wherQui Strenshamiæ in agro Vigorn. nat. 1612,

ever he is, or whatever he does, he is made by

matchless dexterity commonly ridiculous, but Vir doctus imprimis, acer, integer;

never contemptible. Operibus Ingenii, non item præmiis, fælix Saiyrici apud nos Carminis Artisex egregius

But for poor Hudibras, his poet had no ten. Quo simulatæ Religionis Larvam detraxit, derness; he chooses not that any pity should be Et Perduellium scelera liberrimè exagitavit; shown or respect paid him; he gives him up at Scriptorum in suo genere, Friinus et Postremus. Ne, cui vivo deerant ferè omnia,

once to laughter and contempt, without any Deesset etiam mortuo Tumulus,

quality that can dignify or protect him. Hoc tandem posito marmore, curavit

In forming the character of Hudibras, and deJohannes Barber, Civis Londinensis, 1721. scribing his person and habiliments, the author After his death were published three small seems to labour with a tumultuous confusion of volumes of his posthumous works: I know not dissimilar ideas. He had read the history of the by whom collected, or by what authority ascer- mock knights-errant; he knew the notions and tained ;* and, lately, two volumes more have manners of a Presbyterian magistrate, and tried been printed by Mr. Thyer, of Manchester, in to unite the absurdities of both, however distant, dubitably genuine. From none of these pieces in one personage. Thus he gives him that pecan his life be traced, or his character discover- dantic ostentation of knowledge which has no ed. Some verses in the last collection, show relation to chivalry, and loads him with martial him to have been among those who ridiculed the encumbrances that can add nothing to his civil institution of the Royal Society, of which the dignity. He sends him out a colonelling, and yet enemies were for some time very numerous and never brings him within sight of war. very acrimonious, for what reason it is hard to tive of the Presbyterians, it is not easy to say why

If Hudibras be considered as the representaconceive, since the philosophers professed not to advance doctrines, but to produce facts; and his weapons should be represented as ridiculous the most zealous enemy of innovation must ad- or useless; for, whatever judgment might be mit the gradual progress of experience, however passed upon their knowledge or their arguments, he may oppose hypothetical temerity.

experience had sufficiently shown that their In this mist of obscurity passed the life of swords were not to be despised. Butler, a man whose name can only perish with

The hero, thus compounded of swaggerer and his language. The mode and place of his edu- pedant, of knight and justice, is led forth to accation are unknown ; the events of his life are tion, with his squire Ralpho, an independent variously related; and all that can be told with

enthusiast. certainty is, that he was poor.

Of the contexture of events planned by the The poem of “Hudibras” is one of those Author, which is called the action of the poem, compositions of which a nation may justly since it is left imperfect, no judgment can be boast; as the images which it exhibits are do- made. It is probable that the hero was to be led mestic, the sentiments unborrowed and unex

through many luckless adventures, which would pected, and the strain of diction original and give occasion, like his attack upon the “ bear peculiar. We must not, however, suffer the and fiddle,” to expose the ridiculous rigour of pride, which we assume as the countrymen of the sectaries; like his encounter with Sidrophel Butler, to make any encroachment upon justice, and Whachum, to make superstition and credunor appropriate those honours which others lity contemptible; or, like his recourse to the have a right to share. The poem of “Hudi- low retailer of the law, discover the fraudulent bras” is not wholly English; the original idea practices cf different professions. is to be found in the history of “Don Quixote;">

What series of events he would have formed, a book to which a mind of the greatest powers or in what manner he would have rewarded or may be indebted without disgrace.

punished his hero, it is now vain to conjecture. Červantes shows a man, who having, by the His work must have had, as it seems, the defect incessant perusal of incredible tales, subjected which Dryden imputes to Spenser; the action his understanding to his imagination, and fami- could not have been one; there could only have liarised his mind by pertinacious meditation to been a succession of incidents, each of which trains of incredible events, and scenes of impos- might have happened without the rest, and şible existence; goes out in the pride of knight- which could not all co-operate to any single hood to redress wrongs, and defend virgins, to

conclusion. rescue captive princesses, and tamble usurpers

The discontinuity of the action might, howfrom their thrones ; attended by a squire, whose ever, have been easily forgiven, if there had been cunning, too low for the suspicion of a generous the paucity

of events

, and complains that in the

action enough: but I believe every reader regrets mind, enables him often to cheat his master. The hero of Butler is a Presbyterian justice, poem of " Hudibras,” as in the history of Thu

cydides, there is more said than done. The * They were collected into one, and published in 12mo.

scenes are too seldoin changed, and the attention is tired with long conversation.

1732.11.

