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XII. The birds awakte her with their morning song,
Time was (for each one hath his doating time, Their warbling musicke pearst her tender care,
These siluer locks were golden tresses than)
To Memphis' stately pallace would I clime, of swaines and shepherd groomes that dwellings weare; And there became the mightie Caliphes man,
And that sweet noise, birds, winds, and waters sent, And though I but a simple gardner weare,
Yet could I marke abuses, see, and heare.
Or Mr. JOHN POMFREt nothing is known fatal consequence: the delay constrained his but from a slight and confused account prefixed attendance in London, where he caught the to his poems by a nameless friend; who relates, small-pox, and died in 1703, in the thirty-sixth that he was son of the Rev. Mr. Pomfret, rector year of his age. of Luton, in Bedfordshire; that he was bred at He published his poems in 1699; and has Cambridge ;* entered into orders, and was rec- been always the favourite of that class of readtor of Malden, in Bedfordshire; and might have ers, who, without vanity or criticism, seek only risen in the church, but that, when he applied their own amusement. to Dr. Compton, bishop of London, for institu His “Choice” exhibits a system of life adapttion to a living of considerable value, to which ed to common notions and equal to common he had been presented, he found a troublesome expectations ; such a state as affords plenty and obstruction raised by a malicious interpretation tranquillity, without exclusion of intellectual of some passage in his “Choice;" from which it pleasures. Perhaps no composition in our lanwas inferred, that he considered happiness as guage has been oftener perused than Pomfret's more likely to be found in the company of a mis Choice." tress than of a wife.
In his other poems there is an easy volubility, This reproach was easily obliterated ; for it the pleasure of smooth metre is afforded to the had happened to Pomfret as to almost all other ear, and the mind is not oppressed with pondermen who plan schemes of life; he had departed ous, or entangled with intricate, sentiment. He from his purpose, and was then married. pleases many; and he who pleases many must
The malice of his enemies had, however, a very have some species of merit.
Or the Earl of Dorset the character has | as they grew warmer, Sedley stood forth naked, been drawn so largely and so elegantly by Prior, and harangued the populace in such profane lanto whom he was familiarly known, that nothing guage, that the public indignation was awakencan be added by a casual hand; and, as its au- ed; the crowd attempted to force the door, and, thor is so generally read, it would be useless offi- being repulsed, drove in the performers with ciousness to transcribe it.
stones, and broke the windows of the house. CHARLES SACKVILLE was born January 24, For this misdemeanour they were indicted, 1637. Having been educated under a private and Sedley was fined five hundred pounds: what tutor, he travelled into Italy, and returned a was the sentence of the others is not known. little before the Restoration. He was chosen Sedley employed Killigrew and another to prointo the first parliament that was called, for East cure a remission from the King; but (mark the Grinstead, in Sussex, and soon became a favour- friendship of the dissolute !) they begged the ite of Charles the Second; but undertook no fine for themselves, and exacted it to the last public employment, being too eager of the riotous groat. and licentious pleasures which young men of In 1665, Lord Buckhurst attended the Duke high rank, who aspired to be thought wits, at of York as a volunteer in the Dutch war; and that time imagined themselves entitled to in- was in the battle of June 3, when eighteen great dulge.
Dutch ships were taken, fourteen others were One of these frolics has, by the industry of destroyed, and Opdam, the admiral, who engaged Wood, come down to posterity. Sackville, who the Duke, was blown up beside him, with all his was then Lord Buckhurst, with Sir Charles Sed-crew. ley and Sir Thomas Ogle, got drunk at the On the day before the battle, he is said to have Cock, in Bow-street, by Covent-garden, and, composed the celebrated song, “To all you going into the balcony, exposed themselves to ladies now at land,” with equal tranquillity of the populace in very indecent postures. At last, mind and promptitude of wit. Seldom any
splendid story is wholly true. I have heard,
from the late Earl of Orrery, who was likely He was of Queen's College there, and, by the Uni. versity register, appears to have taken his bachelor's to have good hereditary intelligence, that Lord cegree in 1654, and his master's, 1698. H.-His father Buckhurst had been a week employed upon it, was of Trinity.--C.
and only retouched or finished it on the memor
able evening. But even this, whatever it may | accession, made him lord-chamberlain of the subtract from his facility, leaves him his courage. household, and gave him afterwards the garter.
He was soon after made a gentleman of the He happened to be among those that were tossed bed-chamber, and sent on short embassies to with the King in an open boat sixteen hours, in France.
very rough and cold weather, on the coast of In 1674, the estate of his uncle, James Cran- Holland. His health afterwards declined ; and, field, Earl of Middlesex, came to him by its on January 19, 1705-6, he died at Bath. owner's death, and the title was conferred on him He was a man whose elegance and judgment the year after. In 1677, he became, by the death were universally confessed, and whose bounty of his father, Earl of Dorset, and inherited the to the learned and witty was generally known. estate of his family.
