« EelmineJätka »
language, to trace one word from another, by Our knowledge of the northern literature is noting the usual modes of derivation and inflec- 90 scanty, that of words undoubtedly. Teutonic,
and uniformity must be preserved in sys- the original is not always to be found in any antematical works; though sometimes at the ex- cient language; and I have therefore inserted pense of particular propriety.
Dutch or German substitutes, which I consider Among other derivatives I have been careful not as radical, but parallel, not as the parents, to insert and elucidate the anomalous plurals of but sisters of the English. nouns and preterites of verbs, which in the The words which are represented as thus reTeutonic dialects are very frequent, and, though lated by descent or cognation, do not always familiar to those who have always used them, agree in sense; for it is incident to words, as to interrupt and embarrass the learners of our their authors, to degenerate from their ancestors, language.
and to change their manners when they change The two languages from which our primitives their country. It is sufficient, in etymological have been derived are the Roman and Teutonic: inquiries, if the senses of kindred words be under the Roman I comprehend the French and found such as may easily pass into each other, provincial tongues; and under the Teutonic or such as may both be referred to one general range the Saxon, German, and all their kindred idea. dialects. Most of our polysyllables are Roman, The etymology, so far as it is yet known, was and our words of one syllable are very often easily found in the volumes, where it is particuTeutonic.
larly and professedly delivered ; and, by proper In assigning the Roman original, it has per attention to the rules of derivation, the orthohaps sometimes happened that I have mentioned graphy was soon adjusted. But to collect the only the Latin, when the word was borrowed Words of our language, was a task of greater from the French ; and considering myself as difficulty: the deficiency of dictionaries was employed only in the illustration of my own immediately apparent; and when they were exlanguage, I have not been very careful to observe hausted, what was yet wanting must be sought whether the Latin word be pure or barbarous, by fortuitous and unguided excursions into or the French elegant or obsolete.
books, and gleaned as industry should find, or For the Teutonic etymologies, I am commonly chance should offer it, in the boundless chaos of indebted to Junius and Skinner, the only names a living speech. My search, however, has been which I have forborne to quote when I copied either skilful or lucky; for I have much aug. their books; not that I might appropriate their mented the vocabulary. labours or usurp their honours, but that I might As my design was a dictionary, common or spare a perpetual repetition by one general ac- appellative, I have omitted all words which have knowledgment. Of these, whom I ought not relation to proper names ; such as Arian, Soto mention but with the reverence due to in- cinian, Calvinist, Benedictine, Mahomelan; but structors and benefactors, Junius appears to have retained those of a more general nature, as have excelled in extent of learning, and Skinner Heathen, Pagan. in rectitude of understanding. Junius was ac Of the terms of art I have received such as curately skilled in all the northern languages, could be found either in books of science or techSkinner probably examined the ancient and re- nical dictionaries ; and have often inserted, from moter dialects only by occasional inspection into philosophical writers, words which are supported dictionaries; but the learning of Junius is often perhaps only by a single authority, and which of no other use than to show him a track by being not admitted into general use, stand yet which he may deviate from his purpose, to which as candidates or probationers, and must depend Skinner always presses forward by the shortest for their adoption on the suffrage of futurity. way. Skinner is often ignorant, but never ri The words whichour authors have introduced diculous : Junius is always full of knowledge; by their knowledge of foreign languages, or igbut his variety distracts his judgment, and his learning is very frequently disgraced by his ab- deniq;. flexuosisq; angustissimarum viarum amfracsurdities.