It is, indeed, much more easy to form dialogues | verbial axioms to the general stock of practical than to contrive adventures. Every position makes knowledge. way for an argument, and every objection dic When any work has been viewed and admired, tates an answer. When two disputants are en- the first question of intelligent curiosity is, how gaged upon a complicated and extensive ques- was it performed? “Hudibras" was not a 'hasty tion, the difficulty is not to continue, but to end, effusion; it was not produced by a sudden tumult the controversy. But whether it be that we com- of imagination, or a short paroxysm of violent prehend but few of the possibilities of life, or that labour. To accuniulate such a mass of sentilife itself affords little variety, every man who has ments at the call of accidental desire, or of sudtried knows how much labour it will cost to form den necessity, is beyond the reach and power of such a combination of circumstances as shall have the most active and comprehensive mind. I am at once the grace of novelty and credibility, and informed by Mr. Thyer, of Manchester, that exdelight fancy without violence to reason.

cellent editor of this author's relics, that he could Perhaps the dialogue of this poem is not per- show something like “Hudibras” in prose. He fect. Some power of engaging the attention has in his possession the common-place book, in might have been added to it by quicker recipro- which Butler reposited not such events and precation, by seasonable interruptions, by sudden cepts as are gathered by reading, but such requestions, and by a nearer approach to dramatic marks, similitudes, allusions, assemblages, or insprightliness; without which fictitious speeches ferences, as occasion prompted, or meditation prowill always tire, however sparkling with sentences, duced, those thoughts that were generated in his and however variegated with allusions.

own mind, and might be usefully applied to some The great source of pleasure is variety: Uni- future purpose. Such is the labour of those who formity must tire at last, though it be uniformity write for immortality. of excellence. We love to expect; and, when But human works are not easily found without expectation is disappointed or gratified, we want a perishable part of the ancient poets every to be again expecting. For this impatience of the reader feels the mythology tedious and

oppressive. present, whoever would please must make provi. Of “Hudibras,” the manners, being founded on sion. The skilful writer irritat, mulcet, makes a opinions, are temporary and local, and therefore due distribution of the still and animated parts, become every day less intelligible, and less strikIt is for want of this artful intertexture, and ing. What Cicero says of philosophy is true those necessary changes, that the whole of a likewise of wit and humour, that "time effaces book may be tedious, though all the parts are the fictions of opinions, and confirms the deterpraised.

minations of Nature.” Such manners as depend If inexhaustible wit could give perpetual plea- upon standing relations and general passions are sure, no eye would ever leave half-read the work co-extended with the race of man; but those of Butler; for what poet has ever brought so mốdifications of life and peculiarities of practice, many remote images so happily together? It is which are the progeny of error and perverseness, scarcely possible to peruse a page without finding or at best of some accidental influence or transient some association of images that was never found persuasion, must perish with their parents. before. By the first paragraph the reader is Much therefore of that humour which transamused, by the next he is delighted, and by a few ported the last* century with merriment is lost to more strained to astonishment; but astonishment us, who do not know the sour solemnity, the sulis a toilsome pleasure; he is soon weary of won- len superstition, the gloomy moroseness, and the dering, and longs to be diverted.

stubborn scruples of the ancient puritans; or, if Omnia vult belle Matho dicere, dic aliquando

we knew them, derive our information only from Et bene, dic neutrum, dic aliquando male. books, or from tradition, have never had them

before our eyes, and cannot but by recollection Imagination is useless without knowledge: na- and study understand the lines

in which they are ture gives in vain the power of combination, unless satirized. Our grandfathers knew the picture study and observation supply materials to be from the life; we judge of the life by contemplatcombined. Butler's treasures of knowledge ap-ing the picture. pear proportioned to his expense: whatever topic

It is scarcely possible, in the regularity and employs his mind, he shows himself qualified to composure of the present time, to image the tuexpand and illustrate it with all the accessaries mult of absurdity, and clamour of contradiction, that books can furnish: he is found not only to which perplexed doctrine, disordered practice, and have travelled the beaten road, but the by-paths disturbed both public and private quiet

, in that of literature; not only to have taken general sur age when subordination was broken, and awe was veys, but to have examined particulars with mi- hissed away; when any unsettled innovator, who nute inspection.

could hatch a half-formed notion, produced it to If the French boast the learning of Rabelais, the public; when every man might become a we need not be afraid of confronting them with preacher, and almost every preacher could collect Butler.

a congregation. But the most valuable parts of his performance The wisdom of the nation is very reasonably are those which retired study and native wit can

supposed to reside in the parliament. What can not supply. He that merely makes a book from be concluded of the lower classes of the people, books may be useful, but can scarcely be great. when, in one of the parliaments summoned by Butler had not suffered life to glide beside him Cromwell, it was seriously proposed,

that all the unseen or unobserved. He had watched with records in the tower should be burned, that all great diligence the operations of human nature, memory of things past should be effaced, and that and traced the effects of opinion, humour, interest, the whole system of life should commence anew? and passion. From such remarks proceeded that

We have never been witnesses of animosities great number of sententious distichs which have passed into conversation, and are added as pro

* The seventeenth.

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