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of parenthesis and incidental disquisition, and two quatrains that follow are worthy of the stops his narrative for a wise remark.

Author. The general fault is, that he affords more sen The account of the different sensations with timent than description, and does not so much which the two fleets retired, when the night impress scenes upon the fancy, as deduce conse-parted them, is one of the fairest flowers of quences and make comparisons.

English poetry: The initial stanzas have rather too much re

The night comes on, we eager to pursue semblance to the first lines of Waller's poem on

The combat still, and they ashamed to leave ; the war with Spain; perhaps such a beginning Till the last streaks of dying day withdrew, is natural, and could not be avoided without And doubtful moonlight did our rage deceive. affectation. Both Waller and Dryden might In thị English fleet each ship resounds with joy, take their hint from the poem on the civil war

And loud applause of their great leader's fame; of Rome, “Orbem jam totum,” &c.

In fiery dreams the Dutch they still destroy, Of the King collecting his navy, he says,

And, slumbering, smile at the imagin'd'tíame. It seems as every ship their sovereign knows,

Not so the Holland fleet, who, tird and done, His awful summons they so soon obey ;

Stretch'd on their decks, like weary oxen lie; So hear the scaly herds when Proteus blows,

Faint sweats all down their mighty members run, And so to pasture follow through the sea.

(Vast bulks, which little souls but ill supply.) It would not be hard to believe that Dryden In dreams they fearful precipices tread, had written the two first lines seriously, and or, in dark churches, walk among the dead; that some wag had added the two latter in bur

They wake with horror, aud dare sleep no more. lesque. Who would expect the lines that immediately follow, which are indeed perhaps in. It is a general rule in poetry, that all approdecently byperbolical, but certainly in a mode priate terms of art should be sunk in general totally different ?

expressions, because poetry is to speak a uni

versal language. This rule is still stronger with To see this fileet upon the ocean move,

regard to arts not liberal, or confined to few; Aogels drew wide the curtains of the skies ;

and therefore far removed from common knowAnd Heaven, as if there wanted lights above, For tapers made two glaring comets rise.

ledge; and of this kind, certainly, is technical

navigation. Yet Dryden was of Opinion, that a The description of the attempt at Bergen will sea-fight ought to be described in the nautical afford a very complete specimen of the descrip- language; "and certainly,” says he, " as those, tions in this poem :

who in a logical disputation keep to general And now approach'd their fleet from India, fraught

terms, would hide a fallacy, so those who do it With all the riches of the rising sun :

in poetical description would veil their ignoAnd precious sand from southern climates brought, The fatal regions where the war begun.

Let us then appeal to experience: for by exLike hunted castors, conscious of their store,

perience at last we learn as well what will please Their waylaid wealth to Norway's coast they bring : as what will profit. In the battle, his terms Then first the North's cold bosom spices bore,

seem to have been blown away; but he deals And Winter brooded on the Eastern Spring.

them liberally in the dock : By the rich scent we found our perfum'd prey, 'Which, flank'd with rocks, did close in covert lie :

So here some pick out bullets from the side,

Some drive old oakum through each seam and rift; And round about their murd'ring cannon lay,

Their lest hand does the calking-iron guide,
At once to threaten and invite the eye.

The rattling mallet with the right they list.
Fiercer than canoon, and than rocks more hard, With bojling pitch another near at band
The English undertake th' unequal war:

(From friendly Sweden brought) the seams instops ; Seven ships alone, by which the port is barr’d,

Which, well laid o'er, the salt-sea waves withstand, Besiege the Indies, and all Denmark dare.

And shake them from the rising beak in drops. These fight like husbands, but like lovers those ; Some the gall’d ropes with dauby marling bind,

These fain would keep, and those more sain enjoy ; Or sear-cloth masts with strong larpawling coats : and to such height their frantic passion grows,

To try new shrouds one mounts into the wind, That what both love, both hazard to destroy :

And one below their ease or stiffness notes. Amidst whole heaps of spices lights a ball,

I suppose there is not one term which

every And now their odours arm'd against them fly; reader does not wish away. Some preciously by shatter'd porcelain fall, And some by aromatic splinters die :

His digression to the original and progress


navigation, with his prospect of the advancement And, though by tempests of the prize bereft,

which it shall receive from the Royal Society, In Heaven's inclemency some ease we find ; Our foes we vanquish'd by our valour left,

then newly instituted, may be considered as an And only yielded to the seas and wind.