tibus includebantur, fieri potest id genus limites bar The votaries of the northern muses will not sicuti tradit Hesychius, vocabantur al dofol kai ką lovrevis
dici ab eo quod Bavvitat el Bavvarpce Tarentinis olim, perhaps easily restrain their indignation, when dool
, " obliquæ ac minimè in rectum tendentes viæ.” Ac they find the name of Június thus degraded by fortasse quoque huc facit quod Bavods, eodem Hesychio a disadvantageous comparison ; but whatever teste, dicebant opn orpayyöhn, montes arduos. reverence due to his diligence, or his attain scio an sint ab iutu vel ipsralw. Vomo, eromo, pomitu
EMPTY, emtie, vacuus, inanis. A. S. Æmtig. Ne. ments, it can be no criminal degree of censori- evacuo. Videtur interim etymologiam hanc no ousness to charge that etymologist with want of firmare codex Rush. Mat. xii. 44, ubi antique scriptum judgment, who can seriously derive dream from invenimus, a. S. gemoeted hit emetig. “Invenit eam drama, because life is a drama, and a drama is a
HILL, mons, collis. A. S. hyll. Quod videri potest dream; and who declares with a tone of defi- abscissum ex kolwry vel volwrós. Collis, tumulus, locus ance, that no man can fail to derive moan from in plano editior. Hom. II. B. v. 811, tori Cé mis Frporápuf Hovos, monos, single or solitary, who considers, wodows alreta koloon. Ubi authori brevium scholiorum
κολωνη exp. τόπος εις ύψος ανηκων γεωλοφος εξοχη. that grief naturally loves to be alone.*
NAP, to take a nap. Dormire, condormiscere. Cym,
heppian. A. S. hnæppan. Quod postremum videri po* That I may not appear to have spoken too irre. test desumptum ex *vidas, obscuritas, tenebræ : nihil verently of Junius, I have here subjoined a few speci. enim æque solet conciliare somnum, quàm caliginosa mene of his etymological extravagance.
profunde noctis obscuritas. Banish, religare, es banno vel territorio exigere, STAMMERER,
balbus, blæsus. Goth. STAMMS. A. in erilium agere. G. bannir. It. bandire, bandeg. s. stamer, stamur. D. stam. B. slameler. Su. stamma. giare. H. bandir. B. bannen. Ævi medii 'scriptores Isl. suamr. Sunt a otepuhiv vel otwpúlluv, nimiâ loquabannire dicebant. v. Spelin. in Bannum et in Ban. citate alios offendere ; quod impedite loquentes libentis. lenga. Quoniam verd regionem urbiumq; limites simè garrire soleant ; vel quod aliis nimis semper videanarduis plerumq; montibus, aliis fluminibus, longis tur, etiam parcissimè loquentes
norance of their own, by vanity or wantonness, | many verbs by a particle subjoined ; as to come by compliance with fashion or lust of innova- off, to escape by a fetch; to fall on, to attack; to tion, I have registered as they occurred, though fall off, to apostatize; to break off, to stop abcommonly only to censure them, and warn ruptly; to bear out, to justify; to fall in, to others against the folly of naturalizing useless comply; to give over, to cease; to set off, to 'emforeigners to the injury of the natives.
bellish; to set in, to begin a continual tenor ; I have not rejected any by design, merely be- to set out, to begin a course or journey ; to take cause they were unnecessary or exuberant; but off, to copy; with innumerable expressions of have received those which by different writers the same kind, of which some appear wildly have been differently formed, as viscid, and vis- irregular, being so far distant from the sense of cidity, viscous, and viscosity.
the simple words, that no sagacity will be able Compounded or double words I have seldom to trace the steps by which they arrived at the noted, except when they obtain a signification present use. These I have noted with great different from that which the components have care; and though I cannot flatter myself that in their simple state. Thus highwayman, wood- the collection is complete, I believe I have so far man, and horsecourser, require an explanation ; assisted the students of our language that this but of thieflike, or coachdriver, no notice was kind of phraseology will be no longer insuperaneeded, because the primitives contain the mean- ble; and the combinations of verbs and partiing of the compounds.
cles, by chance omitted, will be easily explained Words arbitrarily formed by a constant and by comparison with those that may be found. settled analogy, like diminutive adjectives in ish, Many words yet stand supported only by the as greenish, bluish; adverbs in ly, as dully, name of Bailey, Ainsworth, Philips, or the conopenly; substantives in ness, as vileness, fauti- tracted Dict. for Dictionaries, subjoined; of these ness; were less diligently sought, and many I am not always certain that they are read in sometimes have been omítted, when I had no any book but the works of lexicographers. Of authority that invited me to insert them; not such I have omitted many, because I had never that they are not genuine and regular offsprings read them; and many I have inserted, because of English roots, but because their relation to they may perhaps exist, though they have escape the primitive being always the same, their signi-ed my notice: they are, however, to be yet confication cannot be mistaken.
sidered as resting only upon the credit of former The verbal nouns in ing, such as the keeping dictionaries. Others, which I considered as useof the castle, the leading of the army, are always ful, or know to be proper, though I could not at neglected, or placed only to illustrate the sense present support them by authorities, I have sufof the verb, except when they signify things as fered to stand upon my own attestation, claiming well as actions, and have therefore a plural num- the same privilege with my predecessors, of beber, as dwelling, living; or have an absolute and ing sometimes credited without proof. abstract signification, as colouring, painting, learn The words, thus selected and disposed, are ing.