To the indulgent affection of the public, Lord In 1684, having buried his first wife of the Rochester bore ample testimony in this remarkfamily of Bagot, who left him no child, he mar- " I know not how it is, but Lord Buckhurst may ried a daughter of the Earl of Northampton, do what he will, yet is never in the wrong.” celebrated both for beauty and understanding. If such a man attempted poetry, we cannot
He received some favourable notice from King wonder that his works were praised. Dryden, James; but soon found it necessary to oppose whom, if Prior tells truth, he distinguished by the violence of his innovations, and, with some his beneficence, and who lavished his blandishother fords, appeared in Westminster Hall to ments on those who are not known to have so countenance the bishops at their trial.
well deserved them, undertaking to produce auAs enormities grew every day less supportable, thors of our own country superior to those of he found it necessary to concur in the Revolu- antiquity, says, “I would instance your Lordship tion. He was one of those lords who sat every in satire, and Shakspeare in tragedy." Would it day in council to preserve the public peace, after be imagined that, of this rival to antiquity, all the the King's departure; and, what is not the most satires were little personal invectives, and that his illustrious action of his life, was employed to longest composition was a song of eleven stanzas ? conduct the Princess Anne to Nottingham with The blame, however, of this exaggerated a gnard, such as might alarm the populace as praise falls on the encomiast, not upon the authey passed, with false apprehensions of her thor; whose performances are, what they predanger. Whatever end may be designed, there tend to be, the effusions of a man of wit; gay, is always something despicable in a trick. vigorous, and airy. His verses to Howard show
He became, as may be easily supposed, a fa- great fertility of mind; and his Dorinda has been vourite of King William, who, the day after his imitated by Pope.
GEORGE STEPNEY, descended from the Step-burgh ; in 1699, to the King of Poland ; in 1701 neys of Pendigrast, in Pembrokeshire, was born again to the Emperor; and in 1706, to the at Westminster, in 1663. Of his father's condi- States-general. In 1697, he was made one of tion or fortune I have no account. * Having the commissioners of trade. His life was busy, received the first part of his education at West- and not long. He died in 1707 ; and is buried minster, where he passed six years in the Col- in Westminster Abbey, with this epitaph, which lege, he went at nineteen to Cambridge, t where Jacob transcribed :he continued a friendship begun at school with
H. S. E. Mr. Montague, afterwards Earl of Halifax.
Georgius Stepneius, Armiger, They came to London together, and are said to have been invited into public life by the Earl of
Ob Ingenii acumen,
Literarum Scientiam, Dorset.
Morum Suavitatem, His qualifications recommended him to many
Rerum Usum, foreign employments, so that his time seems to
Virorum Amplissimorum Consuetudinem, have been spent in negotiations. In 1692, he
Linguæ, Styli, ac Vita Elegantiam,
Præclara Officia cum Britapniæ tum Europæ was sent envoy to the elector of Brandenburgh ;
præstita, in 1693, to the Imperial Court; in 1694, to the
Suâ ætate multum celebratus, Elector of Saxony; in 1696, to the Electors of
Apud posteros semper celebrandus ; Mentz and Cologne, and the Congress at
Plurimas Legationes obiit
Ea Fide, Diligentiâ, ac Felicitate, Francfort; in 1698, a second time to Branden
Ut Augustissimorum Principum
Gulielmi et Anne * It has been conjectured that our Poet was either son
Spem in illo repositam or grandson of Charles, third son of Sir John Stepney,
Nunquam fefellerit, the first baronet of that family. See Granger's History,
Haud rarò superaverit. vol. ii. p. 396, edit. 8vo. 1775. Mr. Cole says, the Poet's
Post longur honorum Curfum father was a grocer. Cole's MSS. in Brit. Mus.-C.
Brevi Temporis Spatio consectum, He was entered of Trinity College, and took his mas
Cum Naturæ parum, Famæ satis vixerat, ter's degree in 1689.-H.
Animam ad altiora aspirantem placide efflavit.
On the left hand.
the reason for which the world has sometimes G. S.
conspired to squander praise. It is not very unEx Equestri Familia Stepneiorum,
likely that he wrote very early as well as he ever De Pendegrast. in Comitatu
wrote; and the performances of youth have many Pembrochiensi oriundus,
favourers, because the authors yet lay no claim Westmonasterii natus est, A. D. 1663. Electus in Collegium
to public honours, and are therefore not consiSancti Petri Westmonast. A. 1676.
dered as rivals by the distributors of fame. Sancti Trinitatis Cantab. 1682.