example seldom equalled of seasonable excur

sion and artful return. In this manner is the subime too often mingled

One line, however, leaves me discontented; with the ridiculous. The Dutch seek a shelter he says, that, by the help of the philosophers, for a wealthy fleet: this surely needed no illustration; yet they must fly, not like all the rest of

Instructed ships shall sail to quick commerce,

By which reniotest regions are allied. mankind on the same occasion, but “like hunted castors, and they might with strict pro- Which he is constrained to explain in a note priety be hunted; for we winded them by our “by a more exact measure of longitude.”. It noses their perfumes betrayed them. The had better become Dryden's learning and genius husband and the lover, though of more dignity to have laboured science into poetry, an have than the castor, are images too domestic to shown, by explaining longitude, that verse did mingle properly with the horrors of war. The not refuse the ideas of philosophy.


His description of the fire is painted by reso- | sorb his thoughts, but that he promulgated the lute meditation, out of a mind better formed to laws of translation in a preface to the English reason than to feel. The conflagration of a city, Epistles of Ovid; one of which he translated with all its tumults of concomitant distress, is himself, and another in conjunction with the one of the most dreadful spectacles which this Earl of Mulgrave. world can offer to human eyes; yet it seems “ Absalom and Achitophel" is a work so to raise little emotion in the breast of the poet; well known, that a particular criticism is superhe watches the flame coolly from street to street, fluous. If it be considered as a poem political with now a reflection, and now a simile, till at and controversial, it will be found to comprise last he meets the King, for whom he makes a all the excellences of which the subject is susspeech, rather tedious in a time so busy; and ceptible; acrimony of censure, elegance of praise, then follows again the progress of the fire. ariful delineation of characters, variety and vigo

There are, however, in this part some pas- our of sentiment, happy turns of language, and sages that deserve attention; as in the begin- pleasing harmony of numbers ; and all these ning;

raised to such a height as can scarcely be found The diligence of trades and noiseful gain,

in any other English composition. And luxury more late, asleep were laid !

It is not, however, without fault; some lines All was the Night's, and in her silent reign

are inelegant or improper, and too many are No sound the rest of Nature did invade In this deep quiet

irreligiously licentious. The original structure

of the poem was defective; allegories drawn to The expression “All was the Night's,” is great length will always break; Charles could taken from Seneca, who remarks on Virgil's not run continually parallel with David. line,

The subject had likewise another inconveniOmnia noctis erant, placida, composta quiete,

ence; it admitted little imagery or description ; that he might have concluded better,

and a long poem of mere sentiments easily be

comes tedious; though all the parts are forcible, Omnia noctis erant.

and every line kindles new rapture, the reader, The following quatrain is vigorous and ani- if not relieved by the interposition of something mated :

that sooths the fancy, grows weary of admira

tion, and defers the rest. The ghosts of traitors from the bridge descend

As an approach to the historical truth was pe-
With bold fanatic spectres to rejoice ;
About the fire into a dance they bend,

cessary, the action and catastrophe were not in And sing their sabbath notes with feeble voice. the Poet's power; there is therefore an unpleasHis prediction of the improvements which ing disproportion between the beginning and the shall be made in the new city is elegant and end. We are alarmed by a faction formed of poetical, and with an event which poets cannot many sects, various in their principles, but agreealways boast has been happily verified. The ing in their purpose of mischief; formidable for poem concludes with a simile that might have while the King's friends are few and weak.

their numbers, and strong by their supports; better been omitted.

Dryden, when he wrote this poem, seems not The chiefs on either part are set forth to view; yet fully to have formed his versification, or but, when expectation is at the height, the King settled his system of propriety.

makes a speech, and From this time he addicted himself almost Henceforth a series of new times began. wholly to the stage, “to which," says he, “my Who can forbear to think of an enchanted genius never much inclined me,” merely as the castle, with a wide moat and lofty battlements, most profitable market for poetry. By writing walls of marble and gates of brass, which vanishes tragedies in rhyme, he continued to improve his at once into air, when the destined knight blows diction and his numbers. According to the his horn before it? opinion of Harte, who had studied his works

In the second part, written by Tate, there is a with great attention, he settled his principles of long insertion, which, for its poignancy of satire, versification in 1676, when he produced the play exceeds any part of the former. Personal reof “ Aureng Zebe;" and, according to his own sentment, though no laudable motive to satire, account of the short time in which he wrote

can add great force to general principles. Self“ Tyrannic Love,” and “The State of Inno- love is a busy prompter. cence,” he soon obtained the full effect of dili “ The Medal," written upon the same pringence, and added facility to exactness.