grammatically considered; they are referred to The participles are likewise omitted, unless, the different parts of speech; traced when they by signifying rather habit or quality than action, are irregularly inflected, through their various they take the nature of adjectives, as a thinking terminations; and illustrated by observations, man, a man of prudence; a pacing horse, a not indeed of great or striking importance, sepahorse that can pace: these I have ventured to rately considered, but necessary to the elucidacall participial adjectives. But neither are these tion of our language, and hitherto neglected or always inserted, because they are commonly to forgotten by English grammarians. be understood without any danger of mistake, by That part of my work on which I expect maconsulting the verb.
lignity most frequently to fasten, is the explanaObsolete words are admitted when they are tion; in which I cannot hope to satisfy those found in authors not obsolete, or when they who are perhaps not inclined to be pleased, since have any force or beauty that may deserve re- I have not always been able to satisfy myself. vival.
To interpret a language by itself, is very diffiAs composition is one of the chief character-cult; many words cannot be explained by syistics of a language, I have endeavoured to make nonymes, because the idea signified by them has some reparation for the universal negligence of not more than one appellation; nor by para. my predecessors, by inserting great numbers of phrase, because simple ideas cannot be described. compounded words, as may be found under after, When the nature of things is unknown, or the fore, new, night, fair, and many more. These, notion unsettled and indefinite, and various in numerous as they are, might be multiplied, but various minds, the words by which such notions that use and curiosity are here satisfied, and the are conveyed, or such things denoted, will be frame of our language and modes of our combi- ambiguous and perplexed. And such is the fate nation amply discovered.
of hapless lexicography, that not only darkness, Of some forms of composition, such as that by but light, impedes and distresses it; things may which re is prefixed to note repetition, and un to be not only too little, but too much known, to be signify contrariety or privation, all the examples happily illustrated. To explain, requires the cannot be accumulated, because the use of these use of terms less abstruse than that which is to particles, if not wholly arbitrary, is so little limit- be explained, and such terms cannot always be ed, that they are hourly affixed to new words as found; for as nothing can be proved but by supoccasion requires, or is imagined to require them. posing something intuitively known, and evident
There is another kind of composition more without proof, so nothing can be defined but by frequent in our language than perhaps in any the use of words too plain to admit a definition. other, from which arises to foreigners the great Other words there are, of which the sense is est difficulty. We modify the signification of too subtle and evanescent to be fixed in a para
phrase; such are all those which are by the perplexity cannot be disentangled, nor any reagrammarians termed expletives, and in dead lan- son be assigned why one should be ranged before guages are suffered to pass for empty sounds, of the other. When the radical idea branches out no other use than to fill a verse, oi to modulate into parallel ramifications, how can a consecua period, but which are easily perceived in living live series be formed of senses in their nature tongues to have power and emphasis, though it collateral ? The shades of meaning sometimes be sometimes such as no other form of expres- pass imperceptibly into each other, so that sion can convey.
though on one side they apparently differ, yet i: My labour has likewise been much increased is impossible to mark the point of contact. Ideas by a class of verbs too frequent in the English of the same race, though not exactly alike, are language, of which the signification is so loose sometimes so little different, that no words can and general, the use so vague and indeterminate, express the dissimilitude, though the mind easily and ihe senses detorted so widely from the first perceives it when they are exhibited together; idea, that it is hard to trace them through the and sometimes there is such a confusion of accepmaze of variation, to catch them on the brink of tations, that discernment is wearied, and distincutter inanity, to circumscribe them by any limi- tion puzzled, and perseverance herself hurries to tations, or interpret them by any words of dis- an end, by crowding together what she cannot tinct and settled meaning ; such are bear, break, separate. come, cast, full, get, give, do, put, set, go, run, These complaints of difficulty will, by those make, take, turn, throno. If of these the whole that have never considered words beyond their power is not accurately delivered, it must be re-popular use, be thought only the jargon of a man membered, that while our language is yet living, willing to magnify his labours, and procure veand variable by the caprice of every one that neration to his studies by involution and obscuspeaks it, these words are hourly shifting their rity. But every art is obscure to those that have relations, and can no more be ascertained in a noi learned it; this uncertainty of terms, and dictionary, than a grove, in the agitation of a commixture of ideas, is well known to those who storm, can be accurately delineated from its pic- have joined philosophy with grammar; and if I ture in the water.