He apparently professed himself a poet, and Consiliariorum quibus Commercii
added his name to those of the other wits in the Cura commissa eet 1697. Chelseiæ mortuus, et, comitante
version of Juvenal; but he is a very licentious Magnå Procerum
translator, and does not recompense his neglect Frequentia, huc elatus, 1707.
of the author by beauties of his own. In his ori
ginal poems, now and then, a happy line may It is reported that the juvénile compositions of perhaps be found, and now and then a short Stepney made gray authors blush. know not composition may give pleasure. But there is, whether his poems will appear such wonders to in the whole, little either of the grace of wit, or the present age. One cannot always easily find the vigour of nature.
John Philips was born on the 30th of De His reputation was confined to his friends and cember, 1676, at Bampton, in Oxfordshire ; of to the University ; till about 1703, he extended which place his father, Dr. Stephen Philips, it to a wider circle by the “Splendid Shilling,". archdeacon of Salop, was minister. The first which struck the public attention with a mode of part of his education was domestic; after which writing new and unexpected. he was sent to Winchester, where, as we are This performance raised him so high, that, told by Dr. Sewel, his biographer, he was soon when Europe resounded with the victory of distinguished by the superiority of his exercises; Blenheim, he was, probably with an occuli opand what is less easily to be credited, so much position to Addison, employed to deliver the acendeared himself to his schoolfellows, by his clamation of the Tories. It is said that he civility and good-nature, that they, without mur- would willingly have declined the task, but that mur or ill-will, saw him indulged by the master his friends urged it upon him. It appears that with particular immunities. It is related, that he wrote this poem at the house of Mr. St. John. when he was at school, he seldom mingled in “Blenheim” was published in 1705.
The play with the other boys, but retired to his cham- next year produced his great work, the poem ber; where his sovereign pleasure was to sit upon “Cider," in two books; which was rehour after hour, while his hair was combed by ceived with loud praises, and continued long to somebody whose services he found means to be read, as an imitation of Virgil's “Georgic,” procure. *
which needed not shun the presence of the oriAt school he became acquainted with the ginal. poets, ancient and modern, and fixed his atten. He then grew probably more confident of his tion particularly on Milton.
own abilities, and began to meditate a poem on In 1694, he entered himself at Christ-church, the “Last Day;" a subject on which no mind a college at that time in the highest reputation, can hope to equal expectation. by the transmission of Busby's scholars to the This work he did not live to finish ; his discare first of Fell, and afterwards of Aldrich. eases, a slow consumption and an asthma, put Here he was distinguished as a genius eminent a stop to his studies, and on Feb. 15, 1798, at among the eminent, and for friendship particu- the beginning of his thirty-third year, put an end larly intimate with Mr. Smith, the author of to his life. « Phædra and Hippolytus.” The profession He was buried in the cathedral of Hereford; which he intended to follow was that of physic; and Sir Simon Harcourt, afterwards lord-chanand he took much delight in natural history, of cellor, gave him a monument in Westminster which botany was his favourite part.
Abbey. The inscription at Westminster was
written, as I have heard, by Dr. Atterbury, Isaac Vossius relates, that he also delighted in having though commonly given to Dr. Freind. his hair combed when he could have it done by barbers, or other persons skilled in the rules of prosody. Of the
HIS EPITAPH AT HEREFORD: passage that contains this ridiculous fancy, the following is a translation "Many people take delight in the rubbing of their limbs, and the combing of their hair ; but
JOHANNES PHILIPS these exercises would delight much more, if the servants at the baths, and of the barbers, were so skilful in this
Obiit 15 die Feb. Anno.
lat. suæ 32. art, that they could express any measures with their fingers. I remember that more than once I have fallen
Cujus into the hands of men of this sort, who could imitate any
Ossa si requiras, hanc Urnam inspice : measure of songs in combing the hair, so as sometimes Si Ingenium nescias, ipsius Opera consulo;
Si Tumulum desideras, to express very intelligibly iambirs, trochees, dactyls, &c. from whence there arose to me no small delight."
Templum adi Westmonasterienso:
Qualis quantusque Vir fuecit,
Dicat elegans illa et præclara,
Quæ cenotaphium ibi decorar,
cient Centos. To degrade the sounding words Inscriptio.
and stately construction of Milton, by an appliQuäm interim erga Cognatos pius et officiosus, Testetur hoc saxum
cation to the lowest and most trivial things. graA Maria Philips Matre ipsius pientissima,
tifies the mind with a momentary triumph over Dilecti Filii Memoriæ non sine Lacrymis dicatum. that grandeur which hitherto held its captives
in admiration; the words and things are preHIS EPITAPH AT WESTMINSTER.
sented with a new appearance, and novelty is
always grateful where it gives no pain.