ciples with “Absalom and Achitophel,” but upon Rhyme has been so long banished from the a narrower plan, gives less pleasure, though it theatre, that we know not its effects upon the discovers equal abilities in the writer. The supassions of an audience : but it has this conve- perstructure cannot extend beyond the foundanience, that sentences stand more independent tion; a single character or incident cannot on each other, and striking passages are there- furnish as many ideas as a series of events, or fore easily selected and retained. Thus the multiplicity of agents. This poem, therefore, description of night in “The Indian Emperor,” since time has left it to itself, is not much read, and the rise and fall of empire in “ The Con. nor perhaps generally understood; yet it abounds quest of Granada," are more frequently repeated with touches both of humorous and serious satire. than any lines in “All for Love,” or “Don The picture of a man whose propensions to misSebastian."

chief are such that his best actions are but inTo search his plays for vigorous sallies and ability of wickedness, is very skilfully delineated sententious elegances, or to fix the dates of any and strongly coloured : little pieces which he wrote by chance, or by

Pow'r was his aim; but, thrown from that pretence. solicitation, were labour too tedious and minuté.

The wretch turn'd loyal in his own defence, His dramatic labours did not so 'wholly ab And malice reconcil'd him to his prince.

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Him, in the anguish of his soul, he serv'd;

The conclusion is likewise striking ; but it in Rewarded faster still than he deserv'd ; Behold him now exalted into trust;

cludes an image so awful in itself, that it can His counsels of convenient, seldom just;

owe little to poetry; and I could wish the antiE'en in the most sincere advice he gave,

thesis of music untuning had found some other He had a grudging still to be a knave. The frauds he learn'd in his fanatic years,

place. Made him uneasy in his lawful gears,

As from the power of sacred lays At least as little honest as he could,

The spheres hegan to move, And, like white witches, mischievously good.

And sung the great Creator's praise To this first bias, longingly, he leans ;

To all the bless'd above : And rather would be great by wicked means.

So, when the last and dreadful hour

This crumbling pageant shall devour, The “Threnodia,” which, by a term I am The trumpet shall be heard on high, afraid neither authorized nor analogical, he calls The dead shall live, the living die, “Augustalis," is not among his happiest produc

And music shall untune the sky. tions. Its first and obvious defect is the irregu Of his skill in elegy he has given a specimen larity of its metre, to which the ears of that age, in his Eleonora, of which the following lines dishowever, were accustomed. What is worse, it cover their author : bas neither tenderness por dignity; it is neither

Th all these rare endowments of the mind, magnificent nor pathetic. He seems to look

Were in a narrow space of lite confin'd, round him for images which he cannot find, and The figure was with full perfection crown'd, what he has he distorts by endeavouring to en Though not so large an orb, as truly round: large them. “ He is,” he says, “petrified with

As when in glory, ihrough the public place,

The spoils of conquer d nations were to pass, griet;" but the marble sometimes relents, and

And but one day for triumph was allow'd, trickles in a joke:

The consul was constrain d his pomp to crowd;

And so the swift procession hurry'd on, The sons of art all med'cines tried,

That all, though not distinctly, might be shown: And every noble remedy applied :

So, in the straiten'd bounds of life confin'd With emulation each essay'd

She gave but glimpses of her glorious mind;
His utmost skill: nay, more, they pra'd:

And multitudes of virtues pass d along;
Was never losing game with better conduct play'd. Each pressing foremost in the mighty throng,

Ambitious to be seen, and then make room He had been a little inclined to merriment For greater multitudes that were to come before, upon the prayers of a nation for their Yet unemploy'd no minute slipp'd away;

Moments were precious in so short a stay. dying sovereign : nor was he serious enough to

The haste of Heav'n to have her was so great, keep heathen fables out of his religion :

That some were single acts, though each complete; With him the innumerable crowd of armed prayers

And every act stood ready to repeat. Knock'd at the gates of heaven, and knock'd aloud; This piece, however, is not without its faults; The first well-meaning rude petitioners

there is so much likeness in the initial compariAll for his life assail'd the throne, All would have brib'd the skies by offering up their own. son, that there is no illustration. As a king So great a throng not Heaven itself could bar,

would be lamented, Eleonora was lamented : 'Twas almost borne by force as in the giant's war. As, when some great and gracious monarch dies, The prayers, at least, for his reprieve, were heard; Soft whispers, first, and mournful murmurs, rise His death, like Hezekiah's, was deferr d.