have not expressed them very clearly, it must be The particles are among all nations applied remembered that I am speaking of that which with so great latitude, that they are not easily words are insufficient to explain. reducible under any regular scheme of explica The original sense of words is often driven tion; this difficulty is not less, nor perhaps out of use by their metaphorical acceptations, greater in English, than in other languages. I yet must be inserted for the sake of a regular have laboured them with diligence, I hope with origination. Thus I know not whether ardour success; such at least as can be expected in a is used for material heat, or whether flagrant, in task, which no man, however learned or suga- English, ever signifies the same with burning; cious, has yet been able to perform.
yet such are the primitive ideas of these words, Some words there are which I cannot explain, which are therefore set first, though without exbecause I do not understand them; these might amples, that the figurative senses may be comhave been omitted very often with little inconve- modiously deduced. nience, but I would not so far indulge my vanity Such is the exuberance of signification which as to decline this confession; for when Tully many words have obtained, that it was scarcely owns himself ignorant whether lessus, in the possible to collect all their senses; sometimes twelve tables, means a funeral song or mourning the meaning of derivatives must be sought in the garment; and Aristotle doubts whether oöpes in mother term, and sometimes deficient explanathe Iliad signifies a mule or muleteer, I may sure- tions of the primitive may be supplied in the ly, without shame, leave some obscurities to hap- train of derivation. In any case of doubt or pier industry, or future information.
difficulty, it will be always proper to examine all The rigour of interpretative lexicography re- the words of the same race; for some words are quires that the explanation and the word explained slightly passed over to avoid repetition, some should be always reciprocal ; this I have always admitted easier and clearer explanation than endeavoured, but could not always attain. others, and all will be better understood, as they Words are seldom exactly synonymous; a new are considered in greater variety of structures term was not introduced but because the former and relations. was thought inadequate ; names, therefore, have All the interpretations of words are not writoften many ideas, but few ideas have many ten with the same skill, or the same happiness:
It was then necessary to use the proxi- things equally easy in themselves, are not all mate word, for the deficiency of single terms can equally easy to any single mind. Every writer very seldom be supplied by circumlocution; nor of a long work commits errors, where there apis the inconvenience great of such mutilated in-pears neither ambiguity to mislead, nor obscuterpretations, because the sense may easily be rity to confound him; and in a search like this, collected entire from the examples.
many felicities of expression will be casually In every word of extensive use, it was requi- overlooked, many convenient parallels will be site to mark the progress of its meaning, and forgotten, and many particulars will admit imshow by what gradations of intermediate sense provement from a mind utterly unequal to the it has passed from its primitive to its remote and whole performance. accidental signification; so that every foregoing But many seeming faults are to be imputed explanation should tend to that which follows, rather to the nature of the undertaking than the and the series be regularly concatenated from negligence of the performer. Thus some exthe first notion to the last.
planations are unavoidably reciprocal or circuThis is specious, but not always practicable; lar, as hind, the female of the stag ; stag, the male kindred senses inay be so interwoven, that the l of the hind: sometimes easier words are changed
into harder, as, burial into sepulture or interment, ( diously endeavoured to collect examples and drier into desiccative, dryness into sicity or aridity, authorities from the writers before the Restofit into paroxysm ; for the easiest word, what- ration, whose works I regard as “the wells of ever it be, can never be translated into one more English undefiled," as the pure sources of geeasy. But easiness and difficulty are merely re- nuine diction. Our language, for almost a cenlative; and if the present prevalence of our tury, has, by the concurrence of many causes, language should invite foreigners to this Diction- been gradually departing from its original Teuary, many will be assisted by those words which tonic character, and deviating towards a Gallic now seem only to increase or produce obscurity. structure and phraseology, from which it ought For this reason I have endeavoured frequently to be our endeavour to recall it, by making our to join a Teutonic and Roman interpretation, ancient volumes the groundwork of style, adas to cheer, to gladden, or exhilarate, that every mitting among the additions of later times, only learner of English may be assisted by his own such as may supply real deficiencies, such as are tongue.