But the merit of such performanees begins
and ends with the first author. He that should JOHANNIS PHILIPS:
again adapt Milton's phrase to the gross inciQui Viris bonis doctisque juxta charus, dents of common life, and even adapt it with
Immortale suum Ingenium,
more art, which would not be difficult, must Miro animi candore,
yet expect but a small part of the praise which Eximiâ morum simplicitate,
Philips has obtained; he can only hope to be
considered as the repeater of a jest.
“ The parody on Milton,” says Gildon, “is Inter Ædis Christi Alumnos jugiter explevit, the only tolerable production of its Author." In illo Musarum Domicilio
This is a censure too dogmatical and violent. Præclaris Æmulorum studiis excitatus, Optinia scribendi Magistris semper intentus,
The poem of “Blenheim” was never denied to Carmina sermone Patrio composuit
be tolerable, even by those who do not allow it A Græcis Latinisque fontibus feliciter deducta, supreme excellence. It is indeed the poem of a Atticis Romanisque auribus omnino digna,
scholar, "all inexpert of war;" of a man who Versuum quippe Harmoniam Rhythmo didicerat.
writes books from books, and studies the world in Antiquo illo, libero, multiformi
a college. He seems to have formed his ideas of Ad res ipsas apto prorsus, et attemperato, the field of Blenheim from the battles of the heNon numeris in eundem ferè orbem redeuntibus, Non Clausularum similiter cadentium sono
roic ages, or the tales of chivalry, with very little Metiri :
comprehension of the qualities necessary to the Uni in hoc laudis genere Miltono secundus, composition of a modern hero, which Addison Primoque pene par.
has displayed with so much propriety. He Res seu Tenues, seu Grandes, seu Mediocres
makes Marlborough_behold at a distance the Ornandas sumserat, Nusquam, non quod decuit,
slaughter made by Tallard, then haste to enEt videt, et assecutus eet,
counter and restrain him, and mow his way Egregius, quocunque Stylum verteret,
through ranks made headless by his sword. Fandi author, et Modorum artifex. Fas sit Huic,
He imitates Milton's numbers indeed, but Augo licèt à tuâ Metrorum Lege discedere,
imitates them very injudiciously. Deformity is O Poesis Anglicanæ Pater, atque Conditor, Chaucere, easily copied; and whatever there is in Milton
Alterum tibi latus claudere,
which the reader wishes away, all that is obsoNon dedecebit Chorum.
lete, peculiar, or licentious, is accumulated with Simon Harcourt, Miles,
great care by Philips. Milton's verse was harViri benè de se, de Litteris meriti
monious, in proportion to the general state of Quoad viveret Fautor, Post Obitum piè memor,
our metre in Milton's age; and, if he had writHoc illi Saxum poni voluit,
ten after the improvements made by Dryden, it J. Philips, Stephani, s. T.P. Archidiaconi is reasonable to believe that he would have adSalop. Filius, natus est Bamptoniæ
mitted a more pleasing modulation of numbers In agro Oxon, Dec. 30, 1676. Obiit Herefordiæ, Feb. 15, 1708.
into his work; but Philips sits down with a re
solution to make no more music than he found; Philips has been always praised, without con- to want all that his master wanted, though he tradiction, as
a man modest, blameless, and is very far from having what his master had. pious; who bore narrowness of fortune without Those asperities, therefore, that are vencrable discontent, and tedious and painful maladies in the “Paradise Lost,” are contemptible in the without impatience; beloved by those that knew “Blenheim.” him, but not ambitious to be known. He was There is a Latin ode written to his patron, probably not formed for a wide circle. His con- St. John, in return for a present of wine and versation is commended for its innocent gayety, tobacco, which cannot be passed without notice, which seems to have flowed only among his in- It is gay and elegant, and exhibits several artful timates; for I have been told that he was in accommodations of classic expressions to new company silent and barren, and employed only purposes. It seems better turned than the ode upon the pleasure of his pipe. His addiction to of Hannes.* tobacco is mentioned by one of his biographers, To the poem on “Cider," written in imitation who remarks, that in all his writings, except of the “Georgics,” may be given this peculiar “Blenheim," he has found an opportunity of praise, that it is grounded in truth; that the precelebrating the fragrant fume. In common life he was probably one of those who please by not * This ode I am willing to mention, because there offending, and whose person was loved because seems to be an error in all ihe printed copies, which
is, I his writings were admired. He died honoured think, retained in the last. They all read: and lamented, before any part of his reputation
Quam Gratiarum cura decentium had withered, and before his patron St. John The author probably wrote,
0!0! labellis cui Venus insider. had disgraced him. His works are few. The “Splendid Shilling”
Quam Gratiarum cura decentium
Ornat; labellis cui Venus insidet.-Dr. J. has the uncommon merit of an original design, Hannes was professor of chemistry at Oxford, and wroto unless it may be thought precluded by the an one or two poems in the “ Muse Anglicanæ.-J. B.