Among the sad attendants; then the sound

Soon gathers voice and spreads the news around, There is throughout the composition a desire Through town and country, till the dreadful blast of splendour without wealth. In the conclusion Is blown to distant colonies at last, he seems too much pleased with the prospect of

Who then, perhaps, were offering vows in vain

For his long life, and for his happy reign ; the new reign to have lamented his old master

So slowly, by degrees, unwilling Fame with much sincerity.

Did matchless Eleonora's fate proclaim, He did not miscarry in this attempt for want of Till public as the loss the news became. skill either in lyric or elegiac poetry. His poem This is little better than to say, in praise of a on the death of Mrs. Killegrew is undoubtedly the shrub, that it is as green as a tree; or of a brook, noblest ode that our language ever has produced. that it waters a garden, as a river waters a The first part flows with a torrent of enthusiasm.

country. Firvet immensusque ruit. All the stanzas indeed

Dryden confesses that he did not know the are not equal. An imperial crown cannot be lady whom he celebrates : the praise being one continued diamond ; the gems must be held therefore inevitably general, fixes no impression together by some less valuable matter.

upon the reader, nor excites any tendency to In his first “Ode for Cecilia's Day,” which is love, nor much desire of imitation. Knowledge lost in the splendour of the second, there are of the subject is to the poet what durable mate passages which would have dignified any other rials are to the architect. poet. The first stanza is vigorous and elegant,

The “Religio Laici,” which borrows its title though the word diapason is too technical, and from the “Religio Medici" of Browne, is almost the rhymes are too remote from one another.

the only work of Dryden which can be consiFrom harmony, from heav'nly harmony,

dered as a voluntary effusion ; in this, therefore, This universal frame began;

it might be hoped, that the full effulgence of his When Nature underneath a heap of jarring atoms lay; genius would be found. But unhappily the subThe tunelul voice was heard from high,

ject is rather argumentative than poetical ; he Arise, ye more than dead.

intended only a specimen of metrical dispuiaThen cold and hol, and moist and dry,

tion: In order to their stations leap, And music's power obey.

And this unpolish'd rugged verse I chose, From harmony, from heav'nly harmony,

As fittest for discourse, and ncarest prose. This universal frame began:

This, however, is a composition of great exFrom harmony to harmony Through all the compass of the notes it ran,

cellence in its kind, in which the familiar is very The diapason closing full in man.

properly diversified with the solemn, and the


grave with the humorous; in which metre has. His general character of the other sorts of neither weakened the forcé, nor clouded the per- beasts that never go to church, though sprightly spicuity of argument ; nor will it be easy to find and keen, has, however, not much of heroic another example equally happy of this middle poesy : kind of writing, which, though prosaic in some These are the chief; to number o’er the rest, parts, rises to high poetry in others, and neither And stand like Adam naming every beast, towers to the skies, nor creeps along the ground. Were weary work; nor will the Muse describe

Of the same kind, or not far distant from it, A slimy.born, and sun-begotten tribe, is “The Hind and Panther,” the longest of all Who, far from steeples and their sacred sound, Dryden's original poems; an allegory intended These gross, half-animated lumps I leave; to comprise and to decide the controversy be- Nor can I think what thoughts they can conceive; tween the Romanists and Protestants. The But, if they think at all, 'tis sure no higher

Than matier, put in motion, may aspire : scheme of the work is injudicious and incom- Souls that can scarce ferment their mass of clay, modious; for what can be more absurd than So drossy, so divisible are they, that one beast should counsel another to rest her As would but serve pure bodies for allay; faith upon a pope and council ? He seems well Such souls as shards produce, such beetle things

As only buzz to Heav’n with ev'ning wings; enough skilled in the usual topics of argument, Strike in the dark, offending but by chance : endeavours to show the necessity of an infal- Such are the blindfold blows of ignorance. lible judge, and reproaches the reformers with They know no being, and but have a name ; want of unity : but is weak enough to ask, To them the Hind and Panther are the same. why, since we see without knowing how, we One more instance, and that taken from the may not have an infallible judge without know- narrative part, where style was more in his ing where ?