readily adopted by the genius of our tongue, and The solution of all difficulties, and the supply incorporate easily with our native idioms. of all defects, must be sought in the examples, But as every language has a time of rudeness subjoined to the various senses of each word, antecedent to perfection, as well as of false reand ranged according to the time of their authors. finement and declension, I have been cautious
When I first collected these authorities, I was lest my zeal for antiquity might drive me into desirous that every quotation should be useful times too remote, and crowd my book with to some other end than the illustration of a word; words now no longer understood. I have fixed I therefore extracted from philosophers, princi- Sidney's work for the boundary, beyond which ples of science; from historians, remarkable I make few excursions. From the authors facts; from chemists, complete processes ; from which rose in the time of Elizabeth, a speech divines, striking exhortations; and from poets, might be formed adequate to all the purposes of beautiful descriptions. Such is design, while use and elegance. If the language of theology it is yet at a distance from execution. When were extracied from Hooker and the translation the time called upon me to range this accumula- of the Bible; the terms of natural knowledge tion of elegance and wisdom into an alphabeti- from Bacon; the phrases of policy, war, and cal series, I soon discovered that the bulk of my navigation from Raleigh; the dialect of poetry volumes would fright away the student, and and fiction from Spenser and Sidney; and the was forced to depart from my scheme of includ- diction of common life from Shakspeare, few ing all that was pleasing or useful in English ideas would be lost to mankind, for want of literature, and reduce my transcripts very often English words in which they might be exto clusters of words, in which scarcely any pressed. meaning is retained ; thus to the weariness of It is not sufficient that a word is found, unless copying, I was condemned to add the vexation it be so combined as that its meaning is appaof expunging. Some passages I have yet spared, rently determined by the tract and tenor of the which may relieve the labour of verbal searches, sentence ; such passages I have therefore chosen; and intersperse with verdure and flowers the and when it happened that any author gave a dusty deserts of barren philology.
definition of a term, or such an explanation as is The examples, thus mutilated, are no longer equivalent to a definition, I have placed his to be considered as conveying the sentiments or authority as a supplement to my own, without doctrine of their authors; the word for the sake regard to the chronological order that is otherof which they are inserted, with all its appen- wise observed. dant clauses, has been carefully preserved; but Some words, indeed, stand unsupported by it may sometimes happen, hy hasty detrunca- any authority, but they are commonly derivation, that the general tendency of the sentence tive nouns or adverbs, formed from their primimay be changed; the divine may desert his tives by regular and constant analogy, or names tenets, or the philosopher his system.
of things seldom occurring in books, or words of Some of the examples have been taken from which I have reason to doubt the existence. writers who were never mentioned as masters of There is more danger of censure from the elegance, or models of style; but words must be multiplicity than paucily of examples; authorisought where they are used ; and in what pages, ties will sometimes seem to have been accumueminent for purity, can terms of manufacture lated without necessity or use, and perhaps some or agriculture be found ? Many quotations will be found, which might, without loss, have serve no other purpose than that of proving the been omitted. But a work of this kind is not bare existence of words, and are therefore se- hastily to be charged with superfluities ; those lected with less scrupulousness than those which quotations, which to careless or unskilful peare to teach their structures and relations. rusers appear only to repeat the same sense,
My purpose was to admit no testimony of will often exhibit, to a more accurate examiner, living authors, that I might not be misled by diversities of signification, or, at least, afford partiality, and that none of my contemporaries different shades of the same meaning: one will might have reason to complain; nor have I de- show the word applied to persons, another to parted from this resolution, but when some per- things; one will express an ill, another a good, formance of uncommon excellence excited my and a third a neutral sense; one will prove the veneration, when my memory supplied me, from expression genuine from an ancient author; late books, with an example that was wanting, another will show it elegant from a modern : a or when my heart, in the tenderness of friend doubtful authority is corroborated by another of ship, solicited admission for a favourite name. more credit ; an ambiguous sentence is ascer
So far have I been from any care to grace my tained by a passage clear and determinate; the pages with modern decorations, that I have s911-d, word, how often soever repeated, appears with
new associates and in different cornbinations, words, I resolved to show likewise my attention and every quotation contributes something to to things; to pierce deep into every science, to the stability or enlargement of the language. inquire the nature of every substance of which I
When words are used equivocally, I receive inserted the name, to limit every idea by a defithem in either sense; when they are metapho- nition strictly logical, and exhibit every producrical, I adopt them in their primitive acceptation. tion of art or nature in an accurate description,
I have sometimes, though rarely, yielded to that my book might be in place of all other dicthe temptation of exhibiting a genealogy of sen- tionaries, whether appellative or technical. But timents, by showing how one author copied the these were the dreams of a poet doomed at last thoughts and diction of another ; such quotations to wake a lexicographer. I soon found that it is are indeed liitle more than repetitions, which too late to look for instruments, when the work might justly be censured, did they not gratify calls for execution, and that whatever abilities I the mind, by affording á kind of intellectual had brought to my task, with those I must finalhistory.
