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Vand yet may enjoy a better when they die. God

is infinitely good, but he is also true to his Word.
He has reveald bis Will; and will infinitely re-
ward all those who do it. But be never promis'd
Heaven to such, as either will not take true Pains
to find it, or will not sacrifice their most darling
Pasions to procure it, or who are not afraid to
wrest his Words to their own Perdition. Let
bis Word be our Rule, and bis Church our Guide,
and we have nothing to fear.

3. S. Paul gives us, more than (1) once, a large Catalogue of Sins, which, without Repentance, exclude Men from the Kingdom of God. And yet into how many Follies do we see themi rán in this licentious Age. It is a rakish Opinion, that all Men go to Heaven : And I am willing to believe, that none but Rakes and Infidels can entertain a Fancy, so dire&tly opposite to the Word of God. For if all Men go to Heaven, how came the (2) rich Man into Hell ? Why is Capernaum to be cast down (3) into it? Why is be, who calls his Brother, Fool, lyable to (4) Hell


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4. To this they tell us, that no one is damn'd to Eternity : that after a certain Time, all Sinners, how wicked foever, will be releas'd from Hell, and carried into Heaven. It seems, eternal Torments are the only Things, which Rakes and Infidels dread. But it is not plainer in the Scripture, that there is either a Heaven or a Hell, than


(1) 1 Cor. vi. v. 9, 10. Gal. v. v. 19, 20, 216
(2) S. Luke xvi. v. 23. (3) S. Matth. xi. v. 23.
S. Luke x. v. 156 (4) S. Matth. V. v22.
But see Gal. iii. v. I. and S. Luke xxiv. V. 25. For ins

one, Fool, is an Act of Fuftice, and no Sin at

Cafes to call

that the Torments in the latter fall indure to Eternity. For how do the Sins, mention’d by S. Paul, exclude Men from the Kingdom of God, if all Men fball at length be plac'd in it? And how does this agree with the Account, which the Judge himself gives us of the last Trial ? For (5) when the Son of Man shall come in his Glory,all Nations shall be brought before him,and he will separate them one from another, as a Shepherd divides his Sheep from the Goats. And he will set the Sheep on his right Hand, and the Goats on his left. To those on his right Hand, be will give the Possesion of his Kingdom; and will say to those on his left, Depart from me, you accursed, into everlafting Fire. And left Sinners might think, that the Fire is eternal, but not the Punishment; be adds, (6) And these shall go into everlasting Punishment; but the Righteous into everlafting Life. So that either the Gospel is false, or the Punishments of Vice are as endless as the Rewards of Virtue.

5. But leaving Rakes and Infidels : There are Atill vulgar Errors, relating to Salvation, which deserve our Notice:


The first is, that it is Charity to suppose all Men sav'd, whose Life is morally honest. True, if Christian Religion acknowledges nothing necefsary to Salvation, besides moral Honesty. But,

if (5) S. Matth. xxv. v. 31, &c. (6) Ib. v. 46.

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mif this, and many other Duties are equally ne

cessary (as we mall see hereafter) it is against
common Sense to say, that Charity supposes all
Men fav’d, who have common Juftice or moral
Honesty in regard to others. Charity desires the
Salvation of all Men; but it does not think that
all are sav'd; or that that all are sav’d, who
comply with one Duty necessary to Salvation. For.
the divine Revelation and common Sense are the
only Rules, by which true Charity judges of the
Salvation of Men. To these false Charity has
no Regard; and therefore the dispenses her ima-
ginary Favours with a more liberal Hand. But
Hell and the Fool's Paradise are the very same
Place, and differ only in Name.

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6. It is also a vulgar Error, that the infinite Goodness of God will not suffer the greatest Part of Mankind to perish. No one perishes, who fears and loves God above all Things. But that the greatest Part of Mankind are indued with this Fear and Love, is a great Mijtake. For nothing is plainer in the Scripture, than that, in regard to those who perish, few are fav’d. (7) Many are call?d, says our blessed Saviour, but few are chosen. And, (8) Enter, says be, at the strait Gate : For wide is the Gate, and broad is the Way, which leads to Destruction, and many enter at it. How strait is the Gate, and narrow the Way, which leads to Life,



O S. Matth. Ch. xx. v, 16. Ch. xxii, v.


(8) Ş. Matth. vii. v. 13, 14,


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PREFACE. and few they are who find it! Few therefore! comply with the Conditions, on which Heaven is promis’d. Few are faithful in the Discharge of all Duties necessary to Salvation. Few fear and love God above all Things. Few are either so innocent, as never to have fall'n into a State of Sin, or to truly penitent, that they abhor nothing so much as their past Disorders.

7. But did God make the greatest Part of Mankind, to be for ever miserable ? No. He neither made the greatest, nor any Part of Mankind, for so ignoble an End. He made us to be happy for ever in the Enjoyment of himself. For this we were all design’d by his Mercy. And this merciful Design (which nothing but sin could hinder from having its full Effeet) has peopled Heaven with innumerable Saints, a glorious Army of Conquerors gather'd from all Nations under the Sun. For tho' the Number of Saints is small and inconsiderable, if compar'd with the rest of Mankind; yet it is very great in it self. For the Catholick Church, which is the Communion of Saints, has been, or will be, in all the Parts of the Earth. And S. John saw in Heaven (3) a great Multitude, which no Man could number, of all Nations, and Kindreds, and Peoples, and Tongues. But if the greatest Part of Mankind will not observe the Conditions, on which Heaven is promis'd; if they will abuse their Liberty, and rebel against God, if they will fight against their own Conscience, and against the Almighty, under the Banners of Lucifer and


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(9) Apoc. vii, v. 9.

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bis wicked Asociates ; if reither Allegiance, nor Faith, nor Reason, nor Conscience, nor Benefits, nor Threats, nor the Passion of the Son of God, nor endless Torments, nor infinite Rewards can hinder them from engaging in a War against their Maker, their best and only Benefactor, without Repentance, and without a Possibility of Success in this most villanous, and most outragious Attempt they must suffer, as their Folly and their Crime desérves, that is, eternally. For there is no middie State for ever. And every deliberate mortal Sin, if weigh'd by the offended Majesty of God ix the Weights of the Sanétuary, is High Treason against the King of Kings, and of infinite Malice in his Sight. And when by divine Justice the Sinner is cut off without Repentance : As the Guilt of his Sin remains for ever, so must the juft Punishment of it remain without End:

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8. It is a vulgar Error, that it is Charity to believe, that Jews and Turks are sav'd. For the Christian Revelation gives us no Asurance, that any one of riper Years is fav’d, without Faith in Christ. S. Paul every where représents him as our (10) Propitiation by Faith. And S. Peter tells us, that (11) there is no other Name under Heaven given to Men, whereby We must be sav'd.

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(10) Rom. iii. v. 25. Gal. ii. v, 16, &c. (11) Acts iv. v. 12.

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