choice, will show how steadily he kept his resoThe Hind at one time is afraid to drink at the lution of heroic dignity. common brook, because she may be worried ; For when the herd, sufficd, did late repair but walking home with the Panther, talks by To ferney heaths and to their forest lair, the way of the Nicene fathers, and at last de- she made a mannerly excuse to stay, clares herself to be of the catholic church. Proffering the Hind to wait her half the way;

This absurdity was very properly ridiculed That, since the sky was clear, an hour of hálk in the “City Mouse” and “Country Mouse" of With much good will the motion was embrac’d, Montague and Prior ; and in the detection and To chat awhile on their adventures past : censure of the incongruity of the fiction chiefly Her friend and fellow-sufferer in the plot. consists the value of their performance, which, Yet, wondering how of late she grew estrang'd, whatever reputation it might obtain by the help Her forehead cloudy, and her countnance changid, of temporary passions, seems, to readers almost she thought this hour th’occasion would present a century distant, not very forcible or animated. To learn her secret cause of discontent,

Which well she hop'd might be with ease redress'd, Pope, whose judgment was perhaps a little considering her a well-bred civil beast, bribed by the subject, used to mention this and more a gentlewoman than the resi. poem as the most correct specimen of Dryden's After some common talk

what rumours ran, versification. It was indeed written when he The lady of the spolled muff began. had completely formed his manner, and may be The second and third parts he professes to supposed to exhibit, negligence excepted, his have reduced to diction more familiar and more deliberate and ultimate scheme of metre. suitable to dispute and conversation ; the differ

We may therefore reasonably infer, that he ence is not, however, very easily perceived: the did not approve the perpetual uniformity which first has familiar, and the two others have confines the sense to couplets, since he has sonorous, lines. The original incongruity runs broken his lines in the initial paragraph. through the whole; the King is now Cæsar, and A milk-white Hind, immortal and unchang'd,

now the Lion; and the name Pan is given to Fed on the lawns, and in the forest rang'd:

the Supreme Being. Without unspotted, innocent within,

But when this constitutional absurdity is forShe fear'd no danger, for she knew no sin. Yel had she oft been chas'd with horns and hounds,

given, the poem must be confessed to be written And Scythian shafts, and many.winged wounds

with great smoothness of metre, a wide extent Aim'd at her heart; was often forc'd to fly,

of knowledge, and an abundant multiplicity of And doom'd to death, though fated not to die.

images ; the controversy is embellished with These lines are lofty, elegant, and musical, pointed sentences, diversified by illustrations, notwithstanding the interruption of the pause, of and enlivened by sallies of invective. Some of which the effect is rather increase of pleasure by the facts to which allusions are made are now variety, than offence by ruggedness.

become obscure, and perhaps there may be many To the first part it was his intention, he

satirical passages little understood.

says, “ to give the majestic turn of heroic poesy :”

As it was by its nature a work of defiance, a and perhaps he might have executed his design composition which would naturally be examined not unsuccessfully, had not an opportunity of with the utmost acrimony of criticism, it was satire, which he cannot forbear, fallen some

probably laboured with uncommon attention, times in his way. The character of a presbyte- subordinate parts. The original impropriety,

and there are, indeed, few negligences in the rian, whose emblem is the Wolf, is not very he- and the subsequent unpopularity of the subject

, roically majestic :

added to the ridiculousness of its first elements, More haughty than the rest, the wolfish race

has sunk it into neglect; but it may be usefully Appear with belly gaunt ani famish'd face; Never was so deformd a heast of grace.

studied, as an example of poetical ratiocination, His ragged tail betwixt his legs he wears,

in which the argument suffers little from the Close clapp'd for shame ; but his rough crest he rears,

metre. And pricks up his predestinating ears.

In the poem “On the Birth of the Prince of



Wales,” nothing is very remarkable but tne ex- thor, another helped him in the subordinate
orbitant adulation, and that inse sibility of the parts. The arguments of the several books
precipice on which the King was then standing, were given him by Addison.
which the laureat apparently shared with the The hopes of the public were not disappointed.
rest of the courtiers. A few months cured him He produced, says Pope, “the most noble and
of controversy, dismissed him from court, and spirited translation that I know in any lan-
made him again a play-wright and translator. guage." It certainly excelled whatever had ap-

of Juvenal, there had been a translation by peared in English, and appears to have satisfied
Stapylton and another by Holiday: neither of his friends, and for the most part to have silenced
them is very poetical. Stapylton is more smooth; his enemies. Milbourne, indeed, a clergyman,
and Holiday's is more esteemed for the learning attacked it; but his outrages seem to be the
of his notes. A new version was proposed to ebullitions of a mind agitated by a stronger re-
the poets of that time, and undertaken by them sentment than bad poetry can excite, and previ-
in conjunction. The main design was con- ously resolved not to be pleased.
ducted by Dryden, whose reputation was such His criticism extends only to the Preface,
that no man was unwilling to serve the Muses Pastorals, and Georgics ; and, as he professes to
under him.