ly perform it. To deliberate whenever I doubtThe various syntactical structures occurring ed, to inquire whenever I was ignorant, would in the examples have been carefully noted; the have protracted the undertaking without end, license or negligence with which many words and, perhaps, without much improvement ; for i have been hitherto used, has made our style ca- did not find by my first experiments, that what pricious and indeterminate; when the different I had not of my own was easily to be obtained ; combinations of the same word are exhibited I saw that one inquiry only gave occasion to together, the preference is readily given to pro- another, that book referred to book, that to priety, and I have often endeavoured to direct search was not always to find, and to find was the choice.
not always to be informed; and that thus to Thus have I laboured by settling the ortho- pursue perfection, was, like the first inhabitants graphy, displaying the analogy, regulating the of Arcadia, to chase the sun, which, when they structures, and ascertaining the signification of had reached the hill where he seemed to rest, English words, to perform all the parts of a was still beheld at the same distance from them. faithful lexicographer; but I have not always I then contracted my design, determining to executed my own scheme, or satisfied my own confide in myself, and no longer to solicit auxiexpectations. The work, whatever proofs of liaries, which produced more incumbrance than diligence and attention it may exhibit, is yet ca- assistance; by this I obtained at least one adpable of many improvements : the orthography vantage, that I set limits to my work, which which I recommend is still controvertible; the would in time be ended, though not completed. etymology which I adopt is uncertain, and per Despondency has never so far prevailed as to haps frequently erroneous; the explanations depress me to negligence; some faults will at are sometimes too much contracted, and some- last appear to be the effects
of anxious diligence times too much diffused; the significations are and persevering activity. The nice and subtle distinguished rather with subtilty than skill, ramifications of meaning were not easily avoided and the attention is harassed with unnecessary by a mind intent upon accuracy, and convinced minuteness.
of the necessity of disentangling combinations, The examples are too often injudiciously and separating similitudes. Many of the disa truncated, and perhaps sometimes, I hope very tinctions which to common readers appear useless rarely, alleged in a mistaken sense ;' for in and idle, will be found real and important by men making this collection I trusted more to memory, versed in the school of philosophy, without which than, in a state of disquiet and embarrassment, no dictionary can ever be accurately compiled, or memory can contain, and purposed to supply at skilfully examined. the review what was left incomplete in the first Some senses however there are, which, though transcription.
not the same, are yet so nearly allied, that they Many terms appropriated to particular occu- are often confounded. Most 'men think indispations, though necessary and significant, are tinctly, and therefore cannot speak with exactundoubtedly omitted ; and of the words most ness; and consequently some examples might studiously considered and exemplified, many be indifferently put to either signification: this senses have escaped observation.
uncertainty is not to be imputed to me, who do Yet these failures, however frequent, may ad- not form, but register the language; who do mit extenuation and apology. To have attempt not teach men how they should think, but reed much is always laudable, even when the en- late how they have hitherto expressed their terprise is above the strength that undertakes it. thoughts. To rest below his own aim, is incident to every The imperfect sense of some examples I laone whose fancy is active, and whose views are mented, but could not remedy, and hope they comprehensive ; nor is any man satisfied with will be compensated by innumerable passages himself because he has done much, but because selected with propriety, and preserved with he can conceive little. When first I engaged in exactness; some shining with sparks of imagi. this work, I resolved to leave neither words nor nation, and some replete with treasures of things unexamined, and pleased myself with a wisdom. prospect of the hours which I should revel away The orthography and etymology, though imin the feasts of literature, the obscure recesses perfect, are not imperfect for want of care, but of northem learning which I should enter and because care will not always be successful, and ransack, the treasures with which I expected recollection or information come too late for use. every search into those neglected mines to re That many terms of art and manufacture are ward my labour, and the triumph with which I omitted, must be frankly acknowledged; but should display my acquisitions to mankind. for this defect I may boldly allege that it was When I had thus inquired into the original of] unavoidable; I could not visit caverns to learn