give his antagonist an opportunity of reprisal, The general character of this translation will he has added his own version of the first and be given, when it is said to preserve the wit, but fourth Pastorals, and the first Georgic. The to want the dignity of the original. The pecu- world has forgotten his book ; but since bis atliarity of Juvenal is a mixture of gayety and tempt has given him a place in literary history, I stateliness, of pointed sentences, and declama- will preserve a specimen of his criticism, by intory grandeur." His points have not been ne- serting his remarks on the invocation before the glected; but his grandeur none of the band first Georgic; and of his poetry, by annexing his seemed to consider as necessary to be imitated, own version. except Creech, who undertook the thirteenth sa

Ver. 1. tire. It is therefore, perhaps, possible to give a “What makes a plenteous harvest, when to turn better representation of that great satirist, even The fruitful soil, and when lo sow the corn. in those parts which Dryden himself has translated, some passages excepted, which will never but what has a plenteous harvest to do here? Vir

It's unlucky, they say, to stumble at the threshold; be excelled.

With Juvenal was published Persius, trans-gil would not pretend to prescribe rules for that lated wholly by Dryden. This work, though, which depends not on the husbandman's care, like all other productions of Dryden, it may have but the disposition of Heaven altogether. Inshining parts, seems to have been written deed, the plenteous crop depends somewhat on merely for wages, in a uniform mediocrity, the good method of tillage; and where the land's without any eager endeavour after excellence, or

ill-manured, the corn, without a miracle, can be laborious effort of the mind.

but indifferent : but the harvest may be good, There wanders an opinion among the readers which is its properest epithet, though the husof poetry, that one of these satires is an exercise bandman's skill were never so indifferent. The of the school. Dryden says, that he once trans

next sentence is too literal, and when to plough had lated it at school ; but not that he preserved or been Virgil's meaning, and intelligible to every published the juvenile performance.


and when to sow the corn is a needless ad Not long afterwards he undertook perhaps

dition." the most arduous work of its kind, a translation of Virgil, for which he had shown how well he “The care of sheep, of oxen, and of kine, was qualified by his version of the Pollio, and And when to geld the lambs, and shear the swine, two episodes, one of Nisus and Euryalus, the would as well have fallen under

the cura boum other of Mezentius and Lausus.

In the comparison of Homer and Virgil, the qui cultus habendo sit pecori, as Mr. D.'s deducdiscriminative excellence of Homer is elevation

tion of particulars."
and comprehension of thought, and that of Vir-
gil is grace and splendour of diction. The beau-

"The birth and genius of the frugal bes
ties of Homer are therefore difficult to be lost, I sing, Mæcenas, and I sing to thee.
and those of Virgil difficult to be retained. The But where did experientia ever signify birth and
massy trunk of sentiment is safe by its solidity,
but the blossoms of elocution easily drop away. genius? or what ground was there for such a
The author, having the choice of his own images, figure in this place ? How much more manly
selects those which he can best adorn; the is Mr. Ogylby's version!"
translator must, at all hazards, follow his origi “ What makes rich grounds, in what celestial signs
nal, and express thoughts which perhaps he 'Tis good to plough, and marry elms with vines;
would not have chosen. When to this primary

Whal best fits caule, what with sheep agrees,

And several arts improving frugal bees; difficulty is added the inconvenience of a lan

I sing, Mæcenas. guage so much inferior in harmony to the Latin, it cannot be expected that they who read the Which four lines, though faulty enough, are “Georgics" and the “ Æneid” should be much yet much more to the purpose than Mr. D.'s delighted with any version.

six.” All these obstacles Dryden saw, and all these

Ver. 22. he determined to encounter. The expectation “From fields and mountains to my song repair, of his work was undoubtedly great; the nation considered its honour as interested in the event. For patrium linquens nemus, saltusque Lycæia One gave him the different editions of his au- 1 Very well explained !"

Ver. 3.

Ver. 5.

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